For research use only.
Licensed by Pfizer Catalog No.S2789 Synonyms: Tasocitinib
Molecular Weight(MW): 312.37
Tofacitinib (CP-690550,Tasocitinib) is a novel inhibitor of JAK3 with IC50 of 1 nM in cell-free assays, 20- to 100-fold less potent against JAK2 and JAK1. Tofacitinib inhibits the expression of antiapoptotic BCL-A1 and BCL-XL in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) and induced PDC apoptosis.
Selleck's Tofacitinib (CP-690550) has been cited by 77 publications
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|Description||Tofacitinib (CP-690550,Tasocitinib) is a novel inhibitor of JAK3 with IC50 of 1 nM in cell-free assays, 20- to 100-fold less potent against JAK2 and JAK1. Tofacitinib inhibits the expression of antiapoptotic BCL-A1 and BCL-XL in human plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC) and induced PDC apoptosis.|
CP-690550 is a specific, orally inhibitor of JAK3, it is 20- to 100-fold less potent for JAK2 and JAK1 with IC50 of 20 nM and 112 nM, respectively. CP-690550 doesn't have potent activity against 30 other kinases (all median IC50 > 3000 nM). CP-690,550 inhibits IL-2–induced proliferation with 30-fold greater potency than its effects on GM-CSF–induced proliferation.  CP-690550 effectively inhibits a murine mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) (IC50 = 91 nM).  CP-690550 potently inhibits IL-4 induced upregulation of CD23 (IC50=57 nM) and class II major histocompatibility complex (MHCII) expression (IC50=71 nM) on murine B cells.  A recent research indicates low dose of CP-690550 accelerates the onset of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis by potentiating Th17 differentiation. 
|In vivo||In a murine model of heterotopic heart transplantation (DBA2 donor heart into C57/BL6 host), CP-690550 results in a dose-dependent increase in survival of transplanted hearts.The EC50 (drug concentration in blood at which 50% of mice will maintain their graft for >28 days) to be ~60 ng/mL.CP-690550 prevents rejection of allogeneic kidneys in nonhuman primate (NHPs, macaca fascicularis) (MST of 62 and 83 days for the 50 to 100 ng/ml groups and 200 to 400 ng/ml groups, respectively).  Mice chronically dosed with CP-690550 (1.5-15 mg/kg/day) demonstrates dose and time-dependent alterations in lymphocyte subsets when examined by flow cytometry. The most dramatic change observed is a 96% reduction in splenic NK1.1+TCRb-cell numbers following 21 days of treatment. Delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) responses in sensitized mice are reduced in a dose-dependent manner following treatment with CP-690550 (1.87–30 mg/kg, s.c.). Extended survival of neonatal Balb/c hearts implanted into the ear pinna of MHC mismatched C3H/HEN mice is observed with CP-690550 monotherapy (10–30 mg/kg/day), but improved upon combination with cyclosporin (10 mg/kg/day). |
JAK3 Kinase Assay:A fragment encoding the catalytic domain of human JAK3 (785aa to 1125aa, JH1 catalytic domain) is amplified by PCR from the full length cDNA and cloned into the EcoRI site of the baculovirus transfer vector pVL1393. Recombinant baculovirus is used to infect Sf9 (Spodoptera frugipedra) cells and recombinant GSTJAK3 fusion protein is isolated on glutathione sepharose. The fusion protein is eluted with reduced glutathione and stored in buffer containing 50 mM Tris, pH 7.5, 10 mM DTT and 10% glycerol. JAK3 kinase activity is measured by ELISA as follows: Plates are coated overnight with a random L-glutamic acid and tyrosine co-polymer (4:1) (100 ug/mL). The plates are washed and recombinant JAK3 JH1:GST (100 ng/well) with or without inhibitors is incubated at room temperature for 30 minutes, after which HRP-conjugated PY20 anti-phosphotyrosine antibody (ICN) is added and developed by TMB (3,3',5,5'-tetramethylbenzidine). Other kinases (Table 1) are produced in E. coli or in insect cells, depending upon what is found to be optimal for the given kinase. The catalytic activity of tyrosine kinases is easured using the aftorementioned ELISA, whereas serine/threonine kinases are assayed using radioactive enzyme assays.
-  Changelian PS, et al, Science, 2003, 302(5646), 875-878.
-  Kdlacz E, et al, Am J Transplant, 2004, 4(1), 51-57.
-  Kudlacz E, et al, Eur J harmacol, 2008, 582(1-2), 154-161.
|In vitro||DMSO||62 mg/mL warmed (198.48 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
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Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04141904||Recruiting||Drug: Tofacitinib 5 MG [Xeljanz]|Other: Placebo||Depression|Inflammation||University of Oxford|Wellcome Trust|Medical Research Council||November 2019||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT04111614||Completed||Drug: Tofacitinib tablet|Drug: Tofacitinib Oral Solution||Healthy||Pfizer||October 11 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03681275||Recruiting||Drug: Tofacitinib 5 mg|Drug: Placebo to match Tofacitinib||Diaphragm Injury||Stanford University||September 3 2019||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
I was just wondering what the main differences between S2789 and S5001?
S2789(Tofacitinib (CP-690550)) is the base form of S5001 (Tofacitinib (CP-690550) Citrate). The biological activity of these two compounds are same. The S5001 (Tofacitinib (CP-690550) Citrate) is more suitable for oral administration.