For research use only.
Catalog No.S1237 Synonyms: CCRG81045, NSC 362856
Molecular Weight(MW): 194.15
Temozolomide is a monofunctional SN-1 alkylating agent that can modify nitrogen atoms in the DNA ring and the extracyclic oxygen group, chemically converted to MTIC and degrades to methyldiazonium cation, which transfers methyl groups to DNA at physiologic pH. A DNA damage inducer in L-1210 and L-1210/BCNU cells.
Selleck's Temozolomide has been cited by 68 publications
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|Description||Temozolomide is a monofunctional SN-1 alkylating agent that can modify nitrogen atoms in the DNA ring and the extracyclic oxygen group, chemically converted to MTIC and degrades to methyldiazonium cation, which transfers methyl groups to DNA at physiologic pH. A DNA damage inducer in L-1210 and L-1210/BCNU cells.|
|Features||Methazolastone is a second-generation alkylating agent.|
Methazolastone causes formation of DNA alkali-labile sites which are present in similar amounts and repaired at a similar rate in L-1210 and L-1210/BCNU cell lines. In L-1210 but not in L-1210/BCNU methazolastone induces an arrest of cells in SL-G2-M phases. Methazolastone sensitivity of both chemo-sensitive and resistant cells (D54-R and U87-R) is enhanced significantly under hyperoxia. Both Methazolastone and hyperoxia are associated with increased phosphorylation of ERK p44/42 MAPK (Erk1/2), but to a lesser extent in D54-R cells, suggesting that Erk1/2 activity may be involved in regulation of hyperoxia and Methazolastone-mediated cell death. Hyperoxia enhances Methazolastone toxicity in GBM cells by induction of apoptosis, possibly via MAPK-related pathways.  Methazolastone induces in monocytes the DNA damage response pathways ATM-Chk2 and ATR-Chk1 resulting in p53 activation.  Chronic Methazolastone exposure results in acquired Methazolastone-resistance and elevates miR-21 expression.  Methazolastone treatment triggers endoplasmic reticula (ER) stress with increased expression of GADD153 and GRP78 proteins, and deceases pro-caspase 12 protein. Methazolastone induces autophagy through mitochondrial damage- and ER stress-dependent mechanisms to protect glioma cells. 
|In vivo||After a daily i.p. dose of 40 mg/kg for 5 consecutive days (days 1-5 after tumor transplant), methazolastone increases life-span by 86% in L-1210 and 22% in L-1210/BCNU. In L-1210/BCNU no effect is seen after 100 μM or 200 μM treatment; only 400 μM methazolastone produced an accumulation of cells in premitotic phase but much less than in L-1210. In L-1210/BCNU the maximum accumulation of cells in SL-G2-M is, after 48 hours-72 hours, approximately 30% as compared to 23% in untreated cells. Cells accumulates in SL-G2-M occurred too when L- 1210 leukemia-bearing mice are treated i.v. with methazola stone (40 mg/kg). No such effect is seen on L-1210/BCNU cells from mice given the same drug dose. |
-  Catapano CV, et al. Cancer Res. 1987, 47(18), 4884-4889.
-  Sun S, et al. J Neurooncol. 2012.
-  Bauer M, et al. PLoS One. 2012, 7(6):e39956.
|In vitro||DMSO||38 mg/mL (195.72 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||CCRG81045, NSC 362856|
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04238819||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Abemaciclib|Drug: Irinotecan|Drug: Temozolomide||Relapsed Solid Tumor|Refractory Solid Tumor||Eli Lilly and Company||July 31 2020||Phase 1|
|NCT04388475||Not yet recruiting||Drug: OKN-007|Drug: Temozolomide (TMZ)||Recurrent Malignant Glioma|Brain Glioblastoma||Oblato Inc.||May 25 2020||Phase 2|
|NCT03796507||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Temozolomide||Glioma of Brain||University of Rochester|National Institutes of Health (NIH)||March 1 2020||Early Phase 1|
|NCT04200066||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Temozolomide Tamoxifen Maprotiline||Glioblastoma|Brain Tumor||University of Rochester||February 1 2020||Phase 1|
|NCT04091503||Not yet recruiting||Drug: Intranasal Modified Temozolomide||Glioma Malignant|Gliosarcoma|Astrocytoma of Brain||Center Trials & Treatment Europe||December 10 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03932981||Recruiting||Drug: Temozolomide||Adult Brainstem Glioma||Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris||July 26 2019||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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