For research use only.
CAS No. 20350-15-6
Brefeldin A is a lactone antibiotic and ATPase inhibitor for protein transport with IC50 of 0.2 μM in HCT 116 cells, induces cancer cell differentiation and apoptosis. It could also improve the HDR(homology-directed repair) efficiency and be an enhancer of CRISPR-mediated HDR. Brefeldin A is also an inhibitor of autophagy and mitophagy.
Selleck's Brefeldin A has been cited by 24 publications
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective ATPase Inhibitors
|Description||Brefeldin A is a lactone antibiotic and ATPase inhibitor for protein transport with IC50 of 0.2 μM in HCT 116 cells, induces cancer cell differentiation and apoptosis. It could also improve the HDR(homology-directed repair) efficiency and be an enhancer of CRISPR-mediated HDR. Brefeldin A is also an inhibitor of autophagy and mitophagy.|
Brefeldin A is a fungal metabolite and blocks the forward transport between the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus, Brefeldin A causes an impaired distribution of the membrane proteins. When HCT 116 human colon cancer cell is treated with Brefeldin A, morphological changes indicating cell differentiation are observed. Brefeldin A exerts its cytotoxic effects mainly by inducing differentiation and apoptosis in tumor cells.  The treatment of the strips with 20 μg/mL Brefeldin A for 6 hours completely abolishes the relaxation induced by bradykinin in the presence of 10mM indomethacin and 30 μM L-NOARG. The treatment with 20 μg/mL Brefeldin A substantially abolishes the bradykinin-induced decreases in [Ca2+]i and tension in the range of concentrations between 1 nM and 1 mM. Brefeldin A has no effect on the [Ca2+]i elevation in endothelial cells induced by bradykinin or substance P.  Addition of the fungal metabolite Brefeldin A does not affect the spontaneous phospholipid-dependent GTPS binding to myr-rARF1 but totally abolishs the retinal isotonic extract (RIE)-catalyzed exchange, with half-maximal inhibition at 2 μM Brefeldin A. Brefeldin A prevents a wide variety of membrane traffic pathways. Brefeldin A inhibits an ADP-ribosylation factor-specific guanine nucleotide exchange activity present in Golgi membranes or in brain cytosol. The complete prevention by Brefeldin A strongly suggests that the retinal extract contains an ARF-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor. Retinal isotonic extract (RIE)-catalyzed GTPS release from both ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs) is only partly inhibited by Brefeldin A, even at 300 μM.  Brefeldin A induces fusion of the Golgi apparatus with the ER. Brefeldin A abolishes the inhibitory effect of the CERT inhibitor HPA-12. Brefeldin A treatment, which induces fusion of the Golgi apparatus and the ER, rescues the limonoid-induced prevention of sphingomyelin biosynthesis. BFA treatment of CHO cells causes a 2 to 3 fold increase in sphingomyelin synthesis.  Apart from B-CLL cells, Brefeldin A reportedly causes apoptosis in multiple myeloma (U266, NCI-H929), Jurkat, HeLa, leukaemia (HL60, K562, BJAB), colon (HT-29) and prostate, as well as adenoid cystic sarcoma cells. The administration of 25 ng/mL of Brefeldin A completely blocks growth of HF4.9 and HF28RA cells, whereas higher Brefeldin A doses (75 ng/mL) are required to achieve the same effect in HF1A3 cells. Cell proliferation is inhibited within 24 hours in a dose-dependent manner and, depending on the cell line, almost complete cessation of 3H-thymdine incorporation is observed at 50-75 ng/mL of Brefeldin A (26%, 76%, 87% inhibition at 50 ng/ml and 75%, 87%, 92% inhibition at 75 ng/mL for HF1A3, HF4.9 and HF28RA cells respectively. Brefeldin A-induced cell killing is in a dose-dependent manner using YO-PRO 1/PI assay.  Brefeldin A could improve the HDR(homology-directed repair) efficiency. It is an enhancer of CRISPR-mediated HDR.
-  Zhu JW, et al. Bioorg Med Chem. 2000, 8(2), 455-463.
-  Ohnishi Y, et al. Br J Pharmacol. 2001, 134(1), 168-178.
-  Franco M, et al. J Biol Chem. 1996, 271(3), 1573-1578.
|In vitro||DMSO||4 mg/mL (14.26 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.