Catalog No.S1122 Synonyms: MG0103
Molecular Weight(MW): 396.44
Mocetinostat (MGCD0103) is a potent HDAC inhibitor with most potency for HDAC1 with IC50 of 0.15 μM in a cell-free assay, 2- to 10- fold selectivity against HDAC2, 3, and 11, and no activity to HDAC4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. Phase 2.
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|Description||Mocetinostat (MGCD0103) is a potent HDAC inhibitor with most potency for HDAC1 with IC50 of 0.15 μM in a cell-free assay, 2- to 10- fold selectivity against HDAC2, 3, and 11, and no activity to HDAC4, 5, 6, 7, and 8. Phase 2.|
MGCD0103 inhibits only a subset of the nine human recombinant HDACs, including HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3, and HDAC11 at nanomolar or low micromolar concentrations, in a dose-dependent manner. MGCD0103 reveals most potent inhibitory activity against human HDAC1 and HDAC2 enzymes in vitro, and it does not inhibit class II HDACs. The exocyclic amino group in MGCD0103 is necessary for enzyme inhibitory activity because HDAC-inhibitory activity against HDAC1 and HDAC2 is completely abolished with the desamino analogue. The inhibitory activity of MGCD0103 reaches the maximum plateau at 6 μM, and the maximal inhibitable enzyme pool affected by MGCD0103 is 75% of the total enzyme activity in HCT116 cells whereas NVP-LAQ824 inhibits almost 100% of that in these cells. In A549 cells, MGCD0103 also exhibits dose-dependent inhibition of HDAC activity in whole cells. 
|In vivo||MGCD0103 significantly inhibites growth of human tumor xenografts in nude mice and the antitumor activity correlated with induction of histone acetylation in tumors. P.O. administration of MGCD0103 (2HBr salt) significantly decreases growth of implanted advanced A549 tumors in nude mice in a dose-dependent manner after 13 days of daily administration. MGCD0103 (170 mg/kg for 2HBr salt, corresponding to 120 mg/kg of free base) significantly blockes growth of tumors compared with vehicle treatment alone with no change in body weight. In addition, MGCD0103 does not reduce WBC counts and is well tolerated. MGCD0103 is also orally active in many other human tumor xenograft models including NSCLC H1437. MGCD0103 at 80 mg/kg (free base) almost completely blocks the growth of H1437 tumors after 13 days of daily p.o. administration with no reduction of body weight in animals.  MGCD0103 reduces pulmonary arterial pressure more dramatically than tadalafil, a standard-of-care therapy for human pulmonary hypertension that functions as a vasodilator. Moreover, MGCD0103 improves pulmonary artery acceleration time and reduced systolic notching of the pulmonary artery flow envelope, which suggests a positive impact of the HDAC inhibitor on pulmonary vascular remodeling and stiffening. |
HDAC enzyme assay in vitro:The deacetylase enzyme assay is based on a homogeneous fluorescence release assay. Purified recombinant HDAC enzymes are incubated with MGCD0103 diluted in various concentrations for 10 minutes in assay buffer [25 mM HEPES (pH 8.0), 137 mM NaCl, 1 mM MgCl2, 2.7 mM KCl] at room temperature. The substrate Boc-Lys(ε-Ac)-AMC is added to the reaction for further incubation at 37 °C. The concentration of the substrate and the incubation time varies for different isotypes of HDAC enzymes. A 20-min trypsin incubation at room temperature allows the release of the fluorophore from the deacetylated substrate. The fluorescent signal is detected by fluorometer at excitation of 360 nm, emission of 470 nm, and cutoff at 435 nm.
|In vitro||DMSO||13 mg/mL (32.79 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% Propylene glycol
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT02993991||Withdrawn||Drug: Mocetinostat|Biological: Durvalumab||Squamous Cell Carcinoma Head And Neck|Squamous Cell Carcinoma Mouth|Resectable Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Oral Cavity||University Health Network Toronto|Mirati Therapeutics Inc.|AstraZeneca||October 10 2017||Phase 1|
|NCT02805660||Active not recruiting||Drug: mocetinostat|Drug: durvalumab||Advanced Cancer||Mirati Therapeutics Inc.||May 2016||Phase 1|Phase 2|
|NCT02236195||Completed||Drug: Mocetinostat||Urothelial Carcinoma||Mirati Therapeutics Inc.||October 2014||Phase 2|
|NCT00666497||Terminated||Drug: Azacitidine|Drug: MGCD0103||Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)|Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS)||Mirati Therapeutics Inc.||June 2008||Phase 2|
|NCT00511576||Terminated||Drug: MGCD0103 & Docetaxel||Breast Cancer|Lung Cancer|Pulmonary Cancer|Non-Small-Cell Lung Carcinoma|Prostate Cancer|Prostatic Cancer|Gastric Cancer|Stomach Cancer||Mirati Therapeutics Inc.||August 2007||Phase 1|
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