Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl

Catalog No.S1223 Synonyms: NSC 256942, 4'-epidoxorubicin HCl

For research use only.

Epirubicin HCl (IMI 28, NSC 256942, 4'-epidoxorubicin), a semisynthetic L-arabino derivative of doxorubicin, is an antineoplastic agent by inhibiting Topoisomerase. Epirubicin induces apoptosis.

Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl Chemical Structure

CAS No. 56390-09-1

Selleck's Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl has been cited by 28 publications

Purity & Quality Control

Choose Selective Topoisomerase Inhibitors

Other Topoisomerase Products

Biological Activity

Description Epirubicin HCl (IMI 28, NSC 256942, 4'-epidoxorubicin), a semisynthetic L-arabino derivative of doxorubicin, is an antineoplastic agent by inhibiting Topoisomerase. Epirubicin induces apoptosis.
Targets
Topoisomerase [1]
(Cell-free assay)
In vitro

Epirubicin, like doxorubicin, exerts its antitumor effects by complex with DNA, resulting in damage to DNA and interference with the synthesis of DNA, RNA, and proteins. Epirubicin may also affect the integrity and activity of cellular membranes. Maximal cell kill caused by Epirubicin occurs during the S phase of the cell cycle. With higher concentrations effects are also seen in early G2 as well as G1 and M phases. [1] Epirubicin display antineoplastic activity against most cancer cells. Epirubicin is cytotoxic to Hepatoma G2 cells with IC50 of 1.6 μg/mL at 24hr. 1.6 μg/mL Epirubicin induces apoptosis of Hep G2 cells, and higher activity of catalase by 50%, Se-dependent glutathione peroxidase by 110%, Cu, Zn-superoxide dismutase by 172% and Mn-superoxide dismutase by 135%. Epirbicin increases the cellular expression of NADPH-CYP 450 reductase, and reduces GST-π expression. [2]

Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
NCI-H460 NE\y[|JEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> Ml;5OFghcHK| M2PNTWN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KGi3bXHuJG5EUS2KNE[wJINmdGy|IHHmeIVzKDR6IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:OC5yMt88UU4> NVW2[pB4RGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm3Olc6PzVpPkK5O|Y4QTd3PD;hQi=>
HepG2 NHzybVREgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> M2f5eVQ5KGi{cx?= MYTDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDI[ZBIOiClZXzsd{Bi\nSncjC0PEBpenNiYomgUXRVKGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUCuNe69VS5? MlT4QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl5Nke5O|UoRjJ7N{[3PVc2RC:jPh?=
MCF10A M3S4emN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> M1n6UFQ5KGi{cx?= NWLMcZJnS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHnZYlve3RiaIXtZY4hVUOIMUDBJINmdGy|IHHmeIVzKDR6IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:OC5zzszNMi=> NEe1eXQ9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUe2O|k4PSd-Mkm3Olc6PzV:L3G+
NCI-H460 NVzhVnpMS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHzd4F6 MYO0PEBpenN? NXP2Xmx4S3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHnZYlve3RiaIXtZY4hVkOLLVi0OlAh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMh\3Kxd4ToJIlvcGmkaYTpc44h[W[2ZYKgOFghcHK|IHL5JG1VXCCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2wMlEz|ryPLh?= MWS8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQDFzOUCyOkc,OjhzMUmwNlY9N2F-
NCI-H460 NFTBZVdEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> MlrCO|IhcHK| NUHTRXI1S3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHnuJIh2dWGwIF7DTU1JPDZyIHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IILl[JVkfGmxbjDpckBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDpcoN2[mG2ZXSg[o9zKDd{IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:OC5zMt88UU4> NHfuPYY9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9|MUK1NVYzOSd-M{GyOVE3OjF:L3G+
MCF10A M1m3NmN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> NGHYWFc1QCCqcoO= MYrDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDNR2YyOEFiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiZ4Lve5RpKGmwaHnibZRqd25iYX\0[ZIhPDhiaILzJIJ6KE2WVDDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0xNjF|zszNMi=> MYW8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQDFzOUCyOkc,OjhzMUmwNlY9N2F-
MCF-7 MVvGeY5kfGmxbjDhd5NigQ>? MmrLR49ueG:3bnSge4F{KHSnc4Tl[EBnd3JiaYTzJJRwgGmlaYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgbJVu[W5iYoLlZZN1KGOjbnPldkBk\WyuczjNR2YuPyluIFnDOVA:OC5{zszNMi=> NGGxO5k9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi97NUS4PFIxLz57NUS4PFIxRC:jPh?=
MDA-MB-435 MXfDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= MoPrOFghcHK| MVrDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDNSGEuVUJvNEO1JINmdGy|IHHzd4V{e2WmIHHzJIdzd3e2aDDpcohq[mm2aX;uJIFnfGW{IES4JIhzeyCkeTDNWHQh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MD6yOu69VS5? MUG8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQDFzOUCyOkc,OjhzMUmwNlY9N2F-
MDA-MB-435 MnH3R5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGG|c3H5 NYf0bmpDPzJiaILz M1rLSmN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCrbjDoeY1idiCPRFGtUWIuPDN3IHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IILl[JVkfGmxbjDpckBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDpcoN2[mG2ZXSg[o9zKDd{IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:OC5{Nt88UU4> MUO8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8{OTJ3MU[yNUc,OzF{NUG2NlE9N2F-
HepG2 MVvDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= MUm0PEBpenN? NYPNNWZoS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHnZYlve3RiaIXtZY4hUGWyR{KgZ4VtdHNiYYPz[ZN{\WRiYYOg[5Jwf3SqIHnubIljcXSrb36gZYZ1\XJiNEigbJJ{KGK7IF3UWEBie3OjeTygTWM2OD1yLkOy{txONg>? NIDXNHY9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OEGxPVAzPid-MkixNVkxOjZ:L3G+
HCT116 NGrGN2hEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> MlTqOFghcHK| MkXhR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTGNVOTF4IHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IHfyc5d1cCCrbnjpZol1cW:wIHHmeIVzKDR6IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:OC5|N988UU4> MnrCQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjhzMUmwNlYoRjJ6MUG5NFI3RC:jPh?=
HCT116 MU\DfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= MY[3NkBpenN? Mn3RR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGmwIHj1cYFvKEiFVEGxOkBk\WyuczDhd5Nme3OnZDDhd{Bz\WS3Y4Tpc44hcW5iY3XscEB3cWGkaXzpeJkhcW6ldXLheIVlKG[xcjC3NkBpenNiYomgUXRVKGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUCuN|fPxE1w MXW8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8{OTJ3MU[yNUc,OzF{NUG2NlE9N2F-
HCT116 MUfDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= M3XiVFQ5KGi{cx?= MlOyR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTGNVOTF4IHPlcIx{KGGodHXyJFQ5KGi{czDifUBOXFRiYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NE41|ryPLh?= NWDwXmlFRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm3Olc6PzVpPkK5O|Y4QTd3PD;hQi=>
HeLa NFnteYlEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> MkPhO|IhcHK| M{O5V2N6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KGi3bXHuJGhmVGFiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiZHXjdoVie2ViaX6gZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYX\0[ZIhPzJiaILzJIJ6KE2WUzDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0xNjR{zszNMi=> M3zFXFxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ5NU[wOlk2Lz5{N{W2NFY6PTxxYU6=
PC3 MYLDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= NHnHN5o3KGSjeYO= MWDDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDQR|Mh[2WubIOgZYZ1\XJiNjDkZZl{KGK7IF3UWEBie3OjeTygTWM2OD1yLkS2{txONg>? M322PVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ{Mke2Olc6Lz5{MkK3OlY4QTxxYU6=
HEK293T NGDQOodEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> NWrHdoJXPzJiaILz NFrTR5lEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYXfhbY5{fCCKRVuyPVNVKGOnbHzzJIF{e2W|c3XkJIF{KGSnY4LlZZNmKGmwIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGGodHXyJFczKGi{czDifUBOXFNiYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NE41P87:TT6= M{HEXVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ5NU[wOlk2Lz5{N{W2NFY6PTxxYU6=
A549 MX\DfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[XO|YYm= MYG3NkBpenN? M{LNZ2N6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KGi3bXHuJGE2PDliY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiZHXjdoVie2ViaX6gZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYX\0[ZIhPzJiaILzJIJ6KE2WUzDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0xNjZ|zszNMi=> MYi8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zPzV4ME[5OUc,Ojd3NkC2PVU9N2F-
MDA-MB-435 NYC0fW5QS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHzd4F6 MoCyOFghcHK| NIT3O4FEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYXfhbY5{fCCqdX3hckBOTEFvTVKtOFM2KGOnbHzzJIFnfGW{IES4JIhzeyCkeTDNWHQh[XO|YYmsJGlEPTB;MD63{txONg>? M4XQW|xiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7N{[3PVc2Lz5{OUe2O|k4PTxxYU6=
MCF7 M1[3[WN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> NUC0eVVpPzJiaILz M4fK[2N6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KGi3bXHuJG1ETjdiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiZHXjdoVie2ViaX6gZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYX\0[ZIhPzJiaILzJIJ6KE2WUzDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0xNjdzzszNMi=> M3vKPVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ5NU[wOlk2Lz5{N{W2NFY6PTxxYU6=
HCT116 M4\hUWN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> NFjXdlU3KGSjeYO= MkXOR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTGNVOTF4IHPlcIx{KGGodHXyJFYh\GG7czDifUBOXFRiYYPzZZktKEmFNUC9NE45Os7:TT6= M2\DWlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ{Mke2Olc6Lz5{MkK3OlY4QTxxYU6=
MDA-MB-231 NXnNSXl6S3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHzd4F6 Ml3QOFghcHK| Mlv2R5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gUWRCNU2ELUKzNUBk\WyuczDh[pRmeiB2ODDodpMh[nliTWTUJIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTBwOd88UU4> M4\4NlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7N{[3PVc2Lz5{OUe2O|k4PTxxYU6=
Hep3B Mn3qR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGG|c3H5 NIj3XlQ3KGSjeYO= MVfDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDI[ZA{SiClZXzsd{Bi\nSncjC2JIRigXNiYomgUXRVKGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUCuPVbPxE1w MlX2QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjJ{N{[2O|koRjJ{Mke2Olc6RC:jPh?=
HepG2 M3r5TGN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> NVzaNpdHPzJiaILz MmXVR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTIVxTzJiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiZHXjdoVie2ViaX6gZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliYX\0[ZIhPzJiaILzJIJ6KE2WUzDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF0yNjQQvF2u MnL4QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjd3NkC2PVUoRjJ5NU[wOlk2RC:jPh?=
HepG2 NGjjc5ZEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> MWe2JIRigXN? Mn2yR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGGpYXnud5QhcHWvYX6gTIVxTzJiY3XscJMh[W[2ZYKgOkBl[Xm|IHL5JG1VXCCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2xMlY2|ryPLh?= MV:8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zOjJ5Nk[3PUc,OjJ{N{[2O|k9N2F-
SNB19 NH2xNVdEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> NEHYdGU4OiCqcoO= NIjmVGxEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliaX6gbJVu[W5iU17CNVkh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMhemWmdXP0bY9vKGmwIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGmwY4XiZZRm\CCob4KgO|IhcHK|IHL5JG1VXCCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME2yMlPPxE1w Mo[4QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOzF{NUG2NlEoRjNzMkWxOlIyRC:jPh?=
MCF7 M4DZcmFvfGmycn;sbYZmemG2aY\lJIF{e2G7 NXPJV4VGPDhiaILz M4XiVWFvfGmycn;sbYZmemG2aY\lJIFkfGm4aYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgbJVu[W5iTVPGO{Bk\WyuczDh[pRmeiB2ODDodpMh[nliTWTUJIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTNwN988UU4> M13OUVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ|Mki3NFU4Lz5{M{K4O|A2PzxxYU6=
NIH/3T3 M3HweWFvfGmycn;sbYZmemG2aY\lJIF{e2G7 NFP5bHU1QCCqcoO= NGPuXFJCdnSrcILvcIln\XKjdHn2[UBi[3Srdnn0fUBi\2GrboP0JI1wfXOnIF7JTE8{XDNiY3XscJMh[W[2ZYKgOFghcHK|IHL5JG1VXCCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME20MlLPxE1w M2LDTVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ|Mki3NFU4Lz5{M{K4O|A2PzxxYU6=
T47D NInueY1CdnSrcILvcIln\XKjdHn2[UBie3OjeR?= MYG0PEBpenN? MkK3RY51cXC{b3zp[oVz[XSrdnWgZYN1cX[rdImgZYdicW6|dDDoeY1idiCWNEfEJINmdGy|IHHmeIVzKDR6IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:PC5|zszNMi=> MYe8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zOzJ6N{C1O{c,OjN{OEewOVc9N2F-
HepG2 MY\BcpRqeHKxbHnm[ZJifGm4ZTDhd5NigQ>? MXi0PEBpenN? MoPVRY51cXC{b3zp[oVz[XSrdnWgZYN1cX[rdImgZYdicW6|dDDoeY1idiCKZYDHNkBk\WyuczDh[pRmeiB2ODDodpMh[nliTWTUJIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTRwNt88UU4> NWT1W2lGRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkOyPFcxPTdpPkKzNlg4ODV5PD;hQi=>
SGC7901 MWPBcpRq[2GwY3XyJIF{e2G7 MoTDO|IhcHK| MWTBcpRq[2GwY3XyJIFkfGm4aYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgbJVu[W5iU1fDO|kxOSClZXzsd{Bi\nSncjC3NkBpenNiYomgUXRVKGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUWuNVbPxE1w MUC8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTlyM{[2Nkc,Ojl7MEO2OlI9N2F-
MDA-MB-231 M1TncmFvfGmycn;sbYZmemG2aY\lJIF{e2G7 NInNOpc1QCCqcoO= MVXBcpRqeHKxbHnm[ZJifGm4ZTDhZ5Rqfmm2eTDh[4FqdnO2IHj1cYFvKE2GQT3NRk0zOzFiY3XscJMh[W[2ZYKgOFghcHK|IHL5JG1VXCCjc4PhfUwhUUN3ME21MlbPxE1w NFjuUZM9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{M{K4O|A2Pyd-MkOyPFcxPTd:L3G+
MDA-MB-231 NUDF[pBJS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHzd4F6 MofWO|IhcHK| MU\DfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkhcW5iaIXtZY4hVUSDLV3CMVI{OSClZXzsd{Bie3Onc4Pl[EBieyC{ZXT1Z5Rqd25iaX6gZ4VtdCC4aXHibYxqfHliaX7jeYJifGWmIH\vdkA4OiCqcoOgZpkhVVSWIHHzd4F6NCCLQ{WwQVUvPs7:TT6= NFjJS4Y9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9|MUK1NVYzOSd-M{GyOVE3OjF:L3G+
PC3 M2LzZ2FvfGmycn;sbYZmemG2aY\lJIF{e2G7 NHPJVmU1QCCqcoO= MmTCRY51cXC{b3zp[oVz[XSrdnWgZYN1cX[rdImgZYdicW6|dDDoeY1idiCSQ{OgZ4VtdHNiYX\0[ZIhPDhiaILzJIJ6KE2WVDDhd5NigSxiSVO1NF02NjgQvF2u NEiye|E9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{M{K4O|A2Pyd-MkOyPFcxPTd:L3G+
PC3 M4nw[WN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjc4PhfS=> MnjFO|IhcHK| MV7DfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkhcW5iaIXtZY4hWEN|IHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IILl[JVkfGmxbjDpckBk\WyuII\pZYJqdGm2eTDpcoN2[mG2ZXSg[o9zKDd{IHjyd{BjgSCPVGSgZZN{[XluIFnDOVA:PS55zszNMi=> NW\pWXpiRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxM{GyOVE3OjFpPkOxNlUyPjJzPD;hQi=>
A549 Mm\hRY51cXC{b3zp[oVz[XSrdnWgZZN{[Xl? MWe0PEBpenN? M2nyO2FvfGmycn;sbYZmemG2aY\lJIFkfGm4aYT5JIFo[Wmwc4SgbJVu[W5iQUW0PUBk\WyuczDh[pRmeiB2ODDodpMh[nliTWTUJIF{e2G7LDDJR|UxRTlwNt88UU4> NIXObFQ9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{M{K4O|A2Pyd-MkOyPFcxPTd:L3G+
DU145 NXHRfmp3SW62aYDyc4xq\mW{YYTpeoUh[XO|YYm= NIjpOGs1QCCqcoO= NUjxSII{SW62aYDyc4xq\mW{YYTpeoUh[WO2aY\peJkh[WejaX7zeEBpfW2jbjDEWVE1PSClZXzsd{Bi\nSncjC0PEBpenNiYomgUXRVKGG|c3H5MEBKSzVyPUmuPe69VS5? M2\XdVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ|Mki3NFU4Lz5{M{K4O|A2PzxxYU6=
MDA-MB-231 MoXYR5l1d3SxeHnjbZR6KGG|c3H5 MU[1JJVO NGfiTXc1QCCqcoO= MUfDfZRwfG:6aXPpeJkh[WejaX7zeEBlenWpLYLld4l{fGGwdDDoeY1idiCPRFGtUWIuOjNzIHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IHPoZY5o\SCrbjDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjdDC1JJVOKGGodHXyJFQ5KGi{czDifUBOXFRiYYPzZZk> Mo\2QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjN{OEewOVcoRjJ|Mki3NFU4RC:jPh?=
T47D NXLMSo5NS3m2b4TvfIlkcXS7IHHzd4F6 MkPwOUB2VQ>? NYXxTYdCPDhiaILz M2jLZWN6fG:2b4jpZ4l1gSCjZ3HpcpN1KGi3bXHuJHQ1P0RiY3XscJMh[XO|ZYPz[YQh[XNiY3jhcodmKGmwIHPlcIwhfmmjYnnsbZR6KGG2IEWgeW0h[W[2ZYKgOFghcHK|IHL5JG1VXCCjc4PhfS=> M1fVe|xiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ|Mki3NFU4Lz5{M{K4O|A2PzxxYU6=
MCF7 NID4d41EgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYYPzZZk> NWGxNnU5PSC3TR?= MVS0PEBpenN? NGTzSJlEgXSxdH;4bYNqfHliYXfhbY5{fCCqdX3hckBOS0Z5IHPlcIx{KGG|c3Xzd4VlKGG|IHPoZY5o\SCrbjDj[YxtKH[rYXLpcIl1gSCjdDC1JJVOKGGodHXyJFQ5KGi{czDifUBOXFRiYYPzZZk> NEfNXGg9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{M{K4O|A2Pyd-MkOyPFcxPTd:L3G+
TC32 MV;xTHRUKGG|c3H5 NEjPSFJyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiVFOzNkBk\Wyucx?= M{HwflxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
DAOY MmnwdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> MU\xTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBRemmvYYL5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhTEGRWTDj[Yxtew>? MWm8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
SJ-GBM2 NXnYTW4xeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? M{TxNpFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCVSj3HRm0zKGOnbHzz NE\QdWo9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
A673 NV65R5JleUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MmrydWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKEF4N{OgZ4VtdHN? NGjHXJQ9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
SK-N-MC MUjxTHRUKGG|c3H5 Moq1dWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKFONLV6tUWMh[2WubIO= NXq2VVhVRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
BT-37 Ml7QdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> MmjodWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKEKWLUO3JINmdGy| MUG8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
NB-EBc1 M{XkXZFJXFNiYYPzZZk> Ml65dWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKE6ELVXCZ|Eh[2WubIO= MkDmQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
Saos-2 NHHCN2JyUFSVIHHzd4F6 M1nrXJFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCVYX;zMVIh[2WubIO= NGG4bXk9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
SK-N-SH Mly1dWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> NUfGSXpSeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiUILpcYFzgSC|Y4Ll[Y4h\m:{IGPLMW4uW0hiY3XscJM> M{SxXlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
NB1643 NGPOWWVyUFSVIHHzd4F6 MoridWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohWHKrbXHyfUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKE6EMU[0N{Bk\Wyucx?= MVe8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
LAN-5 MUfxTHRUKGG|c3H5 NH;yb3ByUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiTFHOMVUh[2WubIO= MXO8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
BT-12 MoXOdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> MUfxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBRemmvYYL5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhSlRvMUKgZ4VtdHN? NYXjXJNMRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
Rh18 NHT2WoNyUFSVIHHzd4F6 M4fRcJFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCUaEG4JINmdGy| MoPHQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
OHS-50 MX\xTHRUKGG|c3H5 MXzxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBRemmvYYL5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhV0iVLUWwJINmdGy| NXz6eIwxRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
RD NIW1eoZyUFSVIHHzd4F6 M1\zVZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCURDDj[Yxtew>? MXW8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
MG 63 (6-TG R) MoD3dWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> M{HENZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KFC{aX3hdpkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCPRzC2N{ApPi2WRzDSLUBk\Wyucx?= MV:8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
Rh41 NYjWWoF5eUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NH\4N49yUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCScnntZZJ6KHOlcnXlckBnd3JiUni0NUBk\Wyucx?= MVi8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
NB1643 MXfxTHRUKGG|c3H5 NWroT2xoeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiQ3;u[olzdWG2b4L5JJNkemWnbjDmc5IhVkJzNkSzJINmdGy| M1LWclxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
A673 MkLhdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> M2DWSZFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KEOxbn\pdo1ifG:{eTDzZ5Jm\W5iZn;yJGE3PzNiY3XscJMq MVu8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
SK-N-MC MXPxTHRUKGG|c3H5 M2LETpFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KEOxbn\pdo1ifG:{eTDzZ5Jm\W5iZn;yJHNMNU5vTVOgZ4VtdHN? NV\yOVJiRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
BT-12 MXLxTHRUKGG|c3H5 NFHkd4tyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCFb37mbZJu[XSxcomgd4Nz\WWwIH\vdkBDXC1zMjDj[Yxtew>? NXTDOmxwRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
LAN-5 NIe3TWpyUFSVIHHzd4F6 MY\xTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDMRW4uPSClZXzsdy=> Ml3OQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
DAOY NXrqPHVVeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MV\xTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDERW9[KGOnbHzz NX\XU2NKRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
SJ-GBM2 MYrxTHRUKGG|c3H5 MnXrdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohS2:wZnnycYF1d3K7IIPjdoVmdiCob4KgV2ouT0KPMjDj[Yxtew>? NWSwT4FQRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
BT-37 NUTOTVBSeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? Ml74dWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohS2:wZnnycYF1d3K7IIPjdoVmdiCob4KgRnQuOzdiY3XscJM> MWW8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
TC32 NF:3TGFyUFSVIHHzd4F6 MoPhdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohS2:wZnnycYF1d3K7IIPjdoVmdiCob4KgWGM{OiClZXzsdy=> MWO8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
Rh41 M130NZFJXFNiYYPzZZk> MWnxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDSbFQyKGOnbHzz M1S1SlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
RD M{TQbpFJXFNiYYPzZZk> M1\ZPJFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KEOxbn\pdo1ifG:{eTDzZ5Jm\W5iZn;yJHJFKGOnbHzz MlP5QIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
Rh18 MW\xTHRUKGG|c3H5 M3;WVJFJXFNib3[gdIVlcWG2cnnjJINidmOncjDj[YxtKGyrbnXzJJRwKGmmZX70bYZ6KG23bITpdIxmKG:ycH;yeJVvcXSrZYOg[o9zKGS{dXegdoVxfXKyb4Ppcoc7KEOxbn\pdo1ifG:{eTDzZ5Jm\W5iZn;yJHJpOThiY3XscJM> MXq8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
Saos-2 MWrxTHRUKGG|c3H5 MXPxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDTZY9{NTJiY3XscJM> M2SyXlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
OHS-50 NUizZmFveUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MXLxTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDPTHMuPTBiY3XscJM> NWTaSlcxRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
SK-N-SH M1XrUpFJXFNiYYPzZZk> MY\xTHRUKG:oIIDl[IlifHKrYzDjZY5k\XJiY3XscEBtcW6nczD0c{Bq\GWwdHnmfUBufWy2aYDs[UBweHCxcoT1col1cWW|IH\vdkBlenWpIILldJVzeG:|aX7nPkBEd26oaYLtZZRwenlic3Py[YVvKG[xcjDTT{1PNVOKIHPlcIx{ NHL1PYU9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
SK-N-SH NY\UdIlteUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MlHkdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohV3K2aH;nc45idCB|RDD2bYFjcWyrdImgd4Nz\WWwIH\vdkBUUy2QLWPIJINmdGy| MoDlQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
SJ-GBM2 MXzxTHRUKGG|c3H5 NFf0XlNyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCRcoToc4dwdmGuIEPEJJZq[WKrbHn0fUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKFOMLVfCUVIh[2WubIO= NGrHOnA9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9{OUSzOVE{QSd-Mkm0N|UyOzl:L3G+
Daoy NUfBeodNeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? NGrFcGlyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCRcoToc4dwdmGuIEPEJJZq[WKrbHn0fUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKESjb4mgZ4VtdHN? MVq8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
TC32 M2rZfpFJXFNiYYPzZZk> MnzCdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohV3K2aH;nc45idCB|RDDjZZNx[XOnIIPjdoVmdiCob4KgWGM{OiClZXzsdy=> M{jNN|xiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzJ7NEO1NVM6Lz5{OUSzOVE{QTxxYU6=
TC32 NIXlcVlyUFSVIHHzd4F6 NXOzSJJFeUiWUzDv[kBx\WSrYYTybYMh[2GwY3XyJINmdGxibHnu[ZMhfG9iaXTlcpRq\nlibYXseIlxdGVib4Dwc5J1fW6rdHnld{Bnd3JiZIL1[{Bz\XC3coDvd4lv\zpiT4L0bI9od26jbDCzSEB3cWGkaXzpeJkhe2O{ZXXuJIZweiCWQ{OyJINmdGy| NX7PemxrRGFidHHy[4V1RSehYnzhcosoKGi{ZX[9K4h1fHC|Oj:vdJVjdWWmLn7jZokvdmyvLn7pbE5od3ZxMkm0N|UyOzlpPkK5OFM2OTN7PD;hQi=>
MG 63 (6-TG R) MoCzdWhVWyCjc4PhfS=> NITl[IZyUFSVIH;mJJBm\GmjdILpZ{Bk[W6lZYKgZ4VtdCCuaX7ld{B1dyCrZHXueIlngSCvdXz0bZBt\SCxcIDvdpR2dmm2aXXzJIZweiCmcoXnJJJmeHW{cH;zbY5oQiCRcoToc4dwdmGuIEPEJJZq[WKrbHn0fUB{[3KnZX6g[o9zKE2JIE[zJEg3NVSJIGKpJINmdGy| MmfhQIEhfGG{Z3X0QUdg[myjbnunJIhz\WZ;J3j0eJB{Qi9xcIXicYVlNm6lYnmucoxuNm6raD7nc5YwOjl2M{WxN|koRjJ7NEO1NVM6RC:jPh?=
RD NXWzW2ZQeUiWUzDhd5NigQ>? MkTXdWhVWyCxZjDw[YRq[XS{aXOgZ4Fv[2W{IHPlcIwhdGmwZYOgeI8hcWSnboTp[pkhdXWudHnwcIUhd3Cyb4L0eY5qfGmnczDmc5Ih\HK3ZzDy[ZB2enCxc3nu[|ohV3K2aH;nc45idCB|RDD2bYFjcWyrdImgd4Nz\WWwIH\vdkBTTCClZXzsdy=> MX:8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTR|NUGzPUc,Ojl2M{WxN|k9N2F-
SGC7901 NWj5clRZTnWwY4Tpc44h[XO|YYm= Mk\ENUBidmRiMUCgeW0> MljXNlQhfG9iN{KgbJJ{ M37wNmlv\HWldHnvckBw\iCvb4LwbI9td2erY3HsJINp[W6pZYOgbY4hcHWvYX6gV2dEPzlyMTDj[YxteyCjc4Pld5Nm\CCjczDpcoR2[3Srb36gc4Yh[2WubDDidoVicyCjdDCxJIFv\CBzMDD1UUBi\nSncjCyOEB1dyB5MjDodpMh[nliaX72[ZJ1\WRibXnjdo9{[2:yaXOgZY5idHm|aYO= MVy8ZUB1[XKpZYS9K39jdGGwazegbJJm\j1paIT0dJM7Ny:ydXLt[YQvdmOkaT7ucI0vdmmqLnfvek8zQTlyM{[2Nkc,Ojl7MEO2OlI9N2F-
C6 MoDTR4VtdCCleXPs[UBie3OjeR?= NWnt[2xXOjRiaILz NFPofVlE\WyuIHP5Z4xmKGG{cnXzeEBqdiC{YYSgR|Yh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMhcW6lcnXhd4UhcW5iY3XscEBxd3C3bHH0bY9vKGG2IIP1ZkBIOCCyaHHz[UBu\WG|dYLl[EBi\nSncjCyOEBpenNiYomgdJJweGmmaYXtJIlw\GmmZTDzeIFqdmmwZzDiZZNm\CCobH;3JIN6fG:vZYTyfUBidmGueYPpdy=> M2HFZlxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzNzNES3NFgzLz5|MUS0O|A5OjxxYU6=
C6 M3XZbmNmdGxiY4njcIUh[XO|YYm= MlnwNlQhcHK| M1jSN2NmdGxiY4njcIUh[XK{ZYP0JIlvKHKjdDDDOkBk\WyuczDhd5Nme3OnZDDhd{Bl\WO{ZXHz[UBqdiClZXzsJJBweHWuYYTpc44h[XRiR{KvUUBxcGG|ZTDt[YF{fXKnZDDh[pRmeiB{NDDodpMh[nlicILvdIllcXWvIHnv[Ill\SC|dHHpcolv\yCkYYPl[EBndG:5IHP5eI9u\XS{eTDhcoFtgXOrcx?= M4\WeVxiKHSjcnfleF0oZ2KuYX7rK{BpemWoPTfoeJRxezpxL4D1Zo1m\C6wY3LpMo5tdS6waXiu[493NzNzNES3NFgzLz5|MUS0O|A5OjxxYU6=
C6 MUTD[YxtKGO7Y3zlJIF{e2G7 M4Tmb|I1KGi{cx?= NHzm[pRE\WyuIHP5Z4xmKGG{cnXzeEBqdiC{YYSgR|Yh[2WubIOgZZN{\XO|ZXSgZZMh\GWlcnXhd4UhcW5iY3XscEBxd3C3bHH0bY9vKGG2IGOgdIhie2VibXXhd5Vz\WRiYX\0[ZIhOjRiaILzJIJ6KHC{b4Dp[Il2dSCrb3Tp[IUhe3SjaX7pcoch[mG|ZXSg[oxwfyCleYTvcYV1enliYX7hcJl{cXN? NHW4OnY9[SC2YYLn[ZQ:L1:kbHHub{chcHKnZk2nbJR1eHN8Lz;weYJu\WRwbnPibU5vdG1wbnnoModwfi9|MUS0O|A5Oid-M{G0OFcxQDJ:L3G+
Assay
Methods Test Index PMID
Western blot HIF-1α / GLUT1 / PDK1 ; FOXM1 / Cyclin B1 / PLK ; E2F1 / p-p53 / p53 / Caspase-7 ; PARP / E2F1 / p-E2F1 / p-MK2 / p-Chk2 28339028 21518729 22802261
Growth inhibition assay Cell death 24158003
In vivo Epirubicin are clinically active against a broad range of tumor types, including breast cancer, malignant lymphomas, soft tissue sarcomas, lung cancer, pleural mesothelioma, gastrointestinal cancer, head and neck cancer, ovarian cancer, prostatic carcinoma, transitional bladder carcinoma and so on. [3] Epirubicin at a dose of 3.5 mg/kg suppresses tumor mass of human breast tumor xenograft R-27 by 74.4 %. [4]

Protocol (from reference)

Cell Research:[2]
  • Cell lines: Human hepatocellular carcinoma cell Hep G2
  • Concentrations: 0.05-12 μg/mL
  • Incubation Time: 1 days
  • Method: Hep G2 cells (500 cells/well, monolayer) are plated in a 96-well plate. The next day the cells are treated with Epirubicin in the medium. At the end of the incubation periods, 15% volume of MTT dye solution is added. After 1 hr of incubation at 37℃, an equal volume of solubilization/stop solution (dimethylsul-foxide) is added to each well for an additional 1 hr incubation. The absorbance of the reaction solution at 570 nm is recorded.
Animal Research:[4]
  • Animal Models: Human breast tumor xenograft R-27
  • Dosages: 3.5 mg/kg
  • Administration: i.v. every 4 day for 3 times

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro

Chemical Information

Molecular Weight 579.98
Formula

C27H29NO11.HCl

CAS No. 56390-09-1
Storage 3 years -20°C powder
2 years -80°C in solvent
Smiles CC1C(C(CC(O1)OC2CC(CC3=C2C(=C4C(=C3O)C(=O)C5=C(C4=O)C(=CC=C5)OC)O)(C(=O)CO)O)N)O.Cl

In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)

Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)

mg/kg g μL

Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (This is only the calculator, not formulation. Please contact us first if there is no in vivo formulation at the solubility Section.)

% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O
%DMSO %

Calculation results:

Working concentration: mg/ml;

Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO ( Master liquid concentration mg/mL, Please contact us first if the concentration exceeds the DMSO solubility of the batch of drug. )

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300, mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80, mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O, mix and clarify.

Method for preparing in vivo formulation: Take μL DMSO master liquid, next add μL Corn oil, mix and clarify.

Note: 1. Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2. Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such
as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.

Molarity Calculator

Mass Concentration Volume Molecular Weight

Clinical Trial Information

NCT Number Recruitment Interventions Conditions Sponsor/Collaborators Start Date Phases
NCT05128617 Recruiting Drug: Epirubicin-cyclophosphamide|Drug: Paclitaxel Breast Cancer Institut de cancérologie Strasbourg Europe|Université de Strasbourg - Unité de Recherche 3072 - Mitochondries Stress oxydant Protection musculaire November 4 2021 --
NCT01740271 Recruiting Drug: Epirubicin Breast Neoplasms AHS Cancer Control Alberta December 2012 Phase 2

(data from https://clinicaltrials.gov, updated on 2022-01-17)

Tech Support

Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.

Handling Instructions

Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.

* Indicates a Required Field

Please enter your name.
Please enter your email. Please enter a valid email address.
Please write something to us.
Tags: buy Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl | Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl supplier | purchase Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl | Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl cost | Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl manufacturer | order Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl | Epirubicin (IMI 28) HCl distributor