Molecular Weight(MW): 110.09
Sodium butyrate, sodium salt of butyric acid, is a histone deacetylase inhibitor and competitively binds to the zinc sites of class I and II histone deacetylases (HDACs).
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U87 cells were cultured with DMSO or 10 µM 5azadC for 72 h. For the latter, 1 µM Trichostatin A (TSA), 10 mM sodium butyrate (NaBu), 5 mM nicotinamide (NAM), or 0.5 µM apicidin were added in the last 24 h. IFNLR1 expression was determined by RT-qPCR.
PLoS Biol 2014 12(1), e1001758. Sodium butyrate purchased from Selleck.
Effects of combination of either MS-275, apicidin, SAHA or sodium butyrate (NaB) with bortezomib on proliferation of Wp-restricted BL cells. P3HR1-c16 cells were treated with combination of NaB (0, 0.6, 1.2, 2.4, 4.8 and 9.6 mM) for 48 h. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay and presented as percentages of cell proliferation of treated cells compared with those of untreated cells. Synergisms of proliferation inhibition of the cells following treatment with different drug combinations were analysed by isobologram analysis.
Br J Haematol 2014 167(5), 639-50. Sodium butyrate purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective HDAC Inhibitors
|Description||Sodium butyrate, sodium salt of butyric acid, is a histone deacetylase inhibitor and competitively binds to the zinc sites of class I and II histone deacetylases (HDACs).|
Butyrate mediates growth inhibition of colonic cancer cells and thereby to elucidate the molecular link between a high-fiber diet and the arrest of colon carcinogenesis. Butyrate induces p21 mRNA expression in an immediate-early fashion, through transactivation of a promoter cis-element(s) located within 1.4 kb of the transcriptional start site, independent of p53 binding.  Sodium butyrate, at physiological concentrations, induces apoptosis in 2 adenoma cell lines, RG/C2 and AA/Cl, and in the carcinoma cell line PC/JW/FI.  Butyrate exerts potent effects on a variety of colonic mucosal functions such as inhibition of inflammation and carcinogenesis, reinforcing various components of the colonic defence barrier and decreasing oxidative stress.  Butyrate inhibits most HDAC except class III HDAC and class II HDAC6 and -10. Butyrate also is the most effective fatty acid in stimulating or repressing the expression of specific genes. 
|In vivo||Sodium butyrate significantly extends survival in a dose-dependent manner, improves body weight and motor performance, and delays the neuropathological sequelae in the R6/2 transgenic mouse model of Huntington's disease (HD). Sodium butyrate also increases histone and specificity protein-1 acetylation and protects against 3-nitropropionic acid neurotoxicity. |
-  Archer SY, et al. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 1998, 95(12), 6791-6796.
-  Hague A, et al. Int J Cancer, 1993, 55(3), 498-505.
-  Hamer HM, et al. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2008, 27(2), 104-119.
|In vitro||Water||22 mg/mL (199.83 mM)|
|Ethanol||22 mg/mL (199.83 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03010865||Not yet recruiting||Schizophrenic Disorder|Cognitive Impairment||Shanghai Mental Health Center|Stanley Medical Research Institute||June 2017||Phase 2|Phase 3|
|NCT02654405||Withdrawn||Schizophrenic Disorders|Cognitive Function||Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research|Stanley Medical Research Institute||April 2016||Phase 2|Phase 3|
|NCT02271802||Completed||SCFA Metabolism||Maastricht University Medical Center|Top Institute Food and Nutrition||June 2009||Not Applicable|
|NCT00696098||Completed||Gut Health||Maastricht University Medical Center|Top Institute Food and Nutrition||May 2007||Not Applicable|
|NCT00693355||Completed||Healthy||Maastricht University Medical Center|Top Institute Food and Nutrition||December 2005||Not Applicable|
|NCT00800930||Completed||Shigellosis||International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh|Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA)|Karolinska Institutet||January 2005||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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