For research use only.
CAS No. 6754-58-1
Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hop, inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 activity and shows chemopreventive effects. Xanthohumol inhibits diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and DGAT2 with both IC50 of 40 μM. Xanthohumol is also a potent antiviral agent against a series of DNA and RNA viruses. Xanthohumol induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 1.
Selleck's Xanthohumol has been cited by 7 publications
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|Description||Xanthohumol, a prenylated chalcone from hop, inhibits COX-1 and COX-2 activity and shows chemopreventive effects. Xanthohumol inhibits diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) and DGAT2 with both IC50 of 40 μM. Xanthohumol is also a potent antiviral agent against a series of DNA and RNA viruses. Xanthohumol induces growth inhibition and apoptosis in cancer cells. Phase 1.|
Xanthohumol inhibits Cyp1A activity and induces QR activity in mouse hepatoma cell culture. Xanthohumol scavenges reactive oxygen species and inhibits superoxide anion radical and nitric oxide production. In addition, Xanthohumol prevents carcinogenesis via inhibition of DNA synthesis and induction of cell cycle arrest in S phase, apoptosis, and cell differentiation.  Xanthohumol shows potent anti-HIV-1 activity. 
In CETP-Tg mice, xanthohumol (p.o.) prevents cholesterol accumulation leading to atherosclerosis.  In TRAMP mice, xanthohumol (p.o.) induces a decrease in the average weight of the urogenital (UG) tract, delays advanced tumor progression and inhibits the growth of poorly differentiated prostate carcinoma. 
Inhibition of Cox Activity:Inhibition of Cox-1 activity is measured by monitoring oxygen consumption during the conversion of arachidonic acid to PGs using a Clark-type O2-electrode. The reaction mixture contains ∼0.2 units Cox-1 in 100 μL of microsome fraction derived from ram seminal vesicles as a crude source of Cox-1 (specific activity 0.2–1 units/mg protein) or 0.23 units of recombinant human Cox-2 (specific activity 43 units/mg protein). For calculation, the rate of O2 consumption is compared with a DMSO control (100% activity). Piroxicam, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is used as positive inhibitory substance for Cox-1 activity with an IC50 of 0.35 ± 0.05 μM (n = 2). Alternatively, nimesulide, a Cox-2 specific inhibitor, inhibits Cox-2 activity by 52 ± 5.7% (n = 2) at a concentration of 50 μM.
|In vitro||DMSO||70 mg/mL (197.51 mM)|
|Ethanol||70 mg/mL (197.51 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.05% (w+w) xanthohumol powder in diet, or suspended in ethanol (2.5 mg+mL)
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
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Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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