For research use only.
CAS No. 700874-71-1
LY2109761 is a novel selective TGF-β receptor type I/II (TβRI/II) dual inhibitor with Ki of 38 nM and 300 nM in a cell-free assay, respectively; shown to negatively affect the phosphorylation of Smad2. LY2109761 blocks autophagy and induces apoptosis.
Selleck's LY2109761 has been cited by 96 publications
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|Description||LY2109761 is a novel selective TGF-β receptor type I/II (TβRI/II) dual inhibitor with Ki of 38 nM and 300 nM in a cell-free assay, respectively; shown to negatively affect the phosphorylation of Smad2. LY2109761 blocks autophagy and induces apoptosis.|
LY2109761 treatment induces a dose-dependent low-anchorage growth inhibition of L3.6pl/GLT cells, leading to ~33% or 73% inhibition at 2 μM and 20 μM, respectively, which can be strongly enhanced when combined with gemcitabine in combination index value of 0.36581. Blocking TβRI/II kinase activity with LY2109761 (5 μM) completely suppresses both the basal and TGF-β1-stimulated migration and invasion of L3.6pl/GLT cells, significantly enhances the detachment-induced apoptosis by 26% at 8 hours treatment, and completely suppresses TGF-β–induced Smad2 phosphorylation.  LY2109761 treatment at 1 nM is sufficient to significantly block the migration and invasion but not adhesion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells by increasing E-cadherin expression.  LY2109761 pretreatment enhances radiosensitivity of glioblastoma cells via TGF-β signaling blockage. LY2109761 (10 μM) reduces the self-renewal and proliferation of GBM-derived cancer stem–like cells (CSLC), which can be significantly enhanced when combined with radiation. 
|In vivo||Administration of LY2109761 (50 mg/kg) alone or in combination with gemcitabine (25 mg/kg) significantly reduces the tumor volume by ~70% and ~90%, respectively, prolongs the survival with the median survival duration of 45.0 days and 77.5 days, respectively, and reduces spontaneous abdominal metastases in the L3.6pl/GLT Xenograft mice model.  In consistent with the in vitro effect, administration of LY2109761 alone or in combination with radiation, markedly inhibits tumor growth in the orthotopical CSLC glioblastoma model by 43.4% and 76.3%, respectively, decreases tumor invasion and tumor microvessel density, and significantly enhances radiation-induced tumor growth delay in the U87MG xenograft mice model. |
|In vitro||DMSO||2 mg/mL (4.52 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
0.5% CMC+0.25% Tween 80 (suspensions)
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation ()|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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