Disulfiram (NSC 190940)

Catalog No.S1680 Synonyms: Tetraethylthiuram disulfide, TETD

For research use only.

Disulfiram (NSC 190940, Tetraethylthiuram disulfide, TETD) is a specific inhibitor of aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH) with IC50 of 0.15 μM and 1.45 μM for hALDH1 and hALDH2, respectively. Disulfiram is used for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Disulfiram induces apoptosis. Disulfiram is also an inhibitor of pore formation by gasdermin D (GSDMD).

Disulfiram (NSC 190940) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 97-77-8

Selleck's Disulfiram (NSC 190940) has been cited by 21 publications

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description Disulfiram (NSC 190940, Tetraethylthiuram disulfide, TETD) is a specific inhibitor of aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH) with IC50 of 0.15 μM and 1.45 μM for hALDH1 and hALDH2, respectively. Disulfiram is used for the treatment of chronic alcoholism by producing an acute sensitivity to alcohol. Disulfiram induces apoptosis. Disulfiram is also an inhibitor of pore formation by gasdermin D (GSDMD).
Targets
ALDH1 [5]
(Cell-free assay)
ALDH2 [5]
(Cell-free assay)
0.15 μM 1.45 μM
In vitro

Disulfiram-copper complex potently inhibits the proteasomal activity in cultured breast cancer MDA-MB-231 and MCF10DCIS.com cells, but not normal, immortalized MCF-10A cells, before induction of apoptotic cancer cell death. [1] Disulfiram (DS), a clinically used anti-alcoholism drug, strongly inhibits constitutive and 5-FU-induced NF-kappaB activity in a dose-dependent manner. Disulfiram inhibits both NF-kappaB nuclear translocation and DNA binding activity but has no effect on 5-FU-induced IkappaBalpha degradation. Disulfiram significantly enhances the apoptotic effect of 5-FU on DLD-1 and RKO(WT) cell lines and synergistically potentiated the cytotoxicity of 5-FU to both cell lines. Disulfiram also effectively abolishes 5-FU chemoresistance in a 5-FU resistant cell line H630(5-FU) in vitro. [2] Oseltamivir decreases the number of viable cells, and the addition of CuCl(2) significantly enhances the DSF-induced cell death to less than 10% of control. [3] Disulfiram given to melanoma cells in combination with Cu2+ or Zn2+ decreases expression of cyclin A and reduces proliferation in vitro at lower concentrations than disulfiram alone. [4]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
insect cells Ml3KSpVv[3Srb36gZZN{[Xl? M4[xNVMxKG2rboO= M4TrdWlvcGmkaYTpc44hd2ZicnXjc41jcW6jboSgbJVu[W5iTF;YUFQh\XiycnXzd4VlKGmwIHLhZ5Vtd3[rcoXzJIlv\mWldHXkJIlve2WldDDj[YxteyC3c3nu[{BlcWGvaX7vdIVvfGGwZTDhd{B{fWK|dILheIUheHKnaX7jeYJifGWmIH\vdkA{OCCvaX7zJIZwdGyxd3XkJIJ6KHO3YoP0doF1\SCjZHTpeIlwdiCvZXHzeZJm\CCjZoTldkAyKGi{IHL5JIZtfW:{aX3leJJq[yCvZYToc4QtKEmFNUCgQUAxNjB3OTFOwG0v NXzFWJhnRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxM{CwPVg5PjdpPkOwNFk5QDZ5PD;hQi=>
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Rh41 NIHnSlJyUFSVIHHzd4F6 NUT2dFN5eUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IGLoOFEh[2WubIO= NIXzbGM9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
NB1643 MoC4dWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> MVTxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDORlE3PDNiY3XscJM> MlvyQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
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DAOY MWXxTHRUKGG|c3H5 MXXxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDERW9[KGOnbHzz Mlv4QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
SJ-GBM2 NET2XXpyUFSVIHHzd4F6 MkjidWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohS2:wZnnycYF1d3K7IIPjdoVmdiCob4KgV2ouT0KPMjDj[Yxtew>? NYqw[FJRRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
BT-37 MXfxTHRUKGG|c3H5 NVPmTZVweUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiQ3;u[olzdWG2b4L5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhSlRvM{egZ4VtdHN? MXG8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
TC32 MV\xTHRUKGG|c3H5 NHzCc4VyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCFb37mbZJu[XSxcomgd4Nz\WWwIH\vdkBVSzN{IHPlcIx{ NVTtdWd4RGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
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Rh41 NXzjVIxTeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NEDseWJyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCFb37mbZJu[XSxcomgd4Nz\WWwIH\vdkBTcDRzIHPlcIx{ MVK8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
RD NHT6XnhyUFSVIHHzd4F6 MXLxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDSSEBk\Wyucx?= Mlz1QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
Saos-2 NITaWWlyUFSVIHHzd4F6 NXnBdGdreUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiQ3;u[olzdWG2b4L5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhW2Gxcz2yJINmdGy| M2HXeFxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
In vivo

Disulfiram significantly inhibits the tumor growth (by 74%), associated with in vivo proteasome inhibition (as measured by decreased levels of tumor tissue proteasome activity and accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins and natural proteasome substrates p27 and Bax) and apoptosis induction (as shown by caspase activation and apoptotic nuclei formation) in mice bearing MDA-MB-231 tumor xenografts. [1] Disulfiram blocks the P-glycoprotein extrusion pump, inhibits the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB, sensitizes tumors to chemotherapy, reduces angiogenesis, and inhibits tumor growth in mice. Disulfiram inhibits growth and angiogenesis in melanomas transplanted in severe combined immunodeficient mice, and these effects are potentiated by Zn2+ supplementation. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 59 mg/mL
(198.96 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol ''''''59 mg/mL

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

2.5mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 296.54
Formula

C10H20N2S4

CAS No. 97-77-8
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CCN(CC)C(=S)SSC(=S)N(CC)CC

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
%DMSO %

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT04485130 Recruiting Drug: Disulfiram|Drug: Placebo Covid19 University of California San Francisco May 1 2021 Phase 2
NCT03151772 Terminated Drug: Disulfiram|Drug: Metformin Glioblastoma Sahlgrenska University Hospital Sweden January 29 2018 Early Phase 1
NCT02309801 Completed Dietary Supplement: Daidzin|Dietary Supplement: Alcohol Healthy Parc de Salut Mar|Ministerio de Sanidad Servicios Sociales e Igualdad July 2012 Phase 1
NCT01286259 Completed Drug: Disulfiram HIV-1 Infection University of California San Francisco|Johns Hopkins University January 2011 Not Applicable
NCT02101008 Completed Drug: disulfiram and chelated zinc Melanoma University of Utah March 2010 Phase 2

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2022-01-17)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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