Molecular Weight(MW): 424.8
Cl-amidine is an irreversible pan-peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.9 ± 0.3 μM, 0.8 ± 0.3 μM, 6.2 ± 1.0 μM for PAD4, PAD1 and PAD3, respectively.
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|Description||Cl-amidine is an irreversible pan-peptidylarginine deiminase (PAD) inhibitor with IC50 values of 5.9 ± 0.3 μM, 0.8 ± 0.3 μM, 6.2 ± 1.0 μM for PAD4, PAD1 and PAD3, respectively.|
Cl-amidine antagonizes the PAD4-mediated enhancement of the the p300GBD-GRIP1 interaction in a dose-dependent manner. The inhibitory effect of this compound is not a nonspecific one but is targeted at the active PAD4 enzyme. Cl-amidine increases p53 expression in CD45 positive immune cells. It triggers the differentiation and apoptosis of multiple cancer cell lines that are p53+/+ and p53−/− (e.g., HL60, HT29, TK6, and U2-OS cells). Cl-amidine induces the expression of p53 and several downstream target genes including the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitor p21, GADD45, and the proapoptotic protein PUMA in U2-OS osteosarcoma cells.
|In vivo||Cl-amidine treatment inhibits NZM(New Zealand mixed 2328) NET(neutrophil extracellular trap) formation in vivo and significantly alters circulating autoantibody profiles and complement levels while reducing glomerular IgG deposition. Further, Cl-amidine increases the differentiation capacity of bone marrow endothelial progenitor cells, improves endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation, and markedly delays time to arterial thrombosis induced by photochemical injury. Cl-amidine delays thrombosis development in NZM mice. It inhibits PADs in mice without significant toxicity and improves disease phenotypes in animal models of inflammatory arthritis and inflammatory bowel disease. And It is shown to reduce disease severity in mouse models of ulcerative colitis and RA.|
|In vitro||DMSO||84 mg/mL warmed (197.74 mM)|
|Ethanol||84 mg/mL warmed (197.74 mM)|
|Water||70 mg/mL warmed (164.78 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (g) = Concentration (mol/L) × Volume (L) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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