Carfilzomib (PR-171)

Catalog No.S2853

For research use only.

Carfilzomib (PR-171) is an irreversible proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of <5 nM in ANBL-6 cells, displayed preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, but little or no effect on the PGPH and T-L activities. Carfilzomib activates prosurvival autophagy and induces cell apoptosis.

Carfilzomib (PR-171) Chemical Structure

CAS No. 868540-17-4

Selleck's Carfilzomib (PR-171) has been cited by 155 publications

Purity & Quality Control

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Biological Activity

Description Carfilzomib (PR-171) is an irreversible proteasome inhibitor with IC50 of <5 nM in ANBL-6 cells, displayed preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, but little or no effect on the PGPH and T-L activities. Carfilzomib activates prosurvival autophagy and induces cell apoptosis.
Targets
Proteasome [1]
(ANBL-6 cells)
5 nM
In vitro

Carfilzomib inhibits proliferation in a variety of cell lines and patient-derived neoplastic cells, including multiple myeloma, and induced intrinsic and extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathways and activation of c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK). Carfilzomib reveals enhanced anti-MM activity compared with bortezomib, overcome resistance to bortezomib and other agents, and acts synergistically with dexamethasone (Dex). Carfilzomib shoes preferential in vitro inhibitory potency against the ChT-L activity in the β5 subunit, with over 80% inhibition at doses of 10 nM. Short exposure to low-dose Carfilzomib leads to preferential binding specificity for the β5 constitutive 20S proteasome and the β5i immunoproteasome subunits. Measurement of caspase activity in ANBL-6 cells pulsed with Carfilzomib reveals substantial increases in caspase-8, caspase-9, and caspase-3 activity after 8 hours, giving a 3.2-, 3.9- and 6.9-fold increase, respectively, over control cells after 8 hours. In carfilzomib pulse-treated cells, the mitochondrial membrane integrity is decreased to 41% (Q1 + Q2), compared with 75% in vehicle-treated control cells. [1] In another study, Carfilzomib has also shown preclinical effectiveness against hematological and solid malignancies. [2] Carfilzomib directly inhibits osteoclasts formation and bone resorption. [3]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
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fibroblast cells NVi4co9FeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? M1[3UpFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KEOxbn\pdo1ifG:{eTDzZ5Jm\W5iZn;yJINwdnS{b3ygTIghf2muZDD0fZBmKG[rYoLvZoxie3RiY3XscJM> NXr1[mZXRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
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LAN-5 Mn3SdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> NYD0cmt[eUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IFzBUk02KGOnbHzz M2LodFxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
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RD NXyxb5d{eUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MWTxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBQenSqb3fvcoFtKDOGII\pZYJqdGm2eTDzZ5Jm\W5iZn;yJHJFKGOnbHzz NEHnVnQ9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
ANBL-6 MXfGeY5kfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? Mkm0TY5pcWKrdHnvckBw\iB{MGOgdJJwfGWjc3;t[UBi[3Srdnn0fUBqdiCqdX3hckBCVkKOLU[gZ4VtdHNuIFnDOVAhRSByLkCxJO69VS5? NIDDfZU9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OU[1NlE1Oyd-Mkm2OVIyPDN:L3G+
MCF7 NIW4OnNEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> MlrUOFghcHK| NV\MS5ZNS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHnZYlve3RiaIXtZY4hVUOINzDj[YxteyCjZoTldkA1QCCqcoOgZpkhVVSWIHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwJF0hOC5yMESxJO69VS5? MV:8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8{ODF4NUO0OEc,OzBzNkWzOFQ9N2F-
MDA-MB-231 MmS5R5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGG|c3H5 M2T3NFQ5KGi{cx?= MWDDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDNSGEuVUJvMkOxJINmdGy|IHHmeIVzKDR6IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVAhRSByLkCwOFQh|ryPLh?= NFzaR249[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9|MEG2OVM1PCd-M{CxOlU{PDR:L3G+
RPMI8226 M{n3bGN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> MnLQOFghcHK| MWfDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDSVG1KQDJ{NjDj[YxteyCjZoTldkA1QCCqcoOgZpkhVVSWIHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwJF0hOC5yME[3JO69VS5? NF3ZdmE9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9|MEG2OVM1PCd-M{CxOlU{PDR:L3G+
Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot pERK / ERK / pSTAT5 / STAT5 / pPI3K / PI3K ; caspase-9 / caspase-8 ; c-PARP / PARP / caspase-3 ; Bcl-2 / Bcl-Xl / Mcl-1 / Bik / Bim / Bax / Bak ; Atg5 / Atg12 / Beclin-1 / LC3-II ; Noxa / Bik / Puma / Mcl-1 ; EGFR / HER2 / ER alpha / p-Akt(Ser473) / Akt / p-ERK / ERK / p53 ; BDP1 / HER2(Tyr1248) / HER2(Tyr1221/Tyr1222) / PARP1 / caspase-7 / p53 Mut ; HLA class I 24590311 22929803 25548100 29069787 26323098
Growth inhibition assay Cell viability 27655642
In vivo Carfilzomib moderately reduces tumor growth in an in vivo xenograft model. Carfilzomib effectively decreases multiple myeloma cell viability following continual or transient treatment mimicking. Carfilzomib increases trabecular bone volume, decreases bone resorption and enhances bone formation in non-tumor bearing mice. [3]

Protocol (from reference)

Kinase Assay:[1]
  • Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for subunit profiling of carfilzomib:

    ANBL-6 cells (2 × 106/well) are plated in 96-well plates and treated with Carfilzomib doses from 0.001 to 10 μM for 1 hour. Cells are then lysed (20 mM Tris-HCl, 0.5 mM EDTA), and cleared lysates are transferred to polymerase chain reaction (PCR) plates. A standard curve is generated using untreated ANBL-6 cell lysates starting at a concentration of 6 μg protein/μL. The active site probe [biotin-(CH2)4-Leu-Leu-Leu-epoxyketone; 20 μM] is added and incubated at room temperature for 1 hour. Cell lysates are then denatured by adding 1% sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and heating to 100°C, followed by mixing with 20 μL per well streptavidin-sepharose high-performance beads in a 96-well multiscreen DV plate and incubated for 1 hour. These beads are then washed with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) buffer (PBS, 1% bovine serum albumin, and 0.1% Tween-20), and incubated overnight at 4°C on a plate shaker with antibodies to proteasome subunits. Antibodies used included mouse monoclonal anti-β1, anti-β2, anti-β1i, and anti-β5i, goat polyclonal anti-β2i, and rabbit polyclonal anti-β5 (affinity-purified antiserum against KLH-CWIRVSSDNVADLHDKYS peptide). The beads are washed and incubated for 2 hours with horseradish peroxidase-conjugated secondary goat antirabbit, goat antimouse or rabbit antigoat antibodies. After washing, the beads are developed using the supersignal ELISA picochemiluminescence substrate. Luminescent detection is performed. Raw luminescence is converted to μg/mL by comparison with the standard curve and expressed as the % inhibition relative to vehicle control. Curve fits are generated using the following nonsigmoidal dose-response equation: Y = Bottom + (Top-Bottom)/(1 + 10̂((LogEC50 − X) × HillSlope)), where X is the logarithm of concentration, Y is the % inhibition, and EC50 is the dose showing 50% effect.

Cell Research:[1]
  • Cell lines: WST-1, ANBL-6 cells
  • Concentrations: 100 nM
  • Incubation Time: 1 hour
  • Method: WST-1 is used to determine the effects of proteasome inhibitor Carfilzomib on cell proliferation. The inhibition of proliferation is calculated in relation to parallel control cells that receives vehicle alone. A linear spline function is used to interpolate the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) using XLfit 4 software. The degree of resistance (DOR) is calculated using the formula: DOR = IC50(resistant cells)/IC50(sensitive cells). ANBL-6 cells pulsed with 100 nM carfilzomib are washed and suspended in PBS containing 5 μg/mL of JC-1, which exhibits potential-dependent accumulation in mitochondria. Analysis of the mitochondrial membrane potential-dependent color shift from 525 to 590 nm is carried out on a FacScan, and the data are analyzed with CellQuest software.
  • (Only for Reference)
Animal Research:[4]
  • Animal Models: Beige-nude-XID mice
  • Dosages: 2.0 mg/kg
  • Administration: i.v.
  • (Only for Reference)

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

DMSO 50 mg/mL
(69.45 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble

In vivo

Add solvents to the product individually and in order
(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
2% DMSO+30% PEG 300+2%Tween 80+ddH2O
For best results, use promptly after mixing.

1mg/mL

* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 719.91
Formula

C40H57N5O7

CAS No. 868540-17-4
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC(C)CC(C(=O)C1(CO1)C)NC(=O)C(CC2=CC=CC=C2)NC(=O)C(CC(C)C)NC(=O)C(CCC3=CC=CC=C3)NC(=O)CN4CCOCC4

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
%DMSO %

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT04811508 Recruiting -- Relapsed Multiple Myeloma Centre Hospitalier le Mans August 4 2020 --
NCT04407858 Recruiting -- Myeloma|Heart Failure|Hypertension European Georges Pompidou Hospital May 21 2020 --

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2021-09-06)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
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Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1:
How should I prepare solution of Carfilzomib for ongoing in vivo study?

Answer:
This compound can be dissolved in 2% DMSO/30% PEG 300/dd H2O at 10 mg/ml as a suspension, and can be dissolved in 2% DMSO/ castor oil at 10 mg/ml as a clear solution.

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