Catalog No.S2606 Synonyms: RU486, C-1073
Molecular Weight(MW): 429.59
Mifepristone is a remarkably active antagonist of progesterone receptor and glucocorticoid receptor with IC50 of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM, respectively.
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|Description||Mifepristone is a remarkably active antagonist of progesterone receptor and glucocorticoid receptor with IC50 of 0.2 nM and 2.6 nM, respectively.|
|Features||Mifepristone is the first approved medication for patients with endogenous cushing's syndrome.|
Mifepristone inhibit corticoid-induced transcription from a glucocorticoid response element (GRE)-linked luciferase reporter gene in the human lung carcinoma cell line A549. Moreover, Mifepristone also blocks progesterone induction of alkaline phosphatase activity in the human breast cancer cell line T47D.  Mifepristone inhibits ovarian cancer cell growth of SK-OV-3 and OV2008 with IC50 of 6.25 μM and 6.91 μM, respectively.  A recent study shows that Mifepristone induces caspase-1 over expression both in differentiated and undifferentiated caspase-1-embryonic stem cells. 
|In vivo||Mifepristone can impair the growth of SK-OV-3 tumors in immunosuppressed mice at 0.5 mg/day and 1 mg/day.  Mifepristone inhibits the prostate weight significantly in the highest doses in vivo, and inhibits growth of the prostate gland produced by dihydrotestosterone (DHT) to a greater extent than the induction of atrophy and cell death in rats. |
Glucocorticoid receptor (GR) antagonist activity, Progesterone receptor (PR) antagonist activity:T47D alkaline phosphatase assay: T47D human breast cancer cells are plated in 96-well tissue culture plates at 104 cells per well in assay medium [RPMI medium without phenol red containing 5% (v/v) charcoal-treated FBS and 1% (v/v) penicillin–streptomycin]. Two days later, the medium is decanted and Mifepristone or control is added at a final concentration of 0.1% (v/v) dimethylsulfoxide in fresh assay medium. Twenty-four hours later, an alkaline phosphatase assay is performed using a SEAP kit. The medium is decanted and the cells are fixed for 30 minutes at room temperature with 5% (v/v) formalin. The cells are washed once at room temperature with Hanks' buffered saline solution. Equal volumes (0.05 mL) of dilution buffer, assay buffer, and 1:20 substrate/enhancer mixture are then added. After 1-hour incubation in the dark at room temperature, the lysate is transferred to a white 96-well plate and luminescence is read using a LuminoSkan Ascen. A549 reporter assay: A549 human lung carcinoma cells are washed with OPTI-MEM I. The medium is removed and lipid–DNA complex solution (1.5 μg/mL of GRE-luciferase reporter DNA in 8.5 mL OPTI-MEM I plus 6 μL/mL DMRIE-C reagent in 8.5 mL OPTI-MEM I, combined, mixed and incubated at room temperature for 40 minutes) is overlayed onto the cells in a T160 flask. The cells are incubated for 16 hours at 37 °C in a CO2 incubator. The DNA-containing medium is removed and 30 mL of growth medium containing 5% (v/v) charcoal-treated fetal bovine serum is added. After 5-6 hours, the cells are seeded in 96-well plates and incubated overnight at 37 °C. Mifepristone is then added to each well followed by dexamethasone as a corticoid challenge. The cells are incubated for 24 hours. Luciferase assay buffer is added to each well and the cells are incubated for 30 minutes at room temperature. Luciferase activity is measured in a DYNEX Microlite plate on a TopCount.
|In vitro||DMSO||85 mg/mL (197.86 mM)|
|Ethanol||19 mg/mL (44.22 mM)|
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03259542||Completed||Drug Interaction Potentiation|Healthy||Corcept Therapeutics||August 9 2017||Phase 1|
|NCT00043654||Completed||Bipolar Disorder||National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)||August 7 2002||Phase 2|
|NCT03052400||Recruiting||Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus|Insulin Resistance||Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science||February 3 2017||Phase 2|
|NCT02788981||Recruiting||Breast Cancer||University of Chicago||March 28 2017||Phase 2|
|NCT03044093||Recruiting||Second Trimester Abortion||Rambam Health Care Campus||January 2017||Phase 4|
|NCT02651844||Recruiting||Breast Cancer||Hospital Provincial Magdalena V. de Martínez|Agencia Nacional de Promoción de Ciencia y Tecnología MINCYT|Instituto de Biología y Medicina Experimental (IBYME-CONICET)||April 2016||Not Applicable|
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