Molecular Weight(MW): 592.13
GSK923295 is a first-in-class, specific allosteric inhibitor of CENP-E kinesin motor ATPase with Ki of 3.2 nM, and less potent to mutant I182 and T183. Phase 1.
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(f) HeLa cells were treated with mitotic kinesin CENP-E inhibitor GSK923295 (50 nM) for 1 h to generate misaligned kinetochores. After fixation, cells were stained for ACA, tubulin, and TIP60. Statistical significance was tested by two-sided t-test and represented by asterisks corresponding to ***, p < 0.001. Scale bars, 5 μm.
Nat Chem Biol, 2016, 12(4):226-32.. GSK923295 purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||GSK923295 is a first-in-class, specific allosteric inhibitor of CENP-E kinesin motor ATPase with Ki of 3.2 nM, and less potent to mutant I182 and T183. Phase 1.|
|Features||First potent, CENP-E-selective inhibitor that has been tested in Phase I clinical trials for treatment of Refractory Cancers.|
GSK923295 is the first potent and selective inhibitor of the mitotic kinesin centromere-associated protein-E (CENP-E).  GSK923295 is uncompetitive with both ATP and microtubules (MT), inhibiting CENP-E MT-stimulated ATPase activity with a Ki of 3.2 nM, highly selective over other kinesins. GSK923295 inhibits release of inorganic phosphate and stabilizes CENP-E motor domain interaction with microtubules, reduces the rate of ATP-promoted dissociation of CENP-E from MT (koff, MT) by more than 50-fold. GSK923295 causes failure of metaphase chromosome alignment and induces mitotic arrest. GSK923295 is a potent inhibitor of tumor cell growth, with an average GI50 of 253 nM and a median GI50 of 32 nM for 237 tumor cell lines.  GSK923295 inhibits tumor cell growth more effectively when mitogen-activated protein kinase (MEK/ERK) signaling is also inhibited. 
|In vivo||GSK923295 produces clear increases in the abundance of mitotic figures and scattered apoptotic bodies in tumors. GSK923295 causes a dose-dependent increase in the ratio of 4n to 2n nuclei. GSK923295 exhibits robust, dose-dependent antitumor activity against Colo205 xenografts, including partial and complete regressions at the 125 mg/kg dose. GSK923295 demonstrates significant antitumor activity against solid tumor models, inducing CRs in Ewing sarcoma, rhabdoid, and rhabdomyosarcoma xenografts, may be a valuable therapeutic target in pediatric cancer. |
Enzymology:Kinesin motor domains are expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) and purified. CENP-E proteins includes residues 2–340 with a carboxyl-terminal 6-his tag. All studies using MT are conducted in PEM25 buffer [25mM PipesK+ (pH 6.8), 2mM MgCl2, 1mM EGTA] supplemented with 10 μM paclitaxel. The IC50 for steady-state inhibition is determined at 500 μM ATP, 5 μM MT, and 1 nM CENP-E in PEM25 buffer.
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (168.88 mM)|
|Ethanol||100 mg/mL (168.88 mM)|
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