All Products

Catalog No. Product Name Information
A2003 Ramucirumab (anti-VEGFR2) Ramucirumab is a monoclonal antibody of the IgG1 class that binds to VEGF-R2 and prevents its activation. The IC50 value for blocking KDR binding to VEGF is 0.8 nM for ramucirumab, MW: 143.6 KD.
S5597 (1R)-(-)-Menthyl acetate (1R)-(-)-Menthyl acetate is a natural monoterpene which contributes to the smell and flavor of peppermint.
S9402 (20R)-Protopanaxadiol (20R)-Protopanaxadiol, isolated from the roots of Panax ginseng, has protective effect on myocardial ischemia.
E2271 (25R)-Spirost-4-en-3,12-dion (25R)-Spirost-4-en-3,12-dion is a steroid saponin isolated from Tribulus terrestris fruit.
S3333 (2R,3R)-(-)-2,3-Butanediol

(2R,3R)-(-)-2,3-Butanediol ((2R,3R)-Butane-2,3-diol) is an endogenous metabolite.

E2157 (5R)-5-Hydroxy-1,7-diphenyl-3-heptanone
S2812 (R)-(-)-Gossypol acetic acid (R)-(-)-Gossypol (AT-101) acetic acid, the R-(-) enantiomer of Gossypol acetic acid, binds with Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Mcl-1 with Ki of 0.32 μM, 0.48 μM and 0.18 μM in cell-free assays; does not inhibit BIR3 domain and BID. AT-101 simultaneously triggers apoptosis and a cytoprotective type of autophagy. Phase 2.
S5899 (R)-(-)-Ibuprofen (R)-(-)-Ibuprofen ((R)-Ibuprofen) inhibits the activation of NF-κB in response to T-cell stimulation with IC50 of 121.8 μM, and exerts anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects.
S2965 (R)-(-)-JQ1 Enantiomer (R)-(-)-JQ1 Enantiomer is the stereoisomer of (+)-JQ1. (+)-JQ1 potently decreases expression of both BRD4 target genes, whereas (R)-(-)-JQ1 Enantiomer has no effect.
S9003 (R)-(-)-Mandelic acid (R)-(-)-Mandelic acid is a synthetic intermediate useful for pharmaceutical synthesis.
S3320 (R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid

(R)-3-Hydroxybutanoic acid (R-3HB, D-3-hydroxybutyric acid) is a monomer of PHB (poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate]) with wide industrial and medical applications. (R)-3-hydroxybutyric acid can also serve as chiral precursor for synthesis of pure biodegradable PHB and its copolyesters.

E0423 (R)-Avanafil R-Avanafil is a strong competitive inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) with a demonstrated in vitro IC 50 of 5.2 nM. 
S3072 (R)-baclofen (R)-baclofen (STX 209) is a derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid primarily used to treat spasticity.
E0647 (R)-CR8 trihydrochloride (R)-CR8 trihydrochloride, one of CR8 isomers, is a potent inhibitor CDK1/2/5/7/9 with antiproliferative effect and proapoptotic effect on CML cell lines.
S6675 (R)-GNE-140 (R)-GNE-140 is a selective inhibitor of the LDHA and LDHB with IC50s of 3 nM and 5 nM, respectively. The R enantiomer of GNE-140 is 18-fold more potent than S enantiomer.
S4926 (R)-Nepicastat HCl (R)-Nepicastat HCl (RS-25560-198), the R-enantiomer of Nepicastat HCl, is a potent and selective inhibitor with IC50 of 25.1 nM and 18.3 nM for bovine and human dopamine-β-hydroxylase, with negligible affinity for twelve other enzymes and thirteen neurotransmitter receptors.
S3394 (R)-P7C3-Ome

(R)-P7C3-Ome is an analogue of P7C3 and P3C3-A20. (R)-P7C3-Ome has therapeutic benefits in neuropsychiatric and/or neurodegenerative disease and is far more active than the S-enantiomer.

S6224 (R)-Serine (R)-Serine is the R-enantiomer of serine, which is used in the biosynthesis of proteins. (R)-Serine acts as obligatory coagonist at the glycine site associated with the N-methyl-D-aspartate subtype of glutamate receptors (NMDAR) and has a cardinal modulatory role in major NMDAR-dependent processes including NMDAR-mediated neurotransmission, neurotoxicity, synaptic plasticity, and cell migration.
S0894 (R)-Viloxazine Hydrochloride (R)-Viloxazine Hydrochloride is the R-isomer of Viloxazine, a selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NRI) that can be used as an antidepressant.
S0730 (Rac)-Antineoplaston A10 (rac)-Antineoplaston A10 is the racemate of Antineoplaston A10, which is a Ras inhibitor potentially for the treatment of glioma, lymphoma, astrocytoma and breast cancer.
E2382 (Rac)-IBT6A (Rac)-IBT6A (BTK inhibitor 1) is a racemate of IBT6A and an impurity of Ibrutinib, which is a Btk inhibitor (IC50=0.5 nM), and can be used in the synthesis of IBT6A Ibrutinib dimer and IBT6A adduct.
S8920 (Rac)-JBJ-04-125-02 (Rac)-JBJ-04-125-02 (JBJ-04-125-02 racemate) is a mutant-selective allosteric inhibitor of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with potential anticancer activity.
E0739 1-[(4R,5R)-4,5-Dihydroxy-L-ornithine]echinocandin B hydrochloride (1:1) 1-[(4R,5R)-4,5-Dihydroxy-L-ornithine]-Echinocandin B Hydrochloride (Anidulafungin Nucleus) is used in the commercialization and late-stage development of a semisynthetic antifungal anidulafungin/D-fructose.
P1210 11R-VIVIT TFA 11R-VIVIT TFA (NFAT inhibitor), a short peptide, inhibits NFAT activation through interaction with the calcineurin binding site for NFAT and thus prevents nuclear translocation without affecting calcineurin phosphatase activity.
E2053 20(R)-Notoginsenoside R2 20 (R)-Notoginsenoside R2 is a kind of saponins isolated from Panax notoginseng.
E0492 20R-Camptothecin

20R-Camptothecin, one of Camptothecin Derivatives, has little or no effect on topoisomerase I, in contrast to the natural S isomer.

E0672 20R-Ginsenoside Rg2 20R-Ginsenoside Rg2 is a natural compound that extracted from p. notoginseng.
S6837 R-10015 R-10015 is a potent, selective inhibitor of LIM domain kinase (LIMK) with IC50 of 38 nM for human LIMK1. R-10015 binds to the ATP-binding pocket and acts as a broad-spectrum antiviral compound for HIV infection.
S7710 R-268712 R-268712 is a potent and selective inhibitor of ALK5 with an IC50 of 2.5 nM.
S6643 R-7050 R-7050 is a cell permeable TNF-α receptor antagonist and is 2.3-fold more selective for TNF-α-mediated signaling than for that driven by IL-1β.
S8420 R-IMPP R-IMPP is an inhibitor of PCSK9 secretion, half maximal inhibitory concentration [IC50] = 4.8 μM.
S6519 R112 R112 is an ATP-competitive spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) inhibitor with Ki value of 96 nM.
S0542 R1487 R1487 is an orally bioavailable and highly selective inhibitor of p38α with an ic50 value of 10 nM.
E2656 R1530 R1530 is a highly potent, orally bioavailable, dual-acting mitosis/angiogenesis inhibitor for the treatment of solid tumors, which can inhibit vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2) and fibroblast growth factor receptors 1 (FGFR1) with IC50s of 10 nM and 28 nM, respectively.
E1170 R162 R162 is a potent inhibitor of glutamate dehydrogenase 1 (GDH1/GLUD1), with anti-cancer properties.
S3479 R243 R243 is an inhibitor of Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 8 (CCR8) signaling and chemotaxis.
S2194 R406 R406 is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in cell-free assays, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. R406 induces apoptosis. Phase 1.
S1533 R406 (free base) R406 (free base) is a potent Syk inhibitor with IC50 of 41 nM in a cell-free assay, strongly inhibits Syk but not Lyn, 5-fold less potent to Flt3. R406 (free base) triggers apoptosis. Phase 1.
S2688 R547 R547 (Ro 4584820) is a potent ATP-competitive inhibitor of CDK1/2/4 with Ki of 2 nM/3 nM/1 nM. It is less potent to CDK7 and GSK3α/β, while inactive to other kinases. Phase 1.
E0082 R59949 R59949, a diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) inhibitor with an IC50 of 300 nM, inhibits inducible nitric oxide production through decreasing transplasmalemmal L-arginine uptake in vascular smooth muscle cells. R59949 strongly inhibits type I DGK a and γ, and moderately attenuates type II DGK θ and κ.
S6851 RA-190 RA190, a bis-benzylidine piperidon, is a potent, selective and oral effective inhibitor of proteasome ubiquitin receptor RPN13/ADRM1 with anticancer activity. RA190 triggers ER stress response, p53/p21 signaling axis and autophagy in multiple myeloma cells.
S0884 RA-9 RA-9 is a cell-permeable, potent and selective inhibitor of proteasome-associated deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) with favorable toxicity profile and anticancer activity. RA-9 selectively induces apoptosis in ovarian cancer cell lines.
E3165 Rabdosiae Rubescentis Herba Extract
S4845 Rabeprazole Rabeprazole is an oral inhibitor of proton pump and blocks the production of acid by the stomach.
S5885 Rabeprazole Related Compound E Rabeprazole Related Compound E (Rabeprazole thioether) is an active metabolite of rabeprazole, which is a proton pump inhibitor.
S4665 Rabeprazole sodium Rabeprazole (Aciphex, Dexrabeprazole, Habeprazole) is an antiulcer drug in the class of proton pump inhibitors.
S2626 Rabusertib (LY2603618) Rabusertib (LY2603618, IC-83) is a highly selective Chk1 inhibitor with potential anti-tumor activity in a cell-free assay. IC50=7 nM, showing approximately 100-fold more potent against Chk1 than against any of the other protein kinases evaluated. Rabusertib (LY2603618) induces cell cycle arrest, DNA damage response and autophagy in cancer cells. Rabusertib (LY2603618) induces bak-dependent apoptosis in AML cell lines.
S5705 Raceanisodamine Raceanisodamine (7β-Hydroxyhyoscyamine) is the active ingredient of Chinese herbal extracts that has vasoactive activity used to treat acute disseminated intravascular coagulation in patients in bacteremic shock.
S2503 Racecadotril Racecadotril (Acetorphan) is a peripherally acting enkephalinase inhibitor with an IC50 of 4.5 μM.
S9713 Racemetyrosine (SM-88) Racemetyrosine (SM-88, Racemetirosine, DL-alpha-metyrosine, DL-alpha-Methyltyrosine) is a novel anti-cancer agent, used with melanin, phenytoin (a CYP3a4 inducer), and sirolimus (an mTOR inhibitor) (SMK Therapy).
E0125 Raclopride Raclopride is a selective dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonist that discriminates between dopamine-mediated motor functions. Raclopride binds to D2 and D3 receptors with dissociation constants of between 1.8 nM and 3.5 nM, but has a very low affinity for D4 receptors.
S9262 Raddeanin A Raddeanin A (Raddeanin R3, NSC382873), a triterpenoid saponin from Anemone raddeana Regel, displays moderate inhibitory activity against histone deacetylases (HDACs) and has high antiangiogenic potency, antitumor activity.
S6644 Radiprodil (RGH-896) Radiprodil (RGH-896) is a NR2B-selective NMDA receptor antagonist, initially developed for the treatment of neuropathic pain.
E3442 Radish leaves Extract
E3441 Radish root Extract
E3404 Radish seed Extract
E3687 Radix Actinidiae Extract
E3689 Radix Asparagi Extract Radix Asparagi Extract is extracted from the dry root of Asparagus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Merr.(Liliaceae). Asparagi radix is efficacious against inflammation diseases due to its high antioxidant activity. The extract from Asparagi radix can inhibit browning reaction of mushroom, similar to ascorbic acid.
E3898 Radix Asteris Extract
E3590 Radix berberidis Extract
E3845 Radix Curcumae Root Extract
E3785 Radix Dipsaci Extract
E3408 Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae Extract
E3465 Radix Ophiopogonis Extract
E3557 Radix Peucedani Extract
E3369 Radix Platycodonis Extract
E3851 Radix Polygalae Extract
E3559 Radix rubiae Extract
E3786 Radix Scrophulariae Extract
E3594 Radix tetrastigme Extract
E3352 Radix Tinosporae Extract
S8134 Radotinib Radotinib (IY-5511) is a selective BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 34 nM, used to treat Chronic Myeloid Leukemia.
E2651 Raf inhibitor 1 Raf inhibitor 1 is a potent Raf kinase inhibitor with Kis of 1 nM, 1 nM, and 0.3 nM for B-Raf WT, B-Raf V600E, and C-Raf, respectively.
E0934 Raf inhibitor 2 Raf inhibitor 2 is a potent Raf kinase inhibitor with an IC50 of <1.0 μM.
S2161 RAF265 (CHIR-265) RAF265 (CHIR-265) is a potent selective inhibitor of C-Raf/B-Raf/B-Raf V600E with IC50 of 3-60 nM, and exhibits potent inhibition on VEGFR2 phosphorylation with EC50 of 30 nM in cell-free assays. RAF265 (CHIR-265) induces cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Phase 2.
S5155 Raffinose Raffinose (Melitose, Melitriose) is a complex carbohydrate, a trisaccharide composed of galactose, fructose, and glucose. It can be broken apart into galactose and sucrose via the enzyme alpha-galactosidase.
S5093 Rafoxanide Rafoxanide (Disalan, Ranide, Flukanide, Bovanide) is a salicylanilide used as an anthelmintic, being effective treatment for the control of fluke infections in animals.
S1494 Ralimetinib (LY2228820) dimesylate Ralimetinib (LY2228820) dimesylate is a novel and potent inhibitor of p38 MAPK with IC50 of 7 nM in a cell-free assay, does not alter p38 MAPK activation. Phase 1/2.
S0010 Ralinepag Ralinepag (APD811) is a potent, orally bioavailable and non-prostanoid prostacyclin (IP) receptor agonist with EC50 of 8.5 nM, 530 nM and 850 nM for human IP receptor, rat IP receptor and human DP1 receptor, respectively.
S5781 Raloxifene Raloxifene (Keoxifene, Pharoxifene, LY-139481, LY-156758, CCRIS-7129) is a second generation selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) used to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.
S1227 Raloxifene HCl Raloxifene (LY156758, Keoxifene) HCl a selective and orally active estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), which inhibits human cytosolic aldehyde oxidase-catalyzed phthalazine oxidation activity with IC50 of 5.7 nM.
S2005 Raltegravir (MK-0518) Raltegravir (MK-0518) is a potent integrase (IN) inhibitor for WT and S217Q PFV IN with IC50 of 90 nM and 40 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It shows greater than 1000-fold selectivity for HIV-1 IN over several related Mg2+-dependent enzyme such as HCV polymerase, HIV reverse transcriptase, HIV RNaseH and human α-, β-, γ-polymerases.
S5245 Raltegravir potassium Raltegravir Potassium is the orally bioavailable potassium salt of raltegravir, the first approved human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase inhibitor.
S1192 Raltitrexed Raltitrexed (ZD-1694) is a thymidylate synthase inhibitor with an IC50 of 9 nM for the inhibition of L1210 cell growth.
S5286 Ramatroban Ramatroban (BAY u 3405) is a thromboxane A2(TxA2) receptor antagonist with Ki value of 10 to 13 nM. It also antagonizes a newly identified PGD2 receptor, CRTh2 expressed on the inflammatory cells.
E3286 Rambutan Extract
S1259 Ramelteon Ramelteon (TAK-375) is a novel melatonin receptor agonist for human MT1 and MT2 receptors and chick forebrain melatonin receptors with Ki of 14 pM, 112 pM and 23.1 pM, respectively.
S1793 Ramipril Ramipril is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM.
S3723 Ramosetron Hydrochloride Ramosetron Hydrochloride (YM-060) is the hydrochloride salt of ramosetron, a selective serotonin (5-HT) receptor antagonist with potential antiemetic activity.
E3603 Ramulus Mori Extract

Ramulus Mori Extract is extracted from Ramulus mori (Mulberry twigs), the dry branch of <i>Morus alba</i> L.. Ramulus Mori is a traditional medicine widely used for diabetes treatment.  The major active components of Ramulus Mori are mulberroside A, oxyresveratrol, resveratrol, 4-hydroxycinnamic acid, 7-hydroxycoumarin, and morin, and the components have been demonstrated to possess anti-cancer, anti-hypertensive, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory properties.

E0757 Ranaconitine Ranaconitine is a diterpene alkaloid isolated from A. leucostomum, with cardiotoxicity.
S5662 Ranitidine Ranitidine is an H2 histamine receptor antagonist that works by blocking histamine and thus decreasing the amount of acid released by cells of the stomach.
S1801 Ranitidine Hydrochloride Ranitidine (AH19065) is a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, used to treat stomach or intestinal ulcers.
S1799 Ranolazine Ranolazine (CVT 303, RS 43285-003) is a calcium uptake inhibitor via the sodium/calcium channel, used to treat chronic angina.
S1425 Ranolazine 2HCl Ranolazine 2HCl (RS-43285) is a calcium uptake inhibitor via the sodium/calcium channal, used to treat chronic angina.
S1039 Rapamycin (AY-22989) Rapamycin (AY-22989, Rapamune, Sirolimus, NSC-2260804) is a specific mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of ~0.1 nM HEK293 cells.
S6907 Rapastinel (GLYX-13) Rapastinel (GLYX-13, BV-102, TPPT-amide) is a partial agonist of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) that targeting a glycine site. Rapastinel has long-lasting antidepressant effects.
S0528 Raphin1 Raphin1 is an orally bioavailable, selective inhibitor of R15B (PPP1R15B, a regulatory subunit of protein phosphatase 1). Raphin1 binds strongly to the R15B-PP1c holophosphatase with Kd of 33 nM.
S0744 Raphin1 acetate Raphin1 acetate is an orally bioavailable, selective inhibitor of the regulatory phosphatase PPP1R15B (R15B). Raphin1 acetate binds strongly to the R15B-PP1c holophosphatase with Kd of 0.033 μM.
S5795 Rasagiline Rasagiline (TVP-1012) is a novel selective and irreversible MAO-B propargylamine inhibitor with in vitro IC50s of 4.43 nM and 412 nM for MAO-B and MAO-A, respectively.
S2102 Rasagiline Mesylate Rasagiline Mesylate (TVP-1012) is a new MAO-B inhibitor for the treatment of idiopathic Parkinson's disease.
S9480 Raspberry Ketone Raspberry ketone (p-Hydroxybenzyl acetone, Frambinone, Oxyphenylon, Rheosmin, Rasketone) is a natural phenolic compound that is the primary aroma compound of red raspberries. Raspberry ketone shows cardioprotective action against isoproterenol-induced myocardial infarction in rats, and the effects may be due to its PPAR-α agonistic activity.
S3222 Raspberry ketone glucoside Raspberry ketone glucoside (RKG), a natural product in raspberry fruit, is an antioxidant that has the inhibitory effect on the melanin synthesis.
A2119 Rat IgG1 isotype control-InVivo Rat IgG1 isotype control-InVivo monoclonal antibody (Clone:HRPN) reacts with horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Because HRP is not expressed by mammals this antibody is ideal for use as an isotype-matched control for rat IgG1 antibodies in most in vivo and in vitro applications.
A2116 Rat IgG2b isotype control-InVivo Rat IgG2b isotype control-InVivo monoclonal antibody (Clone:LTF-2) reacts with keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH). Because KLH is not expressed by mammals this antibody is ideal for use as an isotype-matched control for rat IgG2b antibodies in most in vivo and in vitro applications.
S5337 Rauwolscine hydrochloride Rauwolscine hydrochloride (Isoyohimbine, α-Yohimbine, corynanthidine) is the hydrochloride salt form of Rauwolscine, a specific and potent α2 antagonist with Ki of 12 nM.
S7554 Ravoxertinib (GDC-0994) Ravoxertinib (GDC-0994) is a potent, orally available and highly selective ERK1/2 inhibitor with IC50 of 1.1 nM and 0.3 nM, respectively. Phase 1.
S3446 RBC10 RBC10 is an inhibitor of Ral binding to RALBP1 (the effector).
S7606 RBC8 RBC8 is a selective inhibitor of the GTPases RalA and RalB by inhibiting the binding of Ral to its effector RALBP1, no inhibition on the GTPases Ras and RhoA.
S8376 Rbin-1 Rbin-1 (Ribozinoindole-1) is a potent chemical inhibitor of eukaryotic ribosome assembly. It inhibits recombinant full-length Mdn1's ATPase activity in vitro.
S8992 RBN012759 RBN012759 is a potent and selective inhibitor of PARP14 with IC50 of <3 nM and 5 nM for human catalytic domain and mouse catalytic domain, respectively. RBN012759 contributes to anti-tumor immune response.
S3376 RBPJ Inhibitor-1 (RIN1) RBPJ Inhibitor-1 (RIN1) is a potent inhibitor of the transcription factor RBPJ that disrupts the interaction between NOTCH and RBPJ.
S6579 RCGD423 RCGD-423 is a modulator of Glycoprotein 130 (gp130, IL6ST, IL6-beta, CD130) signalling that regulates cartilage growth and differentiation.
S6898 RCM-1 RCM-1 is a nontoxic inhibitor of Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) that suppresses goblet cell metaplasia and prevents IL-13 and STAT6 signaling in allergen-exposed mice. RCM-1 decreases carcinogenesis and nuclear β-catenin.
S8187 ReACp53 ReACp53 is a cell-penetrating peptide, designed to inhibit p53 amyloid formation, resues p53 function in cancer cell lines and in organoids derived from high-grade serous ovarian carcinomas (HGSOC).
S2032 Rebamipide Rebamipide (OPC-12759) is a cholecystokinin type 1 (CCK1) receptor inhibitor for inhibiting [125I]BH-CCK-8S with IC50 of 37.7 μM.
E0948 Rebamipide mofetil Rebamipide mofetil is an orally active prodrug of Rebamipide (OPC12759). Rebamipide induces COX-2 expression, increases PGE2 levels, and enhances gastric mucosal defense in a COX-2-dependent manner.
S2634 Rebastinib (DCC-2036) Rebastinib (DCC-2036) is a conformational control Bcr-Abl inhibitor for Abl1(WT) and Abl1(T315I) with IC50 of 0.8 nM and 4 nM, also inhibits SRC, LYN, FGR, HCK, KDR, FLT3, and Tie-2, and low activity to seen towards c-Kit. Phase 1.
S3796 Rebaudioside A Rebaudioside A (Stevia Extract, Reb A, Glycoside A3, Stevioside A3), an natural sweetening ingredient extracted from the stevia leaf, is used in powder or liquid form to heighten sweetening intensity and improve taste. Rebaudioside A is a steviol glycoside, α-glucosidase inhibitor with IC50 of 35.01 μg/ml.can inhibit ATP-sensitive K+-channels.
S3257 Rebaudioside B Rebaudioside B (Reb B) is one of the minor steviol glycosides (SGs) isolated from Stevia rebaudiana and has a better taste quality than many of the major SGs.
S4742 Rebaudioside C Rebaudioside C (Dulcoside B) belongs to the family of Steviol Glycosides. It is a natural constituent of the plant Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni and used as natural sweeteners to diabetics and others on carbohydrate-controlled diets.
S3259 Rebaudioside D Rebaudioside D (Reb D) is one of the several glycosides (SGs) found in the leaves of Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) which has been identified as a potential sweetener.
S3282 Rebaudioside M Rebaudioside M, isolated from Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni, is a natural non-caloric potential sweetener in food and beverage products.
S3199 Reboxetine mesylate Reboxetine (PNU 155950E) is a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor with Ki of 8.2 nM.
E3283 Red Bean Extract
E3891 Red Cabbages Extract
E3276 Red Ginseng Extract
E3288 Red Raspberry Extract
E3287 Red Yeast Rice extract
E3428 Reed rhizome Extract
S1089 Refametinib (RDEA119) Refametinib (RDEA119, Bay 86-9766) is a potent, ATP non-competitive and highly selective inhibitor of MEK1 and MEK2 with IC50 of 19 nM and 47 nM, respectively.
S5358 Regadenoson Regadenoson (CVT-3146, Lexiscan) is a selective A2A adenosine receptor agonist with coronary vasodilating activity.
E2619 Regaloside A

Regaloside A, a phenylpropanoid, shows significant DPPH radical scavenging activity of 58.0% at 160 ppm. Regaloside A has anti-inflammatory activity.

E2296 Regaloside C Regaloside C is a glycerol glucoside isolated from the bulbs of Lilium genus with anti-inflammatory activity.
S1178 Regorafenib (BAY 73-4506) Regorafenib (BAY 73-4506, Fluoro-Sorafenib, Resihance, Stivarga) is a multi-target inhibitor for VEGFR1, VEGFR2, VEGFR3, PDGFRβ, Kit (c-Kit), RET (c-RET) and Raf-1 with IC50 of 13 nM/4.2 nM/46 nM, 22 nM, 7 nM, 1.5 nM and 2.5 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Regorafenib induces autophagy.
S5077 Regorafenib (BAY-734506) Monohydrate Regorafenib (BAY-734506, Fluoro-sorafenib, Resihance, Stivarga, regorafaenib monohydrate) Monohydrate is a novel oral multikinase inhibitor with IC50 values of 13, 4.2, 46, 22, 7, 1.5, 2.5, 28, 19 nM for VEGFR1, murine VEGFR2, murine VEGFR3, PDGFR-β, Kit (c-Kit), RET (c-RET), RAF-1, B-RAF and B-RAF(V600E) respectively.
S4947 Regorafenib Hydrochloride Regorafenib (Stivarga, BAY 73-4506) Hydrochloride is a multi-target inhibitor for VEGFR1, Murine VEGFR2/3, PDGFRβ, Kit (c-Kit), RET (c-RET) and Raf-1 with IC50 of 13 nM, 4.2 nM/46 nM, 22 nM, 7 nM, 1.5 nM and 2.5 nM, respectively.
E3632 Rehmanniae Radix Extract
E3652 Rehmanniae radix praeparata Extract
E0248 Rehmannioside D (Rhmannioside D) Rehmannioside D (Rhmannioside D) is an iridoid glycoside that has been found in Rehmannia glutinosa.
E2571 rel-(8R,8'R)-dimethyl-(7S,7'R)-bis(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)tetrahydro-furan

Rel-(8R,8'R)-Dimethyl-(7S,7'R)-bis(3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl)tetrahydro-furan is a chemical constituent of the fruits of <i>Myristica fragrans</i>.

E1091 Relacorilant Relacorilant (CORT125134) is a potent, selective and orally bioavailable glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, with a Ki of 7.2 nM in HepG2 TAT assay, and also shows Kis of 12, 81.2, 210 nM for rat, human and monkey glucocorticoid receptor in cell-based assay, respectively.
A2029 Relatlimab (anti-LAG-3) Relatlimab (BMS-986016, RELA) is a human LAG-3 specific monoclonal antibody that binds to LAG-3 on T cells, restoring effector function of exhausted T cells.
S0074 Relebactam Relebactam (MK-7655) is a potent inhibitor against KPC-2, class A and class C (AmpC) β-lactamases.
S5808 Relugolix Relugolix (RVT-601, TAK-385) is a selective antagonist of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) with IC50 of 0.33 nM and 0.32 nM for human GnRHR and monkey GnRHR, respectively.
S8932 Remdesivir (GS-5734) Remdesivir (GS-5734), a monophosphoramidate prodrug of an adenosine analog, is an investigational broad-spectrum antiviral agent with in vitro activity against multiple RNA viruses, including Ebola and CoV.
S2940 Remetinostat Remetinostat (SHP-141) is a hydroxamic acid-based histone deacetylase enzymes (HDAC) inhibitor. Remetinostat (SHP-141) is under development for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
S9660 Remibrutinib (LOU064) Remibrutinib (LOU064) is a potent, highly selective covalent inhibitor of bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) with IC50 of 1.3 nM, 2.5 nM and 18 nM for BTK, FcγR-induced IL8 and anti-IgM/IL4-induced CD69, respectively. Remibrutinib (LOU064) exhibits an exquisite kinase selectivity due to binding to an inactive conformation of BTK and has the potential for the treatment of autoimmune diseases.
S7641 Remodelin hydrobromide Remodelin hydrobromide (HBr) is a potent acetyl-transferase NAT10 inhibitor.
S0993 Remogliflozin etabonate (GSK189075) Remogliflozin etabonate (GSK189075) is an orally active, selective and low-affinity inhibitor of sodium glucose cotransporter (SGLT2) with Ki of 1950 nM, 2140 nM, 43100 nM, 8570 nM for hSGLT2, rSGLT2, hSGLT1, rSGLT1, respectively. Remogliflozin etabonate exhibits antidiabetic efficacy in rodent models.
S1426 Repaglinide Repaglinide (AG-EE 623 ZW) is a potassium channel blocker, which lowers blood glucose by stimulating the release of insulin from the pancreas, used the treatment of type II diabetes.
S8640 Reparixin (Repertaxin) Reparixin (Repertaxin, DF 1681Y) is a potent and specific inhibitor of CXCR1 with IC50 of 1 nM. Reparixin (Repertaxin) inhibits PMN migration induced by CXCL8 (IC50 = 1 nM) and rodent PMN chemotaxis induced by CXCL1 and CXCL2. Repertaxin inhibits the response of human PMN to CXCL1, which interacts with CXCR2 (IC50 = 400 nM).
S8583 Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) Repotrectinib (TPX-0005) is a novel ALK/ROS1/TRK inhibitor with the IC50 values of 1.01 nM for WT ALK, 1.26 nM for ALK(G1202R), and 1.08 nM for ALK(L1196M); also a potent SRC inhibitor (IC50 5.3 nM).
S7223 RepSox (E-616452) RepSox (E-616452, SJN 2511, ALK5 Inhibitor II) is a potent and selective inhibitor of the TGFβR-1/ALK5 with IC50 of 23 nM and 4 nM for ATP binding to ALK5 and ALK5 autophosphorylation in cell-free assays, respectively.
S7455 Resatorvid (TAK-242) Resatorvid (TAK-242, CLI-095) is a small-molecule-specific inhibitor of Toll-like receptor (TLR) 4 signaling, blocking LPS-induced production of NO, TNF-α and IL-6 in macrophages with IC50 of 1.8 nM, 1.9 nM and 1.3 nM, respectively. Resatorvid downregulates expression of TLR4 downstream signaling molecules MyD88 and TRIF. Resatorvid inhibits autophagy.
S1601 Reserpine Reserpine is an inhibitor of multidrug efflux pumps, used as an antipsychotic and antihypertensive drug. Reserpine is an inhibitor of the vesicular monoamine transporter 2 (VMAT2).
E2069 Resibufagin Resibufagin is a kind of bufadienolide isolated from the venom of Bufo bufo gargarizans, with anti-tumor activity.
S3238 Resibufogenin Resibufogenin (Bufogenin, Recibufogenin), a component of huachansu with anticancer effect, triggers necroptosis through upregulating receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and phosphorylating mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein at Ser358. Resibufogenin exerts cytotoxic effect by inducing reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. Resibufogenin induces apoptosis and caspase-3 and caspase-8 activity. Resibufogenin increases Bax/Bcl-2 expression, and suppresses cyclin D1, cyclin E, PI3K, p-AKT, p-GSK3β and β-catenin protein expression.
S8133 Resiquimod (R-848) Resiquimod (R-848, S28463) is an immune response modifier that acts as a potent TLR 7/TLR 8 agonist that induces the upregulation of cytokines such as TNF-α, IL-6 and IFN-α. Resiquimod reduces hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Phase 2.
S6663 Resmetirom (MGL-3196) Resmetirom (MGL-3196, VIA-3196) is a liver-directed, orally active, selective thyroid hormone receptor β(THR-β) agonist with an EC50 of 0.21 μM,shows 28-fold selective for THR-β over THR-α in a functional assay.
S2693 Resminostat Resminostat (RAS2410) dose-dependently and selectively inhibits HDAC1/3/6 with IC50 of 42.5 nM/50.1 nM/71.8 nM, less potent to HDAC8 with IC50 of 877 nM.
S4882 Resorantel Resorantel is a safe, hydroxybenzanilide cestocide highly effective against Moniezia and Thysaniezia spp. and moderately effective against Paramphistomum spp.
S4579 Resorcinol Resorcinol is a chemical compound that serves as an antiseptic,an disinfectant, and a chemical intermediate for the production of many other pharmaceuticals.
S1396 Resveratrol (SRT501) Resveratrol (SRT501, trans-Resveratrol) has a wide spectrum of targets including cyclooxygenases(i.e. COX, IC50=1.1 μM), lipooxygenases(LOX, IC50=2.7 μM), kinases, sirtuins and other proteins. It has anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, blood-sugar-lowering and other beneficial cardiovascular effects. Resveratrol induces mitophagy/autophagy and autophagy-dependent apoptosis.
S0885 RET V804M-IN-1 RET V804M-IN-1 is a wt-RET -selective inhibitors of RETV804M kinase with IC50 of 20 nM.
S4056 Retapamulin Retapamulin (SB-275833) is a topical antibiotic, which binds to both E. coli and S. aureus ribosomes with similar potencies with Kd of 3 nM.
S4733 Retigabine Retigabine (D-23129) is a novel anticonvulsant with activity in a broad range of seizure models. The mechanism of action involves opening of neuronal K(V)7.2-7.5 (formerly KCNQ2-5) voltage-activated K(+) channels.
S4734 Retigabine 2HCl Retigabine 2HCl (D-23129) is a novel anticonvulsant with activity in a broad range of seizure models. The mechanism of action involves opening of neuronal K(V)7.2-7.5 (formerly KCNQ2-5) voltage-activated K(+) channels.
E3663 Retinerus luffae Fructus Extract
S4126 Retinyl (Vitamin A) Palmitate Retinyl (Vitamin A) Palmitate is a more stable, synthetic version of the essential nutrient vitamin A joined to palmitic acid.
S3548 Retro 2 Retro 2 is an inhibitor of plant toxin ricin, protects HeLa cells against Ricin, Stx1 and Stx2, selectively blocks retrograde toxin trafficking at the early endosome-TGN (trans-Golgi network) interface.
E2589 Retusin

Retusin (Quercetin-3,3',4',7-tetramethylether), a natural compound isolated from the leaves of <i>Talinum triangulare</i>, possesses antiviral and anti-inflammatory activities.

S5058 Revaprazan Hydrochloride Revaprazan Hydrochloride (YH1885) is a new reversible proton pump inhibitor with long-lasting acid-suppressive effects. Revaprazan Hydrochloride reversibly inhibits H(+)/K(+)-ATPase via binding to the K+-binding site of the pump.
S5258 Revefenacin Revefenacin (TD-4208, GSK-1160724) is a potent, lung-selective, long-acting muscarinic antagonist that may be for the treatment of respiratory disease.
E2139 Reverse transcriptase-IN-1
E2225 Reynoutrin

Reynoutrin (Quercetin-3-D-xyloside) is a flavonoid from Psidium cattleianum, with antioxidant and radical-scavenging activity.

S2115 RG 13022 RG 13022 (Tyrphostin RG13022) inhibits the autophosphorylation reaction of the EGF receptor in immunoprecipitates with IC50 of 4 µM.
S7030 RG-7112 RG7112 (RO5045337) is an orally bioavailable and selective p53-MDM2 inhibitor with HTRF IC50 of 18 nM.
S2821 RG108 RG108 (N-Phthalyl-L-tryptophan) is an inhibitor of DNA methyltransferase with IC50 of 115 nM in a cell-free assay, does not cause trapping of covalent enzymes.
S6523 RG14620 RG14620 (Tyrphostin RG14620), an EGFR inhibitor of the tyrphostin family, directly inhibits the transport function of ABCG2/BCRP.
S7292 RG2833 (RGFP109) RG2833 (RGFP109) is a brain-penetrant HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 60 nM and 50 nM for HDAC1 and HDAC3 in cell-free assays, respectively.
S0063 RG3039 RG3039 (PF-06687859, PF 6687859, Quinazoline 495) is an orally bioavailable and brain-penetrant inhibitor of the mRNA decapping enzyme DcpS with IC50 of 4.2 nM and IC90 of 40 nM, respectively.
E2821 RGB-286638 free base RGB-286638 free base is a Cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor that inhibits the kinase activity of cyclin T1-CDK9, cyclin B1-CDK1, cyclin E-CDK2, cyclin D1-CDK4, cyclin E-CDK3, and p35-CDK5 with IC50s of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 5 nM, respectively; also inhibits GSK-3β, TAK1, Jak2 and MEK1, with IC50s of 3, 5, 50, and 54 nM.
S4513 RGD peptide (GRGDNP) RGD peptide (GRGDNP) is an inhibitor of binding of integrins to the extracellular matrixs. RGD peptide (GRGDNP) induces apoptosis presumably through direct activation of caspase-3.
S0202 RGW 611 RGW 611, a morpholine derivative, is an impurity of Nimorazole, which is an anti-infective agent against anaerobic bacteria and protozoa.
S0131 RGX-104 free Acid RGX-104 free Acid is a potent and orally bioavailable agonist of liver-X nuclear hormone receptor (LXR) that modulates innate immunity via transcriptional activation of the ApoE gene.
S3461 RH01687 RH01687 is a potent β-cell protector that exhibits β-cell-protective activities against endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress.
E2321 Rhamnocitrin Rhamnocitrin is a flavonoid isolated from astragalus complanatus R. Br. (Sha-yuan-zi). Rhamnocitrin is a scavenger of DPPH with an IC50 of 28.38 mM. Rhamnocitrin has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and an-tiatherosclerosis activity.
E0245 Rhamnose Rhamnose is an important 6-deoxy sugar present in many natural products, glycoproteins, and structural polysaccharides.
E3812 Rhamnus Cathartica Extract
E3433 Rhaponticum carthamoides transformed root Extract
S9163 Rhapontigenin Rhapontigenin (Protigenin), produced from rhapontin isolated from a methanol extract of Rheum undulatum roots by enzymatic transformation, is a selective inactivator of cytochrome P450 1A1 (IC50 = 400 nM).
S9083 Rhapontin Rhapontin (Ponticin, Rhaponticin, Rhapontigenin glucoside), a stibene-type glycoside distributed widely in medicinal plants of Rheum genus (Polygonaceae), has anti-inflammatory effect and anti-proliferative activity.
S0766 RHC 80267 RHC 80267 (U-57908) is a potent and selective inhibitor of diacylglycerol lipase (DAGL, DAG lipase) with IC50 of 4 μM for cholinesterase activity. RHC 80267 inhibits cyclooxygenase (COX) activity, phospholipase C (PLC) activity and the hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine (PC).
S2400 Rheic Acid Rhein (Monorhein, NSC 38629, Rheinic) is an anthraquinone compound enriched in the fresh rhizome of Rheum coreanum Nakai, showing anti-inflammation and antitumor activities. Rhein is an FTO (mRNA N6-methyladenine demethylase) inhibitor and also inhibits AlkB repair enzymes.
E2086 Rhein 8-Glucoside

Rhein 8-Glucoside is an anthraquinone glycoside found in rhubarb, showing purgative activity.

S2395 Rheochrysidin Rheochrysidin (Physcione) is an anthraquinone from roots of Rheum officinale Baill.
E3861 Rhizoma Alismatis Extract
E3418 Rhizoma Anemones Raddeanae Extract
E3313 Rhizoma Coptidis Fibrous Root Extract
E3312 Rhizoma Coptidis Root Extract

Rhizoma coptidis root Extract, isolated from the dried roots of medicinal plants from <i>Rhizoma coptidis</i> (Ranunculaceae), has been used by Chinese medicinal physicians for more than 2000 years.

E3850 Rhizoma Corydalis Extract
E3232 Rhizoma Drynariae Extract
E3358 Rhizoma fagopyri dibotryis Extract
E3554 Rhizoma homalomenae Extract
E3055 Rhizoma Menispermi Extract
E3880 Rhizoma Paridis Extract
E3311 Rhizoma polygonati root Extract

Rhizoma polygonati root Extract, isolated from the roots of <i>Rhizoma polygonati</i>, has been used for a long history with many chemical components in inducing anti-cancer, anti-aging, anti-diabetes, anti-fatigue, and more prevention of diseases or acts as nutrition sources in food

S3577 Rhodamine 123 Rhodamine 123 (RH-123, R-22420) is a fluorescent cationic dye used to label mitochondria in living cells. Rhodamine 123 inhibits ADP-stimulated respiration of mitochondria with Ki = 12 μM and ATPase activity of inverted inner membrane vesicles with Ki of 126 μM and partially purified F1-ATPase with Ki of 177 μM.
S3593 Rhodamine 6G Rhodamine 6G (R6G, Basic Red 1, Rhodamine 590) is a fluorescence tracer that binds to mitochondria, thus reducing the intact mitochondria number and inhibiting mitochondrial metabolic activity.
S5641 Rhodamine B Rhodamine B is used as a tracer dye in water to determine the rate and direction of flow and transport. It is a staining fluorescent dye used in fluorescence microscopy, flow cytometry, fluorescence correlation spectroscopy and ELISA in biotechnology fields.
E3285 Rhodiola Rosea Extract
E0538 Rhodionin Rhodionin, isolated from the root of Rhodiola crenulata, is a specific non-competitive cytochrome P450 2D6 inhibitor, exhibiting potent, dose-dependent inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and potent DPPH free radical scavenging activities.
E0774 Rhodojaponin II

Rhodojaponin II is a diterpenoid from the leaves of <i>Rhododendron molle</i> with anti-inflammatory activity.

E0773 Rhodojaponin III

Rhodojaponin III is a diterpenoid from the leaves of <i>Rhododendron molle</i> with anti-inflammatory activity.

E2214 Rhodojaponin V

Rhodojaponin V is a diterpenoid from the leaves of Rhododendron molle with anti-inflammatory activity.

S9084 Rhoifolin Rhoifolin (Rhoifoloside, Apigenin 7-O-neohesperidoside, Apigenin-7-O-rhamnoglucoside), a natural glycoside of apigenin, has been obtained from the green leaves of Rhus succedanea and possesses a variety of significant biological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, hepatoprotective and anticancer effects.
E2185 Rhombifoline
S8988 Rhosin hydrochloride Rhosin (G04) hydrochloride (HCl) is a potent, specific inhibitor of RhoA subfamily Rho GTPases with Kd of ~ 0.4 uM. Rhosin hydrochloride induces cell apoptosis.
S8118 RHPS 4 methosulfate RHPS4 (NSC714187) is a potent inhibitor of Telomerase at submicromolar.
E3123 Rhubarb Extract
S9400 Rhynchophylline Rhynchophylline (Mitrinermine), an active component isolated from species of the genus Uncaria, acts as a calcium channel blocker and is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine mainly for treating ailments of central nervous and cardiovascular systems, such as lightheadedness, convulsions, numbness, and hypertension.
S8077 RI-1 RI-1 (RAD51 inhibitor 1) is a RAD51 inhibitor with IC50 ranging from 5 to 30 μM.
S3553 Riamilovir Riamilovir (Triazavirin) is a broad-spectrum antiviral drug candidate, which can be used for potential application against the Coronavirus 2019-nCoV.
S2504 Ribavirin (ICN-1229) Ribavirin (NSC-163039, ICN-1229, RTCA, Tribavirin), a synthetic guanosine analogue, possesses a broad spectrum of activity against DNA and RNA viruses.
E2669 Ribavirin Impurity A

Ribavirin Impurity A is a catabolite and impurity of ribavirin. Ribavirin Impurity A has a role as a drug metabolite and an impurity.

E3901 Ribes Henryi Root Extract
S2612 Ribitol Ribitol (Adonitol) is a crystalline pentose alcohol and is formed by the reduction of ribose which is occurs naturally in the plant Adonis vernalis.
S7440 Ribociclib (LEE011) Ribociclib (LEE011) is an orally available, and highly specific inhibitor of CDK4 and CDK6 with IC50 of 10 nM and 39 nM. Phase 3.
S5187 Ribociclib hydrochloride Ribociclib (LEE011) hydrochloride is a highly specific dual inhibitor of CDK4 and CDK6 with IC50 of 10 nM and 39 nM, respectively.
S5188 Ribociclib succinate Ribociclib (LEE011) succinate (Kisqali) is a highly specific dual inhibitor of CDK4 and CDK6 with IC50 of 10 nM and 39 nM, respectively.
S8122 Ribocil Ribocil is a selective modulator of bacterial riboflavin riboswitches.
S2540 Riboflavin Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is an easily absorbed micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in humans and other animals.
S5107 Riboflavin phosphate sodium Flavin mononucleotide (riboflavin-5'-phosphate, FMN) is a biomolecule produced from riboflavin (vitamin B2) by the enzyme riboflavin kinase and functions as prosthetic group of various oxidoreductases including NADH dehydrogenase as well as cofactor in biological blue-light photo receptors.
S6441 Riboflavin Tetrabutyrate Riboflavin tetrabutyrate is a lipophilic flavin derivative with antioxidative and lipid peroxide-removing activity.
S4215 Ribostamycin Sulfate Ribostamycin (Vistamycin) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, containing a neutral sugar moiety, and is produced by Streptomyces ribosidificus.
E3126 Rice Extract
E3127 Rice Flour Extract
S8001 Ricolinostat (ACY-1215) Ricolinostat (ACY-1215, Rocilinostat) is a selective HDAC6 inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM in a cell-free assay. It is >10-fold more selective for HDAC6 than HDAC1/2/3 (class I HDACs) with slight activity against HDAC8, minimal activity against HDAC4/5/7/9/11, Sirtuin1, and Sirtuin2. Ricolinostat (ACY-1215) suppresses cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis. Phase 2.
S1022 Ridaforolimus (Deforolimus, MK-8669) Ridaforolimus (Deforolimus, MK-8669, AP23573) is a selective mTOR inhibitor with IC50 of 0.2 nM in HT-1080 cell line; while not classified as a prodrug, mTOR inhibition and FKBP12 binding is similar to rapamycin. Phase 3.
S1741 Rifabutin (LM427) Rifabutin (LM427, Ansamycin) is a semisynthetic ansamycin antibiotic, used in the treatment of Mycobacterium avium intracellulare (MAI) and tuberculosis.
S1764 Rifampin (NSC-113926) Rifampin (NSC-113926, Rimactane, Rifampicin) is a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase inhibitor, used to treat a number of bacterial infections.
S4425 Rifamycin S Rifamycin S, a quinone and an antibiotic against Gram-positive bacteria (including MRSA), is a clinical drug used to treat tuberculosis and leprosy. Rifamycin S generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inhibits microsomal lipid peroxidation.
S5054 Rifamycin sodium salt Rifamycin sodium is an antibacterial drug used for treatment of mycobacterium infections.
S1760 Rifapentine Rifapentine (MDL473) is an antibiotic, which inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity, used to treat tuberculosis.
S1790 Rifaximin Rifaximin is a RNA synthesis inhibitor by binding the β subunit of the bacterial DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, used to treat traveler's diarrhea caused by certain bacteria.
S1362 Rigosertib (ON-01910) Rigosertib (ON-01910) is a non-ATP-competitive inhibitor of PLK1 with IC50 of 9 nM in a cell-free assay. It shows 30-fold greater selectivity against Plk2 and no activity to Plk3. Rigosertib inhibits PI3K/Akt pathway and activates oxidative stress signals. Rigosertib induces apoptosis in various cancer cells. Phase 3.
S7548 Rilmenidine Phosphate Rilmenidine Phosphate is a selective I(1) imidazoline receptor agonist, used for the treatment of hypertension.
S7303 Rilpivirine Rilpivirine (R278474, TMC27, DB08864) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), and used to treat HIV-1 infection.
E0815 Rilpivirine Hydrochloride Rilpivirine (TMC278), is a second-generation non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) with higher potency, longer half-life and reduced side-effect profile compared with older NNRTIs, such as efavirenz.
S1614 Riluzole (PK 26124) Riluzole (PK 26124, RP-54274) is a glutamate release inhibitor with neuroprotective, anticonvulsant, anxiolytic and anesthetic qualities.
S1964 Rimantadine Rimantadine (Flumadine) is an anti-influenza virus drug for T. brucei with IC50 of 7 μM.
S5484 Rimantadine Hydrochloride Rimantadine is an RNA synthesis inhibitor that is used as an antiviral agent in the prophylaxis and treatment of influenza. It works by inhibiting a viral protein called M2, which normally mediates the transport of acid ions across the influenza virion shell.
E0467 Rimcazole dihydrochloride

Rimcazole (BW 234U) dihydrochloride, a carbazole derivative, acts in part as a sigma (σ) receptor antagonist. Rimcazole dihydrochloride also binds with moderate affinity to the dopamine transporter and inhibits dopamine uptake.

S6659 Rimegepant (BMS-927711) Rimegepant (BMS-927711, BHV-3000) is a potent, selective, competitive human calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonist with ki of 0.027 nM.
S0312 Rimeporide Rimeporide(EMD-87580) is a sodium hydrogen exchanger (NHE-1) inhibitor indicated for patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
S9726 Rimiducid (AP1903) Rimiducid (AP1903) is a chemical protein dimerizer and binds tightly to the target FKBP fusion protein while binding minimally to the abundant natural FKBP. Rimiducid elicites potent and dose-dependent apoptosis of cells in culture expressing dimerizer-dependent Fas constructs, with an EC50 of ≈0.1 nM.
S3021 Rimonabant (SR141716) Rimonabant (SR141716) is a selective antagonist of CB1 with IC50 of 13.6 nM and EC50 of 17.3 nM in hCB1 transfected HEK 293 membrane. Rimonabant is also a dual inhibitor of acyl CoA:cholesterol acyltransferases(ACAT) 1 and 2 and inhibits mycobacterial MmpL3.
S8135 Riociguat (BAY 63-2521) Riociguat (BAY 63-2521) is an oral soluble guanylate cyclase (GC) stimulator, used in the treatment of ipulmonary hypertension.
S6511 RIPA-56 RIPA-56 is a highly-potent, selective, and metabolically stable RIP1 (RIPK1) inhibitor.
S7995 Ripasudil (K-115) hydrochloride dihydrate Ripasudil (K-115) hydrochloride dihydrate is potent ROCK inhibitor with IC50 of 51 nM and 19 nM for ROCK1 and ROCK2, respectively, used for the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension.
E2648 RIPK1-IN-7 RIPK1-IN-7 is a potent and selective receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) inhibitor with a Kd of 4 nM and an enzymatic IC50 of 11 nM.
S8757 Ripretinib (DCC-2618) DCC-2618 is an orally bioavailable switch pocket control inhibitor of wild-type and mutated forms of the tumor-associated antigens (TAA) mast/stem cell factor receptor (SCFR) Kit (c-Kit) and PDGFR-alpha, with IC50 values of 4 nM, 8 nM, 18 nM, 5 nM and 14 nM for WT Kit (c-Kit), V654A Kit (c-Kit), T670I Kit (c-Kit), D816H Kit (c-Kit) and D816V Kit (c-Kit), respectively.
S6925 Risdiplam (RG7916) Risdiplam (Evrysdi, RG7916, RO7034067) is an orally administered SMN2 pre-mRNA splicing modifier that distributes into the central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral tissues.
S1874 Risedronate Risedronate (Risedronic Acid) is a bisphosphonate used to strengthen bone, treat or prevent osteoporosis, and treat Paget's disease of bone.
S1428 Risedronate Sodium Risedronate (NE 58095) sodium, a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, inhibits osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and modulates bone metabolism, used in the treatment of osteoporosis.
S1615 Risperidone Risperidone (R-64766) is a mutil-targeted antagonist for dopamine, serotonin, adrenergic and histamine receptors, used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
S2781 RITA (NSC 652287) RITA (NSC 652287) induces both DNA-protein and DNA-DNA cross-links with no detectable DNA single-strand breaks, and also inhibits MDM2-p53 interaction by targeting p53.
S5251 Ritalinic acid Ritalinic acid (α-phenylpiperidine-2-acetic acid) is a substituted phenethylamine and an inactive major metabolite of the psychostimulant drugs methylphenidate. Ritalinic acid can be biodegraded and used as a sole carbon and nitrogen source by various microbial strains originating from different environmental samples.
S5987 Ritanserin (R 55667) Ritanserin (R 55667) is a potent, selective, orally active and long acting 5-HT2 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 0.9 nM. Ritanserin also inhibits Histamine H1, Dopamine D2, Adrenergic α1 and Adrenergic α2 receptors with IC50 of 35 nM, 70 nM, 97 nM and 150 nM, respectively.
S8538 Ritlecitinib (PF-06651600) Ritlecitinib (PF-06651600) is a potent and irreversible JAK3-selective inhibitor with an IC50 of 33.1 nM but without activity (IC50 > 10 000 nM) against JAK1, JAK2, and TYK2.
S2533 Ritodrine HCl Ritodrine HCl (NSC 291565) is a hydrochloride salt of ritodrine which is a β-2 adrenergic receptor agonist.
S1185 Ritonavir (ABT-538) Ritonavir (ABT-538, A 84538, RTV, Norvir, Norvir Softgel) is a Cytochrome P450 3A and Protease Inhibitor; Also inhibits Cytochrome P450 2D6, P-Glycoprotein and induces Cytochrome P450 2C19, Cytochrome P450 1A2, Cytochrome P450 2C9, Cytochrome P450 2B6 and UDP Glucuronosyltransferases. Ritonavir induces apoptosis.
A2009 Rituximab (anti-CD20) Rituximab (anti-CD20) is a chimeric anti-CD20 mAb that binds the CD20 antigen on B cells with a binding affinity of 5 nM, MW: 143.86 KD.
S3002 Rivaroxaban (BAY 59-7939) Rivaroxaban (BAY 59-7939) is a direct inhibitor of Factor Xa with Ki and IC50 of 0.4 nM and 0.7 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. It is selective for human factor Xa, for which it has >10 000-fold greater selectivity than for other biologically relevant serine proteases (IC50 >20 μM).
S4687 Rivastigmine Rivastigmine (SDZ-ENA 713, Exelon) is a cholinesterase inhibitor with IC50 of 5.5 μM. It inhibits acetylcholinesterase (IC50 = 4.15 µM) and butyrylcholinesterase (IC50 = 37 nM).
S2087 Rivastigmine Tartrate Rivastigmine Tartrate (ENA 713) is a cholinesterase inhibitor with IC50 of 5.5 μM, and used as a parasympathomimetic or cholinergic agent for the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer disease.
S8058 Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00) Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00) is a novel CDK1, CDK4 and CDK9 inhibitor with IC50 of 79 nM, 63 nM and 20 nM, respectively. Riviciclib hydrochloride (P276-00) induces apoptosis. Phase 2/3.
E2126 Rivularin Rivularin is a heliangolide and isolated together with leptocarpin as a minor constituent from leptocarpin rivularis.
S1607 Rizatriptan Benzoate Rizatriptan Benzoate (MK-462) is an agonist at serotonin 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptors, used to treat acute migraine attacks.
S0020 RK 24466 RK-24466 (KIN 001-51, Lck inhibitor C 8863, C8863) is a potent and selective inhibitor of Lck that inhibits two constructs of the human lck kinase, lck (64-509) and lckcd with IC50 of < 0.001 μM and 0.002 μM, respectively.
S8876 RK-287107 RK-287107 is a novel, potent and selective tankyrase inhibitor with antitumor activity. RK-287107 inhibits tankyrase-1 and tankyrase-2 in vitro with IC50 of 14.3 nM and 10.6 nM.
S8246 RK-33 RK-33 is a first-in-class small molecule inhibitor of DDX3 (a RNA helicase) and causes G1 cell cycle arrest, induces apoptosis, and promotes radiation sensitization in DDX3-overexpressing cells.
S8718 RMC-4550 RMC-4550 is a potent SHP-2inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.55 nM and it has no significant activity vs. 468 kinases, the catalytic domain of 15 phosphatases and other cellular targets including GPCRs, transporters and ion channels.
S0823 RMS060 RMS060 (Protein kinase affinity probe 1) is a novel protein kinase affinity probe that can be used for the functional identification of protein kinases.
S2650 RN-1734 RN-1734 (TRPV4 Antagonist I) is a selective transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) antagonist with IC50 of 2.3 μM, 5.9 μM and 3.2 μM for hTRPV4, mTRPV4 and rTRPV4, respectively. RN-1734 alleviates demyelination and inhibits glial activation and the production of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β) without altering the number of olig2-positive cells.
E0031 RN-1747

RN-1747 is a selective TRPV4 agonist with EC50s of 0.77 μM, 4.0 μM and 4.1 μM for hTRPV4, mTRPV4 and rTRPV4, respectively. RN-1747 also antagonizes TRPM8 with IC50 of 4 μM.

S0450 RN-18 RN-18 is an inhibitor of HIV-1 viral infectivity factor (HIV-1 Vif) with IC50 of 6 μM in nonpermissive H9 cells.
E0346 Ro 20-1724

Ro 20-1724 is a potent inhibitor of PDE IV with Ki value of 3.1 μM and a potent gastric secretagogues.

S0107 Ro 46-2005 Ro 46-2005 is a novel synthetic non-peptide endothelin receptor antagonist. Ro 46-2005 inhibits the specific binding of 125I-ET-1 to human vascular smooth muscle cells (ETA receptor) with IC50 of 220 nM.
E0642 RO 46-8443 RO 46-8443 is the first non-peptide endothelin ETB receptor selective antagonist. Ro 46-8443 displays an at least 100-fold selectivity for ETB (IC50=34-69 nM) over ETA receptors (IC50=6800 nM).
S0007 RO 5028442 (RG7713) RO 5028442 (RG7713) is a highly potent and selective Brain-Penetrant Vasopressin 1a (V1a) receptor antagonist with Kis of 1 nM for hV1a and 39 nM for mV1a.
S8172 Ro 61-8048 Ro 61-8048 is a high-affinity kynurenine 3-hydroxylase (KMO) inhibitor with IC50 and Ki of 37 nM and 4.8 nM, respectively.
E0643 RO-3 RO-3 is a potent, CNS-penetrant, and orally active P2X3 and P2X2/3 antagonist with pIC50s of 5.9 μM and 7.0 μM for human homomultimeric P2X3 and heteromultimeric P2X2/3 receptors, respectively. RO-3 shows selectivity for P2X3 and P2X2/3 over all other functional homomultimeric P2X receptors (IC50 >10 μM at P2X1,2,4,5,7).
S7747 Ro-3306 RO-3306 is an ATP-competitive, and selective CDK1 inhibitor with Ki of 20 nM, >15-fold selectivity against a diverse panel of human kinases. RO-3306 enhances p53-mediated Bax activation and mitochondrial apoptosis.
S0305 RO1138452 RO1138452 (CAY10441) is a potent and selective antagonist of IP (prostacyclin, PGI2) receptor with pKi of 9.3 and 8.7 in human platelets and a recombinant IP receptor system, respectively.
S3426 RO2959 hydrochloride RO2959 hydrochloride is a potent and selective inhibitor of CRAC channel with IC50 of 402 nM. RO2959 hydrochloride is also a potent inhibitor of human IL-2.
S7248 Ro3280 RO3280 (Ro5203280) is a potent, highly selective inhibitor of Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) with IC50 of 3 nM.
S1575 RO4929097 RO4929097 (RG-4733) is a γ secretase inhibitor with IC50 of 4 nM in a cell-free assay, inhibiting cellular processing of Aβ40 and Notch with EC50 of 14 nM and 5 nM, respectively. Phase 2.
S0384 RO495 RO495 (CS-2667) is a potent inhibitor of Non-receptor tyrosine-protein kinase 2 (TYK2).
E1245 Ro5-3335
S7170 RO5126766 (CH5126766) RO5126766 (CH5126766, VS 6766, CKI-27, R-7304, RG-7304) is a dual RAF/MEK inhibitor with IC50 of 8.2 nM,19 nM, 56 nM, and 160 nM for BRAF V600E, BRAF, CRAF, and MEK1, respectively. Phase 1.
E0960 RO5186582 RO5186582 (Basmisanil, RG1662) is a highly selective GABAAα5 negative allosteric modulator.
S3467 RO5203648 hydrochloride RO5203648 hydrochloride is a partial agonist of Trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1).
S0167 RO8994 RO8994 is a potent and selective small-molecule MDM2 inhibitor with IC50 values of 5 nM in HTRF binding assays and 20 nM in MTT proliferation assays, respectively.
S4876 Robenidine Hydrochloride Robenidine Hydrochloride (Dexium, Nugatex, Rasexinium, Toraxine) is an anticoccidial agent mainly for poultry.
E0459 Robinetin Robinetin inhibits HIV integrase cleavage and integration in a dose-dependent manne, inhibits the DNA synthesis in Proteus vulgaris, and the RNA synthesis in S. aureus, also inhibits egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (EYPC) membrane lipid peroxidation and hemoglobin A (HbA) glycosylation with high efficiency.
E2758 Robinin

Robinin, a flavonoid fraction of <i>Vigna unguiculata</i> leaf, inhibits upregulated expression of TLR2 and TLR4.

S8548 Roblitinib (FGF401) Roblitinib (FGF401) is an FGFR4-selective inhibitor with an IC50 of 1.1 nM. It binds in a reversible covalent manner to the FGFR4 kinase domain and shows at least 1,000 fold selectivity against of panel of 65 kinases in biochemical assays.
S0955 Roburic Acid Roburic acid, a tetracyclic triterpenoid found in Gentiana macrophylla, is an inhibitor of COX with IC50 of 5 μM and 9 μM for COX-1 and COX-2, respectively.
S7428 Rocaglamide Rocaglamide (Roc-A), isolated from Aglaia species, is a potent inhibitor of heat shock factor 1 (HSF1) activation with IC50 of ~50 nM for HSF1. Rocaglamide inhibits the function of the translation initiation factor eIF4A. Rocaglamide also inhibits NF-κB activity. Rocaglamide exhibits anti-tumor activity.
S7284 Rociletinib (CO-1686) Rociletinib (CO-1686, AVL-301) is an irreversible, mutant-selective EGFR inhibitor with Ki of 21.5 nM and 303.3 nM for EGFRL858R/T790M and EGFRWT in cell-free assays, respectively. Phase 2.
S1397 Rocuronium Bromide Rocuronium Bromide (ORG 9426) is a competitive AchR antagonist, used in modern anaesthesia.
S3043 Rofecoxib Rofecoxib (MK-0966) is a COX-2 inhibitor with IC50 of 18 nM.
S2131 Roflumilast (B9302-107) Roflumilast (APTA 2217, B9302-107, BY 217, BYK 20869) is a selective inhibitor of PDE4 with IC50 of 0.2-4.3 nM in a cell-free assay.
S0123 Roflumilast N-oxide Roflumilast N-oxide is an inhibitor of PDE type 4.
S5476 Rolapitant Rolapitant (SCH-619734) is a selective and competitive antagonist of human substance P/NK1 receptors with antiemetic activity. It has a high affinity for the human NK1 receptor of 0.66 nM and high selectivity over the human NK2 and NK3 subtypes of >1000-fold, as well as preferential affinity for human, guinea pig, gerbil and monkey NK1 receptors over rat, mouse and rabbit.
S1430 Rolipram (ZK-62711) The PDE4 selective inhibitor, Rolipram (ZK-62711, SB 95952), inhibited immunopurified PDE4B and PDE4D activities similarly, with IC50 values of approx. 130 nM and 240 nM respectively; an anti-inflammatory agent.
S3020 Romidepsin Romidepsin (FK228, Depsipeptide, FR 901228, NSC 630176) is a potent HDAC1 and HDAC2 inhibitor with IC50 of 36 nM and 47 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. Romidepsin (FK228/depsipeptide) controls growth and induces apoptosis in neuroblastoma tumor cells.
S4062 Ronidazole Ronidazole is an antiprotozoal agent.
S3189 Ropinirole HCl Ropinirole (SKF-101468A) a selective dopamine D2 receptors agonist with Ki of 29 nM.
S5504 Ropivacaine Ropivacaine is a member of the amino amide class of local anesthetics.
S4058 Ropivacaine HCl Ropivacaine HCl (LEA-103) is an anaesthetic agent and blocks impulse conduction in nerve fibres through inhibiting sodium ion influx reversibly.
S9676 Ropsacitinib (PF-06826647) Ropsacitinib (PF-06826647, Tyk2-IN-8, compound 10) is a selective and orally administered inhibitor of tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2) with IC50 of 17 nM for binding to TYK2 catalytically active JH1 domain. PF-06826647 (Tyk2-IN-8, compound 10) also inhibits JAK1 and JAK2 with IC50 of 383 nM and 74 nM, respectively. PF-06826647 (Tyk2-IN-8, compound 10) is used in the treatment of psoriasis (PSO).
S2307 Roquinimex Roquinimex (FCF 89, Linomide, LS 2616) is a novel immunomodulator augmenting natural killer (NK) cell activity and T-lymphocyte related effector functions. Roquinimex is a potent oral active tumor antiangiogenic agent. Roquinimex inhibits the secretion of TNF-α.
E0619 RORγt inverse agonist 13 RORγt inverse agonist 13 (Compound 3i) is a potent, orally active and selective RORγt inverse agonist, with improved drug-like properties, with an IC50 of 63.8 nM.
E3112 Rosa Roxburghii Fruit Extract
E3113 Rosa Roxburghii Root Extract
S3287 Rosamultin Rosamultin is a 19 α-hydroxyursane-type triterpenoid isolated from Potentilla anserina L. that inhibits HIV-1 protease. Rosamultin has protective effects on H2O2-induced oxidative damage and apoptosis.
E2408 Rosarin

Rosarin is a cinnamyl alcohol glycoside isolated from Rhodiola rosea. Rosarin has anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. Rosarin suppresses the expression of the proinflammatory factors iNOS, IL-1 β, and TNF- α in the kidney and prefrontal cortex of the brain in mice.

S3844 Rosavin Rosavin, a cinnamyl alcohol glycoside found in the plant Rhodiola rosea, possesses antidepressant and anxiolytic activities.
S1153 Roscovitine (CYC202) Roscovitine (CYC202, Seliciclib, R-roscovitine) is a potent and selective CDK inhibitor for Cdc2, CDK2 and CDK5 with IC50 of 0.65 μM, 0.7 μM and 0.16 μM in cell-free assays. It shows little effect on CDK4/6. Phase 2.
E3478 Rose Extract
E3477 Rose hip Extract
E3764 Rose Pelargonium Leaf Extract
E3507 Rose-of-Sharon Seed Extract
E3445 Roselle Extract
E3480 Rosemary Extract
S2556 Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653) Rosiglitazone (BRL 49653) is a potent antihyperglycemic agent and a potent thiazolidinedione insulin sensitizer with IC50 of 12, 4 and 9 nM for rat, 3T3-L1 and human adipocytes, respectively. Rosiglitazone is a pure ligand of PPAR-gamma, and has no PPAR-alpha-binding action. Rosiglitazone modulates TRP channels and induces autophagy. Rosiglitazone prevents ferroptosis.
S2075 Rosiglitazone (BRL-49653) HCl Rosiglitazone HCl (BRL-49653) is a blood glucose-lowering drugs, stimulating insulin secretion by binding to the PPAR receptors in fat cells.
S2505 Rosiglitazone (BRL-49653) maleate Rosiglitazone maleate (BRL 49653), a member of the thiazolidinedione class of antihyperglycaemic agents, is a high-affinity selective agonist of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) with IC50 of 42 nM. Rosiglitazone maleate also modulates TRP channels and induces autophagy. Rosiglitazone prevents ferroptosis.
E2409 Rosin

Rosin is isolated from pine wood or pine stumps, Rosin is a frequent contact allergen that induces allergic contact dermatitis.

E2453 Rosiridin Rosiridin inhibits MAO A and MAO B with potential beneficial effect in depression and senile dementia.
E2107 Rosmanol Rosmanol is a natural product found in Salvia mellifera and Hypericum canariense, with anti-inflammatory effect.
S3612 Rosmarinic acid Rosmarinic acid (RA, Rosemary acid) is a naturally occurring hydroxylated compound. It has the ability to block complement fixation, inhibit lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase activity and inhibit the expression of CCL11 and CCR3 by suppressing the IKK-β activity in NF-κB activation signaling.
S2169 Rosuvastatin (ZD4522) calcium Rosuvastatin Calcium (ZD4522) is a competitive inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase with IC50 of 11 nM in a cell-free assay.
S2348 Rotenone (Barbasco) Rotenone (Barbasco, Dactinol, Paraderil, Rotenon, Rotocide) is a botanical insecticide that is an inhibitor of mitochondrial electron transport. Rotenone inhibits NADH/DB oxidoreductase and NADH oxidase with IC50 of 28.8 nM and 5.1 nM, respectively. Rotenone induces apoptosis through enhancing mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production.
S4274 Rotigotine Rotigotine is a dopamine receptor agonist, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease and restless legs syndrome.
S7862 Rottlerin Rottlerin (Mallotoxin, NSC 56346, NSC 94525), a natural compound purified from Mallotus Philippinensis, is a specific Protein kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 3 μM, 6 μM and 5.3 μM for PKCδ(from baculovirus-infected Sf9 insect cells), PKCδ(from porcine spleen) and CaM kinase III, respectively. Rottlerin also inhibits PKCα, PKCγ, PKCβ, PKCη, CKII and PKA with IC50 of 30 μM, 40 μM, 42 μM, 82 μM, 30 μM and 78 μM, respectively.
S9514 Rotundic acid Rotundic acid (Rutundic acid), a natural compound, exhibit cytotoxic activities toward human hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2), malignant melanoma (A375), SCLC (NCI-H446), breast cancer (MCF-7), and colon cancer (HT-29) cell lines.RA induces cell cycle arrest, DNA damage, and apoptosis by modulating the AKT/mTOR and MAPK pathways.
S2437 Rotundine Rotundine (L-tetrahydropalmatine, L-THP) is a selective dopamine D1 receptor antagonist with IC50 of 166 nM.
S1007 Roxadustat (FG-4592) Roxadustat (FG-4592) is an HIF-α prolyl hydroxylase inhibitor in a cell-free assay, stabilizes HIF-2 and induces EPO production. Roxadustat potentiates RSL3 induced ferroptosis. Phase 3.
S1880 Roxatidine Acetate HCl Roxatidine Acetate HCl is a specific and competitive histamin H2-receptor antagonist, with IC50 of 3.2 μM, inhibits gastric acid secretion and ulcer formation.
S2506 Roxithromycin Roxithromycin (Roxl-150) is a semi-synthetic macrolide antibiotic. It is used to treat respiratory tract, urinary and soft tissue infections.
S3827 Royal jelly acid Royal jelly acid (10-Hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid, 10H2DA) is the principal lipid component in royal jelly which is the food for queen and larvae honeybees. It is involved in several treatment processes of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, including inhibition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and interferon (IFN)-γ-stimulated macrophage responses, inhibition of T-cell proliferation and anti-rheumatoid activity.
S0725 RP-54745 RP-54745 inhibits macrophage stimulation and interleukin-1 production. RP-54745 is a potential antirheumatic compound.
E1175 RP-6306 RP-6306 is a Protein Kinase, Membrane Associated Tyrosine/Threonine 1 (PKMYT1) inhibitor, which can be used for the research of cancer.
S0820 RP-64477 RP-64477 is a potent inhibitor of the cholesterol esterifying enzyme Acyl-coenzyme A:cholesterol O-acyltransferase (ACAT). RP-64477 inhibits ACAT activity with IC50 of 113 nM, 503 nM, and 180 nM in human intestinal (CaCo-2), hepatic (HepG2) and monocytic (THP-1) cell assays, respectively.
E2682 RPI-1 RPI-1 inhibits proliferation of human papillary thyroid carcinoma cell line TPC-1 by inducing accumulation of cells at the G2 cell cycle phase, abolishes Ret/Ptc1 tyrosine phosphorylation along with its binding to Shc and phospholipase Cg, also abolishes the activation of JNK2 and AKT.
S0520 RPW-24 RPW-24 protects C. elegans from bacterial infection by stimulating the host immune response of the nematode with antibacterial activity.
S0115 RQ-00203078 RQ-00203078 is a highly selective, potent and orally available TRPM8 antagonist with IC50 of 5.3 nM and 8.3 nM for rat and human channels, respectively.
S8405 RRx-001 RRx-001 is a novel epigenetic modulator with potential radiosensitizing activity. It inhibits glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase(G6PD) in human tumor cells, binds hemoglobin and drives RBC-mediated redox reactions under hypoxia. RRx-001 triggers apoptosis and exhibits anticancer activity.
S8234 RS-1 RS-1 is a RAD51-stimulatory compound, which increases the DNA binding activity of RAD51. It is an HDR(homology-directed repair) enhancer that enhances Cas9- and TALEN-mediated knock-in efficiency in rabbit embryos both in vitro and in vivo.
S7538 RS-102895 Hydrochloride RS-102895 hydrochloride (HCl) is a potent antagonist of Chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 2 (CCR2) with IC50 of 360 nM, and shows no effect on CCR1. RS-102895 hydrochloride also inhibits human α1a and α1d receptors, rat brain cortex 5-HT1a receptor in cells with IC50s of 130 nM, 320 nM, 470 nM, respectively.
S2698 RS-127445 RS-127445 (MT500) is a selective 5-HT2B receptor antagonist with pKi of 9.5 and pIC50 of 10.4, exhibits >1000-fold selectivity against other 5-HT receptors.
S6080 RS-127445 hydrochloride RS-127445 hydrochloride is a selective, high affinity, orally bioavailable antagonist of 5-HT2B receptor with pKi of 9.5.
S6084 RS-127445 maleate RS-127445 maleate is a selective, high affinity, orally bioavailable antagonist of 5-HT2B receptor with pKi of 9.5.
S3383 RS102895 RS 102895 is a small molecule antagonist of CCR2 with an IC50 of 360 nM.
S9738 RS504393 RS504393, an extremely selective CC chemokine receptor (CCR) 2 antagonist with IC50 of 98 nM, also targets multiple receptors for inhibition of CCR2b and CCR1 receptors when administrated in higher concentration.
S8155 RSL3 RSL3 ((1S,3R)-RSL3) is a ferroptosis activator in a VDAC-independent manner,exhibiting selectivity for tumor cells bearing oncogenic RAS. RSL3 binds, inactivates GPX4 and thus mediates GPX4-regulated ferroptosis.
S0470 RSV604 RSV604 (A-60444), a novel benzodiazepine, is an inhibitor of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) with EC50 of 0.86 μM. RSV604 has significant potential for the effective treatment of RSV disease. Phase 2.
S0888 Rsva 405 Rsva 405, a novel small-molecule activator of AMPK, is a potent inhibitor of adipogenesis and thus may have therapeutic potential against obesity.
E0458 RTICBM-189 RTICBM-189 is a potent, brain-penetrant allosteric modulator of the cannabinoid type-1 (CB1) receptor with a pIC50 of 7.54 in Ca2+ mobilization assay.
S0071 RU-301 RU-301 is a pan-TAM receptor (Axl, Tyro3 and Mertk) inhibitor that blocks the Axl receptor dimerization site with Kd of 12 μM and IC50 of 10 μM, respectively.
E0615 RU-302 RU-302 is a small molecule pan-TAM inhibitor that targets the TAM Ig1-Gas6 interface and blocks Gas6-dependent TAM activation.
S6841 RU.521 RU.521 (RU320521) is an active, potent and selective inhibitor of cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) that inhibits the cGAS-mediated signaling with IC50 of 700 nM. RU.521 binds to the cGAS/dsDNA complex with Kd of 36.2 nM.
S5285 RU58841 RU58841, also known as PSK-3841 or HMR-3841, is a non-steroidal anti-androgen.
E3210 Rubi Fructus Extract
E0657 Rubiadin 1-methyl ether Rubiadin-1-methyl ether, a natural anthraquinone compound isolated from the root of Morinda officinalis How, can inhibit osteoclastic bone resorption through blocking NF-κB pathway and may be a promising agent for the prevention and treatment of bone diseases characterized by excessive bone resorption.
S9162 Rubimaillin Rubimaillin (Mollugin), found in the Chinese medical plant Rubia cordifola, is a dual inhibitor of acetyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase 1 (ACAT1) and acetyl-CoA cholesterol acyltransferase 2 (ACAT2), but is more selective for the ACAT2 isozyme.
S2288 Rubitecan Rubitecan (9-NC, 9-Nitro-camptothecin, Partaject Orathecin, Partaject rubitecan, RFS 2000) is a topoisomerase I inhibitor extracted from the bark and leaves of the Camptotheca acuminata tree, which is native to China. Rubitecan is an oral camptothecin with antitumour activity.
S7663 Ruboxistaurin (LY333531) HCl Ruboxistaurin (LY333531) HCl is a β-specific protein kinase C inhibitor. It competitively and reversibly inhibits PKCβ1 and PKCβ2 with IC50 values of 4.7 and 5.9 nM respectively.
E2305 Rubrofusarin gentiobioside Rubrofusarin gentiobioside is isolated from the seeds of Cassia tora L. Rubrofusarin gentiobioside has a radical scavenging effect.
S4948 Rucaparib Rucaparib (Rubraca, AG014699, PF01367338) is an inhibitor of PARP with Ki of 1.4 nM for PARP1 in a cell-free assay, also showing binding affinity to eight other PARP domains.
S1098 Rucaparib (AG-014699) phosphate Rucaparib (AG-014699, PF-01367338) is an inhibitor of PARP with Ki of 1.4 nM for PARP1 in a cell-free assay, also showing binding affinity to eight other PARP domains. Phase 3.
S5195 Rucaparib Camsylate Rucaparib (Rubraca, AG014699, PF01367338) Camsylate is an inhibitor of PARP with Ki of 1.4 nM for PARP1 in a cell-free assay, also showing binding affinity to eight other PARP domains.
S1256 Rufinamide Rufinamide (CGP 33101) is a voltage-gated sodium channel blocker, used an anticonvulsant medication.
E3704 Rumex madaio Makino Extract
S3052 Rupatadine Fumarate Rupatadine is an inhibitor of PAFR and histamine (H1) receptor with Ki of 550 nM and 102 nM, respectively.
S9183 Ruscogenin Ruscogenin, a major steroidal sapogenin of traditional Chinese herb Radix Ophiopogon japonicus, has been reported to exert significant anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic activities.
E3855 Ruta Graveolens Extract
S2349 Rutaecarpine Rutaecarpine (Rutecarpine) is an indolopyridoquinazolinone alkaloid isolated from Evodia rutaecarpa and related herbs; a new class of COX-2 inhibitor.
S2350 Rutin Rutin (Rutoside), a flavonol glycoside found in many plants including buckwheat; tobacco; forsythia; hydrangea; viola, etc., which possesses healthy effects for human.
S6264 Rutin hydrate Rutin (Quercetin-3-O-rutinoside, Rutoside, Sophorin) is a glycoside found in a wide variety of plants including citrus fruit.
S1378 Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) Ruxolitinib (INCB018424) is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.
S5243 Ruxolitinib Phosphate Ruxolitinib Phosphate (INCB018424, INC424) is the phosphate salt form of Ruxolitinib. Ruxolitinib is the first potent, selective, JAK1/2 inhibitor to enter the clinic with IC50 of 3.3 nM/2.8 nM in cell-free assays, >130-fold selectivity for JAK1/2 versus JAK3. Ruxolitinib kills tumor cells through toxic mitophagy. Ruxolitinib induces autophagy and enhances apoptosis.
S8199 Ruxotemitide (LTX 315) Ruxotemitide (LTX 315, Oncopore) is the oncolytic peptide that kills cancer cells through Bax/Bak-regulated mitochondrial membrane permeabilization.
S8570 RXDX-106 (CEP-40783) RXDX-106 (CEP-40783) is an orally-available, potent and selective TAM(TYRO3, AXL, MER)/Met (c-Met) inhibitor displaying low nanomolar biochemical activity and slow (T1/2 >120 min) inhibitor off-rate in peptide phosphorylation assays and in vitro kinase binding assays, respectively.
S3452 RY785 RY785 (Kv2-IN-A1) is an inhibitor of Kv2.1 and Kv2.2.