For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 306.37
Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.
Selleck's Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) has been cited by 284 publications
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|Description||Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.|
INCB018424 potently and selectively inhibits JAK2V617F-mediated signaling and proliferation in Ba/F3 cells and HEL cells. INCB018424 markedly increases apoptosis in a dose dependent manner in Ba/F3 cells. INCB018424 (64 nM) results in a doubling of cells with depolarized mitochondria in Ba/F3 cells. INCB018424 inhibits proliferating of erythroid progenitors from normal donors and polycythemia vera patients with IC50 of 407 nM and 223 nM, respectively. INCB018424 demonstrates remarkable potency against erythroid colony formation with IC50 of 67nM. 
|In vivo||INCB018424 (180 mg/kg, orally, twice a day) results in survive rate of greater than 90% by day 22 in a JAK2V617F-driven mouse model. INCB018424 (180 mg/kg, orally, twice a day) markedly reduces splenomegaly and circulating levels of inflammatory cytokines, and preferentially eliminated neoplastic cells, resulting in significantly prolonged survival without myelosuppressive or immunosuppressive effects in a JAK2V617F-driven mouse model.  The primary end point is reached in 41.9% of patients in the Ruxolitinib group as compared with 0.7% in the placebo group in the double-blind trial of myelofibrosis. Ruxolitinib results in maintaining of reduction in spleen volume and improvement of 50% or more in the total symptom score.  A total of 28% of the patients in the Ruxolitinib (15 mg twice daily) group has at least a 35% reduction in spleen volume at week 48 in patients with myelofibrosis, as compared with 0% in the group receiving the best available therapy. The mean palpable spleen length has decreased by 56% with Ruxolitinib but has increased by 4% with the best available therapy at week 48. Patients in the ruxolitinib group has an improvement in overall quality-of-life measures and a reduction in symptoms associated with myelofibrosis. |
Binding assay:Recombinant proteins are expressed using Sf21 cells and baculovirus vectors and purified with affinity chromatography. JAK kinase assays use a homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence assay with the peptide substrate (-EQEDEPEGDYFEWLE). Each enzyme reaction is carried out with Ruxolitinib or control, JAK enzyme, 500 nM peptide, adenosine triphosphate (ATP; 1mM), and 2% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) for 1 hour. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) is calculated as INCB018424 concentration required for inhibition of 50% of the fluorescent signal.
|In vitro||DMSO||61 mg/mL (199.1 mM)|
|Ethanol||61 mg/mL (199.1 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04359290||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Ruxolitinib administration||ARDS Human|COVID||Philipps University Marburg Medical Center||May 2020||Phase 2|
|NCT03774082||Recruiting||Drug: INC424||Graft vs Host Disease||Novartis Pharmaceuticals|Novartis||May 29 2020||Phase 2|
|NCT04361903||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Ruxolitinib Oral Tablet||Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2||Azienda USL Toscana Nord Ovest|Fondazione C.N.R./Regione Toscana G. Monasterio Pisa Italy|Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria Senese|Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Pisana||April 25 2020||--|
|NCT04057573||Recruiting||Drug: Ruxolitinib cream|Drug: Vehicle||Non-segmental Vitiligo||Incyte Corporation||October 3 2019||Phase 3|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
What is the difference between S2902 and S1378 which seem to have same structure formula according to the product information?
These two chemicals are the two different chiral forms of Ruxolitinib. S2902 S-Ruxolitinib is the S form and S1378 Ruxolitinib is the D form. One of the carbon atoms in this molecule is asymmetric, making the two molecules mirror images of each other. The biological activities of these two molecules can be very different because of the confirmation differences.
How about the half-life of the compound (Ruxolitinib)? How long is the duration of the inhibitory effect on JAK-STAT signaling?
The half-life of this compound in body is about 2~3 hours according to previous study. Generally, it is longer in vitro culture medium than in vivo. In paper, Ruxolitinib was also used for 24hours. http://www.bloodjournal.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=24711661.