Catalog No.S1460 Synonyms: Nsc75890
Molecular Weight(MW): 220.23
SP600125 is a broad-spectrum JNK inhibitor for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3 with IC50 of 40 nM, 40 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; 10-fold greater selectivity against MKK4, 25-fold greater selectivity against MKK3, MKK6, PKB, and PKCα, and 100-fold selectivity against ERK2, p38, Chk1, EGFR etc.
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|Description||SP600125 is a broad-spectrum JNK inhibitor for JNK1, JNK2 and JNK3 with IC50 of 40 nM, 40 nM and 90 nM in cell-free assays, respectively; 10-fold greater selectivity against MKK4, 25-fold greater selectivity against MKK3, MKK6, PKB, and PKCα, and 100-fold selectivity against ERK2, p38, Chk1, EGFR etc.|
SP600125 is originally characterized as a selective ATP-competitive inhibitor of c-Jun N-terminal kinase JNK. In Jurkat T cells, SP600125 inhibits the phosphorylation of c-Jun with IC50 of 5 μM to 10 μM. In CD4+ cells, such as Th0 cells isolated from either human cord or peripheral blood, SP600125 blocks cell activation and differentiation and inhibits the expression of inflammatory genes COX-2, IL-2, IL-10, IFN-γ, and TNF-α, with IC50 of 5 μM to 12 μM.  However, later studies reveal that SP600125 also suppresses aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) , Mps1 , and a panel of other serine/threonine kinases, including Aurora kinase A, FLT3, MELK, and TRKA . In a mouse beta cells MIN6, SP600125 (20 μM) induces the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and its downstream CREB-dependent promoter activation.  In HCT116 cells, SP600125 (20 μM) blocks the G2 phase to mitosis transition and induces endoreplication. This ability of SP600125 is independent of JNK inhibition, but due to its inhibition of CDK1-cyclin B activation upstream of Aurora A and Polo-like kinase 1. 
|In vivo||In mice, SP600125 (15 mg/kg or 30 mg/kg) significantly inhibits lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced TNF-α expression and anti-CD3-induced apoptosis of CD4+ CD8+ thymocytes. |
In Vitro Kinase Assays :The potency of SP600125 towards kinases, including MPS1, JNK, and Aurora kinase A, is determined based on the specific measurement of radioactive phosphotransfer to the substrate. For each enzyme, the absolute Km values for ATP and the specific substrate are initially determined and each assay is then run at optimized [ATP] (2·αKm) and [substrate] (5·Km) concentrations. MPS1 activity is measured using 5 nM of MPS1 recombinant protein in 50 mM HEPES pH 7.5, 2.5 mM MgCl2, 1 mM MnCl2, 1 mM DTT, 3 μM NaVO3, 2 mM β-glycerophosphate, 0.2 mg/mL BSA, 200 μM P38-βtide substrate-peptide (KRQADEEMTGYVATRWYRAE), and 8 μM ATP with 1.5 nM 33P-γ-ATP. Ten serial 1:3 dilutions (from 30 μM to 1.5 nM) of SP600125 are tested and IC50 determined.
-  Bennett BL, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2001, 98(24), 13681-13686.
-  Joiakim A, et al. Drug Metab Dispos, 2003, 31(11), 1279-1282.
-  Schmidt M, et al. EMBO Rep, 2005, 6(9), 866-872.
|In vitro||DMSO||44 mg/mL (199.79 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
5% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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Frequently Asked Questions
how to reconstitute the inhibitor for in vivo studies?
S1460 can be dissolved in 5% DMSO/corn oil at 5 mg/ml as a clear solution for injection. The inhibitor dissolved in vehicle 30% PEG400/0.5% Tween80/5%Propylene glycol, at 30mg/ml is a suspension and can be used for oral administration.