||Crystal violet is a triarylmethane dye.
||Indocyanine green(Cardiogreen) is a cyanine dye used in medical diagnostics. It is used for determining cardiac output, hepatic function, and liver blood flow, and for ophthalmic angiography.
||Hematoxylin (Hydroxybrazilin) is a compound that forms strongly colored complexes with certain metal ions, notably Fe(III) and Al(III) salts and a kind of stain in histology.
||Biotin (Vitamin B7)
||Biotin is a water-soluble B-vitamin and is necessary for cell growth, the production of fatty acids, and the metabolism of fats and amino acids.
||Clofazimine is a rhimophenazine dye, originally developed for the treatment of tuberculosis, it has both antimicrobial and antiinflammatory activity, postulated mechanisms of action include intercalation of clofazimine with bacterial DNA and increasing levels of cellular phospholipase A2.
||WST-8 is a water-soluble tetrazolium salt used for assessing cell metabolic activity that produces corresponding formazan dye that absorbs at 460 nm. WST-8 is typically used as a cell viability indicator in cell proliferation assays.
||Coelenterazine is a luminescent enzyme substrate, used for monitoring reporter genes in BRET, ELISA and HTS techniques.
||D-Luciferin is a popular bioluminescent substrate of luciferase in the presence of ATP, used in luciferase-based bioluminescence imaging and cell-based high-throughput screening applications.
||Methylene Blue is used as a dye in chromoendoscopy. It Inhibits tau filament formation with IC50 of 1.9μM. Also it inhibits soluble guanylyl cyclase.
||Carboxyfluorescein succinimidyl ester (CFSE) is a fluorescent cell staining dye. CFSE is cell permeable and covalently couples, via its succinimidyl group, to intracellular molecules, notably, to intracellular lysine residues and other amine sources.
||DHBP, a viologen for electrochromic memory display agent, inhibits the calcium release induced by 2 mM caffeine and 2 μg/ml polylysine with an IC50 value of 5 μg/ml and 4 μg/ml respectively.
||Indigo (Indigotin) dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color. It is extracted from the leaves of certain plants or synthetic.
||Safflor Yellow (SY), the main active constituent of the traditional Chinese medicine Safflower, is known as a neuroprotective agent that indirectly attenuates neuroinflammation.
||7-Methoxy-4-methylcoumarin is a coumarin derivative and fluorescent label. 7-Methoxy-4-methylcoumarin has an antimicrobial activitiy against both gram positive and gram negative bacterial stains. 4-Methylherniarin displays good activity against B. subtilis and S.sonnei with IC50 of 11.76 μg/ml and 13.47 μg/ml, respectively.
||TMB-PS (TMBZ-PS, TetraMethyl BisPhenol S, Bis-(2,6dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-sulfone) is a chromogenic reagent for the detection of hydrogen peroxide e.g. in the enzymatic analysis of body fluids.
||Phenolphthalein (Phthalimetten) is an acid-base pH indicator.
||Fluorescein is a manufactured organic compound and dye.
||Rhodamine B is used as a tracer dye in water to determine the rate and direction of flow and transport. It is a staining fluorescent dye used in fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and ELISA in biotechnology fields.
||Diphenylpyraline hydrochloride is the hydrochloride salt form of diphenylpyraline, which is an antihistamine used in the treatment of allergic rhinitis, hay fever, and allergic skin disorders.
||Congo Red (Direct Red 28) is an indicator dye that is blue-violet at pH 3.0 and red at pH 5.0. It is an acid dye used in testing for hydrochloric acid in gastric contents but has carcinogenic properties.
||Solvent Blue 35
||Solvent Blue 35 (Sudan Blue II, Oil Blue 35) is a member of the Sudan family of hydrophobic fat-staining dyes, predominantly used for staining triglycerides in animal tissues (frozen sections).
||Erythrosine B is cherry or melon-pink synthetic, primarily used for food coloring.
||Sudan I (C.I. Solvent Yellow 14) is an azo dye. It causes tumors in the liver or urinary bladder in rats, mice, and rabbits and may be a potential carcinogen for humans.
||D-Luciferin Potassium Salt
||D-Luciferin is a substrate for the enzyme firefly luciferase.
||MKT-077 (FJ-776) is a newly synthesized, highly water-soluble rhodacyanine dye that exhibits significant antitumor activity in a variety of model systems.
||Hoechst 33342 is a membrane-permeant fluorescent stain that can stain live cells. Hoechst 33342 binds to adenine-thymine-rich regions of DNA in the minor groove.
||Lucigenin (NSC-151912, L-6868) is a fluoerscent probe that exhibits a bluish-green fluorescence in the presence of endogenously generated superoxide anion radicals and chloride in cells.
||Thioflavine S is a fluorogenic compound which becomes fluorescent only after oxidation. Thioflavine S is used as a fluorescent histochemical marker of dense core senile plaques.
||Luminol (Diogenes reagent, 3-Aminophthalhydrazide) is a versatile chemical exhibiting chemiluminescence with a blue glow, when mixed with an appropriate oxidizing agent. Luminol is uesed in forensic investigations to detect trace amounts of blood at crime scenes and in biological researches to detect copper, iron, and cyanides, as well as specific proteins by western blot. Luminol recently displayes promising applications for the treatment of cancer in deep tissues.
||Thiazolyl Blue (MTT) is a cell-permeable and positively charged colorimetric agent that is widely used to detect reductive metabolism in cells and to measure cell proliferation, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis. Thiazolyl Blue (MTT) is reduced from yellow color to purple formazan in living cells.
||Nile Red is an excellent vital fluorescent stain for the detection of intracellular lipid droplets in the presence of a hydrophobic environment. Nile Red is applied for staining intracellular lipids, hydrophobic domains of proteins and lysosomal phospholipid inclusions.
||X-GAL is a widely used chromogenic β-galactosidase substrate. β-galactosidase cleaves X-gal and produce an insoluble detectable blue compound. X-Gal is applied in blue-white selection of recombinant bacterial colonies with the lac+ genotype.
||TMB dihydrochloride is an excellent colorimetric substrate for detection of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) labeled probes and is used in staining procedures in immunohistochemistry and in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA).
||3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine) is a potent inhibitor of polymerase γ and reverse transcriptase that can be used in the treatment of HIV infection. 3'-Fluoro-3'-deoxythymidine (Alovudine) is also a marker of DNA synthesis that can be used as an early response biomarker in the chemotherapy of pancreatic cancer.
||DFO (1,8-diazafluoren-9-one) is a fluorochrome that is used in the forensic field to enhance latent fingerprints deposited on porous surfaces by reacting with the amino acids present in the papillary exudate.
||2-NBDG, a fluorescent deoxyglucose derivative, is a a marker for detecting glucose uptake and an indicaotr of cell viability.
||Thioflavin T (ThT, Basic Yellow 1) is a benzothiazole dye that exhibits enhanced fluorescence upon binding to amyloid fibrils and is commonly used to diagnose amyloid fibrils.
||Brilliant Blue G
||Brilliant Blue G (BBG) is a potent non-competitive antagonist of P2X7 receptor with IC50 of 10.1 nM and 265 nM for rat P2X7 and human P2X7, respectively. Brilliant Blue G is a dye which is commonly used in laboratories to stain or quantify proteins.
||H2DCFDA (DCFH-DA, 2',7'-Dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate) is a cell-permeable probe used to detect intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production.
||Sudan II (Sudan Red II, Solvent Orange 7, Color Index No: 12140, C.I. 12140) is a lysochrome (fat-soluble dye) azo dye used for staining of triglycerides in frozen sections, and some protein bound lipids and lipoproteins on paraffin sections.