Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351)
Molecular Weight(MW): 501.51
Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) is a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.
Cited by 16 Publications
6 Customer Reviews
Effects of AXL inhibitors on induction of pAKT and rescue of pERK following AXL overexpression. R428, 500 nmol/L; XL184, 3 umol/L; XL880, 100 nmol/L; in the presence or absence of 2 umol/L PLX4720. shAXL is a positive control.
Cancer Discov 2014 4(7), 816-27. Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) purchased from Selleck.
Imaging and quantification of cabozantinib (XL-184) effects on EMT in vitro. A-C, Western blot analysis of E-cadherin and c-Met expression in the XL-184-treated RFPþ tumor cells. D-F, GFP imaging merged with bright field view of the XL-184–treated RFPþ tumor cells.
Cancer Res, 2016, 76(8):2094-104. Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) purchased from Selleck.
Cabozantinib specifically inhibited the phosphorylation of FLT3 (A) and downstream signaling molecules such as STAT5, Akt and ERK1/2 in FLT3-ITD MV4-11 cells (B). By contrast, the phosphorylation of downstream FLT3 signaling molecules was unaffected by cabozantinib in FLT3 wild-type OCI-AML3 cells (C). Cells were treated with cabozantinib for 2 h, and the expression of pFLT3, FLT3, pSTAT5, STAT5, pAkt, Akt, pErk1/2, and Erk1/2 was measured by Western blotting.
Cancer Lett, 2016, 376(2):218-25. Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) purchased from Selleck.
Cabozantinib reduces viability and spheroid and colony formation of GCTB stromal cells. (a) Adherent-growing GCTB stromal cells derived from three different patients were left untreated (CO) or were treated with cabozantinib (10 uM, XL184) or methotrexate (100 uM, MTX). Seventy-two hours later, the viability was measured by the MTT assay, and the control was set to 100%. (b) Spheroidal cultures were established as described in b. After spheroid formation, the cells were left untreated or were treated as described above. Seven days later, spheroids were photographed, and the number and volume of spheroids (spheroid surface) were determined. The data shown are the MD. (*P<0.05; **P<0.01).
Cell Death Dis 2014 5, e1471. Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) purchased from Selleck.
The effect of cabozantinib on the accumulation of Dox and Rho123. (A) Fluorescence microscopy observation of the accumulation of Dox and Rho123. The scale bars represent 100 uM. (B) The accumulation of Dox and Rho123 was measured by flow cytometric analysis. The data were analysed using Kaluza software and are presented as fold-change in ﬂuorescence intensity relative to the control HepG2/adr cells. The results are shown as the mean ± SD of three independent trials. *P < 0.05 vs. the control group.
Liver Int 2014 10.1111/liv.12524. Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) purchased from Selleck.
Inhibition of breast cancer cell growth using XL184. MCF-7 breast cancer cells were treated with increasing concentrations of XL-184 for 5 days. Cell number was measured using a colorimetric growth assay (crystal violet stain) and expressed relative to DMSO treated control cells.
Christina W Yde/CDM Danish Cancer Society Research Center Denmark. Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective VEGFR Inhibitors
|Description||Cabozantinib (XL184, BMS-907351) is a potent VEGFR2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.035 nM and also inhibits c-Met, Ret, Kit, Flt-1/3/4, Tie2, and AXL with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 4 nM, 4.6 nM, 12 nM/11.3 nM/6 nM, 14.3 nM and 7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively.|
XL184 has weak inhibitory activity against RON and PDGFRβ with IC50 of 124 nM and 234 nM, respectivey, and has low activity against FGFR1 with IC50 of 5.294 μM.  XL184 at low concentration (0.1-0.5 μM) is sufficient to induce marked inhibition of constitutive and inducible Met phosphorylation and its resultant downstream signaling in MPNST cells, and inhibit HGF-induced MPNST cell migration and invasion. XL184 also induces marked inhibition of Met and VEGFR2 phosphorylation in cytokine-stimulated human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Although XL-184 has no significant effect on MPNST cell growth at 0.1 μM, XL184 at 5-10 μM significantly inhibits the MPNST cell growth. 
|In vivo||XL184 treatment at 30 mg/kg in RIP-Tag2 mice with spontaneous pancreatic islet tumors disrupts 83% of the tumor vasculature, reduces pericytes and empty basement membrane sleeves, causes widespread intratumoral hypoxia and extensive tumor cell apoptosis, and slows regrowth of the tumor vasculature after drug withdrawal, more significantly compared with XL999 that blocks VEGFR but not c-Met, leading to only 43% reduction in vascularity, suggesting that concurrent inhibition of VEGFR and other functionally relevant receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) amplifies angiogenesis inhibition. XL184 also decreases invasiveness of primary tumors and reduces metastasis.  XL184 at 30 mg/kg/day significantly abrogates human MPNST xenografts growth and metastasis in SCID mice.  Administration of XL184 induces dose-dependent inhibition of tumor growth in breast, lung, and glioma tumor models, in association with decreased tumor and endothelial cell proliferation as well as increased apoptosis. A single oral dose of XL184 is sufficient to induce sustained tumor growth inhibition in MDA-MB-231 tumor-bearing mice and C6 tumor-bearing rats at 100 mg/kg and 10 mg/kg, respectively. |
|In vitro||DMSO||100 mg/mL (199.39 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+5% Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03586973||Recruiting||Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma||Takeda||July 9 2018||Phase 2|
|NCT02496208||Recruiting||Bladder Small Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma|Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma|Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma Sarcomatoid Variant|Infiltrating Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma Plasmacytoid Variant|Kidney Medullary Carcinoma|Metastatic Malignant Neoplasm in the Bone|Metastatic Penile Carcinoma|Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma|Renal Pelvis Urothelial Carcinoma|Sarcomatoid Renal Cell Carcinoma|Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis|Stage III Bladder Adenocarcinoma AJCC v6 and v7|Stage III Bladder Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7|Stage III Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v6 and v7|Stage III Penile Cancer AJCC v7|Stage III Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7|Stage III Renal Pelvis Cancer AJCC v7|Stage III Ureter Cancer AJCC v7|Stage III Urethral Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IIIa Penile Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IIIb Penile Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IV Bladder Adenocarcinoma AJCC v7|Stage IV Bladder Squamous Cell Carcinoma AJCC v7|Stage IV Bladder Urothelial Carcinoma AJCC v7|Stage IV Penile Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IV Renal Pelvis Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IV Ureter Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IV Urethral Cancer AJCC v7|Ureter Urothelial Carcinoma|Urethral Urothelial Carcinoma||National Cancer Institute (NCI)||July 9 2015||Phase 1|
|NCT02867592||Recruiting||Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma|Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma|Central Nervous System Neoplasm|Childhood Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Parts|Clear Cell Sarcoma of Soft Tissue|Ewing Sarcoma|Hepatoblastoma|Hepatocellular Carcinoma|MITF Positive|Osteosarcoma|Recurrent Adrenal Cortex Carcinoma|Recurrent Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma|Recurrent Ewing Sarcoma|Recurrent Hepatoblastoma|Recurrent Hepatocellular Carcinoma|Recurrent Malignant Central Nervous System Neoplasm|Recurrent Malignant Solid Neoplasm|Recurrent Osteosarcoma|Recurrent Renal Cell Carcinoma|Recurrent Rhabdomyosarcoma|Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma|Recurrent Soft Tissue Sarcoma Excluding Rhabdomyosarcoma|Recurrent Thyroid Gland Medullary Carcinoma|Refractory Ewing Sarcoma|Refractory Malignant Central Nervous System Neoplasm|Refractory Malignant Solid Neoplasm|Refractory Osteosarcoma|Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma|Refractory Soft Tissue Sarcoma|Refractory Soft Tissue Sarcoma Excluding Rhabdomyosarcoma|Renal Cell Carcinoma|Rhabdomyosarcoma|Soft Tissue Sarcoma Excluding Rhabdomyosarcoma|Solid Neoplasm|Thyroid Gland Medullary Carcinoma|Wilms Tumor||National Cancer Institute (NCI)||May 8 2017||Phase 2|
|NCT01630590||Active not recruiting||Prostate Cancer||M.D. Anderson Cancer Center|Exelixis|High Impact Clinical Research Support Program||January 8 2014||Phase 2|
|NCT01835158||Active not recruiting||Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma|Metastatic Renal Cell Cancer|Stage III Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7|Stage IV Renal Cell Cancer AJCC v7||National Cancer Institute (NCI)||July 8 2013||Phase 2|
|NCT01811212||Completed||Poorly Differentiated Thyroid Gland Carcinoma|Recurrent Thyroid Gland Carcinoma|Stage I Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma|Stage I Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma|Stage II Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma|Stage II Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma|Stage III Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma|Stage III Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma|Stage IVA Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma|Stage IVA Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma|Stage IVB Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma|Stage IVB Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma|Stage IVC Thyroid Gland Follicular Carcinoma|Stage IVC Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma|Tall Cell Variant Thyroid Gland Papillary Carcinoma|Thyroid Gland Oncocytic Follicular Carcinoma||National Cancer Institute (NCI)|Exelixis||May 8 2013||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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