Apoptosis related

Inhibitory Selectivity

Apoptosis related Products

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S3287New

Rosamultin

Rosamultin is a 19 α-hydroxyursane-type triterpenoid isolated from Potentilla anserina L. that inhibits HIV-1 protease. Rosamultin has protective effects on H2O2-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis.

S6894New

BCH

BCH (LAT1-IN-1) is a selective and competitive inhibitor of system L amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1). BCH (LAT1-IN-1) induces apoptosis in cancer cells.

S3256New

Tectochrysin

Tectochrysin (Techtochrysin, NSC 80687) is one of the major flavonoids of Alpinia oxyphylla Miquel. Tectochrysin significantly increases the expression of DR3, DR4 and Fas and inhibits activity of NF-κB. Tectochrysin induces apoptotic cell death.

S6852New

Gossypol

Gossypol (BL 193) is an orally-active polyphenol isolated from cotton seeds and roots. Gossypol is a potent inhibitor of 5α-reductase 1 and 3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase with IC50 of 3.33 μM and 0.52 μM in cell-free assay, respectively. Gossypol also inhibits the binding of BH3 peptide to Bcl protein with IC50 of 0.4 μM and 10 μM for Bcl-XL and Bcl-2, respectively. Gossypol induces apoptosis and cell growth inhibition in various cancer cells.

S6877New

EOAI3402143

EOAI3402143 is a dose-dependent inhibitor of Usp9x, Usp24 and Usp5 that increases tumor cell apoptosis, and fully blocks or regresses myeloma tumors in mice.

S6871New

Sodium oxamate

Sodium oxamate (SO) is an inhibitor of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) that specificly inhibits LDH‑A. Sodium oxamate (SO) induces G2/M cell cycle arrest via downregulation of the CDK1/cyclin B1 pathway and promotes apoptosis through enhancement of mitochondrial ROS generation.

S8543New

ARN-3236

ARN-3236 is a potent, orally available and selective inhibitor of salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) with IC50 of <1 nM, 21.63 nM and 6.63 nM for SIK2, SIK1 and SIK3, respectively. ARN-3236 induces apoptosis in cancer cells.

S0949New

Cucurbitacin IIb

Cucurbitacin IIb (CuIIb, Dihydrocucurbitacin F, 25-deacetyl hemslecin A) inhibits phosphorylation of STAT3, JNK and Erk1/2, enhances the phosphorylation of IκB and NF-κB, blocks nuclear translocation of NF-κB and decreases mRNA levels of IκBα and TNF-α. Cucurbitacin IIb exhibits anti-inflammatory activity and induces apoptosis. Cucurbitacin IIb is isolated from Hemsleya amabilis.

S8965New

BO-264

BO-264 is a potent and orally active inhibitor of transforming acidic coiled-coil 3 (TACC3) with IC50 of 188 nM and Kd of 1.5 nM. BO-264 specifically blocks the function of FGFR3-TACC3 fusion protein. BO-264 induces SAC-dependent mitotic arrest, apoptosis and DNA damage with antitumor activities.

S8974New

GSK2795039

GSK2795039 is an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) with pIC50 of 6.57 for NOX2-mediated activation of HRP/Amplex Red. GSK2795039 inhibits reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, NADPH consumption and reduces apoptosis.

S8981New

NVP-2

NVP-2, a potent, selective, non-neurotoxic and ATP-competitive cyclin dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.514 nM for CDK9/CycT activity and induces cell apoptosis.

S9602New

9-ing-41

9-ING-41 is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with antitumor activity. 9-ING-41 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at prophase by targeting centrosomes and microtubule-bound GSK3β.

S7895New

Thapsigargin

Thapsigargin is a potent, non-competitive inhibitor of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) with IC50 of 0.353 nM or 0.448 nM for the carbachol-evoked [Ca2+]i-transients with or without a KCl-prestimulation. Thapsigargin induces cell apoptosis. Thapsigargin is extracted from a plant, Thapsia garganica.

S0709New

Tubastatin A TFA

Tubastatin A TFA (Tubastatin A trifluoroacetate salt) is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay. It is selective against all the other isozymes (1000-fold) except HDAC8 (57-fold). Tubastatin A promotes autophagy and increases apoptosis.

S6615New

ATB 346

ATB 346, a novel hydrogen sulphide-releasing derivative of naproxen with remarkably reduced toxicity, inhibits COX activity. ATB 346 is an anti-inflammatory agent that induces apoptosis of human melanoma cells.

S0444New

Indibulin

Indibulin (ZIO 301, D 24851, Zybulin) is an orally applied inhibitor of tubulin assembly with potent anticancer activity. Indibulin induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis.

S0278New

SU5614

SU5416 (Chloro-SU5416, Chloro-Semaxanib) is a small molecule receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) inhibitor of VEGFR-2, c-kit, and both wild-type and mutant FLT3. SU5416 also inhibits RET with IC50 of 170 nM. SU5416 reduces cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.

S0103New

ML327

ML327 is an isoxazole compound that blocks MYC expression and tumor formation in neuroblastoma. ML327 also restores E-cadherin expression with In-Cell Western EC50 of 1.0 μM. ML327 induces apoptosis.

S8820New

PTC596

PTC596 is a second-generation BMI-1 inhibitor that accelerates BMI-1 degradation. PTC596 downregulates MCL-1 and induces p53-independent mitochondrial apoptosis. IC50 values at 72 hours ranged from 68 to 340 nM in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell lines.

S6721New

JG98

JG-98 is an allosteric inhibitor of Hsp70 that binds tightly to a deep pocket that is conserved in members of the Hsp70 family. JG-98 induces classical apoptosis features, including morphological changes consistent with programmed cell death and positive annexin staining. JG-98 exhibits anticancer activity.

S1077

SB202190 (FHPI)

SB202190 (FHPI) is a potent p38 MAPK inhibitor targeting p38α/β with IC50 of 50 nM/100 nM in cell-free assays, sometimes used instead of SB 203580 to investigate potential roles for SAPK2a/p38 in vivo. SB202190 inhibits endothelial cell apoptosis via induction of autophagy and heme oxygenase-1. SB202190 significantly suppresses Erastin‐dependent ferroptosis.

S8037

Necrostatin-1

Necrostatin-1 is a specific RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor and inhibits TNF-α-induced necroptosis with EC50 of 490 nM in 293T cells. Necrostatin-1 also blocks IDO and suppresses autophagy and apoptosis.

S2872

GW5074

GW5074 is a potent and selective c-Raf inhibitor with IC50 of 9 nM, no effect on the activities of JNK1/2/3, MEK1, MKK6/7, CDK1/2, c-Src, p38 MAP, VEGFR2 or c-Fms is noted. GW5074 inhibits LK-induced apoptosis.

S1386

Nafamostat Mesylate

Nafamostat mesilate (FUT-175) is a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, used as an anticoagulant during hemodialysis. Nafamostat mesylate blocks activation of SARS-CoV-2 and is investigated as a new treatment option for COVID-19. Nafamostat Mesilate attenuates inflammation and apoptosis.

S7033

GSK2656157

GSK2656157 is an ATP-competitive and highly selective inhibitor of PERK with IC50 of 0.9 nM in a cell-free assay, 500-fold greater against a panel of 300 kinases. GSK2656157 decreases apoptosis and inhibits excessive autophagy.

S1733

Methylprednisolone

Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.

S8632

Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277)

Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277) is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of Chk2 with IC50 of 15 nM. It is 1000-fold more selective toward Chk2 serine/threonine kinase than for Chk1 and Cdk1/B kinases. Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277) dose dependently protects human CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cells from apoptosis due to ionizing radiation.

S1078

MK-2206 2HCl

MK-2206 2HCl is a highly selective inhibitor of Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 8 nM/12 nM/65 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; no inhibitory activities against 250 other protein kinases observed. MK-2206 2HCl induces autophagy and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 2.

S1008

Selumetinib (AZD6244)

Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) is a potent, highly selective MEK inhibitor with IC50 of 14 nM for MEK1 and Kd value of 530 nM for MEK2. It also inhibits ERK1/2 phosphorylation with IC50 of 10 nM, no inhibition to p38α, MKK6, EGFR, ErbB2, ERK2, B-Raf, etc. Selumetinib suppresses cell proliferation, migration and trigger apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1002

ABT-737

ABT-737 is a BH3 mimetic inhibitor of Bcl-xL, Bcl-2 and Bcl-w with EC50 of 78.7 nM, 30.3 nM and 197.8 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; no inhibition observed against Mcl-1, Bcl-B or Bfl-1. ABT-737 induces mitochondrial pathway apoptosis and mitophagy. Phase 2.

S2619

MG-132

MG132 is a potent cell-permeable proteasome and calpain inhibitor with IC50s of 0.1 μM and 1.2 μM for the inhibition of proteasome and calpain, respectively. MG132 activates autophagy and induces apoptosis in tumor cells.

S1040

Sorafenib Tosylate

Sorafenib Tosylate (Bay 43-9006) is a multikinase inhibitor of Raf-1 and B-Raf with IC50 of 6 nM and 22 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate inhibits VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-β, Flt-3 and c-KIT with IC50 of 90 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM, 59 nM and 68 nM, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate induces autophagy and apoptosis and activates ferroptosis with anti-tumor activity.

S9604New

IM156

IM156, a metformin derivative, is a potent activator of AMPK that increases AMPK phosphorylation. IM156 blocks oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) through the inhibition of complex I and increases apoptosis. IM156 ameliorates various types of fibrosis and inhibits tumors.

S9634New

Phenoxodiol (Haginin E)

Phenoxodiol (Haginin E, Idronoxil, Dehydroequol, NV 06, PXD) is an isoflavone analog with antineoplastic activity that activates the caspase system, inhibits XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis), and disrupts FLICE inhibitory protein (FLIP) expression, resulting in tumor cell apoptosis. Phenoxodiol also inhibits DNA topoisomerase II.

S1021

Dasatinib

Dasatinib (BMS-354825) is a novel, potent and multi-targeted inhibitor that targets Abl, Src and c-Kit, with IC50 of <1 nM, 0.8 nM and 79 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Dasatinib induces autophagy and apoptosis with anti-tumor activity.

S1120

Everolimus (RAD001)

Everolimus (RAD001) is an mTOR inhibitor of FKBP12 with IC50 of 1.6-2.4 nM in a cell-free assay. Everolimus induces cell apoptosis and autophagy and inhibits tumor cells proliferation.

S1025

Gefitinib (ZD1839)

Gefitinib (ZD-1839) is an EGFR inhibitor for Tyr1173, Tyr992, Tyr1173 and Tyr992 in the NR6wtEGFR and NR6W cells with IC50 of 37 nM, 37nM, 26 nM and 57 nM, respectively. Gefitinib promotes autophagy and apoptosis of lung cancer cells via blockade of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.

S1004

Veliparib (ABT-888)

Veliparib (ABT-888, NSC 737664) is a potent inhibitor of PARP1 and PARP2 with Ki of 5.2 nM and 2.9 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It is inactive to SIRT2. Veliparib increases autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1053

Entinostat (MS-275)

Entinostat (MS-275, SNDX-275) strongly inhibits HDAC1 and HDAC3 with IC50 of 0.51 μM and 1.7 μM in cell-free assays, compared with HDACs 4, 6, 8, and 10. Entinostat induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1109

BI 2536

BI-2536 is a potent Plk1 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.83 nM in a cell-free assay. BI-2536 inhibits Bromodomain 4 (BRD4) with Kd of 37 nM and potently suppresses c-Myc expression. BI-2536 induces apoptosis and attenuates autophagy. Phase 2.

S1065

Pictilisib (GDC-0941)

Pictilisib (GDC-0941, RG7321) is a potent inhibitor of PI3Kα/δ with IC50 of 3 nM in cell-free assays, with modest selectivity against p110β (11-fold) and p110γ (25-fold). Pictilisib (GDC-0941) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1105

LY294002

LY294002 (SF 1101, NSC 697286) is the first synthetic molecule known to inhibit PI3Kα/δ/β with IC50 of 0.5 μM/0.57 μM/0.97 μM, respectively; more stable in solution than Wortmannin, and also blocks autophagosome formation. It not only binds to class I PI3Ks and other PI3K-related kinases, but also to novel targets seemingly unrelated to the PI3K family. LY294002 also inhibits CK2 with IC50 of 98 nM. LY294002 is a non-specific DNA-PKcs inhibitor and activates autophagy and apoptosis.

S2673

Trametinib (GSK1120212)

Trametinib (GSK1120212) is a highly specific and potent MEK1/2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.92 nM/1.8 nM in cell-free assays, no inhibition of the kinase activities of c-Raf, B-Raf, ERK1/2. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.

S1378

Ruxolitinib (INCB018424)

Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.

S1030

Panobinostat (LBH589)

Panobinostat (LBH589, NVP-LBH589) is a novel broad-spectrum HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay. Panobinostat (LBH589) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Panobinostat effectively disrupts HIV latency in vivo. Phase 3.

S1042

Sunitinib Malate

Sunitinib Malate is a multi-targeted RTK inhibitor targeting VEGFR2 (Flk-1) and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 80 nM and 2 nM in cell-free assays, and also inhibits c-Kit. Sunitinib Malate effectively inhibits autophosphorylation of Ire1α. Sunitinib Malate increases both death receptor and mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis.

S1133

Alisertib (MLN8237)

Alisertib (MLN8237) is a selective Aurora A inhibitor with IC50 of 1.2 nM in a cell-free assay. It has >200-fold higher selectivity for Aurora A than Aurora B. Alisertib induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 3.

S1029

Lenalidomide (CC-5013)

Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a TNF-α secretion inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a ligand of ubiquitin E3 ligase cereblon (CRBN), and it causes selective ubiquitination and degradation of two lymphoid transcription factors, IKZF1 and IKZF3, by the CRBN-CRL4 ubiquitin ligase. Lenalidomide promotes cleaved caspase-3 expression and inhibit VEGF expression and induces apoptosis.

S1208

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, NSC 123127, DOX) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.

S1555

AZD8055

AZD8055 is a novel ATP-competitive mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 0.8 nM in MDA-MB-468 cells with excellent selectivity (∼1,000-fold) against PI3K isoforms and ATM/DNA-PK. AZD8055 induces caspase-dependent apoptosis and also induces autophagy. Phase 1.

S1119

Cabozantinib (BMS-907351)

Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) is a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Cabozantinib induces PUMA-dependent apoptosis in colon cancer cells via AKT/GSK-3β/NF-κB signaling pathway.

S1460

SP600125

SP600125 (Nsc75890) is a broad-spectrum JNK inhibitor for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3 with IC50 of 40 nM, 40 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; 10-fold greater selectivity against MKK4, 25-fold greater selectivity against MKK3, MKK6, PKB, and PKCα, and 100-fold selectivity against ERK2, p38, Chk1, EGFR etc. SP600125 is also a broad‐spectrum inhibitor of serine/threonine kinases including Aurora kinase AFLT3 and TRKA with of IC50 of 60 nM, 90 nM and 70 nM. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.

S1020

PD184352 (CI-1040)

PD184352 (CI-1040) is an ATP non-competitive MEK1/2 inhibitor with IC50 of 17 nM in cell-based assays, 100-fold more selective for MEK1/2 than MEK5. PD184352 (CI-1040) selectively induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2247

Buparlisib (BKM120)

Buparlisib (BKM120, NVP-BKM120) is a selective PI3K inhibitor of p110α/β/δ/γ with IC50 of 52 nM/166 nM/116 nM/262 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Reduced potency against VPS34, mTOR, DNAPK, with little activity to PI4Kβ. Buparlisib induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1141

Tanespimycin (17-AAG)

Tanespimycin (17-AAG, CP127374, NSC-330507, KOS 953) is a potent HSP90 inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay, having a 100-fold higher binding affinity for HSP90 derived from tumour cells than HSP90 from normal cells. Tanespimycin (17-AAG) induces apoptosis, necrosis, autophagy and mitophagy. Phase 3.

S2215

DAPT (GSI-IX)

DAPT (GSI-IX, LY-374973) is a novel γ-secretase inhibitor, which inhibits Aβ production with IC50 of 20 nM in HEK 293 cells. DAPT enhances the apoptosis of human tongue carcinoma cells and regulates autophagy.

S1044

Temsirolimus (CCI-779)

Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864) is a specific mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 1.76 μM in a cell-free assay. Temsirolimus induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1038

PI-103

PI-103 is a multi-targeted PI3K inhibitor for p110α/β/δ/γ with IC50 of 2 nM/3 nM/3 nM/15 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to mTOR/DNA-PK with IC50 of 30 nM/23 nM. PI-103 induces apoptosis in murine T-cell Lymphoma.

S1069

Luminespib (NVP-AUY922)

Luminespib (AUY-922, NVP-AUY922) is a highly potent HSP90 inhibitor for HSP90α/β with IC50 of 13 nM /21 nM in cell-free assays, weaker potency against the HSP90 family members GRP94 and TRAP-1, exhibits the tightest binding of any small-molecule HSP90 ligand. Luminespib (AUY-922, NVP-AUY922) effectively downregulates and destabilizes the IGF-1Rβ protein and results in growth inhibition, autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1046

Vandetanib (ZD6474)

Vandetanib (ZD6474) is a potent inhibitor of VEGFR2 with IC50 of 40 nM in a cell-free assay. It also inhibits VEGFR3 and EGFR with IC50 of 110 nM and 500 nM, respectively. Not sensitive to PDGFRβ, Flt1, Tie-2 and FGFR1 with IC50 of 1.1-3.6 μM. No activity against MEK, CDK2, c-Kit, erbB2, FAK, PDK1, Akt and IGF-1R with IC50 above 10 μM. Vandetanib (ZD6474) increases apoptosis and induces autophagy by increasing the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS).

S2194

R406

R406 is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in cell-free assays, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. R406 induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1122

Mocetinostat (MGCD0103)

Mocetinostat (MGCD0103, MG0103) is a potent HDAC inhibitor with most potency for HDAC1 with IC50 of 0.15 μM in a cell-free assay, 2- to 10- fold selectivity against HDAC2, 3, and 11, and no activity to HDAC4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. Mocetinostat (MGCD0103) induces apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 2.

S2662

ICG-001

ICG-001 antagonizes Wnt/β-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription and specifically binds to CREB-binding protein (CBP) with IC50 of 3 μM, but is not the related transcriptional coactivator p300. ICG-001 induces apoptosis.

S1108

TAE684 (NVP-TAE684)

TAE684 (NVP-TAE684) is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with IC50 of 3 nM in a cell-free assay, 100-fold more sensitive for ALK than InsR. TAE684 (NVP-TAE684) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S1526

Quizartinib (AC220)

Quizartinib (AC220) is a second-generation FLT3 inhibitor for Flt3(ITD/WT) with IC50 of 1.1 nM/4.2 nM in MV4-11 and RS4;11 cells, respectively, 10-fold more selective for Flt3 than KIT, PDGFRα, PDGFRβ, RET, and CSF-1R. Quizartinib (AC220) induces apoptosis of tumor cells. Phase 3.

S1264

PD173074

PD173074 is a potent FGFR1 inhibitor with IC50 of ~25 nM and also inhibits VEGFR2 with IC50 of 100-200 nM in cell-free assays, ~1000-fold selective for FGFR1 than PDGFR and c-Src. PD173074 reduces proliferation and promotes apoptosis in gastric cancer cells.

S3020

Romidepsin (FK228, Depsipeptide)

Romidepsin (FK228, depsipeptide) is a potent HDAC1 and HDAC2 inhibitor with IC50 of 36 nM and 47 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Romidepsin (FK228/depsipeptide) controls growth and induces apoptosis in neuroblastoma tumor cells.

S2853

Carfilzomib (PR-171)

Carfilzomib (PR-171) is an irreversible proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of <5 nM in ANBL-6 cells, displayed preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, but little or no effect on the PGPH and T-L activities. Carfilzomib activates prosurvival autophagy and induces cell apoptosis.

S1191

Fulvestrant

Fulvestrant (ICI-182780, ZD 9238) is an estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist with IC50 of 0.94 nM in a cell-free assay. Fulvestrant also induces autophagy and apoptosis and has antitumor activity.

S2736

Fedratinib (TG101348)

Fedratinib (SAR302503, TG101348) is a selective inhibitor of JAK2 with IC50 of 3 nM in cell-free assays, 35- and 334-fold more selective for JAK2 versus JAK1 and JAK3. Fedratinib also inhibits FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) and Ret with IC50 of 15 nM and 48 nM, respectively. Fedratinib has potential antineoplastic activity. Fedratinib inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1080

SU11274

SU11274 (PKI-SU11274) is a selective Met inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM in cell-free assays, no effects on PGDFRβ, EGFR or Tie2. SU11274 induces autophagy, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.

S1003

Linifanib (ABT-869)

Linifanib (ABT-869, AL39324, RG3635) is a novel, potent ATP-competitive VEGFR/PDGFR inhibitor for KDR, CSF-1R, Flt-1/3 and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 4 nM, 3 nM, 3 nM/4 nM and 66 nM respectively, mostly effective in mutant kinase-dependent cancer cells (i.e. FLT3). Linifanib (ABT-869) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S2235

Volasertib (BI 6727)

Volasertib (BI 6727) is a highly potent Plk1 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.87 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 6- and 65-fold greater selectivity against Plk2 and Plk3. Volasertib induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in various cancer cells. Phase 3.

S1135

Pemetrexed

Pemetrexed (LY-231514) is a novel antifolate and antimetabolite for TS, DHFR and GARFT with Ki of 1.3 nM, 7.2 nM and 65 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Pemetrexed induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1567

Pomalidomide

Pomalidomide (CC-4047) inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α release with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Pomalidomide can be utilized in PROTAC as a ligand for targeting E3 ligase and inhibiting the E3 ligase protein cereblon (CRBN). Pomalidomide promotes apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.

S2218

Torkinib (PP242)

Torkinib (PP242) is a selective mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 8 nM in cell-free assays; targets both mTOR complexes with >10- and 100-fold selectivity for mTOR than PI3Kδ or PI3Kα/β/γ, respectively. Torkinib (PP242) induces mitophagy and apoptosis.

S1145

SNS-032 (BMS-387032)

SNS-032 (BMS-387032) has firstly been described as a selective inhibitor of CDK2 with IC50 of 48 nM in cell-free assays and is 10- and 20-fold selective over CDK1/CDK4. It is also found to be sensitive to CDK7/9 with IC50 of 62 nM/4 nM, with little effect on CDK6. SNS-032 (BMS-387032) induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1200

Decitabine

Decitabine (Deoxycytidine, Dacogen, 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine) is a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, incorporating into DNA and resulting in hypomethylation of DNA and intra-S-phase arrest of DNA replication. It is used to treat myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Decitabine induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in various cancer cell lines.

S1225

Etoposide

Etoposide (VP-16, VP-16213) is a semisynthetic derivative of podophyllotoxin, which inhibits DNA synthesis via topoisomerase II inhibition activity. Etoposide induces autophagy, mitophagy and apoptosis.

S2704

LY2109761

LY2109761 is a novel selective TGF-β receptor type I/II (TβRI/II) dual inhibitor with Ki of 38 nM and 300 nM in a cell-free assay, respectively; shown to negatively affect the phosphorylation of Smad2. LY2109761 blocks autophagy and induces apoptosis.

S1491

Fludarabine

Fludarabine (FaraA, Fludarabinum) is a STAT1 activation inhibitor which causes a specific depletion of STAT1 protein (and mRNA) but not of other STATs. Also a DNA synthesis inhibitor in vascular smooth muscle cells. Fludarabine induces apoptosis.

S1118

XL147 analogue

XL147 analogue (SAR245408) is a selective and reversible class I PI3K inhibitor for PI3Kα/δ/γ with IC50 of 39 nM/36 nM/23 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to PI3Kβ. XL147 analogue induces apoptosis. Phase 1/2.

S1107

Danusertib (PHA-739358)

Danusertib (PHA-739358) is an Aurora kinase inhibitor for Aurora A/B/C with IC50 of 13 nM/79 nM/61 nM in cell-free assays, modestly potent to Abl, TrkA, c-RET and FGFR1, and less potent to Lck, VEGFR2/3, c-Kit, CDK2, etc. Danusertib induces apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and autophagy. Phase 2.

S2248

Silmitasertib (CX-4945)

Silmitasertib (CX-4945) is a potent and selective inhibitor of CK2 (casein kinase 2) with IC50 of 1 nM in a cell-free assay, less potent to Flt3, Pim1 and CDK1 (inactive in cell-based assay). Silmitasertib induces autophagy and promotes apoptosis. Phase 1/2.

S2198

SGI-1776 free base

SGI-1776 free base is a novel ATP competitive inhibitor of Pim1 with IC50 of 7 nM in a cell-free assay, 50- and 10-fold selective versus Pim2 and Pim3, also potent to Flt3 and haspin. SGI-1776 induces apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 1.

S1524

AT7519

AT7519 is a multi-CDK inhibitor for CDK1, 2, 4, 6 and 9 with IC50 of 10-210 nM. It is less potent to CDK3 and little active to CDK7. AT7519 also inhibits GSK3β with IC50 of 89 nM. AT7519 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1241

Vincristine sulfate

Vincristine sulfate (Leurocristine) is an inhibitor of polymerization of microtubules by binding to tubulin with IC50 of 32 μM in a cell-free assay. Vincristine sulfate induces apoptosis.

S1237

Temozolomide

Temozolomide (CCRG81045, NSC 362856, TMZ) is a monofunctional SN-1 alkylating agent that can modify nitrogen atoms in the DNA ring and the extracyclic oxygen group, chemically converted to MTIC and degrades to methyldiazonium cation, which transfers methyl groups to DNA at physiologic pH. A DNA damage inducer in L-1210 and L-1210/BCNU cells. Temozolomide induces apoptosis and exhibits antitumor activity.

S1159

Ganetespib (STA-9090)

Ganetespib (STA-9090) is an HSP90 inhibitor with IC50 of 4 nM in OSA 8 cells, induces apoptosis of OSA cells while normal osteoblasts are not affected; active metabolite of STA-1474. Phase 3.

S1186

BIBR 1532

BIBR 1532 is a potent, selective, non-competitive telomerase inhibitor with IC50 of 100 nM in a cell-free assay. No inhibition of DNA and RNA polymerases, including HIV reverse transcriptase are observed at concentrations vastly exceeding the IC50 for telomerase. BIBR 1532 induces apoptosis in cancer cells.

S2626

Rabusertib (LY2603618)

Rabusertib (LY2603618, IC-83) is a highly selective Chk1 inhibitor with potential anti-tumor activity in a cell-free assay. IC50=7 nM, showing approximately 100-fold more potent against Chk1 than against any of the other protein kinases evaluated. Rabusertib (LY2603618) induces cell cycle arrest, DNA damage response and autophagy in cancer cells. Rabusertib (LY2603618) induces bak-dependent apoptosis in AML cell lines.

S1533

R406 (free base)

R406 (free base) is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in a cell-free assay, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. R406 (free base) triggers apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1052

Elesclomol (STA-4783)

Elesclomol (STA-4783) is a novel potent oxidative stress inducer that elicits pro-apoptosis events among tumor cells. Phase 3.

S2161

RAF265 (CHIR-265)

RAF265 (CHIR-265) is a potent selective inhibitor of C-Raf/B-Raf/B-Raf V600E with IC50 of 3-60 nM, and exhibits potent inhibition on VEGFR2 phosphorylation with EC50 of 30 nM in cell-free assays. RAF265 (CHIR-265) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2727

Dacomitinib (PF-00299804)

Dacomitinib (PF299804, PF299) is a potent, irreversible pan-ErbB inhibitor, mostly to EGFR with IC50 of 6 nM in a cell-free assay. Dacomitinib inhibits ERBB2 and ERBB4 with IC50 of 45.7 nM and 73.7 nM, respectively. Dacomitinib is effective against NSCLCs with EGFR or ERBB2 mutations (resistant to gefitinib) as well as those harboring the EGFR T790M mutation. Dacomitinib inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2753

Tivantinib (ARQ 197)

Tivantinib (ARQ 197) is the first non-ATP-competitive c-Met inhibitor with Ki of 0.355 μM in a cell-free assay, little activity to Ron, and no inhibition to EGFR, InsR, PDGFRα or FGFR1/4. Tivantinib (ARQ 197) induces a G2/M arrest and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1362

Rigosertib (ON-01910)

Rigosertib (ON-01910) is a non-ATP-competitive inhibitor of PLK1 with IC50 of 9 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 30-fold greater selectivity against Plk2 and no activity to Plk3. Rigosertib inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway and activates oxidative stress signals. Rigosertib induces apoptosis in various cancer cells. Phase 3.

S1288

Camptothecin

Camptothecin (NSC-100880) is a specific inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I) with IC50 of 0.68 μM in a cell-free assay. Camptothecin induces apoptosis in cancer cells via microRNA-125b-mediated mitochondrial pathways. Phase 2.

S1314

Zoledronic Acid

Zoledronic acid (ZA, Zoledronate, CGP-4244), a potent osteoclast inhibitor, induces apoptosis in osteoclasts by inhibiting enzymes of the mevalonate pathway and preventing the isoprenylation of small GTP-binding proteins such as Ras and Rho. Zoledronic acid (ZA) also induces autophagy.

S2219

Momelotinib (CYT387)

Momelotinib (CYT387, LM-1149 , CYT11387) is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of JAK1/JAK2 with IC50 of 11 nM/18 nM, ~10-fold selectivity versus JAK3. Momelotinib (CYT387) induces apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 3.

S1452

Ispinesib (SB-715992)

Ispinesib (SB-715992, CK0238273) is a potent, specific and reversible inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein (KSP) with Ki app of 1.7 nM in a cell-free assay, no inhibition to CENP-E, RabK6, MCAK, MKLP1, KHC or Kif1A. Ispinesib induces mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Phase 2.

S1515

Pracinostat (SB939)

Pracinostat (SB939) is a potent pan-HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 40-140 nM with exception for HDAC6. It has no activity against the class III isoenzyme SIRT I. Pracinostat (SB939) induces apoptosis in tumor cells. Phase 2.

S1244

Amuvatinib (MP-470)

Amuvatinib (MP-470, HPK 56) is a potent and multi-targeted inhibitor of c-Kit, PDGFRα and Flt3 with IC50 of 10 nM, 40 nM and 81 nM, respectively. Amuvatinib suppresses c-MET and c-RET. Amuvatinib is also active as a DNA repair protein Rad51 inhibitor with antineoplastic activity. Phase 2.

S1972

Tamoxifen Citrate

Tamoxifen Citrate (ICI 46474) is an antagonist of the estrogen receptor by competitive inhibition of estrogen binding. Tamoxifen Citrate is also a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen induces apoptosis and autophagy.

S2789

Tofacitinib (CP-690550)

Tofacitinib (CP-690550,Tasocitinib) is a novel inhibitor of JAK3 with IC50 of 1 nM in cell-free assays, 20- to 100-fold less potent against JAK2 and JAK1. Tofacitinib inhibits the expression of antiapoptotic BCL-A1 and BCL-XL in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) and induced PDC apoptosis.

S1451

Aurora A Inhibitor I (TC-S 7010)

Aurora A Inhibitor I (TC-S 7010) is a novel, potent, and selective inhibitor of Aurora A with IC50 of 3.4 nM in a cell-free assay. It is 1000-fold more selective for Aurora A than Aurora B. Aurora A Inhibitor I (TC-S 7010) triggers apoptosis through the ROS-mediated UPR signaling pathway.

S1231

Topotecan HCl

Topotecan HCl (NSC609699, Nogitecan, SKFS 104864A) is a topoisomerase I inhibitor for MCF-7 Luc cells and DU-145 Luc cells with IC50 of 13 nM and 2 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Topotecan HCl induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1209

Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU)

Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC 19893) is a DNA/RNA synthesis inhibitor, which interrupts nucleotide synthetic by inhibiting thymidylate synthase (TS) in tumor cells. Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used in the treatment of HIV.

S2243

Degrasyn (WP1130)

Degrasyn (WP1130) is a selective deubiquitinase (DUB: USP5, UCH-L1, USP9x, USP14, and UCH37) inhibitor and also suppresses Bcr/Abl, also a JAK2 transducer (without affecting 20S proteasome) and activator of transcription (STAT). Degrasyn (WP1130) induces apoptosis and blocks autophagy.

S1233

2-Methoxyestradiol (2-MeOE2)

2-Methoxyestradiol (2-MeOE2, NSC 659853) depolymerizes microtubules and blocks HIF-1α nuclear accumulation and HIF-transcriptional activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol induces both autophagy and apoptosis in various carcinogenic cell lines. Phase 2.

S1156

Capecitabine

Capecitabine (RO 09-1978) is a tumor-selective fluoropyrimidine carbamate, which achieves higher intratumoral 5-FU level with lower toxicity than 5-FU. Capecitabine treatment of HCT-15 cells causes condensation of DNA and induces apoptosis.

S1185

Ritonavir

Ritonavir (ABT-538, A 84538) is a Cytochrome P450 3A and Protease Inhibitor; Also inhibits Cytochrome P450 2D6, P-Glycoprotein and induces Cytochrome P450 2C19, Cytochrome P450 1A2, Cytochrome P450 2C9, Cytochrome P450 2B6 and UDP Glucuronosyltransferases. Ritonavir induces apoptosis.

S2012

PCI-34051

PCI-34051 is a potent and specific HDAC8 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM in a cell-free assay. It has greater than 200-fold selectivity over HDAC1 and 6, more than 1000-fold selectivity over HDAC2, 3, and 10. PCI-34051 induces caspase-dependent apoptosis.

S2743

PF-04691502

PF-04691502 (PF4691502) is an ATP-competitive PI3K(α/β/δ/γ)/mTOR dual inhibitor with Ki of 1.8 nM/2.1 nM/1.6 nM/1.9 nM and 16 nM in cell-free assays, little activity against either Vps34, AKT, PDK1, p70S6K, MEK, ERK, p38, or JNK. PF-04691502 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2696

Apitolisib (GDC-0980)

Apitolisib (GDC-0980, RG7422) is a potent, class I PI3K inhibitor for PI3Kα/β/δ/γ with IC50 of 5 nM/27 nM/7 nM/14 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Also a mTOR inhibitor with Ki of 17 nM in a cell-free assay, and highly selective versus other PIKK family kinases. Apitolisib activates autophagy and apoptosis simultaneously in pancreatic cancer cells. Phase 2.

S2796

WP1066

WP1066 is a novel inhibitor of JAK2 and STAT3 with IC50 of 2.30 μM and 2.43 μM in HEL cells; shows activity to JAK2, STAT3, STAT5, and ERK1/2 not JAK1 and JAK3. WP1066 induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1487

PHA-793887

PHA-793887 is a novel and potent inhibitor of CDK2, CDK5 and CDK7 with IC50 of 8 nM, 5 nM and 10 nM. It is greater than 6-fold more selective for CDK2, 5, and 7 than CDK1, 4, and 9. PHA-793887 induces cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Phase 1.

S2746

AZ 628

AZ628 is a new pan-Raf inhibitor for BRAF, BRAFV600E, and c-Raf-1 with IC50 of 105 nM, 34 nM and 29 nM in cell-free assays, also inhibits VEGFR2, DDR2, Lyn, Flt1, FMS, etc. AZ628 induces apoptosis.

S1396

Resveratrol

Resveratrol has a wide spectrum of targets including cyclooxygenases(i.e. COX, IC50=1.1 μM), lipooxygenases(LOX, IC50=2.7 μM), kinases, sirtuins and other proteins. It has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, blood-sugar-lowering and other beneficial cardiovascular effects. Resveratrol induces mitophagy/autophagy and autophagy-dependent apoptosis.

S1648

Cytarabine

Cytarabine (Cytarabin, Ara-C, Arabinofuranosyl Cytidine) is an antimetabolic agent and DNA synthesis inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in wild-type CCRF-CEM cells. Cytarabine induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2913

BAY 11-7082

BAY 11-7082 is a NF-κB inhibitor, inhibits TNFα-induced IκBα phosphorylation with IC50 of 10 μM in tumor cells. BAY 11-7082 inhibits ubiquitin-specific protease USP7 and USP21 with IC50 of 0.19 μM and 0.96 μM, respectively. BAY 11-7082 induces apoptosis and S phase arrest in gastric cancer cells.

S1792

Simvastatin

Simvastatin (MK-0733) is a competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase with Ki of 0.1-0.2 nM in cell-free assays. Simvastatin induces ferroptosis, mitophagy, autophagy and apoptosis.

S2783

Vistusertib (AZD2014)

Vistusertib (AZD2014) is a novel mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 2.8 nM in a cell-free assay; highly selective against multiple PI3K isoforms (α/β/γ/δ). AZD2014 showed no or weak binding to the majority of kinases when tested at 1 μM. AZD2014 induces proliferation suppression, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and autophagy in HCC cells with antitumor activity.

S2635

CCT128930

CCT128930 is a potent, ATP-competitive and selective inhibitor of Akt2 with IC50 of 6 nM in a cell-free assay, 28-fold greater selectivity for Akt2 than the closely related PKA kinase. CCT128930 induces cell cycle arrest, DNA damage, and autophagy independent of Akt inhibition. High dose of CCT128930 triggers cell apoptosis in HepG2 cells.

S2893

NU7026

NU7026 is a potent DNA-PK inhibitor with IC50 of 0.23 μM in cell-free assays, 60-fold selective for DNA-PK than PI3K and inactive against both ATM and ATR. NU7026 enhances G2/M cell arrest and apoptosis.

S8001

Ricolinostat (ACY-1215)

Ricolinostat (ACY-1215, Rocilinostat) is a selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay. It is >10-fold more selective for HDAC6 than HDAC1/2/3 (class I HDACs) with slight activity against HDAC8, minimal activity against HDAC4/5/7/9/11, Sirtuin1, and Sirtuin2. Ricolinostat (ACY-1215) suppresses cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1714

Gemcitabine

Gemcitabine (LY-188011, NSC 613327), a nucleic acid synthesis inhibitor, is a very potent and specific deoxycytidine analogue, used as chemotherapy. Gemcitabine induces a potent p53-dependent apoptosis.

S1786

Verteporfin

Verteporfin (CL 318952, Visudyne) is a small molecule that inhibits TEAD–YAP association and YAP-induced liver overgrowth. It is also a potent second-generation photosensitizing agent derived from porphyrin. Verteporfin is an autophagy inhibitor. Verteporfin inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.

S1181

ENMD-2076

ENMD-2076 has selective activity against Aurora A and Flt3 with IC50 of 14 nM and 1.86 nM, 25-fold selective for Aurora A than over Aurora B and less potent to RET, SRC, NTRK1/TRKA, CSF1R/FMS, VEGFR2/KDR, FGFR and PDGFRα. ENMD-2076 inhibits the growth of a wide range of human solid tumor and hematopoietic cancer cell lines with IC50 from 0.025 to 0.7 μM, which induces apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest. Phase 2.

S2817

Torin 2

Torin 2 is a potent and selective mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 0.25 nM in p53−/− MEFs cell line; 800-fold greater selectivity for mTOR than PI3K and improved pharmacokinetic properties. Inhibition of ATM/ATR/DNA-PK with EC50 of 28 nM/35 nM/118 nM,in PC3 cell lines respectively. Torin 2 decreases cell viability and induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1312

Streptozotocin (STZ)

Streptozotocin (STZ, NSC-85998, Streptozocin) is a glucosamine-nitrosourea derivative, which is a DNA-methylating, carcinogenic, antibiotic and diabetes inducing agent. Streptozotocin induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1223

Epirubicin HCl

Epirubicin HCl (4'-epidoxorubicin), a semisynthetic L-arabino derivative of doxorubicin, is an antineoplastic agent by inhibiting Topoisomerase. Epirubicin induces apoptosis.

S7046

Brefeldin A

Brefeldin A is a lactone antibiotic and ATPase inhibitor for protein transport with IC50 of 0.2 μM in HCT 116 cells, induces cancer cell differentiation and apoptosis. It could also improve the HDR(homology-directed repair) efficiency and be an enhancer of CRISPR-mediated HDR. Brefeldin A is also an inhibitor of autophagy and mitophagy.

S7024

Stattic

Stattic, the first nonpeptidic small molecule, potently inhibits STAT3 activation and nuclear translocation with IC50 of 5.1 μM in cell-free assays, highly selectivity over STAT1. Stattic induces apoptosis.

S2788

Capmatinib (INCB28060)

Capmatinib (INCB28060) is a novel, ATP-competitive inhibitor of c-MET with IC50 of 0.13 nM in a cell-free assay, inactive against RONβ, as well as EGFR and HER-3. Capmatinib (INCB28060) inhibits Wnt/β-catenin and EMT signaling pathways and induces apoptosis in diffuse gastric cancer positive for c-MET amplification. Phase 1.

S1501

Mycophenolate Mofetil

Mycophenolate Mofetil (RS61443) is a non-competitive, selective and reversible inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase I/II with IC50 of 39 nM and 27 nM, respectively. Mycophenolate Mofetil induces caspase-dependent apoptosis and cell cycle inhibition in multiple myeloma cells.

S2485

Mitoxantrone 2HCl

Mitoxantrone 2HCl (NSC-301739) is a dihydrochloride salt of Mitoxantrone. Mitoxantrone is an inhibitor of type II topoisomerase and protein kinase C (PKC) with IC50 of 8.5 μM for PKC. Mitoxantrone inhibits cell proliferative growth of MCF-7/wt cells with IC50 of 0.42 μM. Mitoxantrone also induces apoptosis.

S2214

AZ 960

AZ 960 is a novel ATP competitive JAK2 inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of <3 nM and 0.45 nM, 3-fold selectivity of AZ960 for JAK2 over JAK3. AZ 960 induces apoptosis and growth arrest.

S1759

Pitavastatin Calcium

Pitavastatin Calcium (NK-104, P-872441, itavastatin, nisvastatin), a novel member of the medication class of statins, is a calcium salt formulation of pitavastatin which is a highly effective HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor. Pitavastatin Calcium attenuates AGEs-induced mitophagy via inhibition of ROS generation. Pitavastatin Calcium induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2776

Devimistat (CPI-613)

Devimistat (CPI-613), a lipoate analog, inhibits mitochondrial enzymes pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase in NCI-H460 cell line, disrupts tumor cell mitochondrial metabolism. CPI-613 induces apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells. Phase 2.

S3035

Daunorubicin HCl

Daunorubicin HCl inhibits both DNA and RNA synthesis and inhibits DNA synthesis with Ki of 0.02 μM in a cell-free assay. Daunorubicin is a topoisomerase II inhibitor that induces apoptosis.

S2013

PF-573228

PF-573228 is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of FAK with IC50 of 4 nM in a cell-free assay, ~50- to 250-fold selective for FAK than Pyk2, CDK1/7 and GSK-3β. PF-573228 induces apoptosis.

S7015

Birinapant

Birinapant is a SMAC mimetic antagonist, mostly to cIAP1 with Kd of <1 nM in a cell-free assay, less potent to XIAP. Birinapant helps to induce apoptosis in latent HIV-1-infected cells. Phase 2.

S2820

TAE226 (NVP-TAE226)

TAE226 (NVP-TAE226) is a potent FAK inhibitor with IC50 of 5.5 nM and modestly potent to Pyk2, ~10- to 100-fold less potent against InsR, IGF-1R, ALK, and c-Met. TAE226 (NVP-TAE226) induces apoptosis.

S2759

Fimepinostat (CUDC-907)

CUDC-907 is a dual PI3K and HDAC inhibitor for PI3Kα and HDAC1/2/3/10 with IC50 of 19 nM and 1.7 nM/5 nM/1.8 nM/2.8 nM, respectively. CUDC-907 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Phase 1.

S2714

LY411575

LY411575 is a potent γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.078 nM/0.082 nM (membrane/cell-based), also inhibits Notch cleavage with IC50 of 0.39 nM in APP or NΔE expressing HEK293 cells. LY411575 induces apoptosis.

S2775

Nocodazole

Nocodazole is a rapidly-reversible inhibitor of microtubule polymerization, also inhibits Abl, Abl(E255K) and Abl(T315I) with IC50 of 0.21 μM, 0.53 μM and 0.64 μM in cell-free assays, respectively. Nocodazole induces apoptosis.

S2824

TPCA-1

TPCA-1 is an inhibitor of IKK-2 with IC50 of 17.9 nM in a cell-free assay, inhibits NF-κB pathway, exhibits 22-fold selectivity over IKK-1. TPCA-1 is also an inhibitor of STAT3 and enhances apoptosis.

S1218

Clofarabine

Clofarabine inhibits the enzymatic activities of ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) (IC50 = 65 nM) and DNA polymerase. Clofarabine induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2077

Atorvastatin Calcium

Atorvastatin Calcium is an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase used as a cholesterol-lowering medication that blocks the production of cholesterol. Atorvastatin Calcium induces apoptosis and autophagy.

S2812

AT101

AT101, the R-(-) enantiomer of Gossypol acetic acid, binds with Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 with Ki of 0.32 μM, 0.48 μM and 0.18 μM in cell-free assays; does not inhibit BIR3 domain and BID. AT-101 simultaneously triggers apoptosis and a cytoprotective type of autophagy. Phase 2.

S2729

SB415286

SB415286 is a potent GSK3α inhibitor with IC50/Ki of 78 nM/31 nM with equally effective inhibition of GSK-3β. SB415286 causes MM cell growth arrest and apoptosis.

S8059

Nutlin-3a

Nutlin-3a, the active enantiomer of Nutlin-3, inhibits the p53/MDM2 interaction with IC50 of 90 nM in a cell-free assay. Nutlin-3a induces autophagy and apoptosis in a p53-dependent manner.

S1497

Pralatrexate

Pralatrexate is an antifolate, and structurally a folate analog. Its IC50 is < 300 nM in some cell lines. Pralatrexate induces tumor cell apoptosis.

S7007

Binimetinib (MEK162)

Binimetinib (MEK162, ARRY-162, ARRY-438162) is a potent inhibitor of MEK1/2 with IC50 of 12 nM in a cell-free assay. Binimetinib induces G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human NSCLC cell lines and induces autophagy. Phase 3.

S7397

Sorafenib

Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006) is a multikinase inhibitor of Raf-1 and B-Raf with IC50 of 6 nM and 22 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Sorafenib inhibits VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-β, Flt-3 and c-KIT with IC50 of 90 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM, 59 nM and 68 nM, respectively. Sorafenib induces autophagy and apoptosis and activates ferroptosis with anti-tumor activity.

S7153

10058-F4

10058-F4 is a c-Myc inhibitor that specificallly inhibits the c-Myc-Max interaction and prevents transactivation of c-Myc target gene expression. 10058-F4 promotes a caspase-3-dependent apoptosis and modulates autophagy.

S1629

Orlistat

Orlistat (Ro 18-0647, Tetrahydrolipstatin) is a general lipase inhibitor with IC50 of 122 ng/ml for PL from human duodenal juice. Orlistat treatment reduces proliferation, induces apoptosis and arrests cell cycle.

S7152

C646

C646 is an inhibitor for histone acetyltransferase, and inhibits p300 with a Ki of 400 nM in a cell-free assay. Preferentially selective for p300 versus other acetyltransferases. C646 induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy.

S1692

Busulfan

Busulfan is a cell cycle non-specific alkylating antineoplastic agent. Busulfan induces apoptosis.

S1896

Hydroxyurea

Hydroxyurea (nci-c04831, nsc32065) is an antineoplastic agent that inhibits DNA synthesis through the inhibition of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase. Hydroxyurea activates apoptosis and autophagy. Hydroxyurea is used to treat HIV infection.

S8078

Bardoxolone Methyl

Bardoxolone Methyl (RTA 402, TP-155, NSC 713200, CDDO Methyl Ester, CDDO-Me) is an IKK inhibitor, showing potent proapoptotic and anti-inflammatory activities; Also a potent Nrf2 activator and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor. Bardoxolone Methyl abrogates ferroptosis. Bardoxolone methyl induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells.

S1999

Sodium butyrate

Sodium butyrate (NaB), sodium salt of butyric acid, is a histone deacetylase inhibitor and competitively binds to the zinc sites of class I and II histone deacetylases (HDACs). Sodium butyrate (NaB) inhibits cell cycle progression, promotes differentiation, and induces apoptosis and autophagy in several types of cancer cells.

S1807

Aciclovir

Acyclovir (Acyclovir, Acycloguanosine, Zovirax) is a synthetic nucleoside analogue active against herpesviruses. Acyclovir induces cell cycle perturbation and apoptosis in Jurkat leukemia cells.

S2606

Mifepristone

Mifepristone (RU486, C-1073) is a remarkably active antagonist of progesterone receptor and glucocorticoid receptor with IC50 of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM, respectively. Mifepristone promotes cell autophagy and apoptosis, decreases Bcl-2 level and increases Beclin1 level, accompanied by weakened interaction between Bcl-2 and Beclin1.

S4001

Cabozantinib malate (XL184)

Cabozantinib malate (XL184) is the malate of Cabozantinib, a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Cabozantinib malate (XL184) induces apoptosis.

S1680

Disulfiram

Disulfiram (NSC 190940) is a specific inhibitor of aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH) with IC50 of 0.15 μM and 1.45 μM for hALDH1 and hALDH2, respectively. Disulfiram is used for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Disulfiram induces apoptosis.

S2891

GW441756

GW441756 is a potent, selective inhibitor of TrkA with IC50 of 2 nM, with very little activity to c-Raf1 and CDK2. GW441756 produces a relevant increase of caspase-3 that leads to apoptosis.

S7165

UNC1999

UNC1999 is a potent, orally bioavailable and selective inhibitor of EZH2 and EZH1 with IC50 of 2 nM and 45 nM in cell-free assays, respectively, showing >1000-fold selectivity over a broad range of epigenetic and non-epigenetic targets. UNC1999 is a potent autophagy inducer. UNC1999 specifically suppresses H3K27me3/2 and induces a range of anti-leukemia effects including anti-proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis.

S1623

Acetylcysteine(N-acetylcysteine)

Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine, NAC) is a ROS(reactive oxygen species) inhibitor that antagonizes the activity of proteasome inhibitors. It is also a tumor necrosis factor production inhibitor. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) suppresses TNF-induced NF-κB activation through inhibition of IκB kinases. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) induces apoptosis via the mitochondria-dependent pathway. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) inhibits ferroptosis and virus replication.Solutions of Acetylcysteine are best fresh-prepared.

S7204

Fosbretabulin (Combretastatin A4 Phosphate (CA4P)) Disodium

Fosbretabulin (Combretastatin A4 Phosphate (CA4P)) Disodium is the water-soluble prodrug of Combretastatin A4 (CA4), which is a microtubule-targeting agent that binds β-tubulin with Kd of 0.4 μM in a cell-free assay. Fosbretabulin Disodium inhibits the polymerization of tubulin with IC50 of 2.4 μM, and also disrupts tumor vasculature. Fosbretabulin disodium induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis in endothelial cells. Phase 3.

S1848

Curcumin

Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane) is the principal curcuminoid of the popular Indian spice turmeric, which is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is an inhibitor of p300 histone acetylatransferase(IC50~25 μM) and Histone deacetylase (HDAC); activates Nrf2 pathway and supresses the activation of transcription factor NF-κB. Curcumin induces mitophagy, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest with antitumor activity. Curcumin reduces renal damage associated with rhabdomyolysis by decreasing ferroptosis-mediated cell death. Curcumin exhibits anti-infective properties against various human pathogens like the influenza virus, hepatitis C virus, HIV and so on.

S1290

Celastrol

Celastrol (Tripterine) is a potent proteasome inhibitor for the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with IC50 of 2.5 μM. Celastrol induces apoptosis and autophagy via the ROS/JNK signaling pathway. Celastrol inhibits dopaminergic neuronal death of Parkinson's disease through activating mitophagy.

S1443

Zileuton

Zileuton (A-64077) is an orally active inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and thus inhibits leukotrienes (LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4) formation, used to decrease the symptoms of asthma. Zileuton induces apoptosis while inhibits ferroptosis.

S7198

BIO

BIO is a specific inhibitor of GSK-3 with IC50 of 5 nM for GSK-3α/β in a cell-free assay, shows >16-fold selectivity over CDK5, also a pan-JAK inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM for Tyk2. BIO induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells.

S2310

Honokiol

Honokiol is the active principle of magnolia extract that inhibits Akt-phosphorylation and promotes ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Honokiol causes G0/G1 phase arrest, induces apoptosis, and autophagy via the ROS/ERK1/2 signaling pathway. Honokiol inhibits hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Phase 3.

S7281

JIB-04

JIB-04 is a pan-selective Jumonji histone demethylase inhibitor with IC50 of 230, 340, 855, 445, 435, 1100, and 290 nM for JARID1A, JMJD2E, JMJD3, JMJD2A, JMJD2B, JMJD2C, and JMJD2D in cell-free assays, respectively. JIB‑04 also induces cell apoptosis.

S8024

Tyrphostin AG 1296

Tyrphostin AG 1296 is an inhibitor of PDGFR with IC50 of 0.3-0.5 μM, no activity to EGFR. Tyrphostin AG1296 inhibits FGFR and c-Kit with IC50 of 12.3 μM and 1.8 μM in Swiss 3T3 cells. Tyrphostin AG1296 induces dramatic apoptosis in A375R cells.

S7129

PYR-41

PYR-41 is the first cell-permeable inhibitor of ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1, with no activity at E2. PYR-41 induce apoptosis.

S8075

GANT61

GANT61 is an inhibitor for GLI1 as well as GLI2-induced transcription, inhibits hedgehog with IC50 of 5 μM in GLI1 expressing HEK293T cell, displays selectivity over other pathways, such as TNF and glucocorticoid receptor gene transactivation. GANT61 induces apoptosis and activates protective autophagy in LX-2 cells.

S7276

SGI-1027

SGI-1027 (DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor II) is a DNMT inhibitor with IC50 of 6, 8, 7.5 μM for DNMT1, DNMT3A, and DNMT3B in cell-free assays, respectively. SGI‑1027 induces apoptosis.

S7106

AZD3463

AZD3463 is a novel orally bioavailable ALK inhibitor with Ki of 0.75 nM, which also inhibits IGF1R with equivalent potency. AZD3463 suppresses cell viability by inducing both cell apoptosis and autophagy.

S1413

Bafilomycin A1(Baf-A1)

Bafilomycin A1 is a vacuolar H+-ATPase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.44 nM. Bafilomycin A1 is found to inhibit autophagy while induces apoptosis.

S2741

Niraparib (MK-4827)

Niraparib (MK-4827) is a selective inhibitor of PARP1/2 with IC50 of 3.8 nM/2.1 nM, with great activity in cancer cells with mutant BRCA-1 and BRCA-2. It is >330-fold selective against PARP3, V-PARP and Tank1. Niraparib can form PARP–DNA complexes resulting in DNA damage, apoptosis, and cell death. Phase 3.

S7379

E-64

E-64 is an irreversible and selective cysteine protease inhibitor, and also inhibits papain, calpain, and cathepsins B and H, but not serine proteases or aspartic proteases. The IC50 for papain is 9 nM. E-64 induces oxidative stress and apoptosis in Filarial Parasite.

S1576

Sulfasalazine

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine, Salazopyrin, Sulphasalazine) is a sulfa derivative of mesalazine, used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulfasalazine is a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), TGF-β and COX-2. Sulfasalazine induces ferroptosis, apoptosis and autophagy.

S8058

Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00)

Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00) is a novel CDK1, CDK4 and CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 79 nM, 63 nM and 20 nM, respectively. Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00) induces apoptosis. Phase 2/3.

S7076

T0901317

T0901317 is a potent and selective agonist for both LXR and FXR, with EC50 of ~50 nM and 5 μM, respectively. T0901317 is a dual inverse agonist of RORα and RORγ with Ki of 132 nM and 51 nM, respectively. T0901317 significantly suppresses cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.

S7162

Mdivi-1

Mdivi-1 is a selective cell-permeable inhibitor of mitochondrial division DRP1 (dynamin-related GTPase) and mitochondrial division Dynamin I (Dnm1) with IC50 of 1-10 μM. Mdivi-1 attenuates mitophagy and enhances apoptosis.

S7369

4EGI-1

4EGI-1 is a competitive eIF4E/eIF4G interaction inhibitor by binding to eIF4E with KD of 25 μM. 4EGI-1 specifically inhibits the function of mTOR by blocking the activation of 4E-BP1. 4EGI-1 induces apoptosis.

S7038

Epoxomicin

Epoxomicin (BU-4061T, Aids010837) is a selective proteasome inhibitor with anti-inflammatory activity, inhibits primarily the CH-L activity of the 20S proteasome, while T-L and PGPH catalytic activities are also inhibited at 100- and 1000-fold reduced rate. Epoxomicin promotes apoptosis.

S7177

PF-543

PF-543, a novel sphingosine-competitive inhibitor of SphK1, inhibits SphK1 with IC50 and Ki of 2.0 nM and 3.6 nM, exhibits >100-fold selectivity over the SphK2 isoform. PF-543 induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.

S7090

GSK923295

GSK923295 is a first-in-class, specific allosteric inhibitor of CENP-E kinesin motor ATPase with Ki of 3.2 nM, and less potent to mutant I182 and T183. GSK923295 induces post-mitotic apoptosis. Phase 1.

S8049

Tubastatin A

Tubastatin A is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay. It is selective against all the other isozymes (1000-fold) except HDAC8 (57-fold). Tubastatin A promotes autophagy and increases apoptosis.

S8808

DC661

DC661 is capable of deacidifying the lysosome and inhibiting autophagy significantly better than hydroxychloroquine (HCQ). DC661 induces apoptosis.

S8018

Nirogacestat (PF-03084014)

Nirogacestat (PF-03084014, PF-3084014) is a selective gamma-secretase inhibitor with IC50 of 6.2 nM in a cell-free assay. Nirogacestat (PF-03084014, PF-3084014) induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S7094

PF-3758309

PF-03758309 (PF-03758309) is a potent, ATP-competitive, pyrrolopyrazole inhibitor of PAK4 with IC50 of 1.3 nM. PF-3758309 is antiproliferative and induces apoptosis in a HCT116 tumor model.

S3984

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA)

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is a phenolic antioxidant found in the leaves and twigs of the evergreen desert shrub, Larrea tridentata (Sesse and Moc. ex DC) Coville (creosote bush). It is a recognized inhibitor of lipoxygenase (LOX) and has antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is a cytotoxic insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-1R)/HER2 inhibitor and induces apoptosis. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) inhibits p300 and activates autophagy. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) protects cells from ferroptosis.

S7846

Dubermatinib(TP-0903)

TP-0903 is a potent and selective AXL Inhibitor with IC50 of 27 nM. TP-0903 is highly effective in inducing apoptosis.

S8762

dBET6

dBET6 is a highly cell-permeable PROTAC degrader of BET bromodomains with an IC50 of 14 nM for BRD4 binding. dBET6 also induces c-MYC downregulation and apoptosis.

S5144

Neferine

Neferine ((R)-1,2-Dimethoxyaporphine), a natural component of Nelumbo nucifera, has antitumor efficiency. Neferine induces apoptosis in renal cancer cells. Neferine prevents autophagy through activation of Akt/mTOR pathway and Nrf2 in muscle cells. Neferine induces autophagy-dependent cell death in apoptosis-resistant cancers. Neferine possesses a number of therapeutic effects such as anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-microbial, anti-thrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-inflammatory and even anti-HIV.

S7885

SBI-0206965

SBI-0206965 is a highly selective autophagy kinase ULK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 108 nM, about 7-fold selectivity over ULK2. SBI-0206965 inhibits autophagy and enhances apoptosis in human glioblastoma and lung cancer cells.

S4732

MPTP hydrochloride

MPTP hydrochloride is a dopaminergic neurotoxin and cause selective destruction of dopaminergic neurons in animal models of parkinsonism. MPTP hydrochloride induces apoptosis.

S8244

Etomoxir (Na salt)

Etomoxir is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) on the outer face of the inner mitochondrial membrane. Etomoxir enhances palmitate-induced cell apoptosis.

S5243

Ruxolitinib Phosphate

Ruxolitinib Phosphate (INCB018424, INC424) is the phosphate salt form of Ruxolitinib. Ruxolitinib is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.

S7215

Losmapimod (GW856553X)

Losmapimod (GW856553X) is a selective, potent, and orally active p38 MAPK inhibitor with pKi of 8.1 and 7.6 for p38α and p38β, respectively. P38 MAPKs are involved in cell differentiation, apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 3.

S7963

TIC10 (ONC201)

TIC10 (ONC201) inactivates Akt and ERK to induce TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) through Foxo3a, possesses superior drug properties: delivery across the blood-brain barrier, superior stability and improved pharmacokinetics. Phase 1/2.

S7776

Akti-1/2

Akti-1/2 is a highly selective Akt1/Akt2 inhibitor with IC50 of 58 nM/210 nM, respectively, about 36-fold selectivity for Akt1 over Akt3. Akti-1/2 induces apoptosis.

S7625

Niraparib (MK-4827) tosylate

Niraparib tosylate (MK-4827, ZEJULA) is a selective inhibitor of PARP1/PARP2 with IC50 of 3.8 nM/2.1 nM. Niraparib increases formation of PARP-DNA complexes resulting in DNA damage, apoptosis, and cell death.

S8365

Apoptozole

Apoptozole (Apoptosis Activator VII) is an inhibitor of heat shock protein 70(HSP70) and Hsc70 with dissociation constants Kd of 0.14 μM and 0.21 μM, respectively. It induces caspase-dependent apoptosis.

S8401

Erdafitinib (JNJ-42756493)

Erdafitinib (JNJ-42756493) is a potent and selective orally bioavailable, pan fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. Erdafitinib also binds to RET, CSF-1R, PDGFR-α/PDGFR-β, FLT4, KIT and VEGFR-2 and induces cellular apoptosis.

S7747

Ro-3306

RO-3306 is an ATP-competitive, and selective CDK1 inhibitor with Ki of 20 nM, >15-fold selectivity against a diverse panel of human kinases. RO-3306 enhances p53-mediated Bax activation and mitochondrial apoptosis.

S8402

KRIBB11

KRIBB11 abolishes the heat shock-induced luciferase activity with an IC50 of 1.2 μM. It is an inhibitor of the transcription factor Heat Shock Factor 1 (HSF1). KRIBB11 induces growth arrest and apoptosis.

S7781

Sunitinib

Sunitinib (SU11248) is a multi-targeted RTK inhibitor targeting VEGFR2 (Flk-1) and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 80 nM and 2 nM, and also inhibits c-Kit. Sunitinib is also a dose-dependent inhibitor of the autophosphorylation activity of IRE1α. Sunitinib induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S7888

Spautin-1

Spautin-1 is a potent and specific autophagy inhibitor, and inhibits the deubiquitinating activity of USP10 and USP13 with IC50 of ∼0.6-0.7 μM. Spautin-1 enhances apoptosis.

S7724

APR-246 (PRIMA-1MET)

APR-246, also known as PRIMA-1MET, is a small organic molecule that has been shown to restore tumour-suppressor function primarily to mutant p53 and also to induce cell death in various cancer types. APR-246 induces apoptosis and autophagy.

S7785

Pemetrexed Disodium Hydrate

Pemetrexed Disodium Hydrate (LY-231514) is a novel antifolate and antimetabolite for TS, DHFR and GARFT with Ki of 1.3 nM, 7.2 nM and 65 nM, respectively. Pemetrexed Disodium Hydrate stimulates autophagy and apoptosis.

S8317

3BDO

3BDO, a butyrolactone derivative, could target FKBP1A and activate the mTOR signaling pathway. It inhibits autophagy in HUVECs. 3BDO inhibits oxLDL-induced apoptosis.

S7396

Calpeptin

Calpeptin is a potent, cell-permeable calpain inhibitor with ID50 of 52 nM, 34 nM, 138 nM, and 40 nM for Calpain I (porcine erythrocytes), Calpain II (porcine kidney), Papainb, and Calpain I (human platelets), respectively. Calpeptin attenuates apoptosis and intracellular inflammatory changes in muscle cells.

S8117

GMX1778 (CHS828)

GMX1778 (CHS828) is a potent and specific inhibitor of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) with IC50 and Kd of < 25 nM and 120 nM, respectively. GMX1778 induces programmed cell death with apoptotic features. Phase 1.

S8760

Iberdomide(CC220)

Iberdomide (CC-220) is a novel oral immunomodulatory compound that targets cereblon, part of the CRL4CRBN E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, with an IC50 of 60 nM in a competitive TR-FRET assay. Iberdomide (CC-220) induces apoptosis with antitumor and immunostimulatory activities.

S8722

ICEC0942 (CT7001)

ICEC0942 (CT7001) is a new, orally bioavailable CDK7 inhibitor with an IC50 of 40nM. The IC50 values for CDK1, CDK2, CDK5 and CDK9 were 45-, 15-, 230- and 30-fold higher. ICEC0942 (CT7001) promotes cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S2271

Berberine chloride

Berberine chloride is a quaternary ammonium salt from the group of isoquinoline alkaloids. Berberine activates caspase 3 and caspase 8, cleavage of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) and the release of cytochrome c. Berberine chloride decreases the expression of c-IAP1, Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL. Berberine chloride induces apoptosis with sustained phosphorylation of JNK and p38 MAPK, as well as generation of the ROS. Berberine chloride is a dual topoisomerase I and II inhibitor. Berberine chloride is also a potential autophagy modulator.

S2391

Quercetin

Quercetin, a natural flavonoid present in vegetables, fruit and wine, is a stimulator of recombinant SIRT1 and also a PI3K inhibitor with IC50 of 2.4-5.4 μM. Quercetin induces mitophagy, apoptosis and protective autophagy. Phase 4.

S8591

FX1

FX1 is a selective BCL6 BTB inhibitor with an IC50 value of 35 μM in reporter assays. FX1 shows great selectivity against a panel of 50 different kinases. 10 μM FX1 fails to significantly inhibit of any of these kinases. FX1 induces apoptosis.

S7652

OTS514 hydrochloride

OTS514 is a highly potent TOPK(T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 2.6 nM. OTS514 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S2285

Cryptotanshinone

Cryptotanshinone is a STAT3 inhibitor with IC50 of 4.6 μM in a cell-free assay, strongly inhibits phosphorylation of STAT3 Tyr705, with a small effect on STAT3 Ser727, but none against STAT1 nor STAT5. Cryptotanshinone induces ROS-dependent autophagy and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.

S8146

Mitomycin C

Mitomycin C is an antineoplastic antibiotic by inhibiting DNA synthesis, used to treat different cancers. Mitomycin C induces apoptosis in a caspases-dependent and Fas/CD95-independent manner.

S8405

RRx-001

RRx-001 is a novel epigenetic modulator with potential radiosensitizing activity. It inhibits glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase(G6PD) in human tumor cells, binds hemoglobin and drives RBC-mediated redox reactions under hypoxia. RRx-001 triggers apoptosis and exhibits anticancer activity.

S7421

CGP 57380

CGP 57380 is a potent MNK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 2.2 μM, exhibiting no inhibitory activity on p38, JNK1, ERK1 and -2, PKC, or c-Src-like kinases. CGP 57380 upregulates β-catenin and potentiates radiation-induced apoptosis.

S2290

Dihydroartemisinin (DHA)

Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin and isolated from the traditional Chinese herb Artemisia annua. Dihydroartemisinin induces autophagy and apoptosis by suppressing NF-κB activation.

S8446

Importazole

Importazole is a small molecule inhibitor of the transport receptor importin-β (Karyopherin beta) specifically blocking importin-β-mediated nuclear import. Importazole induces apoptosis and inhibits tumor growth.

S7358

Poziotinib (HM781-36B)

Poziotinib (HM781-36B, NOV120101) is an irreversible pan-HER inhibitor with IC50 of 3.2 nM, 5.3 nM and 23.5 nM for HER1, HER2, and HER4, respectively. Poziotinib also induces apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest. Phase 2.

S7793

Purvalanol A

Purvalanol A is a potent, and cell-permeable CDK inhibitor with IC50 of 4 nM, 70 nM, 35 nM, and 850 nM for cdc2-cyclin B, cdk2-cyclin A, cdk2-cyclin E, and cdk4-cyclin D1, respectively. Purvalanol A induces endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis and autophagy.

S7409

Anisomycin

Anisomycin (Flagecidin) is a bacterial antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces griseolus, which inhibits protein synthesis, and also act as a JNK activator. Anisomycin upregulates autophagy and increases apoptosis.

S8400

Mivebresib(ABBV-075)

Mivebresib(ABBV-075) is a novel BET family bromodomain inhibitor. It binds bromodomains of BRD2/4/T with similar affinities (Ki of 1-2.2 nM) and highly selective for 18 bromodomain proteins tested (Kd > 1 μM; more than 600-fold selectivity vs. BRD4), but exhibits roughly 10-fold weaker potency towards BRD3 (Ki of 12.2 nM) and has moderate activity towards CREBBP (Kd = 87 μM; 54-fold selectivity vs. BRD4). Mivebresib(ABBV-075) efficiently triggers apoptosis in various tumor cell.

S7648

OTS964

OTS964 is a potent TOPK inhibitor with high affinity and selectivity and IC50 value is 28 nM. OTS964 is also a potent inhibitor of the cyclin-dependent kinase CDK11 with Kd of 40 nM. OTS964 treatment activates autophagy in glioma cells and induces apoptosis of human lung cancer cells in mouse xenografts.

S9054

Pectolinarin

Pectolinarin is a major compound in Cirsium setidens with anti-inflammatory activity. Pectolinarin inhibits secretion of IL-6 and IL-8, as well as the production of PGE2 and NO. Pectolinarin induces apoptosis via inactivation of the PI3K/Akt pathway.

S7255

Onvansertib (NMS-P937)

Onvansertib (NMS-P937) is an orally available, selective Polo-like Kinase 1 (PLK1) inhibitor with IC50 of 2 nM, 5000-fold selectivity over PLK2/PLK3. Onvansertib (NMS-P937) potently causes a mitotic cell-cycle arrest followed by apoptosis in cancer cell lines and inhibits tumor growth. Phase 1.

S8156

ARS-853 (ARS853)

ARS-853 is a selective, covalent KRAS(G12C) inhibitor that inhibits mutant KRAS-driven signaling by binding to the GDP-bound oncoprotein and preventing activation. ARS-853 also induces apoptosis.

S8432

Troglitazone (CS-045)

Troglitazone (Rezulin, Romglizone, Prelay, CS045, Romozin) is a potent agonist for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-(PPAR) that is a ligand activated transcription factor regulating cell differentiation and growth. Troglitazone induces autophagy, apoptosis and necroptosis in bladder cancer cells. Troglitazone prevents RSL3-induced ferroptosis and lipid peroxidation in Pfa1 cells.

S8615

Sodium dichloroacetate (DCA)

Dichloroacetate, a specific inhibitor of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) with IC50 values of 183 and 80 μM for PDK2 and PDK4 respectively, has been shown to derepress Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter and a mitochondrial potassium-ion channel axis. Sodium dichloroacetate increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, triggers apoptosis in cancer cells, and inhibits tumor growth.

S4269

Vinorelbine Tartrate

Vinorelbine Tartrate is a semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid, and inhibits mitosis through interaction with tubulin. Vinorelbine Tartrate exhibits anti-tumor activities via inducing the mitotic apoptosis, autophagy and inflammation.

S7668

Picropodophyllin (PPP)

Picropodophyllin (PPP) is a IGF-1R inhibitor with IC50 of 1 nM. It displays selectivity for IGF-1R and does not coinhibit tyrosine phosphorylation the IR, or of a selected panel of receptors less related to IGF-IR(FGF-R, PDGF-R, OR EGF-R). Picropodophyllin (PPP) induces apoptosis with antineoplastic activity.

S8141

Cl-amidine

Cl-amidine is an irreversible pan-peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.9 ± 0.3 μM, 0.8 ± 0.3 μM, 6.2 ± 1.0 μM for PAD4, PAD1 and PAD3, respectively. Cl-amidine induces apoptosis.

S7985

PIM447 (LGH447)

PIM447 is a novel pan-PIM kinase inhibitor with Ki values of 6 pM, 18 pM, 9 pM for PIM1, PIM2, PIM3 respectively. It also inhibits GSK3β, PKN1, and PKCτ, but at a significantly lower potency with IC50 between 1 and 5 μM (>105-fold differential relative to the Ki on PIMs). PIM447 induces apoptosis.

S8523

GSK2256098

GSK2256098 is a potent, selective, reversible, and ATP competitive FAK kinase inhibitor with apparent Ki of 0.4 nM. GSK2256098 inhibits cancer cell growth and induces apoptosis.

S7536

Lorlatinib (PF-6463922)

PF-06463922 is a potent, dual ALK/ROS1 inhibitor with Ki of <0.02 nM, <0.07 nM, and 0.7 nM for ROS1, ALK (WT), and ALK (L1196M), respectively. PF-06463922 induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S7362

AZD5582

AZD5582, a novel small-molecule IAP inhibitor, binds potently to the BIR3 domains of cIAP1, cIAP2, and XIAP with IC50 values of 15, 21, and 15

S8341

TAK-243 (MLN7243)

TAK-243 (MLN7243) is a potent, mechanism-based small-molecule inhibitor of the ubiquitin activating enzyme (UAE) with an IC50 of 1 ± 0.2 nM in the UBCH10 E2 thioester assay. It has minimal inhibitory activity in a panel of kinase and receptor assays, as well as on human carbonic anhydrase type I and type II. TAK-243 (MLN7243) induces ER stress, abrogates NFκB pathway activation and promotes apoptosis.

S8148

PD0166285

PD0166285 is a potent Wee1 and Chk1 inhibitor with activity at nanomolar concentrations (IC50=24 nM for Wee1 and 72 nM for Myt1). PD0166285 is also a novel G2 checkpoint abrogator. PD0166285 induces apoptosis.

S4505

Vinblastine sulfate

Vinblastine sulfate (NSC49842) inhibits microtubule formation and suppresses nAChR activity with IC50 of 8.9 μM in a cell-free assay, used to treat certain kinds of cancer. Vinblastine sulfate induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S7612

PX-478 2HCl

PX-478 2HCl is an orally active, and selective hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) inhibitor. PX-478 2HCl induces apoptosis and has anti-tumor activity. Phase 1.

S7680

SP2509

SP2509 is a selective histone demethylase LSD1 inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM, showing no activity against MAO-A, MAO-B, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose oxidase. SP2509 induces apoptosis and promotes autophagy.

S7653

PND-1186 (VS-4718)

PND-1186 (VS-4718, SR-2156) is a reversible and selective FAK inhibitor with IC50 of 1.5 nM. PND-1186 selectively promotes tumor cell apoptosis. Phase 1.

S4701

2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG)

2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG, 2-deoxyglucose, NSC 15193), an analog of glucose, is a glycolytic inhibitor with antiviral activity. 2-Deoxy-D-glucose induces apoptosis and inhibits Herpes Simplex Virus type-1 (HSV-1) receptor expression.

S3604

Triptolide (PG490)

Triptolide (PG490) is a diterpene triepoxide, immunosuppresive agent extracted from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii. It functions as a NF-κB inhibitor with dual actions by disruption of p65/CBP interaction and by reduction of p65 protein. Triptolide (PG490) abrogates the transactivation function of heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1). Triptolide inhibits MDM2 and induces apoptosis through a p53-independent pathway.

S8495

WT161

WT161 is a potent, selective, and bioavailable HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 values of 0.4 nM, 8.35 nM and 15.4 nM for HDAC6, HDAC1 and HDAC2, respectively; shown to have >100-fold selectivity over other HDACs. WT161 induces apoptosis.

S2348

Rotenone (Barbasco)

Rotenone (Barbasco, Dactinol, Paraderil, Rotenon, Rotocide) is a botanical insecticide that is an inhibitor of mitochondrial electron transport. Rotenone inhibits NADH/DB oxidoreductase and NADH oxidase with IC50 of 28.8 nM and 5.1 nM, respectively. Rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.

S7104

AZD1208

AZD1208 is a potent, and orally available Pim kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.4 nM, 5 nM, and 1.9 nM for Pim1, Pim2, and Pim3 in cell-free assays, respectively. AZD1208 induces autophagy, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Phase 1.

S7006

BAY-61-3606

BAY-61-3606 is a potent and selective inhibitor of Syk kinase (Ki = 7.5 nM). BAY-61-3606 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S7353

EPZ004777

EPZ004777 is a potent, selective DOT1L inhibitor with IC50 of 0.4 nM in a cell-free assay and demonstrates >1,200-fold selectivity for DOT1L over all other tested PMTs. EPZ004777 induces apoptosis.

S7501

HO-3867

HO-3867, an analog of curcumin, is a selective STAT3 inhibitor that inhibits its phosphorylation, transcription, and DNA binding without affecting the expression of other active STATs. HO-3867 induces apoptosis.

S8041

Cobimetinib (GDC-0973)

Cobimetinib (GDC-0973, RG7420) is a potent and highly selective MEK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 4.2 nM, showing more than 100-fold selectively for MEK1 over MEK2 and showed no significant inhibition when tested against a panel of more than 100 of serine-threonine and tyrosine kinases. Cobimetinib induces apoptosis. Phase 3.

S7818

Pexidartinib (PLX3397)

Pexidartinib (PLX3397) is an oral, potent mutil-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor of CSF-1R, Kit, and FLT3 with IC50 of 20 nM, 10 nM and 160 nM, respectively. Pexidartinib (PLX3397) induces apoptosis and necrosis with antitumor activity. Phase 3.

S7867

Oleuropein

Oleuropein is an antioxidant polyphenol isolated from olive leaf. Oleuropein exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects and suppresses the adipocyte differentiation in vitro. Oleuropein inhibits PPARγ activity. Oleuropein exerts anti-adipogenic effect through direct inhibition of PPARγ transcriptional activity. Oleuropein also inhibits aromatase. Oleuropein induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1238

Tamoxifen

Tamoxifen (ICI 46474) is an antagonist of the estrogen receptor in breast tissue. Tamoxifen enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen induces apoptosis.

S7960

Larotrectinib (LOXO-101) sulfate

Larotrectinib (LOXO-101) sulfate is an oral potent and selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of tropomyosin receptor kinases (TRK). Larotrectinib inhibition of TRKs induces cellular apoptosis and G1 cell-cycle arrest.

S8375

AZD0156

AZD0156 is a potent and selective inhibitors of ATM kinase, with potential chemo-/radio-sensitizing and antineoplastic activities. AZD0156 prevents DNA damage checkpoint activation, disrupts DNA damage repair, induces tumor cell apoptosis, and leads to cell death of ATM-overexpressing tumor cells.

S7889

Xanthohumol

Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hop, inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 activity and shows chemopreventive effects. Xanthohumol inhibits diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and DGAT2 with both IC50 of 40 μM. Xanthohumol is also a potent antiviral agent against a series of DNA and RNA viruses. Xanthohumol induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 1.

S8663

Takinib

Takinib (EDHS-206) is a potent and selective TAK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 9.5 nM, more than 1.5 log more potent than the second and third ranked targets, IRAK4 (120 nM) and IRAK1 (390 nM), respectively. Takinib induces apoptosis.

S7465

FTI 277 HCl

FTI 277 HCl is the methyl ester of FTI 277, which is a potent and selective farnesyltransferase (FTase) inhibitor with IC50 of 500 pM, about 100-fold selectivity over the closely related GGTase I. FTI 277 HCl inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis. FTI 277 HCl is effective in clearing HDV viremia.

S8246

RK-33

RK-33 is a first-in-class small molecule inhibitor of DDX3 (a RNA helicase) and causes G1 cell cycle arrest, induces apoptosis, and promotes radiation sensitization in DDX3-overexpressing cells.

S7097

HSP990 (NVP-HSP990)

HSP990 (NVP-HSP990) is a novel, potent and selective HSP90 inhibitor for HSP90α/β with IC50 of 0.6 nM/0.8 nM. NVP-HSP990 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S9665New

Motixafortide (BL-8040)

Motixafortide (BL-8040, BKT140, TF 14016, 4-fluorobenzoyl, 4F-benzoyl-TN14003, T140) is an antagonist of CXCR4 with IC50 of ~1 nM. BL-8040 induces the apoptosis of AML blasts by down-regulating ERK, BCL-2, MCL-1 and cyclin-D1 via altered miR-15a/16-1 expression.

S3294New

Demethyl-Coclaurine

Demethyl-Coclaurine (Higenamine, Norcoclaurine), the key component of the Chinese herb aconite root, is a beta-2 adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) agonist. Demethyl-Coclaurine stimulates AKT phosphorylation and requires PI3K activation for the anti-apoptotic effect in cardiomyocytes.

S6889New

Monomethyl Fumarate

Monomethyl Fumarate (MMF, Monomethylfumarate, Fumaric acid monomethyl ester, Methyl hydrogen fumarate), the active metabolite of the psoriasis drug Fumaderm, is a potent GPR109A agonist. Monomethyl Fumarate prevents major dysfunctions associated with neurodegenerative diseases: oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis and autophagy.

S0407New

XCT790

XCT-790 (Compound 12) is a potent and selective inverse agonist for estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) with IC50 of 0.37 μM. XCT-790 (Compound 12) is inactive against ERRγ and the estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ. XCT-790 (Compound 12) significantly inhibits in vivo tumor growth and angiogenesis, and induces apoptosis.

S0445New

SC-43

SC-43, a sorafenib derivative, is an agonist of Src-homology protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1/PTPN6) and reduces liver fibrosis. SC-43 reduces p-STAT3 and induces apoptosis with anti-tumor activity.

S7307

GSK2606414

GSK2606414 is an orally available, potent, and selective PERK inhibitor with IC50 of 0.4 nM, displaying at least 100-fold selectivity over the other EIF2AKs assayed. GSK2606414 impairs GANT-61 induced autophagy in NB cells with MYCN amplification. GSK2606414 exacerbates ER stress-induced apoptosis in HCT116 cells while reduces the apoptosis in SIL1 KD HeLa cells.

S1204

Melatonin

Melatonin is a MT receptor agonist, used as a dietary supplement. Melatonin is a selective ATF-6 inhibitor and downregulates COX-2. Melatonin enhances mitophagy and regulates the homeostasis of apoptosis and autophagy.

S7686

ML141

ML141 (CID-2950007) is demonstrated to be a potent, selective and reversible non-competitive inhibitor of Cdc42 GTPase suitable for in vitro assays, with IC50 of 200 nM and selectivity against other members of the Rho family of GTPases (Rac1, Rab2, Rab7). ML141 is associated with an increase in p38 activation and may induce p38-dependent apoptosis/senescence. ML141 also protects neuroblastoma cells from metformin-induced apoptosis.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S3287New

Rosamultin

Rosamultin is a 19 α-hydroxyursane-type triterpenoid isolated from Potentilla anserina L. that inhibits HIV-1 protease. Rosamultin has protective effects on H2O2-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis.

S6894New

BCH

BCH (LAT1-IN-1) is a selective and competitive inhibitor of system L amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1). BCH (LAT1-IN-1) induces apoptosis in cancer cells.

S3256New

Tectochrysin

Tectochrysin (Techtochrysin, NSC 80687) is one of the major flavonoids of Alpinia oxyphylla Miquel. Tectochrysin significantly increases the expression of DR3, DR4 and Fas and inhibits activity of NF-κB. Tectochrysin induces apoptotic cell death.

S6852New

Gossypol

Gossypol (BL 193) is an orally-active polyphenol isolated from cotton seeds and roots. Gossypol is a potent inhibitor of 5α-reductase 1 and 3α-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase with IC50 of 3.33 μM and 0.52 μM in cell-free assay, respectively. Gossypol also inhibits the binding of BH3 peptide to Bcl protein with IC50 of 0.4 μM and 10 μM for Bcl-XL and Bcl-2, respectively. Gossypol induces apoptosis and cell growth inhibition in various cancer cells.

S6877New

EOAI3402143

EOAI3402143 is a dose-dependent inhibitor of Usp9x, Usp24 and Usp5 that increases tumor cell apoptosis, and fully blocks or regresses myeloma tumors in mice.

S6871New

Sodium oxamate

Sodium oxamate (SO) is an inhibitor of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) that specificly inhibits LDH‑A. Sodium oxamate (SO) induces G2/M cell cycle arrest via downregulation of the CDK1/cyclin B1 pathway and promotes apoptosis through enhancement of mitochondrial ROS generation.

S8543New

ARN-3236

ARN-3236 is a potent, orally available and selective inhibitor of salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) with IC50 of <1 nM, 21.63 nM and 6.63 nM for SIK2, SIK1 and SIK3, respectively. ARN-3236 induces apoptosis in cancer cells.

S0949New

Cucurbitacin IIb

Cucurbitacin IIb (CuIIb, Dihydrocucurbitacin F, 25-deacetyl hemslecin A) inhibits phosphorylation of STAT3, JNK and Erk1/2, enhances the phosphorylation of IκB and NF-κB, blocks nuclear translocation of NF-κB and decreases mRNA levels of IκBα and TNF-α. Cucurbitacin IIb exhibits anti-inflammatory activity and induces apoptosis. Cucurbitacin IIb is isolated from Hemsleya amabilis.

S8965New

BO-264

BO-264 is a potent and orally active inhibitor of transforming acidic coiled-coil 3 (TACC3) with IC50 of 188 nM and Kd of 1.5 nM. BO-264 specifically blocks the function of FGFR3-TACC3 fusion protein. BO-264 induces SAC-dependent mitotic arrest, apoptosis and DNA damage with antitumor activities.

S8974New

GSK2795039

GSK2795039 is an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) with pIC50 of 6.57 for NOX2-mediated activation of HRP/Amplex Red. GSK2795039 inhibits reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, NADPH consumption and reduces apoptosis.

S8981New

NVP-2

NVP-2, a potent, selective, non-neurotoxic and ATP-competitive cyclin dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.514 nM for CDK9/CycT activity and induces cell apoptosis.

S9602New

9-ing-41

9-ING-41 is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with antitumor activity. 9-ING-41 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at prophase by targeting centrosomes and microtubule-bound GSK3β.

S7895New

Thapsigargin

Thapsigargin is a potent, non-competitive inhibitor of the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) with IC50 of 0.353 nM or 0.448 nM for the carbachol-evoked [Ca2+]i-transients with or without a KCl-prestimulation. Thapsigargin induces cell apoptosis. Thapsigargin is extracted from a plant, Thapsia garganica.

S0709New

Tubastatin A TFA

Tubastatin A TFA (Tubastatin A trifluoroacetate salt) is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay. It is selective against all the other isozymes (1000-fold) except HDAC8 (57-fold). Tubastatin A promotes autophagy and increases apoptosis.

S6615New

ATB 346

ATB 346, a novel hydrogen sulphide-releasing derivative of naproxen with remarkably reduced toxicity, inhibits COX activity. ATB 346 is an anti-inflammatory agent that induces apoptosis of human melanoma cells.

S0444New

Indibulin

Indibulin (ZIO 301, D 24851, Zybulin) is an orally applied inhibitor of tubulin assembly with potent anticancer activity. Indibulin induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis.

S0278New

SU5614

SU5416 (Chloro-SU5416, Chloro-Semaxanib) is a small molecule receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) inhibitor of VEGFR-2, c-kit, and both wild-type and mutant FLT3. SU5416 also inhibits RET with IC50 of 170 nM. SU5416 reduces cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.

S0103New

ML327

ML327 is an isoxazole compound that blocks MYC expression and tumor formation in neuroblastoma. ML327 also restores E-cadherin expression with In-Cell Western EC50 of 1.0 μM. ML327 induces apoptosis.

S8820New

PTC596

PTC596 is a second-generation BMI-1 inhibitor that accelerates BMI-1 degradation. PTC596 downregulates MCL-1 and induces p53-independent mitochondrial apoptosis. IC50 values at 72 hours ranged from 68 to 340 nM in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) cell lines.

S6721New

JG98

JG-98 is an allosteric inhibitor of Hsp70 that binds tightly to a deep pocket that is conserved in members of the Hsp70 family. JG-98 induces classical apoptosis features, including morphological changes consistent with programmed cell death and positive annexin staining. JG-98 exhibits anticancer activity.

S1077

SB202190 (FHPI)

SB202190 (FHPI) is a potent p38 MAPK inhibitor targeting p38α/β with IC50 of 50 nM/100 nM in cell-free assays, sometimes used instead of SB 203580 to investigate potential roles for SAPK2a/p38 in vivo. SB202190 inhibits endothelial cell apoptosis via induction of autophagy and heme oxygenase-1. SB202190 significantly suppresses Erastin‐dependent ferroptosis.

S8037

Necrostatin-1

Necrostatin-1 is a specific RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor and inhibits TNF-α-induced necroptosis with EC50 of 490 nM in 293T cells. Necrostatin-1 also blocks IDO and suppresses autophagy and apoptosis.

S2872

GW5074

GW5074 is a potent and selective c-Raf inhibitor with IC50 of 9 nM, no effect on the activities of JNK1/2/3, MEK1, MKK6/7, CDK1/2, c-Src, p38 MAP, VEGFR2 or c-Fms is noted. GW5074 inhibits LK-induced apoptosis.

S1386

Nafamostat Mesylate

Nafamostat mesilate (FUT-175) is a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, used as an anticoagulant during hemodialysis. Nafamostat mesylate blocks activation of SARS-CoV-2 and is investigated as a new treatment option for COVID-19. Nafamostat Mesilate attenuates inflammation and apoptosis.

S7033

GSK2656157

GSK2656157 is an ATP-competitive and highly selective inhibitor of PERK with IC50 of 0.9 nM in a cell-free assay, 500-fold greater against a panel of 300 kinases. GSK2656157 decreases apoptosis and inhibits excessive autophagy.

S1733

Methylprednisolone

Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.

S8632

Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277)

Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277) is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of Chk2 with IC50 of 15 nM. It is 1000-fold more selective toward Chk2 serine/threonine kinase than for Chk1 and Cdk1/B kinases. Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277) dose dependently protects human CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cells from apoptosis due to ionizing radiation.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S1078

MK-2206 2HCl

MK-2206 2HCl is a highly selective inhibitor of Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 8 nM/12 nM/65 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; no inhibitory activities against 250 other protein kinases observed. MK-2206 2HCl induces autophagy and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 2.

S1008

Selumetinib (AZD6244)

Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) is a potent, highly selective MEK inhibitor with IC50 of 14 nM for MEK1 and Kd value of 530 nM for MEK2. It also inhibits ERK1/2 phosphorylation with IC50 of 10 nM, no inhibition to p38α, MKK6, EGFR, ErbB2, ERK2, B-Raf, etc. Selumetinib suppresses cell proliferation, migration and trigger apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1002

ABT-737

ABT-737 is a BH3 mimetic inhibitor of Bcl-xL, Bcl-2 and Bcl-w with EC50 of 78.7 nM, 30.3 nM and 197.8 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; no inhibition observed against Mcl-1, Bcl-B or Bfl-1. ABT-737 induces mitochondrial pathway apoptosis and mitophagy. Phase 2.

S2619

MG-132

MG132 is a potent cell-permeable proteasome and calpain inhibitor with IC50s of 0.1 μM and 1.2 μM for the inhibition of proteasome and calpain, respectively. MG132 activates autophagy and induces apoptosis in tumor cells.

S1040

Sorafenib Tosylate

Sorafenib Tosylate (Bay 43-9006) is a multikinase inhibitor of Raf-1 and B-Raf with IC50 of 6 nM and 22 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate inhibits VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-β, Flt-3 and c-KIT with IC50 of 90 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM, 59 nM and 68 nM, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate induces autophagy and apoptosis and activates ferroptosis with anti-tumor activity.

S9604New

IM156

IM156, a metformin derivative, is a potent activator of AMPK that increases AMPK phosphorylation. IM156 blocks oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) through the inhibition of complex I and increases apoptosis. IM156 ameliorates various types of fibrosis and inhibits tumors.

S9634New

Phenoxodiol (Haginin E)

Phenoxodiol (Haginin E, Idronoxil, Dehydroequol, NV 06, PXD) is an isoflavone analog with antineoplastic activity that activates the caspase system, inhibits XIAP (X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis), and disrupts FLICE inhibitory protein (FLIP) expression, resulting in tumor cell apoptosis. Phenoxodiol also inhibits DNA topoisomerase II.

S1021

Dasatinib

Dasatinib (BMS-354825) is a novel, potent and multi-targeted inhibitor that targets Abl, Src and c-Kit, with IC50 of <1 nM, 0.8 nM and 79 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Dasatinib induces autophagy and apoptosis with anti-tumor activity.

S1120

Everolimus (RAD001)

Everolimus (RAD001) is an mTOR inhibitor of FKBP12 with IC50 of 1.6-2.4 nM in a cell-free assay. Everolimus induces cell apoptosis and autophagy and inhibits tumor cells proliferation.

S1025

Gefitinib (ZD1839)

Gefitinib (ZD-1839) is an EGFR inhibitor for Tyr1173, Tyr992, Tyr1173 and Tyr992 in the NR6wtEGFR and NR6W cells with IC50 of 37 nM, 37nM, 26 nM and 57 nM, respectively. Gefitinib promotes autophagy and apoptosis of lung cancer cells via blockade of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.

S1004

Veliparib (ABT-888)

Veliparib (ABT-888, NSC 737664) is a potent inhibitor of PARP1 and PARP2 with Ki of 5.2 nM and 2.9 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It is inactive to SIRT2. Veliparib increases autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1053

Entinostat (MS-275)

Entinostat (MS-275, SNDX-275) strongly inhibits HDAC1 and HDAC3 with IC50 of 0.51 μM and 1.7 μM in cell-free assays, compared with HDACs 4, 6, 8, and 10. Entinostat induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1109

BI 2536

BI-2536 is a potent Plk1 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.83 nM in a cell-free assay. BI-2536 inhibits Bromodomain 4 (BRD4) with Kd of 37 nM and potently suppresses c-Myc expression. BI-2536 induces apoptosis and attenuates autophagy. Phase 2.

S1065

Pictilisib (GDC-0941)

Pictilisib (GDC-0941, RG7321) is a potent inhibitor of PI3Kα/δ with IC50 of 3 nM in cell-free assays, with modest selectivity against p110β (11-fold) and p110γ (25-fold). Pictilisib (GDC-0941) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1105

LY294002

LY294002 (SF 1101, NSC 697286) is the first synthetic molecule known to inhibit PI3Kα/δ/β with IC50 of 0.5 μM/0.57 μM/0.97 μM, respectively; more stable in solution than Wortmannin, and also blocks autophagosome formation. It not only binds to class I PI3Ks and other PI3K-related kinases, but also to novel targets seemingly unrelated to the PI3K family. LY294002 also inhibits CK2 with IC50 of 98 nM. LY294002 is a non-specific DNA-PKcs inhibitor and activates autophagy and apoptosis.

S2673

Trametinib (GSK1120212)

Trametinib (GSK1120212) is a highly specific and potent MEK1/2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.92 nM/1.8 nM in cell-free assays, no inhibition of the kinase activities of c-Raf, B-Raf, ERK1/2. Trametinib activates autophagy and induces apoptosis.

S1378

Ruxolitinib (INCB018424)

Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.

S1030

Panobinostat (LBH589)

Panobinostat (LBH589, NVP-LBH589) is a novel broad-spectrum HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay. Panobinostat (LBH589) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Panobinostat effectively disrupts HIV latency in vivo. Phase 3.

S1042

Sunitinib Malate

Sunitinib Malate is a multi-targeted RTK inhibitor targeting VEGFR2 (Flk-1) and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 80 nM and 2 nM in cell-free assays, and also inhibits c-Kit. Sunitinib Malate effectively inhibits autophosphorylation of Ire1α. Sunitinib Malate increases both death receptor and mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis.

S1133

Alisertib (MLN8237)

Alisertib (MLN8237) is a selective Aurora A inhibitor with IC50 of 1.2 nM in a cell-free assay. It has >200-fold higher selectivity for Aurora A than Aurora B. Alisertib induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 3.

S1029

Lenalidomide (CC-5013)

Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a TNF-α secretion inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a ligand of ubiquitin E3 ligase cereblon (CRBN), and it causes selective ubiquitination and degradation of two lymphoid transcription factors, IKZF1 and IKZF3, by the CRBN-CRL4 ubiquitin ligase. Lenalidomide promotes cleaved caspase-3 expression and inhibit VEGF expression and induces apoptosis.

S1208

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) HCl

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin, NSC 123127, DOX) HCl is an antibiotic agent that inhibits DNA topoisomerase II and induces DNA damage, mitophagy and apoptosis in tumor cells. Doxorubicin reduces basal phosphorylation of AMPK. Doxorubicin is used in the concomitant treatment of HIV-infected patients but is found to be at high risk of HBV reactivation.

S1555

AZD8055

AZD8055 is a novel ATP-competitive mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 0.8 nM in MDA-MB-468 cells with excellent selectivity (∼1,000-fold) against PI3K isoforms and ATM/DNA-PK. AZD8055 induces caspase-dependent apoptosis and also induces autophagy. Phase 1.

S1119

Cabozantinib (BMS-907351)

Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) is a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Cabozantinib induces PUMA-dependent apoptosis in colon cancer cells via AKT/GSK-3β/NF-κB signaling pathway.

S1460

SP600125

SP600125 (Nsc75890) is a broad-spectrum JNK inhibitor for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3 with IC50 of 40 nM, 40 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; 10-fold greater selectivity against MKK4, 25-fold greater selectivity against MKK3, MKK6, PKB, and PKCα, and 100-fold selectivity against ERK2, p38, Chk1, EGFR etc. SP600125 is also a broad‐spectrum inhibitor of serine/threonine kinases including Aurora kinase AFLT3 and TRKA with of IC50 of 60 nM, 90 nM and 70 nM. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.

S1020

PD184352 (CI-1040)

PD184352 (CI-1040) is an ATP non-competitive MEK1/2 inhibitor with IC50 of 17 nM in cell-based assays, 100-fold more selective for MEK1/2 than MEK5. PD184352 (CI-1040) selectively induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2247

Buparlisib (BKM120)

Buparlisib (BKM120, NVP-BKM120) is a selective PI3K inhibitor of p110α/β/δ/γ with IC50 of 52 nM/166 nM/116 nM/262 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Reduced potency against VPS34, mTOR, DNAPK, with little activity to PI4Kβ. Buparlisib induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1141

Tanespimycin (17-AAG)

Tanespimycin (17-AAG, CP127374, NSC-330507, KOS 953) is a potent HSP90 inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay, having a 100-fold higher binding affinity for HSP90 derived from tumour cells than HSP90 from normal cells. Tanespimycin (17-AAG) induces apoptosis, necrosis, autophagy and mitophagy. Phase 3.

S2215

DAPT (GSI-IX)

DAPT (GSI-IX, LY-374973) is a novel γ-secretase inhibitor, which inhibits Aβ production with IC50 of 20 nM in HEK 293 cells. DAPT enhances the apoptosis of human tongue carcinoma cells and regulates autophagy.

S1044

Temsirolimus (CCI-779)

Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864) is a specific mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 1.76 μM in a cell-free assay. Temsirolimus induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1038

PI-103

PI-103 is a multi-targeted PI3K inhibitor for p110α/β/δ/γ with IC50 of 2 nM/3 nM/3 nM/15 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to mTOR/DNA-PK with IC50 of 30 nM/23 nM. PI-103 induces apoptosis in murine T-cell Lymphoma.

S1069

Luminespib (NVP-AUY922)

Luminespib (AUY-922, NVP-AUY922) is a highly potent HSP90 inhibitor for HSP90α/β with IC50 of 13 nM /21 nM in cell-free assays, weaker potency against the HSP90 family members GRP94 and TRAP-1, exhibits the tightest binding of any small-molecule HSP90 ligand. Luminespib (AUY-922, NVP-AUY922) effectively downregulates and destabilizes the IGF-1Rβ protein and results in growth inhibition, autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1046

Vandetanib (ZD6474)

Vandetanib (ZD6474) is a potent inhibitor of VEGFR2 with IC50 of 40 nM in a cell-free assay. It also inhibits VEGFR3 and EGFR with IC50 of 110 nM and 500 nM, respectively. Not sensitive to PDGFRβ, Flt1, Tie-2 and FGFR1 with IC50 of 1.1-3.6 μM. No activity against MEK, CDK2, c-Kit, erbB2, FAK, PDK1, Akt and IGF-1R with IC50 above 10 μM. Vandetanib (ZD6474) increases apoptosis and induces autophagy by increasing the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS).

S2194

R406

R406 is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in cell-free assays, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. R406 induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1122

Mocetinostat (MGCD0103)

Mocetinostat (MGCD0103, MG0103) is a potent HDAC inhibitor with most potency for HDAC1 with IC50 of 0.15 μM in a cell-free assay, 2- to 10- fold selectivity against HDAC2, 3, and 11, and no activity to HDAC4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. Mocetinostat (MGCD0103) induces apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 2.

S2662

ICG-001

ICG-001 antagonizes Wnt/β-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription and specifically binds to CREB-binding protein (CBP) with IC50 of 3 μM, but is not the related transcriptional coactivator p300. ICG-001 induces apoptosis.

S1108

TAE684 (NVP-TAE684)

TAE684 (NVP-TAE684) is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with IC50 of 3 nM in a cell-free assay, 100-fold more sensitive for ALK than InsR. TAE684 (NVP-TAE684) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S1526

Quizartinib (AC220)

Quizartinib (AC220) is a second-generation FLT3 inhibitor for Flt3(ITD/WT) with IC50 of 1.1 nM/4.2 nM in MV4-11 and RS4;11 cells, respectively, 10-fold more selective for Flt3 than KIT, PDGFRα, PDGFRβ, RET, and CSF-1R. Quizartinib (AC220) induces apoptosis of tumor cells. Phase 3.

S1264

PD173074

PD173074 is a potent FGFR1 inhibitor with IC50 of ~25 nM and also inhibits VEGFR2 with IC50 of 100-200 nM in cell-free assays, ~1000-fold selective for FGFR1 than PDGFR and c-Src. PD173074 reduces proliferation and promotes apoptosis in gastric cancer cells.

S3020

Romidepsin (FK228, Depsipeptide)

Romidepsin (FK228, depsipeptide) is a potent HDAC1 and HDAC2 inhibitor with IC50 of 36 nM and 47 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Romidepsin (FK228/depsipeptide) controls growth and induces apoptosis in neuroblastoma tumor cells.

S2853

Carfilzomib (PR-171)

Carfilzomib (PR-171) is an irreversible proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of <5 nM in ANBL-6 cells, displayed preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, but little or no effect on the PGPH and T-L activities. Carfilzomib activates prosurvival autophagy and induces cell apoptosis.

S1191

Fulvestrant

Fulvestrant (ICI-182780, ZD 9238) is an estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist with IC50 of 0.94 nM in a cell-free assay. Fulvestrant also induces autophagy and apoptosis and has antitumor activity.

S2736

Fedratinib (TG101348)

Fedratinib (SAR302503, TG101348) is a selective inhibitor of JAK2 with IC50 of 3 nM in cell-free assays, 35- and 334-fold more selective for JAK2 versus JAK1 and JAK3. Fedratinib also inhibits FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) and Ret with IC50 of 15 nM and 48 nM, respectively. Fedratinib has potential antineoplastic activity. Fedratinib inhibits proliferation and induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1080

SU11274

SU11274 (PKI-SU11274) is a selective Met inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM in cell-free assays, no effects on PGDFRβ, EGFR or Tie2. SU11274 induces autophagy, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.

S1003

Linifanib (ABT-869)

Linifanib (ABT-869, AL39324, RG3635) is a novel, potent ATP-competitive VEGFR/PDGFR inhibitor for KDR, CSF-1R, Flt-1/3 and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 4 nM, 3 nM, 3 nM/4 nM and 66 nM respectively, mostly effective in mutant kinase-dependent cancer cells (i.e. FLT3). Linifanib (ABT-869) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S2235

Volasertib (BI 6727)

Volasertib (BI 6727) is a highly potent Plk1 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.87 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 6- and 65-fold greater selectivity against Plk2 and Plk3. Volasertib induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in various cancer cells. Phase 3.

S1135

Pemetrexed

Pemetrexed (LY-231514) is a novel antifolate and antimetabolite for TS, DHFR and GARFT with Ki of 1.3 nM, 7.2 nM and 65 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Pemetrexed induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1567

Pomalidomide

Pomalidomide (CC-4047) inhibits LPS-induced TNF-α release with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Pomalidomide can be utilized in PROTAC as a ligand for targeting E3 ligase and inhibiting the E3 ligase protein cereblon (CRBN). Pomalidomide promotes apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.

S2218

Torkinib (PP242)

Torkinib (PP242) is a selective mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 8 nM in cell-free assays; targets both mTOR complexes with >10- and 100-fold selectivity for mTOR than PI3Kδ or PI3Kα/β/γ, respectively. Torkinib (PP242) induces mitophagy and apoptosis.

S1145

SNS-032 (BMS-387032)

SNS-032 (BMS-387032) has firstly been described as a selective inhibitor of CDK2 with IC50 of 48 nM in cell-free assays and is 10- and 20-fold selective over CDK1/CDK4. It is also found to be sensitive to CDK7/9 with IC50 of 62 nM/4 nM, with little effect on CDK6. SNS-032 (BMS-387032) induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1200

Decitabine

Decitabine (Deoxycytidine, Dacogen, 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine) is a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, incorporating into DNA and resulting in hypomethylation of DNA and intra-S-phase arrest of DNA replication. It is used to treat myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Decitabine induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in various cancer cell lines.

S1225

Etoposide

Etoposide (VP-16, VP-16213) is a semisynthetic derivative of podophyllotoxin, which inhibits DNA synthesis via topoisomerase II inhibition activity. Etoposide induces autophagy, mitophagy and apoptosis.

S2704

LY2109761

LY2109761 is a novel selective TGF-β receptor type I/II (TβRI/II) dual inhibitor with Ki of 38 nM and 300 nM in a cell-free assay, respectively; shown to negatively affect the phosphorylation of Smad2. LY2109761 blocks autophagy and induces apoptosis.

S1491

Fludarabine

Fludarabine (FaraA, Fludarabinum) is a STAT1 activation inhibitor which causes a specific depletion of STAT1 protein (and mRNA) but not of other STATs. Also a DNA synthesis inhibitor in vascular smooth muscle cells. Fludarabine induces apoptosis.

S1118

XL147 analogue

XL147 analogue (SAR245408) is a selective and reversible class I PI3K inhibitor for PI3Kα/δ/γ with IC50 of 39 nM/36 nM/23 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to PI3Kβ. XL147 analogue induces apoptosis. Phase 1/2.

S1107

Danusertib (PHA-739358)

Danusertib (PHA-739358) is an Aurora kinase inhibitor for Aurora A/B/C with IC50 of 13 nM/79 nM/61 nM in cell-free assays, modestly potent to Abl, TrkA, c-RET and FGFR1, and less potent to Lck, VEGFR2/3, c-Kit, CDK2, etc. Danusertib induces apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and autophagy. Phase 2.

S2248

Silmitasertib (CX-4945)

Silmitasertib (CX-4945) is a potent and selective inhibitor of CK2 (casein kinase 2) with IC50 of 1 nM in a cell-free assay, less potent to Flt3, Pim1 and CDK1 (inactive in cell-based assay). Silmitasertib induces autophagy and promotes apoptosis. Phase 1/2.

S2198

SGI-1776 free base

SGI-1776 free base is a novel ATP competitive inhibitor of Pim1 with IC50 of 7 nM in a cell-free assay, 50- and 10-fold selective versus Pim2 and Pim3, also potent to Flt3 and haspin. SGI-1776 induces apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 1.

S1524

AT7519

AT7519 is a multi-CDK inhibitor for CDK1, 2, 4, 6 and 9 with IC50 of 10-210 nM. It is less potent to CDK3 and little active to CDK7. AT7519 also inhibits GSK3β with IC50 of 89 nM. AT7519 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1241

Vincristine sulfate

Vincristine sulfate (Leurocristine) is an inhibitor of polymerization of microtubules by binding to tubulin with IC50 of 32 μM in a cell-free assay. Vincristine sulfate induces apoptosis.

S1237

Temozolomide

Temozolomide (CCRG81045, NSC 362856, TMZ) is a monofunctional SN-1 alkylating agent that can modify nitrogen atoms in the DNA ring and the extracyclic oxygen group, chemically converted to MTIC and degrades to methyldiazonium cation, which transfers methyl groups to DNA at physiologic pH. A DNA damage inducer in L-1210 and L-1210/BCNU cells. Temozolomide induces apoptosis and exhibits antitumor activity.

S1159

Ganetespib (STA-9090)

Ganetespib (STA-9090) is an HSP90 inhibitor with IC50 of 4 nM in OSA 8 cells, induces apoptosis of OSA cells while normal osteoblasts are not affected; active metabolite of STA-1474. Phase 3.

S1186

BIBR 1532

BIBR 1532 is a potent, selective, non-competitive telomerase inhibitor with IC50 of 100 nM in a cell-free assay. No inhibition of DNA and RNA polymerases, including HIV reverse transcriptase are observed at concentrations vastly exceeding the IC50 for telomerase. BIBR 1532 induces apoptosis in cancer cells.

S2626

Rabusertib (LY2603618)

Rabusertib (LY2603618, IC-83) is a highly selective Chk1 inhibitor with potential anti-tumor activity in a cell-free assay. IC50=7 nM, showing approximately 100-fold more potent against Chk1 than against any of the other protein kinases evaluated. Rabusertib (LY2603618) induces cell cycle arrest, DNA damage response and autophagy in cancer cells. Rabusertib (LY2603618) induces bak-dependent apoptosis in AML cell lines.

S1533

R406 (free base)

R406 (free base) is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in a cell-free assay, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. R406 (free base) triggers apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1052

Elesclomol (STA-4783)

Elesclomol (STA-4783) is a novel potent oxidative stress inducer that elicits pro-apoptosis events among tumor cells. Phase 3.

S2161

RAF265 (CHIR-265)

RAF265 (CHIR-265) is a potent selective inhibitor of C-Raf/B-Raf/B-Raf V600E with IC50 of 3-60 nM, and exhibits potent inhibition on VEGFR2 phosphorylation with EC50 of 30 nM in cell-free assays. RAF265 (CHIR-265) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2727

Dacomitinib (PF-00299804)

Dacomitinib (PF299804, PF299) is a potent, irreversible pan-ErbB inhibitor, mostly to EGFR with IC50 of 6 nM in a cell-free assay. Dacomitinib inhibits ERBB2 and ERBB4 with IC50 of 45.7 nM and 73.7 nM, respectively. Dacomitinib is effective against NSCLCs with EGFR or ERBB2 mutations (resistant to gefitinib) as well as those harboring the EGFR T790M mutation. Dacomitinib inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2753

Tivantinib (ARQ 197)

Tivantinib (ARQ 197) is the first non-ATP-competitive c-Met inhibitor with Ki of 0.355 μM in a cell-free assay, little activity to Ron, and no inhibition to EGFR, InsR, PDGFRα or FGFR1/4. Tivantinib (ARQ 197) induces a G2/M arrest and apoptosis. Phase 3.

S1362

Rigosertib (ON-01910)

Rigosertib (ON-01910) is a non-ATP-competitive inhibitor of PLK1 with IC50 of 9 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 30-fold greater selectivity against Plk2 and no activity to Plk3. Rigosertib inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway and activates oxidative stress signals. Rigosertib induces apoptosis in various cancer cells. Phase 3.

S1288

Camptothecin

Camptothecin (NSC-100880) is a specific inhibitor of DNA topoisomerase I (Topo I) with IC50 of 0.68 μM in a cell-free assay. Camptothecin induces apoptosis in cancer cells via microRNA-125b-mediated mitochondrial pathways. Phase 2.

S1314

Zoledronic Acid

Zoledronic acid (ZA, Zoledronate, CGP-4244), a potent osteoclast inhibitor, induces apoptosis in osteoclasts by inhibiting enzymes of the mevalonate pathway and preventing the isoprenylation of small GTP-binding proteins such as Ras and Rho. Zoledronic acid (ZA) also induces autophagy.

S2219

Momelotinib (CYT387)

Momelotinib (CYT387, LM-1149 , CYT11387) is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of JAK1/JAK2 with IC50 of 11 nM/18 nM, ~10-fold selectivity versus JAK3. Momelotinib (CYT387) induces apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 3.

S1452

Ispinesib (SB-715992)

Ispinesib (SB-715992, CK0238273) is a potent, specific and reversible inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein (KSP) with Ki app of 1.7 nM in a cell-free assay, no inhibition to CENP-E, RabK6, MCAK, MKLP1, KHC or Kif1A. Ispinesib induces mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Phase 2.

S1515

Pracinostat (SB939)

Pracinostat (SB939) is a potent pan-HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 40-140 nM with exception for HDAC6. It has no activity against the class III isoenzyme SIRT I. Pracinostat (SB939) induces apoptosis in tumor cells. Phase 2.

S1244

Amuvatinib (MP-470)

Amuvatinib (MP-470, HPK 56) is a potent and multi-targeted inhibitor of c-Kit, PDGFRα and Flt3 with IC50 of 10 nM, 40 nM and 81 nM, respectively. Amuvatinib suppresses c-MET and c-RET. Amuvatinib is also active as a DNA repair protein Rad51 inhibitor with antineoplastic activity. Phase 2.

S1972

Tamoxifen Citrate

Tamoxifen Citrate (ICI 46474) is an antagonist of the estrogen receptor by competitive inhibition of estrogen binding. Tamoxifen Citrate is also a potent Hsp90 activator and enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen induces apoptosis and autophagy.

S2789

Tofacitinib (CP-690550)

Tofacitinib (CP-690550,Tasocitinib) is a novel inhibitor of JAK3 with IC50 of 1 nM in cell-free assays, 20- to 100-fold less potent against JAK2 and JAK1. Tofacitinib inhibits the expression of antiapoptotic BCL-A1 and BCL-XL in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) and induced PDC apoptosis.

S1451

Aurora A Inhibitor I (TC-S 7010)

Aurora A Inhibitor I (TC-S 7010) is a novel, potent, and selective inhibitor of Aurora A with IC50 of 3.4 nM in a cell-free assay. It is 1000-fold more selective for Aurora A than Aurora B. Aurora A Inhibitor I (TC-S 7010) triggers apoptosis through the ROS-mediated UPR signaling pathway.

S1231

Topotecan HCl

Topotecan HCl (NSC609699, Nogitecan, SKFS 104864A) is a topoisomerase I inhibitor for MCF-7 Luc cells and DU-145 Luc cells with IC50 of 13 nM and 2 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Topotecan HCl induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1209

Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU)

Fluorouracil (5-Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC 19893) is a DNA/RNA synthesis inhibitor, which interrupts nucleotide synthetic by inhibiting thymidylate synthase (TS) in tumor cells. Fluorouracil induces apoptosis and can be used in the treatment of HIV.

S2243

Degrasyn (WP1130)

Degrasyn (WP1130) is a selective deubiquitinase (DUB: USP5, UCH-L1, USP9x, USP14, and UCH37) inhibitor and also suppresses Bcr/Abl, also a JAK2 transducer (without affecting 20S proteasome) and activator of transcription (STAT). Degrasyn (WP1130) induces apoptosis and blocks autophagy.

S1233

2-Methoxyestradiol (2-MeOE2)

2-Methoxyestradiol (2-MeOE2, NSC 659853) depolymerizes microtubules and blocks HIF-1α nuclear accumulation and HIF-transcriptional activity. 2-Methoxyestradiol induces both autophagy and apoptosis in various carcinogenic cell lines. Phase 2.

S1156

Capecitabine

Capecitabine (RO 09-1978) is a tumor-selective fluoropyrimidine carbamate, which achieves higher intratumoral 5-FU level with lower toxicity than 5-FU. Capecitabine treatment of HCT-15 cells causes condensation of DNA and induces apoptosis.

S1185

Ritonavir

Ritonavir (ABT-538, A 84538) is a Cytochrome P450 3A and Protease Inhibitor; Also inhibits Cytochrome P450 2D6, P-Glycoprotein and induces Cytochrome P450 2C19, Cytochrome P450 1A2, Cytochrome P450 2C9, Cytochrome P450 2B6 and UDP Glucuronosyltransferases. Ritonavir induces apoptosis.

S2012

PCI-34051

PCI-34051 is a potent and specific HDAC8 inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM in a cell-free assay. It has greater than 200-fold selectivity over HDAC1 and 6, more than 1000-fold selectivity over HDAC2, 3, and 10. PCI-34051 induces caspase-dependent apoptosis.

S2743

PF-04691502

PF-04691502 (PF4691502) is an ATP-competitive PI3K(α/β/δ/γ)/mTOR dual inhibitor with Ki of 1.8 nM/2.1 nM/1.6 nM/1.9 nM and 16 nM in cell-free assays, little activity against either Vps34, AKT, PDK1, p70S6K, MEK, ERK, p38, or JNK. PF-04691502 induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S2696

Apitolisib (GDC-0980)

Apitolisib (GDC-0980, RG7422) is a potent, class I PI3K inhibitor for PI3Kα/β/δ/γ with IC50 of 5 nM/27 nM/7 nM/14 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Also a mTOR inhibitor with Ki of 17 nM in a cell-free assay, and highly selective versus other PIKK family kinases. Apitolisib activates autophagy and apoptosis simultaneously in pancreatic cancer cells. Phase 2.

S2796

WP1066

WP1066 is a novel inhibitor of JAK2 and STAT3 with IC50 of 2.30 μM and 2.43 μM in HEL cells; shows activity to JAK2, STAT3, STAT5, and ERK1/2 not JAK1 and JAK3. WP1066 induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S1487

PHA-793887

PHA-793887 is a novel and potent inhibitor of CDK2, CDK5 and CDK7 with IC50 of 8 nM, 5 nM and 10 nM. It is greater than 6-fold more selective for CDK2, 5, and 7 than CDK1, 4, and 9. PHA-793887 induces cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. Phase 1.

S2746

AZ 628

AZ628 is a new pan-Raf inhibitor for BRAF, BRAFV600E, and c-Raf-1 with IC50 of 105 nM, 34 nM and 29 nM in cell-free assays, also inhibits VEGFR2, DDR2, Lyn, Flt1, FMS, etc. AZ628 induces apoptosis.

S1396

Resveratrol

Resveratrol has a wide spectrum of targets including cyclooxygenases(i.e. COX, IC50=1.1 μM), lipooxygenases(LOX, IC50=2.7 μM), kinases, sirtuins and other proteins. It has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, blood-sugar-lowering and other beneficial cardiovascular effects. Resveratrol induces mitophagy/autophagy and autophagy-dependent apoptosis.

S1648

Cytarabine

Cytarabine (Cytarabin, Ara-C, Arabinofuranosyl Cytidine) is an antimetabolic agent and DNA synthesis inhibitor with IC50 of 16 nM in wild-type CCRF-CEM cells. Cytarabine induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2913

BAY 11-7082

BAY 11-7082 is a NF-κB inhibitor, inhibits TNFα-induced IκBα phosphorylation with IC50 of 10 μM in tumor cells. BAY 11-7082 inhibits ubiquitin-specific protease USP7 and USP21 with IC50 of 0.19 μM and 0.96 μM, respectively. BAY 11-7082 induces apoptosis and S phase arrest in gastric cancer cells.

S1792

Simvastatin

Simvastatin (MK-0733) is a competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase with Ki of 0.1-0.2 nM in cell-free assays. Simvastatin induces ferroptosis, mitophagy, autophagy and apoptosis.

S2783

Vistusertib (AZD2014)

Vistusertib (AZD2014) is a novel mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 2.8 nM in a cell-free assay; highly selective against multiple PI3K isoforms (α/β/γ/δ). AZD2014 showed no or weak binding to the majority of kinases when tested at 1 μM. AZD2014 induces proliferation suppression, apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and autophagy in HCC cells with antitumor activity.

S2635

CCT128930

CCT128930 is a potent, ATP-competitive and selective inhibitor of Akt2 with IC50 of 6 nM in a cell-free assay, 28-fold greater selectivity for Akt2 than the closely related PKA kinase. CCT128930 induces cell cycle arrest, DNA damage, and autophagy independent of Akt inhibition. High dose of CCT128930 triggers cell apoptosis in HepG2 cells.

S2893

NU7026

NU7026 is a potent DNA-PK inhibitor with IC50 of 0.23 μM in cell-free assays, 60-fold selective for DNA-PK than PI3K and inactive against both ATM and ATR. NU7026 enhances G2/M cell arrest and apoptosis.

S8001

Ricolinostat (ACY-1215)

Ricolinostat (ACY-1215, Rocilinostat) is a selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay. It is >10-fold more selective for HDAC6 than HDAC1/2/3 (class I HDACs) with slight activity against HDAC8, minimal activity against HDAC4/5/7/9/11, Sirtuin1, and Sirtuin2. Ricolinostat (ACY-1215) suppresses cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1714

Gemcitabine

Gemcitabine (LY-188011, NSC 613327), a nucleic acid synthesis inhibitor, is a very potent and specific deoxycytidine analogue, used as chemotherapy. Gemcitabine induces a potent p53-dependent apoptosis.

S1786

Verteporfin

Verteporfin (CL 318952, Visudyne) is a small molecule that inhibits TEAD–YAP association and YAP-induced liver overgrowth. It is also a potent second-generation photosensitizing agent derived from porphyrin. Verteporfin is an autophagy inhibitor. Verteporfin inhibits cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.

S1181

ENMD-2076

ENMD-2076 has selective activity against Aurora A and Flt3 with IC50 of 14 nM and 1.86 nM, 25-fold selective for Aurora A than over Aurora B and less potent to RET, SRC, NTRK1/TRKA, CSF1R/FMS, VEGFR2/KDR, FGFR and PDGFRα. ENMD-2076 inhibits the growth of a wide range of human solid tumor and hematopoietic cancer cell lines with IC50 from 0.025 to 0.7 μM, which induces apoptosis and G2/M phase arrest. Phase 2.

S2817

Torin 2

Torin 2 is a potent and selective mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 0.25 nM in p53−/− MEFs cell line; 800-fold greater selectivity for mTOR than PI3K and improved pharmacokinetic properties. Inhibition of ATM/ATR/DNA-PK with EC50 of 28 nM/35 nM/118 nM,in PC3 cell lines respectively. Torin 2 decreases cell viability and induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1312

Streptozotocin (STZ)

Streptozotocin (STZ, NSC-85998, Streptozocin) is a glucosamine-nitrosourea derivative, which is a DNA-methylating, carcinogenic, antibiotic and diabetes inducing agent. Streptozotocin induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S1223

Epirubicin HCl

Epirubicin HCl (4'-epidoxorubicin), a semisynthetic L-arabino derivative of doxorubicin, is an antineoplastic agent by inhibiting Topoisomerase. Epirubicin induces apoptosis.

S7046

Brefeldin A

Brefeldin A is a lactone antibiotic and ATPase inhibitor for protein transport with IC50 of 0.2 μM in HCT 116 cells, induces cancer cell differentiation and apoptosis. It could also improve the HDR(homology-directed repair) efficiency and be an enhancer of CRISPR-mediated HDR. Brefeldin A is also an inhibitor of autophagy and mitophagy.

S7024

Stattic

Stattic, the first nonpeptidic small molecule, potently inhibits STAT3 activation and nuclear translocation with IC50 of 5.1 μM in cell-free assays, highly selectivity over STAT1. Stattic induces apoptosis.

S2788

Capmatinib (INCB28060)

Capmatinib (INCB28060) is a novel, ATP-competitive inhibitor of c-MET with IC50 of 0.13 nM in a cell-free assay, inactive against RONβ, as well as EGFR and HER-3. Capmatinib (INCB28060) inhibits Wnt/β-catenin and EMT signaling pathways and induces apoptosis in diffuse gastric cancer positive for c-MET amplification. Phase 1.

S1501

Mycophenolate Mofetil

Mycophenolate Mofetil (RS61443) is a non-competitive, selective and reversible inhibitor of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase I/II with IC50 of 39 nM and 27 nM, respectively. Mycophenolate Mofetil induces caspase-dependent apoptosis and cell cycle inhibition in multiple myeloma cells.

S2485

Mitoxantrone 2HCl

Mitoxantrone 2HCl (NSC-301739) is a dihydrochloride salt of Mitoxantrone. Mitoxantrone is an inhibitor of type II topoisomerase and protein kinase C (PKC) with IC50 of 8.5 μM for PKC. Mitoxantrone inhibits cell proliferative growth of MCF-7/wt cells with IC50 of 0.42 μM. Mitoxantrone also induces apoptosis.

S2214

AZ 960

AZ 960 is a novel ATP competitive JAK2 inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of <3 nM and 0.45 nM, 3-fold selectivity of AZ960 for JAK2 over JAK3. AZ 960 induces apoptosis and growth arrest.

S1759

Pitavastatin Calcium

Pitavastatin Calcium (NK-104, P-872441, itavastatin, nisvastatin), a novel member of the medication class of statins, is a calcium salt formulation of pitavastatin which is a highly effective HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor. Pitavastatin Calcium attenuates AGEs-induced mitophagy via inhibition of ROS generation. Pitavastatin Calcium induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2776

Devimistat (CPI-613)

Devimistat (CPI-613), a lipoate analog, inhibits mitochondrial enzymes pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase in NCI-H460 cell line, disrupts tumor cell mitochondrial metabolism. CPI-613 induces apoptosis in pancreatic cancer cells. Phase 2.

S3035

Daunorubicin HCl

Daunorubicin HCl inhibits both DNA and RNA synthesis and inhibits DNA synthesis with Ki of 0.02 μM in a cell-free assay. Daunorubicin is a topoisomerase II inhibitor that induces apoptosis.

S2013

PF-573228

PF-573228 is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of FAK with IC50 of 4 nM in a cell-free assay, ~50- to 250-fold selective for FAK than Pyk2, CDK1/7 and GSK-3β. PF-573228 induces apoptosis.

S7015

Birinapant

Birinapant is a SMAC mimetic antagonist, mostly to cIAP1 with Kd of <1 nM in a cell-free assay, less potent to XIAP. Birinapant helps to induce apoptosis in latent HIV-1-infected cells. Phase 2.

S2820

TAE226 (NVP-TAE226)

TAE226 (NVP-TAE226) is a potent FAK inhibitor with IC50 of 5.5 nM and modestly potent to Pyk2, ~10- to 100-fold less potent against InsR, IGF-1R, ALK, and c-Met. TAE226 (NVP-TAE226) induces apoptosis.

S2759

Fimepinostat (CUDC-907)

CUDC-907 is a dual PI3K and HDAC inhibitor for PI3Kα and HDAC1/2/3/10 with IC50 of 19 nM and 1.7 nM/5 nM/1.8 nM/2.8 nM, respectively. CUDC-907 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in breast cancer cells. Phase 1.

S2714

LY411575

LY411575 is a potent γ-secretase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.078 nM/0.082 nM (membrane/cell-based), also inhibits Notch cleavage with IC50 of 0.39 nM in APP or NΔE expressing HEK293 cells. LY411575 induces apoptosis.

S2775

Nocodazole

Nocodazole is a rapidly-reversible inhibitor of microtubule polymerization, also inhibits Abl, Abl(E255K) and Abl(T315I) with IC50 of 0.21 μM, 0.53 μM and 0.64 μM in cell-free assays, respectively. Nocodazole induces apoptosis.

S2824

TPCA-1

TPCA-1 is an inhibitor of IKK-2 with IC50 of 17.9 nM in a cell-free assay, inhibits NF-κB pathway, exhibits 22-fold selectivity over IKK-1. TPCA-1 is also an inhibitor of STAT3 and enhances apoptosis.

S1218

Clofarabine

Clofarabine inhibits the enzymatic activities of ribonucleotide reductase (RNR) (IC50 = 65 nM) and DNA polymerase. Clofarabine induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S2077

Atorvastatin Calcium

Atorvastatin Calcium is an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase used as a cholesterol-lowering medication that blocks the production of cholesterol. Atorvastatin Calcium induces apoptosis and autophagy.

S2812

AT101

AT101, the R-(-) enantiomer of Gossypol acetic acid, binds with Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 with Ki of 0.32 μM, 0.48 μM and 0.18 μM in cell-free assays; does not inhibit BIR3 domain and BID. AT-101 simultaneously triggers apoptosis and a cytoprotective type of autophagy. Phase 2.

S2729

SB415286

SB415286 is a potent GSK3α inhibitor with IC50/Ki of 78 nM/31 nM with equally effective inhibition of GSK-3β. SB415286 causes MM cell growth arrest and apoptosis.

S8059

Nutlin-3a

Nutlin-3a, the active enantiomer of Nutlin-3, inhibits the p53/MDM2 interaction with IC50 of 90 nM in a cell-free assay. Nutlin-3a induces autophagy and apoptosis in a p53-dependent manner.

S1497

Pralatrexate

Pralatrexate is an antifolate, and structurally a folate analog. Its IC50 is < 300 nM in some cell lines. Pralatrexate induces tumor cell apoptosis.

S7007

Binimetinib (MEK162)

Binimetinib (MEK162, ARRY-162, ARRY-438162) is a potent inhibitor of MEK1/2 with IC50 of 12 nM in a cell-free assay. Binimetinib induces G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human NSCLC cell lines and induces autophagy. Phase 3.

S7397

Sorafenib

Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006) is a multikinase inhibitor of Raf-1 and B-Raf with IC50 of 6 nM and 22 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Sorafenib inhibits VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-β, Flt-3 and c-KIT with IC50 of 90 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM, 59 nM and 68 nM, respectively. Sorafenib induces autophagy and apoptosis and activates ferroptosis with anti-tumor activity.

S7153

10058-F4

10058-F4 is a c-Myc inhibitor that specificallly inhibits the c-Myc-Max interaction and prevents transactivation of c-Myc target gene expression. 10058-F4 promotes a caspase-3-dependent apoptosis and modulates autophagy.

S1629

Orlistat

Orlistat (Ro 18-0647, Tetrahydrolipstatin) is a general lipase inhibitor with IC50 of 122 ng/ml for PL from human duodenal juice. Orlistat treatment reduces proliferation, induces apoptosis and arrests cell cycle.

S7152

C646

C646 is an inhibitor for histone acetyltransferase, and inhibits p300 with a Ki of 400 nM in a cell-free assay. Preferentially selective for p300 versus other acetyltransferases. C646 induces cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and autophagy.

S1692

Busulfan

Busulfan is a cell cycle non-specific alkylating antineoplastic agent. Busulfan induces apoptosis.

S1896

Hydroxyurea

Hydroxyurea (nci-c04831, nsc32065) is an antineoplastic agent that inhibits DNA synthesis through the inhibition of ribonucleoside diphosphate reductase. Hydroxyurea activates apoptosis and autophagy. Hydroxyurea is used to treat HIV infection.

S8078

Bardoxolone Methyl

Bardoxolone Methyl (RTA 402, TP-155, NSC 713200, CDDO Methyl Ester, CDDO-Me) is an IKK inhibitor, showing potent proapoptotic and anti-inflammatory activities; Also a potent Nrf2 activator and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor. Bardoxolone Methyl abrogates ferroptosis. Bardoxolone methyl induces apoptosis and autophagy in cancer cells.

S1999

Sodium butyrate

Sodium butyrate (NaB), sodium salt of butyric acid, is a histone deacetylase inhibitor and competitively binds to the zinc sites of class I and II histone deacetylases (HDACs). Sodium butyrate (NaB) inhibits cell cycle progression, promotes differentiation, and induces apoptosis and autophagy in several types of cancer cells.

S1807

Aciclovir

Acyclovir (Acyclovir, Acycloguanosine, Zovirax) is a synthetic nucleoside analogue active against herpesviruses. Acyclovir induces cell cycle perturbation and apoptosis in Jurkat leukemia cells.

S2606

Mifepristone

Mifepristone (RU486, C-1073) is a remarkably active antagonist of progesterone receptor and glucocorticoid receptor with IC50 of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM, respectively. Mifepristone promotes cell autophagy and apoptosis, decreases Bcl-2 level and increases Beclin1 level, accompanied by weakened interaction between Bcl-2 and Beclin1.

S4001

Cabozantinib malate (XL184)

Cabozantinib malate (XL184) is the malate of Cabozantinib, a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Cabozantinib malate (XL184) induces apoptosis.

S1680

Disulfiram

Disulfiram (NSC 190940) is a specific inhibitor of aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH) with IC50 of 0.15 μM and 1.45 μM for hALDH1 and hALDH2, respectively. Disulfiram is used for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Disulfiram induces apoptosis.

S2891

GW441756

GW441756 is a potent, selective inhibitor of TrkA with IC50 of 2 nM, with very little activity to c-Raf1 and CDK2. GW441756 produces a relevant increase of caspase-3 that leads to apoptosis.

S7165

UNC1999

UNC1999 is a potent, orally bioavailable and selective inhibitor of EZH2 and EZH1 with IC50 of 2 nM and 45 nM in cell-free assays, respectively, showing >1000-fold selectivity over a broad range of epigenetic and non-epigenetic targets. UNC1999 is a potent autophagy inducer. UNC1999 specifically suppresses H3K27me3/2 and induces a range of anti-leukemia effects including anti-proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis.

S1623

Acetylcysteine(N-acetylcysteine)

Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine, NAC) is a ROS(reactive oxygen species) inhibitor that antagonizes the activity of proteasome inhibitors. It is also a tumor necrosis factor production inhibitor. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) suppresses TNF-induced NF-κB activation through inhibition of IκB kinases. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) induces apoptosis via the mitochondria-dependent pathway. Acetylcysteine(N-acetyl-l-cysteine) inhibits ferroptosis and virus replication.Solutions of Acetylcysteine are best fresh-prepared.

S7204

Fosbretabulin (Combretastatin A4 Phosphate (CA4P)) Disodium

Fosbretabulin (Combretastatin A4 Phosphate (CA4P)) Disodium is the water-soluble prodrug of Combretastatin A4 (CA4), which is a microtubule-targeting agent that binds β-tubulin with Kd of 0.4 μM in a cell-free assay. Fosbretabulin Disodium inhibits the polymerization of tubulin with IC50 of 2.4 μM, and also disrupts tumor vasculature. Fosbretabulin disodium induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis in endothelial cells. Phase 3.

S1848

Curcumin

Curcumin (Diferuloylmethane) is the principal curcuminoid of the popular Indian spice turmeric, which is a member of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). It is an inhibitor of p300 histone acetylatransferase(IC50~25 μM) and Histone deacetylase (HDAC); activates Nrf2 pathway and supresses the activation of transcription factor NF-κB. Curcumin induces mitophagy, autophagy, apoptosis, and cell cycle arrest with antitumor activity. Curcumin reduces renal damage associated with rhabdomyolysis by decreasing ferroptosis-mediated cell death. Curcumin exhibits anti-infective properties against various human pathogens like the influenza virus, hepatitis C virus, HIV and so on.

S1290

Celastrol

Celastrol (Tripterine) is a potent proteasome inhibitor for the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with IC50 of 2.5 μM. Celastrol induces apoptosis and autophagy via the ROS/JNK signaling pathway. Celastrol inhibits dopaminergic neuronal death of Parkinson's disease through activating mitophagy.

S1443

Zileuton

Zileuton (A-64077) is an orally active inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and thus inhibits leukotrienes (LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4) formation, used to decrease the symptoms of asthma. Zileuton induces apoptosis while inhibits ferroptosis.

S7198

BIO

BIO is a specific inhibitor of GSK-3 with IC50 of 5 nM for GSK-3α/β in a cell-free assay, shows >16-fold selectivity over CDK5, also a pan-JAK inhibitor with IC50 of 30 nM for Tyk2. BIO induces apoptosis in human melanoma cells.

S2310

Honokiol

Honokiol is the active principle of magnolia extract that inhibits Akt-phosphorylation and promotes ERK1/2 phosphorylation. Honokiol causes G0/G1 phase arrest, induces apoptosis, and autophagy via the ROS/ERK1/2 signaling pathway. Honokiol inhibits hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Phase 3.

S7281

JIB-04

JIB-04 is a pan-selective Jumonji histone demethylase inhibitor with IC50 of 230, 340, 855, 445, 435, 1100, and 290 nM for JARID1A, JMJD2E, JMJD3, JMJD2A, JMJD2B, JMJD2C, and JMJD2D in cell-free assays, respectively. JIB‑04 also induces cell apoptosis.

S8024

Tyrphostin AG 1296

Tyrphostin AG 1296 is an inhibitor of PDGFR with IC50 of 0.3-0.5 μM, no activity to EGFR. Tyrphostin AG1296 inhibits FGFR and c-Kit with IC50 of 12.3 μM and 1.8 μM in Swiss 3T3 cells. Tyrphostin AG1296 induces dramatic apoptosis in A375R cells.

S7129

PYR-41

PYR-41 is the first cell-permeable inhibitor of ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1, with no activity at E2. PYR-41 induce apoptosis.

S8075

GANT61

GANT61 is an inhibitor for GLI1 as well as GLI2-induced transcription, inhibits hedgehog with IC50 of 5 μM in GLI1 expressing HEK293T cell, displays selectivity over other pathways, such as TNF and glucocorticoid receptor gene transactivation. GANT61 induces apoptosis and activates protective autophagy in LX-2 cells.

S7276

SGI-1027

SGI-1027 (DNA Methyltransferase Inhibitor II) is a DNMT inhibitor with IC50 of 6, 8, 7.5 μM for DNMT1, DNMT3A, and DNMT3B in cell-free assays, respectively. SGI‑1027 induces apoptosis.

S7106

AZD3463

AZD3463 is a novel orally bioavailable ALK inhibitor with Ki of 0.75 nM, which also inhibits IGF1R with equivalent potency. AZD3463 suppresses cell viability by inducing both cell apoptosis and autophagy.

S1413

Bafilomycin A1(Baf-A1)

Bafilomycin A1 is a vacuolar H+-ATPase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.44 nM. Bafilomycin A1 is found to inhibit autophagy while induces apoptosis.

S2741

Niraparib (MK-4827)

Niraparib (MK-4827) is a selective inhibitor of PARP1/2 with IC50 of 3.8 nM/2.1 nM, with great activity in cancer cells with mutant BRCA-1 and BRCA-2. It is >330-fold selective against PARP3, V-PARP and Tank1. Niraparib can form PARP–DNA complexes resulting in DNA damage, apoptosis, and cell death. Phase 3.

S7379

E-64

E-64 is an irreversible and selective cysteine protease inhibitor, and also inhibits papain, calpain, and cathepsins B and H, but not serine proteases or aspartic proteases. The IC50 for papain is 9 nM. E-64 induces oxidative stress and apoptosis in Filarial Parasite.

S1576

Sulfasalazine

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine, Salazopyrin, Sulphasalazine) is a sulfa derivative of mesalazine, used as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat bowel disease and rheumatoid arthritis. Sulfasalazine is a potent and specific inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), TGF-β and COX-2. Sulfasalazine induces ferroptosis, apoptosis and autophagy.

S8058

Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00)

Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00) is a novel CDK1, CDK4 and CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 79 nM, 63 nM and 20 nM, respectively. Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00) induces apoptosis. Phase 2/3.

S7076

T0901317

T0901317 is a potent and selective agonist for both LXR and FXR, with EC50 of ~50 nM and 5 μM, respectively. T0901317 is a dual inverse agonist of RORα and RORγ with Ki of 132 nM and 51 nM, respectively. T0901317 significantly suppresses cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.

S7162

Mdivi-1

Mdivi-1 is a selective cell-permeable inhibitor of mitochondrial division DRP1 (dynamin-related GTPase) and mitochondrial division Dynamin I (Dnm1) with IC50 of 1-10 μM. Mdivi-1 attenuates mitophagy and enhances apoptosis.

S7369

4EGI-1

4EGI-1 is a competitive eIF4E/eIF4G interaction inhibitor by binding to eIF4E with KD of 25 μM. 4EGI-1 specifically inhibits the function of mTOR by blocking the activation of 4E-BP1. 4EGI-1 induces apoptosis.

S7038

Epoxomicin

Epoxomicin (BU-4061T, Aids010837) is a selective proteasome inhibitor with anti-inflammatory activity, inhibits primarily the CH-L activity of the 20S proteasome, while T-L and PGPH catalytic activities are also inhibited at 100- and 1000-fold reduced rate. Epoxomicin promotes apoptosis.

S7177

PF-543

PF-543, a novel sphingosine-competitive inhibitor of SphK1, inhibits SphK1 with IC50 and Ki of 2.0 nM and 3.6 nM, exhibits >100-fold selectivity over the SphK2 isoform. PF-543 induces apoptosis, necrosis, and autophagy.

S7090

GSK923295

GSK923295 is a first-in-class, specific allosteric inhibitor of CENP-E kinesin motor ATPase with Ki of 3.2 nM, and less potent to mutant I182 and T183. GSK923295 induces post-mitotic apoptosis. Phase 1.

S8049

Tubastatin A

Tubastatin A is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay. It is selective against all the other isozymes (1000-fold) except HDAC8 (57-fold). Tubastatin A promotes autophagy and increases apoptosis.

S8808

DC661

DC661 is capable of deacidifying the lysosome and inhibiting autophagy significantly better than hydroxychloroquine (HCQ). DC661 induces apoptosis.

S8018

Nirogacestat (PF-03084014)

Nirogacestat (PF-03084014, PF-3084014) is a selective gamma-secretase inhibitor with IC50 of 6.2 nM in a cell-free assay. Nirogacestat (PF-03084014, PF-3084014) induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S7094

PF-3758309

PF-03758309 (PF-03758309) is a potent, ATP-competitive, pyrrolopyrazole inhibitor of PAK4 with IC50 of 1.3 nM. PF-3758309 is antiproliferative and induces apoptosis in a HCT116 tumor model.

S3984

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA)

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is a phenolic antioxidant found in the leaves and twigs of the evergreen desert shrub, Larrea tridentata (Sesse and Moc. ex DC) Coville (creosote bush). It is a recognized inhibitor of lipoxygenase (LOX) and has antioxidant and free radical scavenging properties. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) is a cytotoxic insulin-like growth factor-I receptor (IGF-1R)/HER2 inhibitor and induces apoptosis. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) inhibits p300 and activates autophagy. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) protects cells from ferroptosis.

S7846

Dubermatinib(TP-0903)

TP-0903 is a potent and selective AXL Inhibitor with IC50 of 27 nM. TP-0903 is highly effective in inducing apoptosis.

S8762

dBET6

dBET6 is a highly cell-permeable PROTAC degrader of BET bromodomains with an IC50 of 14 nM for BRD4 binding. dBET6 also induces c-MYC downregulation and apoptosis.

S5144

Neferine

Neferine ((R)-1,2-Dimethoxyaporphine), a natural component of Nelumbo nucifera, has antitumor efficiency. Neferine induces apoptosis in renal cancer cells. Neferine prevents autophagy through activation of Akt/mTOR pathway and Nrf2 in muscle cells. Neferine induces autophagy-dependent cell death in apoptosis-resistant cancers. Neferine possesses a number of therapeutic effects such as anti-diabetic, anti-aging, anti-microbial, anti-thrombotic, anti-arrhythmic, anti-inflammatory and even anti-HIV.

S7885

SBI-0206965

SBI-0206965 is a highly selective autophagy kinase ULK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 108 nM, about 7-fold selectivity over ULK2. SBI-0206965 inhibits autophagy and enhances apoptosis in human glioblastoma and lung cancer cells.

S4732

MPTP hydrochloride

MPTP hydrochloride is a dopaminergic neurotoxin and cause selective destruction of dopaminergic neurons in animal models of parkinsonism. MPTP hydrochloride induces apoptosis.

S8244

Etomoxir (Na salt)

Etomoxir is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) on the outer face of the inner mitochondrial membrane. Etomoxir enhances palmitate-induced cell apoptosis.

S5243

Ruxolitinib Phosphate

Ruxolitinib Phosphate (INCB018424, INC424) is the phosphate salt form of Ruxolitinib. Ruxolitinib is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.

S7215

Losmapimod (GW856553X)

Losmapimod (GW856553X) is a selective, potent, and orally active p38 MAPK inhibitor with pKi of 8.1 and 7.6 for p38α and p38β, respectively. P38 MAPKs are involved in cell differentiation, apoptosis and autophagy. Phase 3.

S7963

TIC10 (ONC201)

TIC10 (ONC201) inactivates Akt and ERK to induce TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) through Foxo3a, possesses superior drug properties: delivery across the blood-brain barrier, superior stability and improved pharmacokinetics. Phase 1/2.

S7776

Akti-1/2

Akti-1/2 is a highly selective Akt1/Akt2 inhibitor with IC50 of 58 nM/210 nM, respectively, about 36-fold selectivity for Akt1 over Akt3. Akti-1/2 induces apoptosis.

S7625

Niraparib (MK-4827) tosylate

Niraparib tosylate (MK-4827, ZEJULA) is a selective inhibitor of PARP1/PARP2 with IC50 of 3.8 nM/2.1 nM. Niraparib increases formation of PARP-DNA complexes resulting in DNA damage, apoptosis, and cell death.

S8365

Apoptozole

Apoptozole (Apoptosis Activator VII) is an inhibitor of heat shock protein 70(HSP70) and Hsc70 with dissociation constants Kd of 0.14 μM and 0.21 μM, respectively. It induces caspase-dependent apoptosis.

S8401

Erdafitinib (JNJ-42756493)

Erdafitinib (JNJ-42756493) is a potent and selective orally bioavailable, pan fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) inhibitor with potential antineoplastic activity. Erdafitinib also binds to RET, CSF-1R, PDGFR-α/PDGFR-β, FLT4, KIT and VEGFR-2 and induces cellular apoptosis.

S7747

Ro-3306

RO-3306 is an ATP-competitive, and selective CDK1 inhibitor with Ki of 20 nM, >15-fold selectivity against a diverse panel of human kinases. RO-3306 enhances p53-mediated Bax activation and mitochondrial apoptosis.

S8402

KRIBB11

KRIBB11 abolishes the heat shock-induced luciferase activity with an IC50 of 1.2 μM. It is an inhibitor of the transcription factor Heat Shock Factor 1 (HSF1). KRIBB11 induces growth arrest and apoptosis.

S7781

Sunitinib

Sunitinib (SU11248) is a multi-targeted RTK inhibitor targeting VEGFR2 (Flk-1) and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 80 nM and 2 nM, and also inhibits c-Kit. Sunitinib is also a dose-dependent inhibitor of the autophosphorylation activity of IRE1α. Sunitinib induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S7888

Spautin-1

Spautin-1 is a potent and specific autophagy inhibitor, and inhibits the deubiquitinating activity of USP10 and USP13 with IC50 of ∼0.6-0.7 μM. Spautin-1 enhances apoptosis.

S7724

APR-246 (PRIMA-1MET)

APR-246, also known as PRIMA-1MET, is a small organic molecule that has been shown to restore tumour-suppressor function primarily to mutant p53 and also to induce cell death in various cancer types. APR-246 induces apoptosis and autophagy.

S7785

Pemetrexed Disodium Hydrate

Pemetrexed Disodium Hydrate (LY-231514) is a novel antifolate and antimetabolite for TS, DHFR and GARFT with Ki of 1.3 nM, 7.2 nM and 65 nM, respectively. Pemetrexed Disodium Hydrate stimulates autophagy and apoptosis.

S8317

3BDO

3BDO, a butyrolactone derivative, could target FKBP1A and activate the mTOR signaling pathway. It inhibits autophagy in HUVECs. 3BDO inhibits oxLDL-induced apoptosis.

S7396

Calpeptin

Calpeptin is a potent, cell-permeable calpain inhibitor with ID50 of 52 nM, 34 nM, 138 nM, and 40 nM for Calpain I (porcine erythrocytes), Calpain II (porcine kidney), Papainb, and Calpain I (human platelets), respectively. Calpeptin attenuates apoptosis and intracellular inflammatory changes in muscle cells.

S8117

GMX1778 (CHS828)

GMX1778 (CHS828) is a potent and specific inhibitor of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) with IC50 and Kd of < 25 nM and 120 nM, respectively. GMX1778 induces programmed cell death with apoptotic features. Phase 1.

S8760

Iberdomide(CC220)

Iberdomide (CC-220) is a novel oral immunomodulatory compound that targets cereblon, part of the CRL4CRBN E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, with an IC50 of 60 nM in a competitive TR-FRET assay. Iberdomide (CC-220) induces apoptosis with antitumor and immunostimulatory activities.

S8722

ICEC0942 (CT7001)

ICEC0942 (CT7001) is a new, orally bioavailable CDK7 inhibitor with an IC50 of 40nM. The IC50 values for CDK1, CDK2, CDK5 and CDK9 were 45-, 15-, 230- and 30-fold higher. ICEC0942 (CT7001) promotes cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S2271

Berberine chloride

Berberine chloride is a quaternary ammonium salt from the group of isoquinoline alkaloids. Berberine activates caspase 3 and caspase 8, cleavage of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) and the release of cytochrome c. Berberine chloride decreases the expression of c-IAP1, Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL. Berberine chloride induces apoptosis with sustained phosphorylation of JNK and p38 MAPK, as well as generation of the ROS. Berberine chloride is a dual topoisomerase I and II inhibitor. Berberine chloride is also a potential autophagy modulator.

S2391

Quercetin

Quercetin, a natural flavonoid present in vegetables, fruit and wine, is a stimulator of recombinant SIRT1 and also a PI3K inhibitor with IC50 of 2.4-5.4 μM. Quercetin induces mitophagy, apoptosis and protective autophagy. Phase 4.

S8591

FX1

FX1 is a selective BCL6 BTB inhibitor with an IC50 value of 35 μM in reporter assays. FX1 shows great selectivity against a panel of 50 different kinases. 10 μM FX1 fails to significantly inhibit of any of these kinases. FX1 induces apoptosis.

S7652

OTS514 hydrochloride

OTS514 is a highly potent TOPK(T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 2.6 nM. OTS514 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S2285

Cryptotanshinone

Cryptotanshinone is a STAT3 inhibitor with IC50 of 4.6 μM in a cell-free assay, strongly inhibits phosphorylation of STAT3 Tyr705, with a small effect on STAT3 Ser727, but none against STAT1 nor STAT5. Cryptotanshinone induces ROS-dependent autophagy and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis.

S8146

Mitomycin C

Mitomycin C is an antineoplastic antibiotic by inhibiting DNA synthesis, used to treat different cancers. Mitomycin C induces apoptosis in a caspases-dependent and Fas/CD95-independent manner.

S8405

RRx-001

RRx-001 is a novel epigenetic modulator with potential radiosensitizing activity. It inhibits glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase(G6PD) in human tumor cells, binds hemoglobin and drives RBC-mediated redox reactions under hypoxia. RRx-001 triggers apoptosis and exhibits anticancer activity.

S7421

CGP 57380

CGP 57380 is a potent MNK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 2.2 μM, exhibiting no inhibitory activity on p38, JNK1, ERK1 and -2, PKC, or c-Src-like kinases. CGP 57380 upregulates β-catenin and potentiates radiation-induced apoptosis.

S2290

Dihydroartemisinin (DHA)

Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) is a semi-synthetic derivative of artemisinin and isolated from the traditional Chinese herb Artemisia annua. Dihydroartemisinin induces autophagy and apoptosis by suppressing NF-κB activation.

S8446

Importazole

Importazole is a small molecule inhibitor of the transport receptor importin-β (Karyopherin beta) specifically blocking importin-β-mediated nuclear import. Importazole induces apoptosis and inhibits tumor growth.

S7358

Poziotinib (HM781-36B)

Poziotinib (HM781-36B, NOV120101) is an irreversible pan-HER inhibitor with IC50 of 3.2 nM, 5.3 nM and 23.5 nM for HER1, HER2, and HER4, respectively. Poziotinib also induces apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest. Phase 2.

S7793

Purvalanol A

Purvalanol A is a potent, and cell-permeable CDK inhibitor with IC50 of 4 nM, 70 nM, 35 nM, and 850 nM for cdc2-cyclin B, cdk2-cyclin A, cdk2-cyclin E, and cdk4-cyclin D1, respectively. Purvalanol A induces endoplasmic reticulum stress-mediated apoptosis and autophagy.

S7409

Anisomycin

Anisomycin (Flagecidin) is a bacterial antibiotic isolated from Streptomyces griseolus, which inhibits protein synthesis, and also act as a JNK activator. Anisomycin upregulates autophagy and increases apoptosis.

S8400

Mivebresib(ABBV-075)

Mivebresib(ABBV-075) is a novel BET family bromodomain inhibitor. It binds bromodomains of BRD2/4/T with similar affinities (Ki of 1-2.2 nM) and highly selective for 18 bromodomain proteins tested (Kd > 1 μM; more than 600-fold selectivity vs. BRD4), but exhibits roughly 10-fold weaker potency towards BRD3 (Ki of 12.2 nM) and has moderate activity towards CREBBP (Kd = 87 μM; 54-fold selectivity vs. BRD4). Mivebresib(ABBV-075) efficiently triggers apoptosis in various tumor cell.

S7648

OTS964

OTS964 is a potent TOPK inhibitor with high affinity and selectivity and IC50 value is 28 nM. OTS964 is also a potent inhibitor of the cyclin-dependent kinase CDK11 with Kd of 40 nM. OTS964 treatment activates autophagy in glioma cells and induces apoptosis of human lung cancer cells in mouse xenografts.

S9054

Pectolinarin

Pectolinarin is a major compound in Cirsium setidens with anti-inflammatory activity. Pectolinarin inhibits secretion of IL-6 and IL-8, as well as the production of PGE2 and NO. Pectolinarin induces apoptosis via inactivation of the PI3K/Akt pathway.

S7255

Onvansertib (NMS-P937)

Onvansertib (NMS-P937) is an orally available, selective Polo-like Kinase 1 (PLK1) inhibitor with IC50 of 2 nM, 5000-fold selectivity over PLK2/PLK3. Onvansertib (NMS-P937) potently causes a mitotic cell-cycle arrest followed by apoptosis in cancer cell lines and inhibits tumor growth. Phase 1.

S8156

ARS-853 (ARS853)

ARS-853 is a selective, covalent KRAS(G12C) inhibitor that inhibits mutant KRAS-driven signaling by binding to the GDP-bound oncoprotein and preventing activation. ARS-853 also induces apoptosis.

S8432

Troglitazone (CS-045)

Troglitazone (Rezulin, Romglizone, Prelay, CS045, Romozin) is a potent agonist for the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-(PPAR) that is a ligand activated transcription factor regulating cell differentiation and growth. Troglitazone induces autophagy, apoptosis and necroptosis in bladder cancer cells. Troglitazone prevents RSL3-induced ferroptosis and lipid peroxidation in Pfa1 cells.

S8615

Sodium dichloroacetate (DCA)

Dichloroacetate, a specific inhibitor of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) with IC50 values of 183 and 80 μM for PDK2 and PDK4 respectively, has been shown to derepress Na+-K+-2Cl- cotransporter and a mitochondrial potassium-ion channel axis. Sodium dichloroacetate increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, triggers apoptosis in cancer cells, and inhibits tumor growth.

S4269

Vinorelbine Tartrate

Vinorelbine Tartrate is a semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid, and inhibits mitosis through interaction with tubulin. Vinorelbine Tartrate exhibits anti-tumor activities via inducing the mitotic apoptosis, autophagy and inflammation.

S7668

Picropodophyllin (PPP)

Picropodophyllin (PPP) is a IGF-1R inhibitor with IC50 of 1 nM. It displays selectivity for IGF-1R and does not coinhibit tyrosine phosphorylation the IR, or of a selected panel of receptors less related to IGF-IR(FGF-R, PDGF-R, OR EGF-R). Picropodophyllin (PPP) induces apoptosis with antineoplastic activity.

S8141

Cl-amidine

Cl-amidine is an irreversible pan-peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.9 ± 0.3 μM, 0.8 ± 0.3 μM, 6.2 ± 1.0 μM for PAD4, PAD1 and PAD3, respectively. Cl-amidine induces apoptosis.

S7985

PIM447 (LGH447)

PIM447 is a novel pan-PIM kinase inhibitor with Ki values of 6 pM, 18 pM, 9 pM for PIM1, PIM2, PIM3 respectively. It also inhibits GSK3β, PKN1, and PKCτ, but at a significantly lower potency with IC50 between 1 and 5 μM (>105-fold differential relative to the Ki on PIMs). PIM447 induces apoptosis.

S8523

GSK2256098

GSK2256098 is a potent, selective, reversible, and ATP competitive FAK kinase inhibitor with apparent Ki of 0.4 nM. GSK2256098 inhibits cancer cell growth and induces apoptosis.

S7536

Lorlatinib (PF-6463922)

PF-06463922 is a potent, dual ALK/ROS1 inhibitor with Ki of <0.02 nM, <0.07 nM, and 0.7 nM for ROS1, ALK (WT), and ALK (L1196M), respectively. PF-06463922 induces apoptosis. Phase 1.

S7362

AZD5582

AZD5582, a novel small-molecule IAP inhibitor, binds potently to the BIR3 domains of cIAP1, cIAP2, and XIAP with IC50 values of 15, 21, and 15

S8341

TAK-243 (MLN7243)

TAK-243 (MLN7243) is a potent, mechanism-based small-molecule inhibitor of the ubiquitin activating enzyme (UAE) with an IC50 of 1 ± 0.2 nM in the UBCH10 E2 thioester assay. It has minimal inhibitory activity in a panel of kinase and receptor assays, as well as on human carbonic anhydrase type I and type II. TAK-243 (MLN7243) induces ER stress, abrogates NFκB pathway activation and promotes apoptosis.

S8148

PD0166285

PD0166285 is a potent Wee1 and Chk1 inhibitor with activity at nanomolar concentrations (IC50=24 nM for Wee1 and 72 nM for Myt1). PD0166285 is also a novel G2 checkpoint abrogator. PD0166285 induces apoptosis.

S4505

Vinblastine sulfate

Vinblastine sulfate (NSC49842) inhibits microtubule formation and suppresses nAChR activity with IC50 of 8.9 μM in a cell-free assay, used to treat certain kinds of cancer. Vinblastine sulfate induces autophagy and apoptosis.

S7612

PX-478 2HCl

PX-478 2HCl is an orally active, and selective hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) inhibitor. PX-478 2HCl induces apoptosis and has anti-tumor activity. Phase 1.

S7680

SP2509

SP2509 is a selective histone demethylase LSD1 inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM, showing no activity against MAO-A, MAO-B, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose oxidase. SP2509 induces apoptosis and promotes autophagy.

S7653

PND-1186 (VS-4718)

PND-1186 (VS-4718, SR-2156) is a reversible and selective FAK inhibitor with IC50 of 1.5 nM. PND-1186 selectively promotes tumor cell apoptosis. Phase 1.

S4701

2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG)

2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG, 2-deoxyglucose, NSC 15193), an analog of glucose, is a glycolytic inhibitor with antiviral activity. 2-Deoxy-D-glucose induces apoptosis and inhibits Herpes Simplex Virus type-1 (HSV-1) receptor expression.

S3604

Triptolide (PG490)

Triptolide (PG490) is a diterpene triepoxide, immunosuppresive agent extracted from the Chinese herb Tripterygium wilfordii. It functions as a NF-κB inhibitor with dual actions by disruption of p65/CBP interaction and by reduction of p65 protein. Triptolide (PG490) abrogates the transactivation function of heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1). Triptolide inhibits MDM2 and induces apoptosis through a p53-independent pathway.

S8495

WT161

WT161 is a potent, selective, and bioavailable HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 values of 0.4 nM, 8.35 nM and 15.4 nM for HDAC6, HDAC1 and HDAC2, respectively; shown to have >100-fold selectivity over other HDACs. WT161 induces apoptosis.

S2348

Rotenone (Barbasco)

Rotenone (Barbasco, Dactinol, Paraderil, Rotenon, Rotocide) is a botanical insecticide that is an inhibitor of mitochondrial electron transport. Rotenone inhibits NADH/DB oxidoreductase and NADH oxidase with IC50 of 28.8 nM and 5.1 nM, respectively. Rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.

S7104

AZD1208

AZD1208 is a potent, and orally available Pim kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 0.4 nM, 5 nM, and 1.9 nM for Pim1, Pim2, and Pim3 in cell-free assays, respectively. AZD1208 induces autophagy, cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Phase 1.

S7006

BAY-61-3606

BAY-61-3606 is a potent and selective inhibitor of Syk kinase (Ki = 7.5 nM). BAY-61-3606 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

S7353

EPZ004777

EPZ004777 is a potent, selective DOT1L inhibitor with IC50 of 0.4 nM in a cell-free assay and demonstrates >1,200-fold selectivity for DOT1L over all other tested PMTs. EPZ004777 induces apoptosis.

S7501

HO-3867

HO-3867, an analog of curcumin, is a selective STAT3 inhibitor that inhibits its phosphorylation, transcription, and DNA binding without affecting the expression of other active STATs. HO-3867 induces apoptosis.

S8041

Cobimetinib (GDC-0973)

Cobimetinib (GDC-0973, RG7420) is a potent and highly selective MEK1 inhibitor with IC50 of 4.2 nM, showing more than 100-fold selectively for MEK1 over MEK2 and showed no significant inhibition when tested against a panel of more than 100 of serine-threonine and tyrosine kinases. Cobimetinib induces apoptosis. Phase 3.

S7818

Pexidartinib (PLX3397)

Pexidartinib (PLX3397) is an oral, potent mutil-targeted receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor of CSF-1R, Kit, and FLT3 with IC50 of 20 nM, 10 nM and 160 nM, respectively. Pexidartinib (PLX3397) induces apoptosis and necrosis with antitumor activity. Phase 3.

S7867

Oleuropein

Oleuropein is an antioxidant polyphenol isolated from olive leaf. Oleuropein exerts antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic effects and suppresses the adipocyte differentiation in vitro. Oleuropein inhibits PPARγ activity. Oleuropein exerts anti-adipogenic effect through direct inhibition of PPARγ transcriptional activity. Oleuropein also inhibits aromatase. Oleuropein induces apoptosis. Phase 2.

S1238

Tamoxifen

Tamoxifen (ICI 46474) is an antagonist of the estrogen receptor in breast tissue. Tamoxifen enhances the Hsp90 molecular chaperone ATPase activity. Tamoxifen induces apoptosis.

S7960

Larotrectinib (LOXO-101) sulfate

Larotrectinib (LOXO-101) sulfate is an oral potent and selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of tropomyosin receptor kinases (TRK). Larotrectinib inhibition of TRKs induces cellular apoptosis and G1 cell-cycle arrest.

S8375

AZD0156

AZD0156 is a potent and selective inhibitors of ATM kinase, with potential chemo-/radio-sensitizing and antineoplastic activities. AZD0156 prevents DNA damage checkpoint activation, disrupts DNA damage repair, induces tumor cell apoptosis, and leads to cell death of ATM-overexpressing tumor cells.

S7889

Xanthohumol

Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hop, inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 activity and shows chemopreventive effects. Xanthohumol inhibits diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and DGAT2 with both IC50 of 40 μM. Xanthohumol is also a potent antiviral agent against a series of DNA and RNA viruses. Xanthohumol induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 1.

S8663

Takinib

Takinib (EDHS-206) is a potent and selective TAK1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 9.5 nM, more than 1.5 log more potent than the second and third ranked targets, IRAK4 (120 nM) and IRAK1 (390 nM), respectively. Takinib induces apoptosis.

S7465

FTI 277 HCl

FTI 277 HCl is the methyl ester of FTI 277, which is a potent and selective farnesyltransferase (FTase) inhibitor with IC50 of 500 pM, about 100-fold selectivity over the closely related GGTase I. FTI 277 HCl inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis. FTI 277 HCl is effective in clearing HDV viremia.

S8246

RK-33

RK-33 is a first-in-class small molecule inhibitor of DDX3 (a RNA helicase) and causes G1 cell cycle arrest, induces apoptosis, and promotes radiation sensitization in DDX3-overexpressing cells.

S7097

HSP990 (NVP-HSP990)

HSP990 (NVP-HSP990) is a novel, potent and selective HSP90 inhibitor for HSP90α/β with IC50 of 0.6 nM/0.8 nM. NVP-HSP990 induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S9665New

Motixafortide (BL-8040)

Motixafortide (BL-8040, BKT140, TF 14016, 4-fluorobenzoyl, 4F-benzoyl-TN14003, T140) is an antagonist of CXCR4 with IC50 of ~1 nM. BL-8040 induces the apoptosis of AML blasts by down-regulating ERK, BCL-2, MCL-1 and cyclin-D1 via altered miR-15a/16-1 expression.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S3294New

Demethyl-Coclaurine

Demethyl-Coclaurine (Higenamine, Norcoclaurine), the key component of the Chinese herb aconite root, is a beta-2 adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) agonist. Demethyl-Coclaurine stimulates AKT phosphorylation and requires PI3K activation for the anti-apoptotic effect in cardiomyocytes.

S6889New

Monomethyl Fumarate

Monomethyl Fumarate (MMF, Monomethylfumarate, Fumaric acid monomethyl ester, Methyl hydrogen fumarate), the active metabolite of the psoriasis drug Fumaderm, is a potent GPR109A agonist. Monomethyl Fumarate prevents major dysfunctions associated with neurodegenerative diseases: oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, apoptosis and autophagy.

S0407New

XCT790

XCT-790 (Compound 12) is a potent and selective inverse agonist for estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) with IC50 of 0.37 μM. XCT-790 (Compound 12) is inactive against ERRγ and the estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ. XCT-790 (Compound 12) significantly inhibits in vivo tumor growth and angiogenesis, and induces apoptosis.

S0445New

SC-43

SC-43, a sorafenib derivative, is an agonist of Src-homology protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1/PTPN6) and reduces liver fibrosis. SC-43 reduces p-STAT3 and induces apoptosis with anti-tumor activity.

Catalog No. Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
S7307

GSK2606414

GSK2606414 is an orally available, potent, and selective PERK inhibitor with IC50 of 0.4 nM, displaying at least 100-fold selectivity over the other EIF2AKs assayed. GSK2606414 impairs GANT-61 induced autophagy in NB cells with MYCN amplification. GSK2606414 exacerbates ER stress-induced apoptosis in HCT116 cells while reduces the apoptosis in SIL1 KD HeLa cells.

S1204

Melatonin

Melatonin is a MT receptor agonist, used as a dietary supplement. Melatonin is a selective ATF-6 inhibitor and downregulates COX-2. Melatonin enhances mitophagy and regulates the homeostasis of apoptosis and autophagy.

S7686

ML141

ML141 (CID-2950007) is demonstrated to be a potent, selective and reversible non-competitive inhibitor of Cdc42 GTPase suitable for in vitro assays, with IC50 of 200 nM and selectivity against other members of the Rho family of GTPases (Rac1, Rab2, Rab7). ML141 is associated with an increase in p38 activation and may induce p38-dependent apoptosis/senescence. ML141 also protects neuroblastoma cells from metformin-induced apoptosis.