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Catalog No. Product Name Information Product Use Citations Product Validations
E0020New Lupenone Lupenone (Lup-20(29)-en-3-one, lupeone) is an isolated compound exhibiting anti-oxidative, anti-inflammation, and anti-diabetic activities. Lupenone can protect SH-SY5y cells against METH-induced neuronal apoptosis through the PI3K/Akt pathway.
E0129New Oxysophocarpine Oxysophocarpine (OSC) is an alkaloid extracted from Sophora alopecuroides. Oxysophocarpine inhibits the growth and metastasis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) by targeting the Nrf2/HO-1 axis. OSC protects cells against apoptosis and inflammatory responses and compromised miR-155 activity by attenuating MAPK and NF-κB pathways.
E0212New Cornuside

Cornuside is a bisiridoid glucoside compound isolated from the fruit of Cornus officinalis SIEB. et ZUCC. Cornuside suppresses lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory mediators by inhibiting NF-κB activation in RAW 264.7 macrophages. Cornuside attenuates apoptosis in rat cortical neurons.

S0231 NSC15364 NSC 15364 (compound 59) is an inhibitor that directly interacts with VDAC1 and prevents VDAC1 oligomerization, concomitant with an inhibition of apoptosis.
S0411 BAM 15 BAM 15 is a novel mitochondrial protonophore uncoupler capable of protecting mammals from acute renal ischemic-reperfusion injury and cold-induced microtubule damage. BAM 15 is also a potent AMPK activator. BAM 15 attenuates transportation-induced apoptosis in iPS-differentiated retinal tissue.
Neuroscience, 2012, 223:238-45
S0539 BTZO-1 BTZO-1 binds to macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) with Kd of 68.6 nM. BTZO-1 activats antioxidant response element (ARE)-mediated gene expression and suppresses oxidative stress-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis in vitro.
S0947 Cafestol Cafestol is a natural diterpenes extracted from coffee beans. Cafestol induces apoptosis and regulates a variety of inflammatory mediators to reduce inflammation. Cafestol inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway. Cafestol also can reduce the production of ROS in the leukemia cell line HL60.
S1077 SB202190 (FHPI) SB202190 (FHPI) is a potent p38 MAPK inhibitor targeting p38α/β with IC50 of 50 nM/100 nM in cell-free assays, sometimes used instead of SB 203580 to investigate potential roles for SAPK2a/p38 in vivo. SB202190 inhibits endothelial cell apoptosis via induction of autophagy and heme oxygenase-1. SB202190 significantly suppresses Erastin‐dependent ferroptosis.
Cell Res, 2022, 10.1038/s41422-022-00614-0
Nat Commun, 2022, 13(1):791
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2022, 119(18):e2118126119
S1132 3-Aminobenzamide 3-Aminobenzamide (3-ABA , 3-Amino Benzamide, 3-AB) is a potent inhibitor of Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) and inhibits cell apoptosis after SCI (Spinal Cord Injury) in caspase-independent way.
Cell Death Discov, 2021, 7(1):181
Acta Pharm Sin B, 2019, 9(4):782-793
J Cell Biochem, 2017, 118(11):3943-3952
S1386 Nafamostat mesilate (FUT-175) Nafamostat mesilate (FUT-175) is a synthetic serine protease inhibitor, used as an anticoagulant during hemodialysis. Nafamostat mesylate blocks activation of SARS-CoV-2 and is investigated as a new treatment option for COVID-19. Nafamostat Mesilate attenuates inflammation and apoptosis.
Immunol Res, 2022, 1-11
Genes Cells, 2022, 10.1111/gtc.12945
bioRxiv, 2021, 2021.03.31.437960
S1733 Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987) is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.
Drug Test Anal, 2020, 10.1002/dta.2917
Nat Med, 2017, 23(4):424-428
Trop J Pharm Res, 2014, 13 (1): 53-59
S2872 GW5074 GW5074 is a potent and selective c-Raf inhibitor with IC50 of 9 nM, no effect on the activities of JNK1/2/3, MEK1, MKK6/7, CDK1/2, c-Src, p38 MAP, VEGFR2 or c-Fms is noted. GW5074 inhibits LK-induced apoptosis.
Cell Res, 2021, 10.1038/s41422-021-00532-7
Antibiotics (Basel), 2021, 10(10)1223
J Neurosci, 2020, 40(34):6522-6535
S3236 Mesaconitine Mesaconitine, one of the aconite alkaloids in Aconiti tuber, increases the [Ca2+]i level in endothelial cells by influx of Ca2+ from extracellular spaces.
S3267 Kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside Kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside (Nicotiflorin, Nikotoflorin, Kaempferol 3-O-β-rutinoside), a flavonoid extracted from Carthamus tinctorius, alters the shape and structure of injured neurons, decreases the number of apoptotic cells, down-regulates expression of p-JAK2, p-STAT3, caspase-3, and Bax and decreases Bax immunoredactivity, and increases Bcl-2 protein expression and immunoreactivity.
S3269 Acetylcorynoline Acetylcorynoline, a major alkaloid component derived from Corydalis bungeana which is a traditional Chinese medical herb, shows anti-inflammatory properties. Acetylcorynoline may decrease egl-1 expression to suppress apoptosis pathways and increase rpn5 expression to enhance the activity of proteasomes.
S3275 Senkyunolide I Senkyunolide I (SEI, SENI) is an orally active compound isolated from Ligusticum chuanxiong with analgesic, anti-migraine, neuroprotective, anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis activities. Senkyunolide I (SEI, SENI) up-regulates the phosphorylation of Erk1/2 and induces Nrf2 nuclear translocation with enhanced HO-1 and NQO1 expressions. Senkyunolide I (SEI, SENI) promotes the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and inhibits the expressions of cleaved caspase 3 and caspase 9.
Cell Commun Signal, 2021, 19(1):115
S3294 Demethyl-Coclaurine Demethyl-Coclaurine (Higenamine, Norcoclaurine), the key component of the Chinese herb aconite root, is a beta-2 adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) agonist. Demethyl-Coclaurine stimulates AKT phosphorylation and requires PI3K activation for the anti-apoptotic effect in cardiomyocytes.
S5973 Methylprednisolone Acetate Methylprednisolone (NSC-19987, Medrol) acetate is a synthetic glucocorticoid receptor agonist, used to achieve prompt suppression of inflammation. Methylprednisolone activates ACE2 and reduces IL-6 levels, thus improves severe or critical COVID-19. Methylprednisolone markedly reduces autophagy and apoptosis.
S6812 Z-Guggulsterone Z-Guggulsterone, a constituent of Ayurvedic medicinal plant Commiphora mukul, inhibits angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. Z-Guggulsterone exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in microglia. Z-Guggulsterone induces apoptosis in gastric cancer cells through the intrinsic mitochondria-dependent pathway.
S7033 GSK2656157 GSK2656157 is an ATP-competitive and highly selective inhibitor of PERK with IC50 of 0.9 nM in a cell-free assay, 500-fold greater against a panel of 300 kinases. GSK2656157 decreases apoptosis and inhibits excessive autophagy.
Nat Immunol, 2022, 23(3):431-445
Nat Cell Biol, 2022, 24(5):766-782
Front Cell Dev Biol, 2021, 9:769213
S8037 Necrostatin-1 Necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) is a specific RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor and inhibits TNF-α-induced necroptosis with EC50 of 490 nM in 293T cells. Necrostatin-1 also blocks IDO and suppresses autophagy and apoptosis.
Cell Metab, 2022, S1550-4131(22)00054-7
Bone Res, 2022, 10(1):26
Cell Death Dis, 2022, 13(2):147
S8632 Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277) Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277) is an ATP-competitive inhibitor of Chk2 with IC50 of 15 nM. It is 1000-fold more selective toward Chk2 serine/threonine kinase than for Chk1 and Cdk1/B kinases. Chk2 Inhibitor II (BML-277) dose dependently protects human CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cells from apoptosis due to ionizing radiation.
Int J Mol Sci, 2022, 23(7)3729
Mol Cancer Res, 2021, 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-20-0791
DNA Repair (Amst), 2021, 110:103264
S8974 GSK2795039 GSK2795039 is an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2) with pIC50 of 6.57 for NOX2-mediated activation of HRP/Amplex Red. GSK2795039 inhibits reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, NADPH consumption and reduces apoptosis.
Sci Total Environ, 2022, 838(Pt 2):155825
S9668 PKR-IN-C16 PKR-IN-C16 (imoxin, C16, Imidazolo-oxindole PKR inhibitor C16) is a specific inhibitor of RNA-dependent protein kinase (PKR, Protein Kinase R, EIF2AK2). PKR-IN-C16 prevents apoptosis and IL-1β production in an acute excitotoxic rat model with a neuroinflammatory component.
Cell Chem Biol, 2021, S2451-9456(21)00303-2
Pulm Circ, 2021, 11(4):20458940211046156
S9805New WM-3835 WM-3835 is a novel and high-specific small molecule Lysine Acetyltransferase 7 (KAT7, MYST2, HBO1) inhibitor, able to potently suppressed OS cell proliferation and migration, and leads to apoptosis activation.
S0056 (E/Z)-BCI (E/Z)-BCI (BCI, NSC 150117) is an inhibitor of dual specific phosphatase 1/6 (DUSP1/DUSP6) and mitogen-activated protein kinase with EC50 of 13.3 μM and 8.0 μM for DUSP6 and DUSP1 in cells, respectively. (E)-BCI induces apoptosis via generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and activation of intrinsic mitochondrial pathway in H1299 lung cancer cells.
S0103 ML327 ML327 is an isoxazole compound that blocks MYC expression and tumor formation in neuroblastoma. ML327 also restores E-cadherin expression with In-Cell Western EC50 of 1.0 μM. ML327 induces apoptosis.
S0149 C-DIM5 C-DIM5 (DIM-C-pPhOCH3) is an agonist of Nur77 (Nerve growth factor-induced Bα (NGFI-Bα)/nuclear receptor 4A1 (NR4A1)) which is an orphan nuclear receptor. C-DIM5 (DIM-C-pPhOCH3) decreases survival and induces apoptosis in RKO colon cancer cells.
Mol Psychiatry, 2022, 10.1038/s41380-022-01497-8
S0278 SU5614 SU5614 (Chloro-SU5416, Chloro-Semaxanib) is a small molecule receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) inhibitor of VEGFR-2, c-kit, and both wild-type and mutant FLT3. SU5614 reduces cell proliferation and induces apoptosis.
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2021, e2101848
Front Cell Dev Biol, 2021, 9:797047
S0354 Alsterpaullone Alsterpaullone (Alp, 9-Nitropaullone, NSC 705701) is a potent inhibitor of CDK with IC50 of 35 nM, 15 nM, 200 nM and 40 nM for CDK1/cyclin B, CDK2/cyclin A, CDK2/cyclin E and CDK5/p35, respectively. Alsterpaullone also acts as a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with IC50 of both 4 nM for GSK-3α and GSK-3β. Alsterpaullone induces apoptosis by activation of caspase-9. Alsterpaullone has antitumor activity and possesses potential for the treatment of neurodegenerative and proliferative disorders.
S0407 XCT790 XCT-790 (Compound 12) is a potent and selective inverse agonist for estrogen-related receptor α (ERRα) with IC50 of 0.37 μM. XCT-790 (Compound 12) is inactive against ERRγ and the estrogen receptors ERα and ERβ. XCT-790 (Compound 12) significantly inhibits in vivo tumor growth and angiogenesis, and induces apoptosis.
S0444 Indibulin Indibulin (ZIO 301, D 24851, Zybulin) is an orally applied inhibitor of tubulin assembly with potent anticancer activity. Indibulin induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis.
Bioorg Med Chem, 2020, 28(20):115712
S0445 SC-43 SC-43, a sorafenib derivative, is an agonist of Src-homology protein tyrosine phosphatase-1 (SHP-1/PTPN6) and reduces liver fibrosis. SC-43 reduces p-STAT3 and induces apoptosis with anti-tumor activity.
S0709 Tubastatin A TFA Tubastatin A TFA (Tubastatin A trifluoroacetate salt) is a potent and selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 15 nM in a cell-free assay. It is selective against all the other isozymes (1000-fold) except HDAC8 (57-fold). Tubastatin A promotes autophagy and increases apoptosis.
Drug Dev Res, 2022, 10.1002/ddr.21927
S0765 MAZ51 MAZ51 is a potent and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR)-3 (Flt-4) tyrosine kinase. MAZ51 induces cell rounding and G2/M cell cycle arrest in glioma cells through phosphorylation of Akt/GSK3β and activation of RhoA. MAZ51 inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of a variety of non-VEGFR-3-expressing tumor cell lines.
S0817 SKI-V SKI V is a noncompetitive and potent inhibitor of non-lipid sphingosine kinase with IC50 of 2 μM for GST-hSK. SKI-V also inhibits PI3K with IC50 of 6 μM for hPI3k. SKI-V decreases formation of the mitogenic second messenger sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and induces apoptosis with antitumor activity.
Cell Death Discov, 2022, 8(1):48
S0884 RA-9 RA-9 is a cell-permeable, potent and selective inhibitor of proteasome-associated deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) with favorable toxicity profile and anticancer activity. RA-9 selectively induces apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell lines.
S0913 4',5,7-Trimethoxyflavone 4',5,7-Trimethoxyflavone (5,​7,​4'-​Trimethoxyflavone, TMF) is a flavonoid isolated from Kaempferia parviflora (KP) that induces apoptosis. 4',5,7-Trimethoxyflavone increases sub-G1 phase, DNA fragmentation, annexin-V/PI staining and Bax/Bcl-xL ratio, activates caspase-3 and degrades poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein.
S0918 Ginkgolic acid C17:1 Ginkgolic acid C17:1 (GAC 17:1) inhibits constitutive activation of STAT3 through the abrogation of upstream JAK2 and Src. Ginkgolic acid C17:1 can induce the substantial expression of PTEN and SHP-1. Ginkgolic acid C17:1 induces apoptosis of tumor cells.
S0931 Jaceosidin Jaceosidin, a flavonoid isolated from Artemisia vestita, possesses anti-tumor and anti-proliferative activities in many cancer cells. Jaceosidin induces apoptosis, activates Bax and down-regulates Mcl-1 and c-FLIP expression. Jaceosidin inhibits COX-2 expression and NF-κB activation.
S0949 Cucurbitacin IIb Cucurbitacin IIb (CuIIb, Dihydrocucurbitacin F, 25-deacetyl hemslecin A) inhibits phosphorylation of STAT3, JNK and Erk1/2, enhances the phosphorylation of IκB and NF-κB, blocks nuclear translocation of NF-κB and decreases mRNA levels of IκBα and TNF-α. Cucurbitacin IIb exhibits anti-inflammatory activity and induces apoptosis. Cucurbitacin IIb is isolated from Hemsleya amabilis.
S1002 ABT-737 ABT-737 is a BH3 mimetic inhibitor of Bcl-xL, Bcl-2 and Bcl-w with EC50 of 78.7 nM, 30.3 nM and 197.8 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; no inhibition observed against Mcl-1, Bcl-B or Bfl-1. ABT-737 induces mitochondrial pathway apoptosis and mitophagy. Phase 2.
Signal Transduct Target Ther, 2022, 7(1):51
Nat Chem Biol, 2022, 10.1038/s41589-022-00996-7
Cell Death Differ, 2022, 10.1038/s41418-022-00995-0
S1003 Linifanib (ABT-869) Linifanib (ABT-869, AL39324, RG3635) is a novel, potent ATP-competitive VEGFR/PDGFR inhibitor for KDR, CSF-1R, Flt-1/3 and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 4 nM, 3 nM, 3 nM/4 nM and 66 nM respectively, mostly effective in mutant kinase-dependent cancer cells (i.e. FLT3). Linifanib (ABT-869) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.
Hum Cell, 2022, 10.1007/s13577-022-00671-y
Cell Rep Med, 2022, 3(1):100492
Cancer Lett, 2021, 507:80-88
S1004 Veliparib (ABT-888) Veliparib (ABT-888, NSC 737664) is a potent inhibitor of PARP1 and PARP2 with Ki of 5.2 nM and 2.9 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It is inactive to SIRT2. Veliparib increases autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.
Cell, 2022, 185(11):1943-1959.e21
Cell, 2022, 185(1):169-183.e19
Mol Cell, 2022, S1097-2765(22)00085-5
S1008 Selumetinib (AZD6244) Selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886) is a potent, highly selective MEK inhibitor with IC50 of 14 nM for MEK1 and Kd value of 530 nM for MEK2. It also inhibits ERK1/2 phosphorylation with IC50 of 10 nM, no inhibition to p38α, MKK6, EGFR, ErbB2, ERK2, B-Raf, etc. Selumetinib suppresses cell proliferation, migration and trigger apoptosis. Phase 3.
Cancer Cell, 2022, S1535-6108(21)00662-0
Nat Commun, 2022, 13(1):1691
Bone Res, 2022, 10(1):27
S1020 PD184352 (CI-1040) PD184352 (CI-1040) is an ATP non-competitive MEK1/2 inhibitor with IC50 of 17 nM in cell-based assays, 100-fold more selective for MEK1/2 than MEK5. PD184352 (CI-1040) selectively induces apoptosis. Phase 2.
Cancer Cell, 2022, S1535-6108(22)00005-8
Signal Transduct Target Ther, 2022, 7(1):51
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2022, 119(3)e2114134119
S1021 Dasatinib (BMS-354825) Dasatinib (BMS-354825) is a novel, potent and multi-targeted inhibitor that targets Abl, Src and c-Kit, with IC50 of <1 nM, 0.8 nM and 79 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Dasatinib induces autophagy and apoptosis with anti-tumor activity.
Cancer Cell, 2022, S1535-6108(21)00662-0
J Immunother Cancer, 2022, 10(1)e003766
Cancer Res, 2022, canres.1823.2021
S1025 Gefitinib (ZD1839) Gefitinib (ZD-1839, Iressa) is an EGFR inhibitor for Tyr1173, Tyr992, Tyr1173 and Tyr992 in the NR6wtEGFR and NR6W cells with IC50 of 37 nM, 37nM, 26 nM and 57 nM, respectively. Gefitinib promotes autophagy and apoptosis of lung cancer cells via blockade of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.
Mol Cancer, 2022, 21(1):43
Sci Adv, 2022, 8(4):eabi7711
Cell Rep, 2022, 39(4):110721
S1029 Lenalidomide (CC-5013) Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a TNF-α secretion inhibitor with IC50 of 13 nM in PBMCs. Lenalidomide (CC-5013) is a ligand of ubiquitin E3 ligase cereblon (CRBN), and it causes selective ubiquitination and degradation of two lymphoid transcription factors, IKZF1 and IKZF3, by the CRBN-CRL4 ubiquitin ligase. Lenalidomide promotes cleaved caspase-3 expression and inhibit VEGF expression and induces apoptosis.
Nat Commun, 2022, 13(1):1009
Theranostics, 2022, 12(4):1715-1729
Cell Death Dis, 2022, 13(3):197
S1030 Panobinostat (LBH589) Panobinostat (LBH589, NVP-LBH589) is a novel broad-spectrum HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay. Panobinostat (LBH589) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Panobinostat effectively disrupts HIV latency in vivo. Phase 3.
Signal Transduct Target Ther, 2022, 7(1):98
Blood, 2022, blood.2022016241
Nat Chem Biol, 2022, 10.1038/s41589-022-00996-7
S1038 PI-103 PI-103 is a multi-targeted PI3K inhibitor for p110α/β/δ/γ with IC50 of 2 nM/3 nM/3 nM/15 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to mTOR/DNA-PK with IC50 of 30 nM/23 nM. PI-103 induces apoptosis in murine T-cell Lymphoma.
Nat Chem Biol, 2022, 10.1038/s41589-022-00996-7
Cancers (Basel), 2022, 14(6)1575
Int J Mol Sci, 2022, 23(8)4277
S1040 Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006) tosylate Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006) tosylate is a multikinase inhibitor of Raf-1 and B-Raf with IC50 of 6 nM and 22 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate inhibits VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-β, Flt-3 and c-KIT with IC50 of 90 nM, 20 nM, 57 nM, 59 nM and 68 nM, respectively. Sorafenib Tosylate induces autophagy and apoptosis and activates ferroptosis with anti-tumor activity.
Cancer Cell, 2022, S1535-6108(21)00662-0
Bioact Mater, 2022, 18:459-470
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2022, 119(10):e2107453119
S1042 Sunitinib (SU11248) malate Sunitinib (SU11248) malate is a multi-targeted RTK inhibitor targeting VEGFR2 (Flk-1) and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 80 nM and 2 nM in cell-free assays, and also inhibits c-Kit. Sunitinib Malate effectively inhibits autophosphorylation of Ire1α. Sunitinib Malate increases both death receptor and mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis.
Clin Cancer Res, 2022, clincanres.4291.2021
NPJ Breast Cancer, 2022, 8(1):44
Cancers (Basel), 2022, 14(7)1639
S1044 Temsirolimus (CCI-779) Temsirolimus (CCI-779, NSC 683864) is a specific mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 1.76 μM in a cell-free assay. Temsirolimus induces autophagy and apoptosis.
J Immunother Cancer, 2022, 10(1)e003766
Cancer Res, 2022, canres.1397.2021
Cell Rep, 2022, 39(4):110721
S1046 Vandetanib (ZD6474) Vandetanib (ZD6474) is a potent inhibitor of VEGFR2 with IC50 of 40 nM in a cell-free assay. It also inhibits VEGFR3 and EGFR with IC50 of 110 nM and 500 nM, respectively. Not sensitive to PDGFRβ, Flt1, Tie-2 and FGFR1 with IC50 of 1.1-3.6 μM. No activity against MEK, CDK2, c-Kit, erbB2, FAK, PDK1, Akt and IGF-1R with IC50 above 10 μM. Vandetanib (ZD6474) increases apoptosis and induces autophagy by increasing the level of reactive oxygen species (ROS).
Cancer Res, 2022, canres.1397.2021
Hum Cell, 2022, 10.1007/s13577-022-00671-y
Cell Rep Med, 2022, 3(1):100492
S1052 Elesclomol (STA-4783) Elesclomol (STA-4783) is a novel potent oxidative stress inducer that elicits pro-apoptosis events among tumor cells. Phase 3.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res, 2021, 40(1):228
Mol Oncol, 2021, 10.1002/1878-0261.13079
Nat Commun, 2020, 15;11(1):2423
S1053 Entinostat (MS-275) Entinostat (MS-275, SNDX-275) strongly inhibits HDAC1 and HDAC3 with IC50 of 0.51 μM and 1.7 μM in cell-free assays, compared with HDACs 4, 6, 8, and 10. Entinostat induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 3.
Nature, 2022, 602(7895):112-116
Cell Res, 2022, 10.1038/s41422-022-00668-0
J Clin Invest, 2022, e147908
S1065 Pictilisib (GDC-0941) Pictilisib (GDC-0941, RG7321) is a potent inhibitor of PI3Kα/δ with IC50 of 3 nM in cell-free assays, with modest selectivity against p110β (11-fold) and p110γ (25-fold). Pictilisib (GDC-0941) induces autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 2.
Nat Chem Biol, 2022, 10.1038/s41589-022-00996-7
Cancer Res, 2022, canres.1397.2021
Cancer Res, 2022, canres.2609.2021
S1069 Luminespib (NVP-AUY922) Luminespib (AUY-922, NVP-AUY922, VER-52296) is a highly potent HSP90 inhibitor for HSP90α/β with IC50 of 13 nM /21 nM in cell-free assays, weaker potency against the HSP90 family members GRP94 and TRAP-1, exhibits the tightest binding of any small-molecule HSP90 ligand. Luminespib (AUY-922, NVP-AUY922) effectively downregulates and destabilizes the IGF-1Rβ protein and results in growth inhibition, autophagy and apoptosis. Phase 2.
Biomedicines, 2022, 10(3)624
Cell Death Discov, 2022, 8(1):86
Cell Rep, 2021, 34(11):108870
S1078 MK-2206 2HCl MK-2206 2HCl is a highly selective inhibitor of Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 8 nM/12 nM/65 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; no inhibitory activities against 250 other protein kinases observed. MK-2206 2HCl induces autophagy and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 2.
Mol Cell, 2022, S1097-2765(22)00105-8
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2022, 10.1002/advs.202104055
Sci Adv, 2022, 8(11):eabk1538
S1080 SU11274 SU11274 (PKI-SU11274) is a selective Met (c-Met) inhibitor with IC50 of 10 nM in cell-free assays, no effects on PGDFRβ, EGFR or Tie2. SU11274 induces autophagy, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest.
Front Cell Dev Biol, 2022, 10:836179
Cell Rep, 2021, 37(5):109905
Int J Mol Sci, 2021, 22(24)13483
S1105 LY294002 LY294002 (SF 1101, NSC 697286) is the first synthetic molecule known to inhibit PI3Kα/δ/β with IC50 of 0.5 μM/0.57 μM/0.97 μM, respectively; more stable in solution than Wortmannin, and also blocks autophagosome formation. It not only binds to class I PI3Ks and other PI3K-related kinases, but also to novel targets seemingly unrelated to the PI3K family. LY294002 also inhibits CK2 with IC50 of 98 nM. LY294002 is a non-specific DNA-PKcs inhibitor and activates autophagy and apoptosis.
Immunity, 2022, 55(1):159-173.e9
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2022, 10.1002/advs.202104055
Cancer Res, 2022, canres.2292.2021
S1107 Danusertib (PHA-739358) Danusertib (PHA-739358) is an Aurora kinase inhibitor for Aurora A/B/C with IC50 of 13 nM/79 nM/61 nM in cell-free assays, modestly potent to Abl, TrkA, c-RET and FGFR1, and less potent to Lck, VEGFR2/3, c-Kit, CDK2, etc. Danusertib induces apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, and autophagy. Phase 2.
Environ Mol Mutagen, 2022, 63(3):151-161
Cancers (Basel), 2021, 13(6)1205
Life Sci Alliance, 2021, 4(8)e202101019
S1108 TAE684 (NVP-TAE684) TAE684 (NVP-TAE684) is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with IC50 of 3 nM in a cell-free assay, 100-fold more sensitive for ALK than InsR. TAE684 (NVP-TAE684) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.
Elife, 2022, 11e76183
EBioMedicine, 2022, 78:103963
Cancers (Basel), 2022, 14(6)1517
S1109 BI 2536 BI-2536 is a potent Plk1 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.83 nM in a cell-free assay. BI-2536 inhibits Bromodomain 4 (BRD4) with Kd of 37 nM and potently suppresses c-Myc expression. BI-2536 induces apoptosis and attenuates autophagy. Phase 2.
Sci Adv, 2022, 8(5):eabk0221
Nat Chem Biol, 2022, 10.1038/s41589-022-00996-7
J Med Chem, 2022, 65(5):4182-4200
S1118 XL147 analogue XL147 analogue (SAR245408) is a selective and reversible class I PI3K inhibitor for PI3Kα/δ/γ with IC50 of 39 nM/36 nM/23 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to PI3Kβ. XL147 analogue induces apoptosis. Phase 1/2.
Hum Cell, 2022, 10.1007/s13577-022-00671-y
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00579-z
Hum Cell, 2021, 10.1007/s13577-021-00639-4
S1119 Cabozantinib (BMS-907351) Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) is a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Cabozantinib induces PUMA-dependent apoptosis in colon cancer cells via AKT/GSK-3β/NF-κB signaling pathway.
Adv Sci (Weinh), 2022, e2201478
Cancer Res, 2022, canres.1397.2021
Biomaterials, 2022, 283:121454
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