For research use only.
Catalog No.S1460 Synonyms: Nsc75890
Molecular Weight(MW): 220.23
SP600125 (Nsc75890) is a broad-spectrum JNK inhibitor for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3 with IC50 of 40 nM, 40 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; 10-fold greater selectivity against MKK4, 25-fold greater selectivity against MKK3, MKK6, PKB, and PKCα, and 100-fold selectivity against ERK2, p38, Chk1, EGFR etc. SP600125 is also a broad‐spectrum inhibitor of serine/threonine kinases including Aurora kinase A，FLT3 and TRKA with of IC50 of 60 nM, 90 nM and 70 nM. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.
Selleck's SP600125 has been cited by 699 publications
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Choose Selective JNK Inhibitors
|Description||SP600125 (Nsc75890) is a broad-spectrum JNK inhibitor for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3 with IC50 of 40 nM, 40 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; 10-fold greater selectivity against MKK4, 25-fold greater selectivity against MKK3, MKK6, PKB, and PKCα, and 100-fold selectivity against ERK2, p38, Chk1, EGFR etc. SP600125 is also a broad‐spectrum inhibitor of serine/threonine kinases including Aurora kinase A，FLT3 and TRKA with of IC50 of 60 nM, 90 nM and 70 nM. SP600125 inhibits autophagy and activates apoptosis.|
SP600125 is originally characterized as a selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase JNK. In Jurkat T cells, SP600125 inhibits the phosphorylation of c-Jun with IC50 of 5 μM to 10 μM. In CD4+ cells, such as Th0 cells isolated from either human cord or peripheral blood, SP600125 blocks cell activation and differentiation and inhibits the expression of inflammatory genes COX-2, IL-2, IL-10, IFN-γ, and TNF-α, with IC50 of 5 μM to 12 μM.  However, later studies reveal that SP600125 also suppresses aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) , Mps1 , and a panel of other serine/threonine kinases, including Aurora kinase A, FLT3, MELK, and TRKA . In a mouse beta cells MIN6, SP600125 (20 μM) induces the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and its downstream CREB-dependent promoter activation.  In HCT116 cells, SP600125 (20 μM) blocks the G2 phase to mitosis transition and induces endoreplication. This ability of SP600125 is independent of JNK inhibition, but due to its inhibition of CDK1-cyclin B activation upstream of Aurora A and Polo-like kinase 1. 
|In vivo||In mice, SP600125 (15 mg/kg or 30 mg/kg) significantly inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF-α expression and anti-CD3-induced apoptosis of CD4+ CD8+ thymocytes. |
In Vitro Kinase Assays :The potency of SP600125 towards kinases, including MPS1, JNK, and Aurora kinase A, is determined based on the specific measurement of radioactive phosphotransfer to the substrate. For each enzyme, the absolute Km values for ATP and the specific substrate are initially determined and each assay is then run at optimized [ATP] (2·αKm) and [substrate] (5·Km) concentrations. MPS1 activity is measured using 5 nM of MPS1 recombinant protein in 50 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 2.5 mM MgCl2, 1 mM MnCl2, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM NaVO3, 2 mM β-glycerophosphate, 0.2 mg/mL BSA, 200 μM P38-βtide substrate-peptide (KRQADEEMTGYVATRWYRAE), and 8 μM ATP with 1.5 nM 33P-γ-ATP. Ten serial 1:3 dilutions (from 30 μM to 1.5 nM) of SP600125 are tested and IC50 determined.
-  Bennett BL, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2001, 98(24), 13681-13686.
-  Joiakim A, et al. Drug Metab Dispos, 2003, 31(11), 1279-1282.
-  Schmidt M, et al. EMBO Rep, 2005, 6(9), 866-872.
|In vitro||DMSO||44 mg/mL (199.79 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
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Molecular Weight Calculator
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
how to reconstitute the inhibitor for in vivo studies?
S1460 can be dissolved in 5% DMSO/corn oil at 5 mg/ml as a clear solution for injection. The inhibitor dissolved in vehicle 30% PEG400/0.5% Tween80/5%Propylene glycol, at 30mg/ml is a suspension and can be used for oral administration.