Streptozotocin (STZ)

Catalog No.S1312 Synonyms: NSC-85998, Streptozocin, U 9889

For research use only.

Streptozotocin (STZ, NSC-85998, Streptozocin, U 9889) is a glucosamine-nitrosourea derivative, which is a DNA-methylating, carcinogenic, antibiotic and diabetes inducing agent. Streptozotocin induces autophagy and apoptosis. Solutions are best fresh-prepared.

Streptozotocin (STZ) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 18883-66-4

Selleck's Streptozotocin (STZ) has been cited by 15 publications

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective Antineoplastic and Immunosuppressive Antibiotics Inhibitors

Biological Activity

Description Streptozotocin (STZ, NSC-85998, Streptozocin, U 9889) is a glucosamine-nitrosourea derivative, which is a DNA-methylating, carcinogenic, antibiotic and diabetes inducing agent. Streptozotocin induces autophagy and apoptosis. Solutions are best fresh-prepared.
In vitro

Streptozotocin directly methylates DNA and is highly genotoxic, producing DNA strand breaks, alkali-labile sites, unscheduled DNA synthesis, DNA adducts, chromosomal aberrations, micronuclei, sister chromatid exchanges, and cell death. Free radicals are involved in the production of DNA and chromosome damage by Streptozotocin. [1] Streptozotocin is toxic to pancreatic beta cell. Exposed to 15 mM Streptozotocin for 1 hr followed by a 24 hrs recovery period induces apoptosis in murine pancreatic beta cell line, INS-1. Streptozotocin (30 mM) causes the cells to undergo necrosis (22%) as well as apoptosis (17%). [2]

In vivo Streptozotocin is often used to induce diabetes mellitus in experimental animals. Streptozotocin is selectively accumulated in pancreatic beta cells via the low-affinity GLUT 2 glucose transporter. Streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) injection for 4 month induces rapid degranulation of beta cells without necrosis, development of cataracts and accumulation of glycogen in the proximal convoluted tubules of the kidney. Streptozotocin (100 mg/kg) produces lesions in the exocrine cells of the pancreas, and persistence of small, possibly secretory, granules in the Golgi zone of beta cells in rats of ‘Streptozotocin diabetes’. [3] Streptozotocin is found to be carcinogenic in rats, mice and hamster. A single administration of Streptozotocin is able to induce tumors in kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, uterine and liver tumors in hamster. Intraperitoneally injected with Streptozotocin (100-150 mg/kg) for normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) for 12 months induces carcinogenesis with tumors incidence of 70% in liver, 20% in kidney and 10% in liver and kidney. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 53 mg/mL
(199.83 mM)
Water 53 mg/mL
(199.83 mM)
Ethanol Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
Saline
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

30 mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 265.22
Formula

C8H15N3O7

CAS No. 18883-66-4
Storage 3 years -20°C(in the dark) powder
Smiles CN(C(=O)NC1C(C(C(OC1O)CO)O)O)N=O

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

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Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

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Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

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