For research use only.
Catalog No.S1443 Synonyms: Abbott 64077, ZYFLO
CAS No. 111406-87-2
Zileuton (A-64077, Abbott 64077, ZYFLO) is an orally active inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and thus inhibits leukotrienes (LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4) formation, used to decrease the symptoms of asthma. Zileuton induces apoptosis while inhibits ferroptosis.
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CD19+ B cells (A) or PBMCs (B) from a healthy donor were treated with zileuton (10 μM) prior to 17-HDHA or RvD1 treatment, followed by stimulation with the IgE-inducing cocktail. Cell culture supernatants were collected at day 7, and IgE levels were measured. The experiment was done in one representative donor (mean ± SEM). Data were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post test, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001. PBMC, peripheral blood mononuclear cell.
JCI Insight, 2017, 2(3):e88588. Zileuton (A-64077) purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
|Description||Zileuton (A-64077, Abbott 64077, ZYFLO) is an orally active inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and thus inhibits leukotrienes (LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4) formation, used to decrease the symptoms of asthma. Zileuton induces apoptosis while inhibits ferroptosis.|
Zileuton suppresses PG biosynthesis by interference with arachidonic acid (AA) release in macrophages. Zileuton significantly reduces PGE2 and 6-keto prostaglandin F1α (PGF1α) levels in activated mouse peritoneal macrophages and in J774 macrophages. Zileuton inhibits PGE2 production in LPS-stimulated human whole blood and suppresses PGE2 and 6-keto PGF1α pleural levels in rat carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 
Zileuton significantly reduces macroscopic damage score after four weeks of treatment in rats. Zileuton administration significantly increases the intracolonic release of both thromboxane B2 at week 1 and prostaglandin E2 at weeks 2 and 4 in rats.  Zileuton reduces the spinal cord inflammation and tissue injury, neutrophil infiltration, TNF-alpha, COX-2 and pERK1/2 expression, PGE(2) and LTB(4) production, and apoptosis in mice. Zileuton significantly improves the recovery of limb function over 10 days in mice.
Zileuton administrated before I/R significantly reduces the degree of renal dysfunction (urea, creatinine) and injury (AST, histology) in 5-lipoxygenase knockout mice. Zileuton reduces the expression of ICAM-1 and the associated PMN infiltration caused by I/R of the mouse kidney in 5-lipoxygenase knockout mice. 
Zileuton inhibits LTB(4) production in the peritonitis model more effectively than the LTA(4)H inhibitor, but the influx of neutrophils into the peritoneum after 1 and 2 hours is significantly higher in Zileuton- versus JNJ-26993135-treated mice. 
-  Rossi A1, et al. Br J Pharmacol, 2010, 161(3), 555-570.
-  Bertr醤 X, et al. Gut, 1996, 38(6), 899-904.
-  Genovese T, et al. Br J Pharmacol, 2008, 153(3), 568-582.
|In vitro||DMSO||47 mg/mL (198.9 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||Abbott 64077, ZYFLO|
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|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
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|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
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Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT01136941||Completed||Drug: Zileuton||Sickle Cell Disease||Children''s Hospital Medical Center Cincinnati||September 2010||Phase 1|
|NCT01130688||Terminated||Drug: Zileuton||Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia||University of Massachusetts Worcester||January 2010||Phase 1|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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