For research use only.
Catalog No.S1443 Synonyms: A-64077
Molecular Weight(MW): 236.29
Zileuton is an orally active inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and thus inhibits leukotrienes (LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4) formation, used to decrease the symptoms of asthma. Zileuton induces apoptosis while inhibits ferroptosis.
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CD19+ B cells (A) or PBMCs (B) from a healthy donor were treated with zileuton (10 μM) prior to 17-HDHA or RvD1 treatment, followed by stimulation with the IgE-inducing cocktail. Cell culture supernatants were collected at day 7, and IgE levels were measured. The experiment was done in one representative donor (mean ± SEM). Data were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA with Tukey’s post test, **P ≤ 0.01, ***P ≤ 0.001. PBMC, peripheral blood mononuclear cell.
JCI Insight, 2017, 2(3):e88588. Zileuton purchased from Selleck.
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Choose Selective Lipoxygenase Inhibitors
|Description||Zileuton is an orally active inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, and thus inhibits leukotrienes (LTB4, LTC4, LTD4, and LTE4) formation, used to decrease the symptoms of asthma. Zileuton induces apoptosis while inhibits ferroptosis.|
Zileuton suppresses PG biosynthesis by interference with arachidonic acid (AA) release in macrophages. Zileuton significantly reduces PGE2 and 6-keto prostaglandin F1α (PGF1α) levels in activated mouse peritoneal macrophages and in J774 macrophages. Zileuton inhibits PGE2 production in LPS-stimulated human whole blood and suppresses PGE2 and 6-keto PGF1α pleural levels in rat carrageenan-induced pleurisy. 
|In vivo||Zileuton significantly reduces macroscopic damage score after four weeks of treatment in rats. Zileuton administration significantly increases the intracolonic release of both thromboxane B2 at week 1 and prostaglandin E2 at weeks 2 and 4 in rats.  Zileuton reduces the spinal cord inflammation and tissue injury, neutrophil infiltration, TNF-alpha, COX-2 and pERK1/2 expression, PGE(2) and LTB(4) production, and apoptosis in mice. Zileuton significantly improves the recovery of limb function over 10 days in mice. Zileuton administrated before I/R significantly reduces the degree of renal dysfunction (urea, creatinine) and injury (AST, histology) in 5-lipoxygenase knockout mice. Zileuton reduces the expression of ICAM-1 and the associated PMN infiltration caused by I/R of the mouse kidney in 5-lipoxygenase knockout mice.  Zileuton inhibits LTB(4) production in the peritonitis model more effectively than the LTA(4)H inhibitor, but the influx of neutrophils into the peritoneum after 1 and 2 hours is significantly higher in Zileuton- versus JNJ-26993135-treated mice. |
-  Rossi A1, et al. Br J Pharmacol, 2010, 161(3), 555-570.
-  Bertr醤 X, et al. Gut, 1996, 38(6), 899-904.
-  Genovese T, et al. Br J Pharmacol, 2008, 153(3), 568-582.
|In vitro||DMSO||47 mg/mL (198.9 mM)|
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Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
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