Etomoxir (Na salt)
Molecular Weight(MW): 320.74
Etomoxir is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) on the outer face of the inner mitochondrial membrane.
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Immunoblot analysis of CyclinD1, PCNA, γ-H2AX, cleaved-PRAP and -caspase3 (F) in normal saline or ETO-treated groups were determined at 10 weeks after HFD treatment (n = 10 mice/group).
Cancer Lett, 2018, 442:40-52. Etomoxir (Na salt) purchased from Selleck.
CPT1A inhibitor counteracted the protective effect of BBR against PA-induced lipid accumulation and apoptosis in HK-2 cells. HK-2 cells were pretreated with or without 40 μmol/L Etomoxir for 24 h, and then treated with 12.5 μmol/L BBR in the presence or absence of 450 μmol/L PA for 24 h. Intracellular lipid content was detected by Oil Red O staining (400×). The lower panels showed enlarged views of the boxed areas in the upper panels.
Med Sci Monit, 2018, 24:1484-1492. Etomoxir (Na salt) purchased from Selleck.
CPT1A inhibitor counteracted the protective effect of BBR against PA-induced lipid accumulation and apoptosis in HK-2 cells. HK-2 cells were pretreated with or without 40 μmol/L Etomoxir for 24 h, and then treated with 12.5 μmol/L BBR in the presence or absence of 450 μmol/L PA for 24 h. Intracellular lipid content was detected by Oil Red O staining (400×) (A) .
Med Sci Monit, 2018, 24: 1484-1492. Etomoxir (Na salt) purchased from Selleck.
Inflammatory gene expression in lipid stressed LECs. Inflammatory gene expression in control LECs was determined by qRT-PCR following a 24-hour exposure to factors that perturbed lipid homeostasis or cellular metabolism (A). Results presented are from three independentexperiments performed in triplicate. Expression is normalized to LECs grown in EGM-2MV.
Lymphatic Research and BiologyVol, 2018, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1089/lrb.2017.0033. Etomoxir (Na salt) purchased from Selleck.
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|Description||Etomoxir is an irreversible inhibitor of carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 (CPT-1) on the outer face of the inner mitochondrial membrane.|
Etomoxir has also been identified as a direct agonist of PPARα. Etomoxir is a compound that binds irreversibly to the catalytic site of CPT-1 inhibiting its activity, but also upregulates fatty acid oxidation enzymes. Transcriptional effects of etomoxir could be due to 1. shift in energy metabolism with increased glucose utilization and 2. PPARalpha activation. Etomoxir reduces pro-inflammatory cyokine production and increases apoptosis of MOG specific T cells. Etomoxir has been shown to decrease oxygen consumption rates (OCRs) and impair ATP and NADPH production in the pediatric glioblastoma cell line SF188.
|In vivo||Etomoxir has a protective action on the ischemia/reperfusion injury of the kidney similarly to an established PPARalpha agonist. It has been developed for treating non-insulindependent diabetes mellitus. Etomoxir increases the functional recovery of fatty acid perfused ischemic rat hearts which is unrelated to changes in levels of long-chain acylcarnitines and is attributed to an increased glucose use. A chronic treatment of rats with etomoxir increases the SR Ca2+-ATPase activity, the Ca2+ uptake rate, the number of active Ca2+ pumps E~P, the SERCA2 protein and the SERCA2 mRNA abundance of the heart. At a low dosage, etomoxir has a selective influence on the rate of contraction and relaxation of overloaded hearts. Etomoxir, in the liver can act as peroxisomal proliferator, increasing DNA synthesis and liver growth. Etomoxir-treated mice displays a reduced immune cell infiltration in the CNS with few macrophages, activated microglia, or T cells present. Etomoxir reduces inflammation and demyelination in the CNS of treated mice. Inhibition of fatty acid oxidation by etomoxir prolongs survival time in a syngeneic mouse model of malignant glioma and slow tumor growth. Emergence and progression of glioma are delayed upon treatment with the investigational drug etomoxir. Etomoxir has already been tested in phase I/II clinical trials for treating moderate congestive heart failure; this trial is discontinued because 4 patients (of 226 taking the drug) developed unacceptably high liver transaminase levels upon treatment, and the risk of such drastic side effects is deemed sufficient to negate the potential benefit of this drug for these patients.|
|In vitro||DMSO||64 mg/mL (199.53 mM)|
|Water||64 mg/mL warmed (199.53 mM)|
|Ethanol||13 mg/mL (40.53 mM)|
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