For research use only.
Molecular Weight(MW): 232.28
Melatonin is a MT receptor agonist, used as a dietary supplement.
Selleck's Melatonin has been cited by 10 publications
4 Customer Reviews
TUNEL staining of treated adipocytes and flow cytometry analysis of positive TUNEL cells (n=3).
J Pineal Res. 2017, 62(4), doi: 10.1111/jpi.12383. Melatonin purchased from Selleck.
H2O2 activates JNK through the RAC1/MAP2K7 pathway, which is inhibited by melatonin treatment. (A) GCs grown in medium containing 10 μM melatonin for 24 h were rinsed using PBS, and then incubated with 0.2 mM H2O2 for 2 h. For the inhibition of RAC1, the RAC1 specific antagonist NSC 23766 (10 μM) was added 1 h prior to H2O2 exposure. The cell lysates were collected for GST-PAK1-PBD pulldown assay of RAC1 activation (GTP-bound RAC1 levels) and immunoblotting analysis of total RAC1. (B) Western blot analysis of phosphorylated MAP2K7 (p-MAP2K7) and total MAP2K7 in GCs with the indicated treatments as described above. TUBA1A served as the control for loading. (C) The detection of JNK activity in GCs subjected to the treatments as mentioned earlier. Data represent mean ± s.e.; n = 3. **Represents P < 0.01 vs control group. ##Represents P < 0.01 vs H2O2 group. N, not significant, P > 0.05. (D) GCs transfected with scrambled control siRNA (SC siRNA) or Map2k7 siRNA were cultured with 10 μM melatonin for 24 h, washed in PBS, and then grown in medium containing 0.2 mM H2O2 for 2 h. The expression of phosphorylated MAP2K7 (p-MAP2K7) and total MAP2K7 was determined by Western blotting. TUBA1A served as the control for loading. (E) GCs transfected with scrambled control siRNA (SC siRNA) or Map2k7 siRNA for 48 h were cultured with or without 0.2 mM H2O2 for 2 h. Cell lysates were collected for Western blot analysis of RAC1 activation (GTP-RAC1 levels) by GST-PAK1-PBD pulldown and of total RAC1 levels. (F) GCs transfected with scrambled control siRNA (SC siRNA) or Map2k7 siRNA for 24 h were cultured for another 24 h in the presence or absence of 10 μM melatonin before 2 h of H2O2 (0.2 mM) incubation. Cells were then processed for JNK determination. Data represent mean ± s.e.; n = 3. **Represents P < 0.01 vs control group. ##Represents P < 0.01 vs H2O2 group. N, not significant, P > 0.05.
Reproduction, 2018, 155(3):307-319. Melatonin purchased from Selleck.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective MT Receptor Inhibitors
|Description||Melatonin is a MT receptor agonist, used as a dietary supplement.|
Melatonin interacts with the highly toxic hydroxyl radical with a rate constant equivalent to that of other highly efficient hydroxyl radical scavengers. Melatonin reportedly neutralizes hydrogen peroxide, singlet oxygen, peroxynitrite anion, nitric oxide and hypochlorous acid.  Melatonin is believed to scavenge the highly toxic hydroxyl radical, the peroxynitrite anion, and possibly the peroxyl radical. Melatonin reportedly scavenges the superoxide anion radical and it quenches singlet oxygen. Melatonin stimulates mRNA levels for superoxide dismutase and the activities of glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (all of which are antioxidative enzymes), thereby increasing its antioxidative capacity.  Melatonin in cell-free systems has been shown to directly scavenge H2O2, singlet oxygen (1O2) and nitric oxide (NO*), with little or no ability to scavenge the superoxide anion radical (O2*-) in vitro. Melatonin also directly detoxifies the peroxynitrite anion (ONOO-) and/or peroxynitrous acid (ONOOH), or the activated form of this molecule, ONOOH*. Melatonin acts as a direct free radical scavenger with the ability to detoxify both reactive oxygen and reactive nitrogen species.  Melatonin inhibits cAMP accumulation in most of the cells examined, but the indole effects on other messengers have been often observed only in one type of the cells or tissue, until now. Melatonin also regulates the transcription factors, namely, phosphorylation of cAMP-responsive element binding protein and expression of c-Fos. 
|In vitro||DMSO||47 mg/mL (202.34 mM)|
|Ethanol||47 mg/mL (202.34 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04005222||Not yet recruiting||Drug: SELENIUM|Drug: MELATONIN||Anterior Segment Ischemia (Diagnosis)||Beytepe Murat Erdi Eker State Hospital||September 2020||Early Phase 1|
|NCT04350567||Not yet recruiting||Other: Sleep Deprivation||Depression; Major Depressive Disorder||Stony Brook University||September 2020||Not Applicable|
|NCT04021355||Not yet recruiting||Other: Oral sodium supplementation||Obesity|Hypertension|Circadian Dysregulation|Salt; Excess||University of Alabama at Birmingham||July 1 2020||Not Applicable|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
Tel: +1-832-582-8158 Ext:3
If you have any other enquiries, please leave a message.