For research use only.
Catalog No.S1290 Synonyms: Tripterine
CAS No. 34157-83-0
Celastrol (Tripterine) is a potent proteasome inhibitor for the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with IC50 of 2.5 μM. Celastrol induces apoptosis and autophagy via the ROS/JNK signaling pathway. Celastrol inhibits dopaminergic neuronal death of Parkinson's disease through activating mitophagy.
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SK-BR-3, A549, HCT-116 and BT-474 cells were incubated with or without X66 for 1 h before exposed to GM, celastrol or MG132 for 8 h. Cell lysates were analyzed by Western blot with indicated antibodies.
Oncotarget, 2016, 7(20):29648-63.. Celastrol purchased from Selleck.
Effects of compound 10 and celastrol on client proteins degradation. Both compound 10 and celastrol induces decreases of Hsp90 client proteins (Akt and Cdk4) through a concentration -dependent manner by Western blot. Meanwhile, compound 10 and celastrol have no effect on the expression level of Hsp90.
Eur J Med Chem, 2017, 136:63-73. Celastrol purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Celastrol (Tripterine) is a potent proteasome inhibitor for the chymotrypsin-like activity of a purified 20S proteasome with IC50 of 2.5 μM. Celastrol induces apoptosis and autophagy via the ROS/JNK signaling pathway. Celastrol inhibits dopaminergic neuronal death of Parkinson's disease through activating mitophagy.|
|Features||A potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory drug.|
Celastrol at 5 μM inhibits the chymotrypsin-like, PGPH-like, and trypsin-like activities of the purified 20S proteasome by 80%, 5%, and <1%, respectively, whereas at 10 μM, it inhibits these three proteasomal activities by ∼90%, 15%, and <1%, respectively. Celastrol significantly inhibits the proteasomal chymotrypsin activity in PC-3 cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Celastrol at 2.5 μM to 5 μM induces caspase-3 activity by 4.7-fold to 5.5-fold in PC-3 cells. Celastrol (5 μM) treated cells, the levels of the proteasome target proteins, IκB-α and Bax, are increased after 1 hour and further increased to its peak for 4 hours to 12 hours. Celastrol (2.5 μM) treatment induces proteasome inhibition by 40%, as shown by the decreased levels of chymotrypsin-like activity and increased accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins in LNCaP cells. Celastrol (2.5 μM) induces apoptosis in the Celastrol-treated LNCaP cells, as shown by increased levels of caspase-3 activity (up to 3.5-fold), PARP cleavage, and apoptotic morphology.  Celastrol (300 nM) is found to suppress LPS-induced production of TNF-alpha and IL-1beta by human monocytes and macrophages. Celastrol (100 nM) also decreases LPS-induced expression of class II MHC molecules by microglia. Celastrol strongly inhibits LPS and IFN-y-induced NO production with IC50 of 200 nM in macrophage lineage cells. Celastrol strongly inhibits TNF-α and IFN-γ-induced NO production with IC50 of 200 nM in endothelial cells.  Celastrol (2.5 μM) potentiates the apoptosis induced by TNF and chemotherapeutic agents and inhibits invasion, both regulated by NF-kappaB activation, in KBM-5 cells. Celastrol (2.5 μM) suppresses the expression of TNF induced the expression of gene products involved in antiapoptosis (IAP1, IAP2, Bcl-2, Bcl-XL, c-FLIP, and survivin), proliferation (cyclin D1 and COX-2), invasion (MMP-9), and angiogenesis (VEGF) in KBM-5 cells. Celastrol (5 μM) is found to inhibit the TNF-induced activation of IkappaBalpha kinase, IkappaBalpha phosphorylation, IkappaBalpha degradation, p65 nuclear translocation and phosphorylation, and NF-kappaB-mediated reporter gene expression.  Celastrol inhibits proliferating of RPMI 8226, KATOIII, UM-SCC1, U251MG and MDA-MB-231 cells with IC50 of 0.52 μM, 0.54 μM, 0.76 μM, 0.69 μM and 0.67 μM, respectively. Celastrol (1 μM) inhibits growth of RPMI 8226 with a decrease in the levels of cyclin D1 and cyclin E, but concomitant increase in the levels of p21 and p27. Celastrol induces apoptosis in RPMI-8226 cells indicated by the activation of caspase-8, bid cleavage, caspase-9 activation, caspase-3 activation, PARP cleavage and through the down regulation of anti-apoptototic proteins. Celastrol (1 μM) suppresses Akt pathway and activates JNK kinase in RPMI-8226 cells. 
|In vivo||Celastrol (3 mg/kg) results in significant inhibition (up to 70%) of tumor growth in male nude mice bearing PC-3 tumors, associated with increased p27 levels and Bax level. Celastrol (3 mg/kg) results more apoptotic tumor cells with the appearance of various PARP cleavage fragments in tumor of male nude mice bearing PC-3 tumors. Celastrol (3 mg/kg) causes 35% of tumor inhibition, associated with decreased proteasome activity and decreased expression of AR protein in nude mice bearing C4-2B tumors.  Celastrol (3 mg/kg) is found to suppress strongly joint swelling and other manifestations of adjuvant arthritis in mice. Celastrol (0.2 mg/kg) significantly improves the performance in memory, learning and psychomotor activity tests in rats. |
Inhibition of purified 20S proteasome activity:A purified rabbit 20S proteasome (0.1 μg) is incubated with 40 μM of various fluorogenic peptide substrates in 100 μL assay buffer (20 mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.5)), in the presence of Celastrol at different concentrations or in the solvent DMSO for 2 hours at 37 ℃, followed by measurement of inhibition of each proteasomal activity.
|In vitro||DMSO||90 mg/mL (199.72 mM)|
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