XL147 analogue

Catalog No.S1118 Synonyms: SAR245408

For research use only.

XL147 analogue (SAR245408) is a selective and reversible class I PI3K inhibitor for PI3Kα/δ/γ with IC50 of 39 nM/36 nM/23 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to PI3Kβ. XL147 analogue induces apoptosis. Phase 1/2.

XL147 analogue Chemical Structure

CAS No. 956958-53-5

Selleck's XL147 analogue has been cited by 10 Publications

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Biological Activity

Description XL147 analogue (SAR245408) is a selective and reversible class I PI3K inhibitor for PI3Kα/δ/γ with IC50 of 39 nM/36 nM/23 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to PI3Kβ. XL147 analogue induces apoptosis. Phase 1/2.
PI3Kγ [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PI3Kδ [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PI3Kα [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PI3Kβ [1]
(Cell-free assay)
23 nM 36 nM 39 nM 383 nM
In vitro

XL147 inhibits class I PI3K isoforms in an ATP-competitive manner. In a panel of HER2-overexpressing human breast cancer cell lines, treatment with XL147 abrogates AKT and S6 phosphorylation but also induces the expression and phosphorylation of HER3 and other RTKs. In HER2+ cells, phosphorylation of HER3 is maintained by the HER2 tyrosine kinase, leading to partial recovery of phosphorylated AKT (pAKT) and thereby limiting the antitumor action of XL 147. In addition, knockdown of HER3 or treatment with the anti-HER2 agents trastuzumab or lapatinib sensitizes HER2+ breast cancer cells to XL147 in vitro and in vivo. Treatment with XL147 inhibits the monolayer growth of all tested cell lines, including BT474, HCC1937 et al. in a dose-dependent manner. The main effect of XL147 is inhibition of cell proliferation. XL147 induces cell death at the concentration of 20 μM. Treatment with XL147 leads to dose-dependent inhibition of PI3K. Consistent with the inhibition of cell proliferation, XL147 induces a reduction in cyclin D1 and pRB and an increase in levels of the CDK inhibitor p27KIPI but no detectable change in levels off total or cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Treatment with XL147 leads to a dose-dependent reduction in pAKTS473/T308 and pS6S240/244. Surprisingly, XL147 also triggers up-regulation of total HER3 and/or pHER3Y1289 levels. In HER2-overexpressing cells, inhibition of PI3K is followed by up-regulation of expression and phosphorylation of multiple receptor tyrosine kinases, including HER3. Knockdown of FoxO1 and FoxO3a transcription factors prevents the induction of HER3, InsR, IGF1R, and FGFR2 mRNAs upon inhibition of PI3K. In HER2+ cells, knockdown of HER3 with siRNA or cotreatment with the HER2 inhibitors trastuzumab or lapatinib enhances XL147-induced cell death and inhibition of pAKT and pS6. [2]

In vivo Athymic mice with BT474 xenografts are randomly treated with XL147, lapatinib, trastuzumab, or XL147 plus each HER2 antagonist. Each monotherapy significantly inhibtis tumor growth with trastuzumab being the only agent that induced a complete tumor regression in one of eight mice. Both combinations are superior to the respective drugs given alone. Notably, the combination of trastuzumab and XL147, but not lapatinib and XL147, induces a complete tumor response in three of eight mice. There is no marked drug-related toxicity in any of the treatment arms. The combination of XL147 plus trastuzumab prevents pHER3 more potently than any of the other treatments. In good agreement with differences in tumor growth among treatment arms, nuclear pAKT is lower in tumors treated with XL147 plus lapatinib or XL147 plus trastuzumab compared with tumors treated with single agents. Of all three single drugs, XL147 is the only one shown statistically to repress nuclear pAKT levels. There are no detectable changes in cytoplasmic pAKT levels. Combined inhibition of HER2 and PI3K in HER2-dependent xenografts is required to maximally inhibit signaling output of the PI3K/AKT pathway. [2]

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:


  • Cell lines: BT474 and HCC1937 cells
  • Concentrations: 0-20 μM
  • Incubation Time: 72 hours
  • Method:

    Cells including BT474, HCC1937 et al. are seeded in 100-mm dishes in media containing 2.5% FBS with or without XL147. After 3 days, detached and adherent cells are pooled, fixed, and labeled with propidium iodide by using the APO-BrdU kit. Labeled cells are analyzed using the Becton Dickinson FACSCalibur system.

Animal Research:


  • Animal Models: Athymic female mouse bearing BT474 cells
  • Dosages: 100 mg/kg
  • Administration: Orogastric gavage

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

15 mg/mL

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 448.52


CAS No. 956958-53-5
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC1=CC=C(C=C1)S(=O)(=O)NC2=NC3=CC=CC=C3N=C2NC4=CC5=NSN=C5C=C4

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Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

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Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT01943838 Completed Drug: SAR245408 Neoplasm Malignant Sanofi October 2013 Phase 1
NCT01436565 Completed Drug: MM-121 (SAR256212)|Drug: SAR245408 Solid Tumor Cancers Sanofi|Merrimack Pharmaceuticals November 2011 Phase 1
NCT01392924 Completed Drug: SAR245408 Neoplasm Malignant Sanofi August 2011 Phase 1
NCT01357330 Completed Drug: SAR245408 (XL147)|Drug: MSC1936369B Solid Tumors Sanofi May 2011 Phase 1
NCT01240460 Completed Drug: XL765 (SAR245409)|Drug: XL147 (SAR245408) Glioblastoma|Astrocytoma Grade IV Sanofi January 2011 Phase 1

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2022-08-01)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

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