||1-Indanone (Indan-1-one, Alpha-Indanone) is an oxidation product of Indan, a component of fuels, solvents, and varnishes. It is part of the steroid hormone biosynthesis, and arachidonic acid metabolism pathways.
||1-Iodoadamantane (Adamantyl iodide) is a chemical.
||3-Indoleacetonitrile, a plant growth hormone, is a light-induced auxin-inhibitory substance that is isolated from light-grown cabbage (Brassica olearea L.) shoots.
||3-Indolepropionic acid (IPA, indole-3-propionic acid), a gut microbial metabolite, is a potent neuroprotective antioxidant and plant auxin.
||4-IBP is a selective σ1 receptor agonist with a high level of affinity for the σ1 receptor (Ki = 1.7 nM) and a moderate affinity for the σ2 receptor (Ki = 25.2 nM).
||4-IPP (4-Iodo-6-phenylpyrimidine) is an irreversible inhibitor of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) and a specific suicide substrate for MIF. 4-IPP can inhibit receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL)-induced osteoclastogenesis and potentiate osteoblast-mediated mineralization and bone nodule formation in vitro.
||4-Isopropylbenzaldehyde (Cuminaldehyde, Cuminic aldehyde, Cuminal), a natural organic compound, is a kind of pharmaceutical intermediate with a pleasant smell and contributes to the aroma of essential oils.
||4-Isopropylbenzyl Alcohol (Cumic alcohol, Cuminyl alcohol, Cuminic alcohol), isolated from Eucalyptus camaldulensis, is a compound with insect repellent properties.
||5-Iodotubercidin (NSC 113939, 5-ITu) is a potent adenosine kinase inhibitor with IC50 of 26 nM. It inhibits nucleoside transporter, CK1, insulin receptor tyrosine kinase, phosphorylase kinase, PKA, CK2 and PKC.
||6-Iodopravadoline (AM630) is a selective cannabinoid CB2 receptor antagonist with Ki of 31.2 nM.
||9-ING-41 is a potent inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) with antitumor activity. 9-ING-41 induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at prophase by targeting centrosomes and microtubule-bound GSK3β.
||I-191 is a potent PAR2 antagonist that inhibits multiple PAR2-induced signaling pathways and functional responses. I-191 also inhibits ERK1/2 phosphorylation, RhoA activation, and inhibition of forskolin-stimulated cAMP accumulation induced by micromolar concentrations of biased ligand GB88.
||I-CBP112 is a potent and selective CBP/p300 inhibitor with dissociation constant (KD) of 151 ± 6 nM and 167 ± 8 nM for CBP and p300, respectively.
||i-Inositol, also known as myo-inositol, is a chemical compound which is sugar alcohol. i-Inositol is involved in a number of biological processes including insulin signal transduction, cytoskeleton transduction and so on.
||I3MT-3 (HMPSNE, compound 3) is a potent, selective, and cell-membrane permeable inhibitor of 3-mercaptopyruvate sulfurtransferase (3MST) with IC50 of 2.7 μM. I3MT-3 targets a persulfurated cysteine residue located in the active site of 3MST.
IA-14069 potently inhibits both TNF-α-induced cytotoxicity (IC50 < 0.7 μM) which directly binds to TNF-α and TNF-α-triggered signaling (p-IκBα and NF-κB p65) activities.
||IACS-010759 (IACS-10759) is a potent and selective oxidative phosphorylation inhibitor (IC50 < 10 nM) that blocks cellular respiration through inhibition of complex I.
||IACS-13909 (BBP-398) is a specific and potent allosteric inhibitor of SHP2 (Src homology 2 domain-containing phosphatase) that suppresses signaling through the MAPK pathway.
||Iadademstat (ORY-1001) 2HCl
||ORY-1001 (RG-6016) 2HCl is an orally active and selective lysine-specific demethylase LSD1/KDM1A inhibitor with IC50 of <20 nM, with high selectivity against related FAD dependent aminoxidases. Phase 1.
||IAXO-102 is an antagonist of TLR4 targeting both MD-2 and CD14 co-receptors. IAXO-102 inhibits MAPK and p65 NF-κB phosphorylation and downregulates the expression of TLR4 dependent proinflammatory proteins. IAXO-102 inhibits experimental abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) development.
||Ibandronate sodium monohydrate
||Ibandronate (BM-21.0955, BM-210955, RPR-102289A) is a highly potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate used for the treatment of osteoporosis.
||Iberdomide (CC-220) is a novel oral immunomodulatory compound that targets cereblon, part of the CRL4CRBN E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, with an IC50 of 60 nM in a competitive TR-FRET assay. Iberdomide (CC-220) induces apoptosis with antitumor and immunostimulatory activities.
Iberiotoxin (IbTX) is a toxin purified from the scorpion Buthus tamulus. Iberiotoxin is a potent blocker of the large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channel with a Kd of ~1 nM.
||IBMX (Isobutylmethylxanthine, 1-Methyl-3-Isobutylxanthine) is a nonspecific inhibitor of phosphodiesterase (PDE) with IC50 values of 6.5±1.2, 26.3±3.9 and 31.7±5.3 μM for PDE3, 4 and 5 respectively. It may enhance the intracellular cAMP levels and also acts as an adenosine (A1) receptor antagonist.
||Ibrolipim (NO-1886) is an effective lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activator that increases LPL mRNA and LPL activity in adipose tissue, myocardium, and skeletal muscle.
||Ibrutinib (PCI-32765) is a potent and highly selective Brutons tyrosine kinase (Btk) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.5 nM in cell-free assays, modestly potent to Bmx, CSK, FGR, BRK, HCK, less potent to EGFR, Yes, ErbB2, JAK3, etc. Ibrutinib is applicable as a Btk ligand in the synthesis of a series of PROTACs including P13I.
||Ibudilast (KC-404, AV411, MN166) is a relatively non-selective phosphodiesterase inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective activities.
||Ibuprofen (NSC 256857)
||Ibuprofen (NSC 256857, Dolgesic) is an anti-inflammatory inhibitor targeting COX-1 and COX-2 with IC50 of 13 μM and 370 μM, respectively.
|| Ibuprofen Lysine is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.
||Ibuprofen piconol (U75630) is a non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drug for the topical relief of primary thermal burns and sunburns.
||Ibutamoren mesylate (MK-0667, L163191) is a potent, orally active growth hormone (GH) secretagogue. Ibutamoren (Mesylate) is a potent, non-peptide Growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHSR) agonist.
||Ibutilide Fumarate (U-70226E) is a Class III antiarrhythmic agent that is indicated for acute cardioconversion of atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter of a recent onset to sinus rhythm by induction of slow inward sodium current, which prolongs action potential and refractory period of myocardial cells.
||IC261 (SU-5607) is a novel inhibitor of CK1. The IC50 of IC261 for CK1 is 16 μM and for Cdk5 is 4.5 mM.
||ICA 069673 (compound 51) is an orally active, potent and selective KCNQ2/Q3 potassium channel activator with EC50 of 0.69 μM and 14.3 μM for KCNQ2/Q3 and KCNQ3/Q5, respectively.
||ICA-105574 (ICA, 3-nitro-N-[4-phenoxyphenyl]-benzamide) is an activator of hERG that binds to the channel to remove inactivation, thus increasing peak current amplitude and shortening the action potential. ICA-105574 also modulates activation kinetics of the channel.
||ICA 110381 (Compound 16) is a KCNQ2/Q3 potassium channel opener for the treatment of epilepsy. ICA 110381 exhibits KCNQ2/Q3 agonist activity with EC50 of 0.38 μM and KCNQ1 antagonist activity with IC50 of 15 μM, respectively.
ICA-27243 is a selective and orally active KCNQ2/Q3 potassium channel opener with an EC50 of 0.38 μM.
||Icariside I (Icarisid I) is one of the main components in Epimedii Folium that significantly stimulates cell proliferation and osteoblasts differentiation.
||Icatibant Acetate acts as an antagonist of the bradykinin B2 receptor and is used in the treatment of hereditary angioedema.
||ICCB-19 hydrochloride is an inhibitor of TNFRSF1A Associated Via Death Domain (TRADD) with IC50 of 1.12 μM and 2.01 μM for protecting Velcade-induced apoptosis in Jurkat cells and protecting RDA in MEFs, respectively. ICCB-19 indirectly inhibits Receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 1 (RIPK1). ICCB-19 effectively induces autophagy.
||ICCB280 is a potent inducer of C/EBPα that exhibits anti-leukemic properties including terminal differentiation, proliferation arrest, and apoptosis through activation of C/EBPα and affecting its downstream targets such as C/EBPε, G-CSFR and c-Myc.
Icenticaftor (QBW251, NVP-QBW251) is an oral potentiator of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) channel with EC50 of 79 nM and 497 nM for F508del CFTR and G551D CFTR in Fisher Rat Thyroid (FRT) cells.
||ICG-001 antagonizes Wnt/β-catenin/TCF-mediated transcription and specifically binds to CREB-binding protein (CBP) with IC50 of 3 μM, but is not the related transcriptional coactivator p300. ICG-001 induces apoptosis.
||ICI-118551 is a highly selective β2-adrenergic receptor antagonist with Ki values of 0.7, 49.5 and 611 nM for β2, β1 and β3 receptors, respectively.
||Icotinib (BPI-2009H) is a potent and specific EGFR inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM, including the EGFR, EGFR(L858R), EGFR(L861Q), EGFR(T790M) and EGFR(T790M, L858R).
||iCRT14 is a β-catenin/Tcf inhibitor with a Ki value of 54 ± 5.2 μM in homogeneous fluorescence polarization (FP) assay.
||Idarubicin HCl (4-demethoxydaunorubicin, NSC256439, 4-DMDR) is a hydrochloride salt form of Idarubicin which is an anthracycline antibiotic and a DNA topoisomerase II (topo II) inhibitor for MCF-7 cells with IC50 of 3.3 ng/mL in a cell-free assay. Idarubicin induces mTOR-dependent cytotoxic autophagy.
||Idasanutlin (RG-7388) is a potent and selective p53-MDM2 inhibitor with IC50 of 6 nM showing improved in vitro binding as well as cellular potency/selectivity.
||IDE1 is a definitive endoderm 1 inducer.
||Idebenone (CV-2619) is a synthetic analog of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and a brain stimulant.
||Idelalisib (CAL-101, GS-1101)
||Idelalisib (CAL-101, GS-1101) is a selective p110δ inhibitor with IC50 of 2.5 nM in cell-free assays; shown to have 40- to 300-fold greater selectivity for p110δ than p110α/β/γ, and 400- to 4000-fold more selectivity to p110δ than C2β, hVPS34, DNA-PK and mTOR. Idelalisib also stimulates autophagy.
||IDF-11774 is a hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) inhibitor. It reduces the HRE-luciferase activity of HIF-1α (IC50 = 3.65 μM) and blocks HIF-1α accumulation under hypoxia in HCT116 human colon cancer cells.
||IDH-305 (Compound 13) is an orally available, mutant-selective and brain-penetrant inhibitor of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) that targets IDH1(R132) mutation with IC50 of 27 nM, 28 nM and 6.14 μM for IDH1R132H, IDH1R132C and IDH1WT, respectively.
||IDH2 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IDH2 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IDH2.
||IDO-IN-1 is a potent indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) inhibitor with an IC50 of 59 nM.
||IDO-IN-13 (GS-4361, MUN64026) is a potent and selective indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) inhibitor with EC50 of 17 nM.
||IDO-IN-2 (RG 6078, NLG-919 analogue, GDC-0919 analogue) is a a potent IDO1 inhibitor with IC50 of 38 nM.
||Idoxuridine (NSC 39661, SKF 14287) is an antiviral agent for feline herpesvirus type-1 with IC50 of 4.3 μM.
||IDRA-21 is a partial allosteric modulator of AMPA receptor desensitization. IDRA-21 is a potent cognition-enhancing drug virtually devoid of neurotoxic liability.
||Idramantone (Kemantane, 5-Hydroxy-2-adamantanone) is an immune agonist.
||Ifenprodil is an atypical noncompetitive antagonist at the NMDA receptor, it interacts with high affinity at a homogeneous population of NMDA receptors in neonatal rat forebrain with IC50 of 0.3 μM.
||Ifosfamide (NSC109724, Isophosphamide) is a nitrogen mustard alkylating agent used in the treatment of cancer.
||iFSP1 is a potent, selective and glutathione-independent inhibitor of ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1/AIFM2) with EC50 of 103 nM. iFSP1 selectively induces ferroptosis in GPX4-knockout Pfa1 and HT1080 cells that overexpresses FSP1.
||iGOT1-01 is a potent inhibitor of aspartate aminotransferase 1 (glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase 1, GOT1).
||Iguratimod (T-614) is a small molecule compound with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory actions and used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
||iHAP1 is an activator of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) enzymes that activates PP2A-B56ε and potently kills malignant cells.
||iKIX1 is an antifungal agent and re-sensitizes drug-resistant C. glabrata to azole antifungals. iKIX1 inhibits the interaction between the KIX domain of the mediator subunit CgGal11A and the activation domain of CgPdr1 with IC50 and Ki of 190.2 μM and 18 μM, respectively.
||IKK-16 (IKK Inhibitor VII)
||IKK-16 (IKK Inhibitor VII) is a selective IκB kinase (IKK) inhibitor for IKK-2, IKK complex and IKK-1 with IC50 of 40 nM, 70 nM and 200 nM in cell-free assays, respectively. IKK-16 also inhibits LRRK2 Ser935 phosphorylation in cells and LRRK2 kinase activity in vitro with IC50 of 50 nM.
||IL-15-IN-1 is a potent and selective inhibitor of Interleukin 15 (IL-15) that inhibits the proliferation of IL-15-dependent cells with IC50 of 0.8 μM.
||IL1RA Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IL1RA Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IL1RA.
||Ilaprazole (IY-81149) is a new proton pump inhibitor (PPI) used in the treatment of dyspepsia, peptic ulcer disease (PUD), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GORD/GERD) and duodenal ulcer. It inhibits H+/K+-ATPase with an IC50 of 6.0 μM.
||Ilaprazole (IY-81149) sodium is the sodium salt form of ilaprazole, which is a proton pump inhibitor. Ilaprazole sodium irreversibly inhibits H(+)/K(+)-ATPase in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 of 6 μM in rabbit parietal cell preparation.
||Ilomastat (GM6001, Galardin)
||Ilomastat (GM6001, Galardin) is a broad spectrum matrix metalloprotease (MMP) inhibitor for MMP-1, MMP-2, MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-8, MMP-9, MMP-12, MMP-14, and MMP-26 with Ki of 0.4 nM, 0.5 nM, 27 nM, 3.7 nM, 0.1 nM, 0.2 nM, 3.6 nM, 13.4 nM, 0.36 nM, respectively.
||Iloperidone (HP873) is a dopamine (D2)/serotonin (5-HT2) receptor antagonist, used for the treatment of schizophrenia.
||IM156 (HL156A), a metformin derivative, is a potent activator of AMPK that increases AMPK phosphorylation. IM156 blocks oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) through the inhibition of complex I and increases apoptosis. IM156 ameliorates various types of fibrosis and inhibits tumors.
||Imaradenant (AZD4635, HTL1071) is an oral A2AR antagonist that binds to human A2AR with a Ki of 1.7 nM and with > 30-fold selectivity over other adenosine receptors.
||Imatinib (STI571, CGP057148B, Gleevec) is a multi-target inhibitor of tyrosine kinase with inhibition for v-Abl, c-Kit and PDGFR, IC50 values are 0.6 μM, 0.1 μM and 0.1 μM in cell-free or cell-based assays, respectively. Imatinib (STI571) induces autophagy.
||Imatinib (STI571) Mesylate
||Imatinib (STI571, CGP057148B, Gleevec) Mesylate is an orally bioavailability mesylate salt of Imatinib, which is a multi-target inhibitor of v-Abl, c-Kit and PDGFR with IC50 of 0.6 μM, 0.1 μM and 0.1 μM in cell-free or cell-based assays, respectively. Imatinib Mesylate (STI571) induces autophagy.
||Imazalil (Enilconazole, Chloramizole) is a fungicide widely used in agriculture, also used in veterinary medicine as a topical antimycotic.
||IMB-XH1 is a myeloid cell factor 1 (Mcl-1) inhibitor and a non-competitive Delhi metallo-β-lactamase (NDM-1) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.4637 μM, 3.980 μM, 0.2287 μM and 1.158 μM against metallo-β-lactamases NDM-1, IMP-4, ImiS and L1, respectively.
||IMD-0354 (IKK2 Inhibitor V) is an IKKβ inhibitor and blocks IκBα phosphorylation in NF-κB pathway.
||Imeglimin (EMD 387008) Hydrochloride
Imeglimin (EMD 387008, IMEG, PXL 008, RVT-1501) Hydrochloride is a new class of oral glucose-lowering agents. Imeglimin normalizes glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity by preserving mitochondrial function from oxidative stress and favoring lipid oxidation in liver of HFHSD mice.
Imidacloprid is a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) agonist with potent insecticidal activity.
||Imidacloprid-urea with a role as a marine xenobiotic metabolite, is the primary imidacloprid soil metabolite, whereas imidacloprid-olefin is the main plant-relevant metabolite and is more toxic to insects than imidacloprid.
||Imidafenacin (KRP-197, ONO-8025) is a urinary antispasmodic of the anticholinergic class. It is a novel antimuscarinic agent with safety and efficacy, has been clinically used for the treatment of overactive bladder. Imidafenacin(KRP-197; ONO-8025) is a potent and selective inhibitor of M3 receptors with Kb of 0.317 nM; less potent for M2 receptors(IC50=4.13 nM). IC50 value: 0.3 nM(M3).
||Imidapril HCl is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor with IC50 of 2.6 nM, used for the treatment of hypertension.
||Imidazole (1,3-diazole, glyoxaline, 1,3-diazacyclopenta-2,4-diene) is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound. It can be incorporated into many important biological molecules and acts as a corrosion inhibitor for industrial applications.
||Imidazole ketone erastin (PUN30119)
||Imidazole ketone erastin (PUN30119, IKE) is a potent, selective, and metabolically stable system xc– inhibitor and inducer of ferroptosis.
||Imidazole-4(5)-acetic Acid Hydrochloride
||Imidazole-4(5)-acetic Acid Hydrochloride is a competitive antagonist at GABAC receptors.
||Imidazolidinyl Urea (Imidurea) is an antimicrobial agent used as preservative in cosmetics.
||Imidocarb is an antiprotozoal agent, used as dipropionate in the treatment of babesiosis and ehrlichiosis.
||Iminostilbene (2,3,6,7-Dibenzazepine) is a chemical precursor of carbamazepine which is used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain.
||Imipenem acts as an inhibitor of AmpC β-lactamase and is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections.
||Imipramine (Melipramine) is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) of the dibenzazepine group, mainly used in the treatment of major depression and enuresis (inability to control urination).
||Imiquimod (R-837, S-26308) is a novel synthetic agent with immune response modifying activity.
||IMM-H007, an adenosine derivative, is an activator of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK). IMM-H007 is a potential drug for treating cardiac dysfunction. IMM-H007 negatively regulates endothelium inflammation through inactivating NF-κB and JNK/AP1 signaling. IMM-H007 inhibits ABCA1 (ATP binding cassette subfamily a member 1) degradation and facilitates its cell-surface localization in macrophages, thereby promotes cholesterol efflux.
||Immunology/Inflammation Compound Library
||A unique collection of 2775 small molecules with biological activity used for Immunology/Inflammation research and associated assays.
IMP-1088 is a potent human N-myristoyltransferases NMT1 and NMT2 dual inhibitor with IC50s of <1 nM for HsNMT1 and HsNMT2.
||Imperatorin (Ammidin, Marmelosin, Pentosalen, 8-Isoamylenoxypsoralen), a naturally occurring psoralen-type furanocoumarin, is a potent myorelaxant agent and acts as a calcium antagonist on vascular smooth muscle.
||Imperialine (Sipeimine, Kashmirine) is an alkaloid found in the bulbs of species of the genus Fritillaria.
||Importazole is a small molecule inhibitor of the transport receptor importin-β (Karyopherin beta) specifically blocking importin-β-mediated nuclear import. Importazole induces apoptosis and inhibits tumor growth.
||IMR-1 is a novel class of Notch inhibitors targeting the transcriptional activation with IC50 of 26 μM.
||IMR-1A, an acid metabolite of IMR-1, is a potent inhibitor of Notch with IC50 of 0.5 μM and Kd of 2.9 μM. IMR-1A exhibits anti-tumor activity.
||Inarigivir (SB9000, ORI-9020, SB-40) is a dinucleotide that significantly reduces liver HBV DNA in transgenic mice expressing hepatitis B virus.
||Inarigivir soproxil (GS 9992, SB 9200) is an oral agonist of innate immunity that is believed to act via the activation of the RIG-I and NOD2 pathways. Inarigivir soproxil has broad-spectrum antiviral activity against RNA viruses with EC50 of 2.2 μM and 1.0 μM for HCV 1a and HCV 1b.
||Inauhzin is a cell-permeable SIRT1 inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.7-2 μM and reactivates p53 by inhibiting SIRT1 deacetylation activity.
||Inavolisib (GDC-0077, RG6114, RO-7113755) is a potent selective inhibitor of PI3K alpha (PI3Kα) with an IC50 of 0.038 nM. GDC-0077 is >300-fold more selective for PI3K alpha over the other class I PI3K isoforms (beta, delta, and gamma) and >2000-fold more selective over PIK family members. GDC-0077 binds to the ATP binding site of PI3K and inhibits the phosphorylation of PIP2 to PIP3.
||INCB024360 analogue (INCB14943) is a potent, competitive IDO1 (indoleamine-(2,3)-dioxygenase) inhibitor with IC50 of 67 nM.
||INCB054329 (INCB-054329, INCB-54329) is a structurally distinct bromodomain and extraterminal domain (BET) inhibitor with IC50 values of 44 nM, 5 nM, 9 nM, 1 nM, 28 nM, 3 nM, 119 nM and 63 nM for BRD2-BD1, BRD2-BD2, BRD3-BD1, BRD3-BD2, BRD4-BD1, BRD4-BD2, BRDT-BD1 and BRDT-BD2, respectively.
||INCB057643 is a BET inhibitor that binds to the acetylated lysine recognition motifs found in the BRD of BET proteins, thereby preventing the interaction between the BET proteins and acetylated lysines on histones.
||Incensole activates ion channels in the brain to alleviate anxiety or depression with anti-inflammatory and anti-depression activities. Incensole is isolated from both essential oils and resins of frankincense.
||Incensole acetate, isolated from Boswellia Resin, is a novel anti-inflammatory compound that inhibits NF-κB activation.
||Indacaterol is an ultra-long-acting β-adrenoceptor agonist with pKi of 7.36 for β1-adrenoceptor and pKi of 5.48 for β2-adrenoceptor.
||Indacaterol (QAB149) is an ultra-long-acting β-adrenoceptor agonist with pKi of 7.36 for β1-adrenoceptor and pKi of 5.48 for β2-adrenoceptor.
||Indapamide is a non-thiazide sulphonamide diuretic compound, generally used in the treatment of hypertension, as well as decompensated cardiac failure.
||Indibulin (ZIO 301, D 24851, Zybulin) is an orally applied inhibitor of tubulin assembly with potent anticancer activity. Indibulin induces mitotic arrest and apoptosis.
||Indigo (Indigotin) dye is an organic compound with a distinctive blue color. It is extracted from the leaves of certain plants or synthetic.
||Indigo carmine (Indigotine, 5,5′-indigodisulfonic acid sodium salt, Brilliant Indigo) is an indicator at pH 11.5-14, changing from blue to yellow. It has a role as a food colouring and a histological dye.
||Indinavir sulfate (Crixivan, L-735524, MK-639) is a specific and potent inhibitor of HIV-1 protease and is widely used in the treatment of AIDS.
||Indirubin-3'-monoxime (Indirubin-3'-oxime) is a selective CDK inhibitor with IC50 of 0.18 μM, 0.44 μM, 0.25 μM, 3.33 μM, 0.065 μM for CDK1-cyclinB, CDK2-cyclinA, CDK2-cyclinE, CDK4-cyclinD1, CDK5-p35,respectively. Indirubin-3'-monoxime is a direct and selective 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor with IC50 of 7.8-10 µM.
||Indirubin-3′-oxime (IDR3O, I3O) is an indirubin analogue that shows favorable inhibitory activity targeting GSK-3β and CDKs. Indirubin-3′-oxime also inhibits JNKs with IC50s of 0.8 μM, 1.4 μM, and 1.0 μM for JNK1, JNK2, and JNK3, respectively. Indirubin-3′-oxime activates Wnt/β-catenin signaling and inhibits adipocyte differentiation and obesity.
||Indirubin (NSC 105327)
||Indirubin (NSC 105327) is a potent cyclin-dependent kinases and GSK-3β inhibitor with IC50 of about 5 μM and 0.6 μM.
||Indisulam (E7070), a sulfonamide anticancer agent, is a potent carbonic anhydrase (CA) inhibitor that inhibits cytosolic isozymes I and II, and transmembrane, tumor-associated isozyme IX. Indisulam suppresses the expression of cyclin E and phosphorylation of CDK2, both of which are essential for the G1 to S transition.
||Indobufen (Ibustrin, K 3920) is a reversible platelet aggregation inhibitor. Indobufen is a reversible inhibitor of platelet cyclooxygenase (Cox) activity and suppresses thromboxane synthesis.
||Indocyanine green(Cardiogreen) is a cyanine dye used in medical diagnostics. It is used for determining cardiac output, hepatic function, and liver blood flow, and for ophthalmic angiography.
||Indole (2,3-Benzopyrrole) is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound widely distributed in the natural environment and can be produced by a variety of bacteria.
||Indole-2-carboxylic acid is a strong inhibitor of lipid peroxidation.
||Indole-3-acetamide (3-Indolylacetamide) is an auxin precursor that is also used in the synthesis of indole-3-acetic acid.
||Indole-3-acetic acid (indolylacetic acid, 1H-Indole-3-acetic acid, indoleacetic acid, heteroauxin, IAA) is the most common plant hormone of the auxin class and it regulates various aspects of plant growth and development.
||Indole-3-carbinol is produced by the breakdown of the glucosinolate glucobrassicin, which can be found at relatively high levels in cruciferous vegetables. Indole-3-carbinol suppresses NF-κB and IκBα kinase activation.
||Indole-3-carboxylic acid (3-Indoleformic acid, 3-Carboxyindole, β-Indolylcarboxylic acid, 3-indolecarboxylate, 3-indoleformate) is a normal urinary indolic tryptophan metabolite which belongs to a class of organic compounds known as indolecarboxylic acids and derivatives.
||Indometacin Sodium (Indomethacin Sodium) is the sodium salt of indomethacin, which is a non-selective, reversible, and competitive inhibitor of cyclooxygenases 1 and 2 with anti-inflammatory, analgesic-antipyretic and tocolytic effects.
||Indomethacin (NSC-77541, Indometacin) is a nonselective COX1 and COX2 inhibitor with IC50 of 0.1 μg/mL and 5 μg/mL, respectively, used to reduce fever, pain, stiffness, and swelling.
||Indophagolin is a potent, indoline-containing autophagy inhibitor with IC50 of 140 nM. Indophagolin antagonizes the purinergic receptor P2X4, P2X1 and P2X3 with IC50 of 2.71 μM, 2.40 μM and 3.49 μM, respectively. Indophagolin also antagonizes the Gq-protein-coupled P2Y4, P2Y6, and P2Y11 receptors with IC50 of 3.4~15.4 μM. Indophagolin has a strong antagonistic effect on serotonin receptor 5-HT6 with IC50 of 1.0 μM.
||Indoprofen is a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) and cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitor. Indoprofen prevents muscle wasting in aged mice through activation of PDK1/AKT pathway.Indoprofen selectively increases SMN2-luciferase reporter protein and endogenous SMN protein.
||Indotecan (LMP-400, NSC-724998) is a potent topoisomerase 1(Top1) inhibitor with IC50 of 300 nM, 1200 nM, 560 nM for P388, HCT116, MCF-7 cell lines, respectively.
||Indoximod (NLG-8189, 1-Methyl-D-tryptophan, 1-MT), a methylated tryptophan, acts as an IDO (indoleamine-(2,3)-dioxygenase) pathway inhibitor, and reverses IDO-mediated immune suppression. Phase 2.
||INF39 is a nontoxic, irreversible NLRP3 inhibitor that counteracts NLRP3 activation through direct irreversible interaction with NLRP3 and partial inhibition of LPS-driven pro-inflammatory gene expression.
||Infigratinib (BGJ398) is a potent and selective FGFR inhibitor for FGFR1/2/3 with IC50 of 0.9 nM/1.4 nM/1 nM in cell-free assays, >40-fold selective for FGFR versus FGFR4 and VEGFR2, and little activity to Abl, Fyn, Kit, Lck, Lyn and Yes. Phase 2.
||Infliximab (anti-TNF-alpha) (Remicade, Remsima, Inflectra) is a purified, recombinant DNA-derived chimeric human-mouse IgG monoclonal antibody that consists of mouse heavy and light chain variable regions combined with human heavy and light chain constant regions. Infliximab neutralizes the biological activity of TNF-α by binding with high affinity to the soluble and transmembrane forms of TNF-α, and inhibits or prevents the effective binding of TNF-α with its receptors. MW=144.2 kDa.
||Ingenol, a plant-derived diterpenoid, is a weak PKC activator and possesses important anticancer activity.
||Ingenol 3,20-dibenzoate is a potent, isoform-selective agonist of protein kinase C (PKC). Ingenol 3,20-dibenzoate induces selective translocation of nPKC-δ, -ε, and -θ and PKC-μ from the cytosolic fraction to the particulate fraction and induces morphologically typical apoptosis through de novo synthesis of macromolecules. Ingenol 3,20-dibenzoate increases the IFN-γ production and degranulation by NK cells, especially when NK cells are stimulated by NSCLC cells.
||Ingliforib (CP 368296, GPi 296) is a glycogen phosphorylase inhibitor with IC50 of 52 nM, 352 nM and 150 nM for liver, muscle and brain glycogen phosphorylase, respectively. Ingliforib has cardioprotective activity.
||INH1 (IBT 13131) is a cell-permeable Hec1 inhibitor, which specifically disrupts the Hec1/Nek2 interaction.
||INH14 is an inhibitor of TLR2-mediated NF-kB activation with IC50 values of 8.975 μM and 3.598 μM for IKKα and IKKβ, respectively.
||INH154 is a potent inhibitor of Nek2 and Hec1 binding. NH154 binds to Hec1, thus blocking Hec1 phosphorylation by NEK2, and kills cancer cells at the nanomolar range.
||A unique collection of 4155 inhibitors for high throughput screening (HTS) and high content screening (HCS).
||Iniparib (BSI-201, NSC-746045, IND-71677) is a PARP1 inhibitor with demonstrated effectiveness in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). Phase 3.
||Inosine (NSC 20262, INO 495) is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is attached to a ribose ring via a β-N9-glycosidic bond.
||Inosine 5′-triphosphate trisodium salt
||Inosine 5′-triphosphate (ITP) is used in studies on the impact of deamination of ATP and GTP by various enzymes and chemical processes.
||Inositol Niacinate (Inositol hexanicotinate, Myo-Inositol hexanicotinate) is a formulation of niacin, which is also called vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.
||inS3-54A18 is a potent inhibitor of STAT3 with anti-cancer properties.
||Insulin (human) (Insulin regular) is a polypeptide hormone that regulates the level of glucose. Insulin is commonly used to treat hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes. Potency: 29 units/mg.
||Insulin Receptor Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||Insulin Receptor Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Insulin Receptor.
||Integrin alpha 2 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||Integrin alpha 2 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Integrin alpha 2.
||Integrin alpha 4 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||Integrin alpha 4 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Integrin alpha 4.
||Integrin alpha 5 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||Integrin alpha 5 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Integrin alpha 5.
||Integrin alpha 6 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||Integrin alpha 6 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous levels of total Integrin alpha 6.
||Integrin alpha V Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||Integrin alpha V Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Integrin alpha V.
||Integrin beta 3 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||Integrin beta 3 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total Integrin beta 3.
||Interferon receptor inducer-1
||Interferon receptor inducer-1 (Interferon receptor agonist, compound 6) is an inducer of interferon (IFN) receptor which is used accordingly in the treatment of a disorder in which the induction of interferon is involved.
||Inulin(Inulin and sodium chloride), a starch found in the tubers and roots of many plants. Since it is hydrolyzable to fructose, it is classified as a fructosan.
Invert Sugar is a popular sweetener.
Inz-1 is a potent and selective mitochondrial cytochrome bc1 inhibitor.
||Iodixanol is a nonionic hydrophilic compound commonly used as a contrast agent during coronary angiography.
||Iodoacetamide (IA, IAM, 2-Iodoacetamide) is an alkylating agent that is commonly used for alkylation of cysteine during sample preparation for proteomics.
||Iohexol (Omnipaque) is a radiographic contrast agent that can be used as an exogenous filtration marker for accurate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimates.
||Ion Channel Ligand Library
||A unique collection of 224 small molecule modulators used for Ion channel research.
||Iopamidol (Iopamiro, Isovue, Iopamiron, Niopam, Solutrast) is a non-ionic, water-soluble radiographic contrast agent.
||Iopanoic acid (Acidum iopanoicum, Iodopanoic acid) is an iodine-containing radiocontrast medium used in cholecystography.
||Iopromide is a low osmolar, non-ionic X-ray contrast agent for intravascular administration. It functions as a contrast agent by opacifying blood vessels in the path of flow of the contrast agent, permitting radiographic visualization of the internal structures until significant hemodilution occurs.
||Ioversol is an organoiodine compound used as a radiographic contrast agent.
||IOWH032 is a synthetic CFTR inhibitor with IC50 of 1.01 μM in CHO-CFTR cell based assays. Phase 2.
||IOX2 (JICL38) is a potent inhibitor of HIF-1α prolyl hydroxylase-2 (PHD2) with IC50 of 21 nM in a cell-free assay, >100-fold selectivity over JMJD2A, JMJD2C, JMJD2E, JMJD3, or the 2OG oxygenase FIH.
||IOX4 is a potent and selective HIF prolyl-hydroxylase 2 (PHD2) inhibitor with IC50 of 1.6 nM. IOX4 induces HIFα in various mouse tissues and human cell lines.
||Ipatasertib (GDC-0068, RG7440) is a highly selective pan-Akt inhibitor targeting Akt1/2/3 with IC50 of 5 nM/18 nM/8 nM in cell-free assays, 620-fold selectivity over PKA. Phase 2.
||IPI-3063 is a potent and selective p110δ inhibitor with biochemical IC50 of 2.5 ± 1.2 nM and IC50 values for the other class I PI3K isoforms (p110α, p110β, p110γ) are at least 400-fold higher.
||Ipilimumab (anti-CTLA-4) is an immunomodulatory monoclonal antibody directed against the cell surface antigen CTLA-4 and also a type of immune checkpoint inhibitor. MW : 148 kD.
||Ipragliflozin (ASP1941) is a highly selective sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor with an IC50 value of 7.4 nM for hSGLT2 and a 254-fold selectivity versus SGLT1.
||Ipragliflozin L-Proline is an orally active and selective inhibitor of SGLT2 with IC50 of 7.38 nM, 6.73 nM and 5.64 nM for human SGLT2, rat SGLT2 and mouse SGLT2, respectively.
||Ipratropium Bromide is an antagonist of M3 type muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, used for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
||Ipratropium bromide monohydrate
||Ipratropium bromide (Atrovent, Sch 1000) monohydrate is an antagonist of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR) with IC50 of 2.9 nM, 2.0 nM, and 1.7 nM for M1, M2, and M3 receptors, respectively.
||Ipriflavone (7-Isopropoxyisoflavon) is used to inhibit bone resorption.
||Iproniazid (Marsilid, Iprazid) is a non-selective, irreversible monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (MAOI) that is used as an antidepressive agent.
||Iproniazid (Marsilid, Iprazid) phosphate is a non-selective, irreversible monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor (MAOI) that is used as an antidepressive agent.
||Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride
||Iptacopan (LNP023) Hydrochloride is a first-in-class, orally administered, potent and highly selective factor B inhibitor with an IC50 of 12 nM and a Kd value of 7.9 nM. Iptacopan exhibits excellent selectivity over other proteases affording IC50s of >30 μM across a panel of 41 human proteases.
||IPTG (Isopropyl β-D-thiogalactoside, Isopropyl thiogalactoside, Isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside, lad-y) is a galactose and a molecular mimic of allolactose that triggers transcription of the lac operon, stimulating protein expression.
||IQ 3 is a specific c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor with Kd of 66 nM, 240 nM and 290 nM for JNK3, JNK1 and JNK2, respectively. IQ 3 inhibits LPS-induced NF-κB/AP1 transcriptional activity in THP1-Blue cells with IC50 of 1.4 μM. IQ 3 also inhibits TNF-α and IL-6 production in vitro.
||IQ-1 enables Wnt/β-catenin-driven expansion of mouse ESCs and prevents spontaneous differentiation, Maintains embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency in Wnt3a-treated cells and prevents PP2A/Nkd interaction.
||IQ-1S is a JNK3 inhibitor with Kd values of 87, 360 and 390 nM for JNK3, JNK2 and JNK1, respectively.
||IRAK inhibitor 1
||IRAK inhibitor 1 is a potent inhibitor of IRAK-4 with IC50 of 216 nM. IRAK inhibitor 1 is poorly active against JNK-1 and JNK-2 with IC50 of 3.801 μM and >10 μM, respectively.
||IRAK inhibitor 6
||IRAK inhibitor 6 is a selective Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4(IRAK4) inhibitor with IC50 of 0.16 μM.
||IRAK Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IRAK Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IRAK.
||IRAK-1-4 Inhibitor I
||IRAK-1-4 Inhibitor I is an inhibitor of interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase (IRAK) with IC50 values of 0.3 μM and 0.2 μM for IRAK-1 and IRAK-4, respectively. It displays IC50 values >10 µM in a panel of 27 other kinases tested.
||IRAK3 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IRAK3 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IRAK3.
||IRAK4 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IRAK4 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IRAK4.
||IRAK4-IN-1 is an interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) inhibitor with IC50 of 7 nM.
||IRAK4-IN-2 is a reversible kinase inhibitor that modulates IRAK4 function in both the toll-like receptor (TLR) and interleukin 1 receptor (IL-1R) signaling cascades.
||IRAK4-IN-4 (compound 15) is an inhibitor of interleukin-1 receptor–associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) and cyclic GMP-AMP synthase (cGAS) with IC50 of 2.8 nM and 2.1 nM, respectively.
||Irbesartan (BMS-186295, SR-47436) is a highly potent and specific angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor antagonist with IC50 of 1.3 nM.
||IRF2 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IRF2 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IRF2.
||IRF5 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IRF5 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IRF5.
||IRF6 Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||IRF6 Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total IRF6.
||Iriflophenone 3-C-glucoside (Iriflophenone 3-C-β-D-glucopyranoside, Iriflophenone 3-C-b-D-glucopyranoside), isolated from Cyclopia genistoides, exhibits antioxidant activity.
||Irinotecan (CPT-11, (+)-Irinotecan) is a topoisomerase I inhibitor for LoVo cells and HT-29 cells with IC50 of 15.8 μM and 5.17 μM, respectively.
||Irinotecan (CPT-11) HCl Trihydrate
||Irinotecan (CPT-11) prevents DNA from unwinding by inhibition of topoisomerase 1.
||Irinotecan (CPT-11, (+)-Irinotecan) hydrochloride is an inhibitor of Topoisomerase I (Topo I) that exhibits cytotoxicity in LoVo cells and HT-29 cells with IC50 of 15.8 μM and 5.17 μM, respectively.
||Irisflorentin derived from the roots of Belamcanda chinensis (L.) DC. is an herb which has been used for the treatment of inflammatory disorders in traditional Chinese medicine.
||Iron (III) hexacyanoferrate (II)
Iron (III) hexacyanoferrate (II) (Prussian Blue, Berlin blue) applied as sorbent for the efficient removal of heavy metals (Cu (II), Co (II), Ni (II) and Pb (II)) from aqueous solution.
||Iron dextran (Fero Gradumet, Conferon, Fe dextran, INFeD) is an anti-anemia drug that can be used in the study of iron-deficiency anemia in animals.
||Iron sucrose (Iron saccharate, Sucroferric oxyhydroxide) is an intravenously administered iron product indicated in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia.
||Irosustat (STX64, BN83495), a tricyclic coumarin sulfamate, is an orally active, nonsteroid-based, irreversible steroid sulfatase inhibitor with an IC50 of 8 nM.
||Irsogladine is an anti-gastric ulcer agent that facilitates gap-junctional intercellular communication through M1 muscarininc acetylcholine receptor binding.
||Isatin (2,3-Indolinedione) is an endogenous MAO inhibitor with an IC50 of 15 μM and more active against MAO-B than MAO-A.
||Isavuconazole (BAL-4815, RO-0094815) is a new extended-spectrum triazole with activity against yeasts, molds, and dimorphic fungi that inhibits cytochrome P450 (CYP)-dependent 14α-lanosterol demethylation, which is essential for fungal cell membrane ergosterol synthesis.
||ISCK03 (N-(4-imidazol-1-yl phenyl)sulfonamide) is a cell-permeable inhibitor of stem-cell factor (SCF)/c-kit signaling.ISCK03 inhibits SCF-induced c-c-kit phosphorylation and downstream ERK phosphorylation.
||Isepamicin Sulphate (Isepamicine, Isepamycin, sch21420) is an aminoglycoside antibiotic, which inhibits bacterial protein synthesis by targeting the bacterial 30S ribosomal subunit.
||Isethionic acid sodium salt
||Isethionic acid sodium salt is an amphoteric detergent used in detergent bar soaps.
||ISO-1 (MIF Antagonist) is an inhibitor of MIF (Macrophage migration inhibitory factor) D-dopachrome tautomerase activity with an IC50 of ~7 μM.
||Iso-H7 dihydrochloride is an inhibitor of phosphokinase C.
||Isosteviol (ISV) is mainly obtained by acid hydrolysis of stevioside, the sweet food additive extracted from the plant Stevia Rebaudiana Bertoni (Bertoni). It possesses various biological activities including anti-hyperglycemic, anti-hypertensive, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects.
||Iso-Valeraldehyde, a normal component of the chemical profile of cheddar cheese, spirits (beer, rum, sake, wine), is used as a reagent for the production of pharmaceuticals and pesticides.
||Isoalantolactone, one of the major sesquiterpene lactone compounds, is isolated from the roots of Anula helenium and possesses multiple biological activities including antifungal, anthelmintic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitrypanosomal activities and antiproliferative effects on several cancer cell lines, such as colon, melanoma, ovary, prostate, lung, and leukemia. Isoalantolactone is an apoptosis inducer, which also acts as an alkylating agent.
||Isobavachalcone (Corylifolinin), a naturally occurring chalcone compound derived from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L., has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine as anthelmintic, antibacterial, aphrodisiac, astringent and antiplatelet agent.
||Isobergapten is a furanocoumarin with plant growth regulating activity.
||Isochlorogenic acid A
||Isochlorogenic acid A (3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid), isolated from Brazilian propolis and Suaeda glauca, exhibits hepatoprotective and cytotoxic activities.
||Isochlorogenic acid B
||Isochlorogenic acid B, naturally isolated from Laggera alata, has antioxidative and hepatoprotective properties.
||Isochlorogenic acid C
||Isochlorogenic acid C (3,4-Dicaffeoylquinic acid; 4,5-Dicaffeoylquinic acid), which is a di-O-caffeoyl derivative of chlorogenic acid, is a well-known antioxidant from herbal plants and shows anti-viral effects against EV71.
||Isocitric acid trisodium salt
Isocitric acid (DL-Isocitric acid) trisodium salt is an active endogenous metabolite.
||Isoconazole nitrate (Travogen) is an azole antifungal reagent.
||Isocorynoxeine (7-Isocorynoxeine), a major alkaloid found in Uncaria rhynchophylla, exhibits wide beneficial effects on the cardiovascular and cardiocerebral vascular systems. Isocorynoxeine suppress 5-HT2A receptor-mediated current response with IC50 of 72.4 μM.
||Isocytosine (2-aminouracil) is an isomer of cytosine used in physical chemical studies involving metal complex binding, hydrogen-bonding, and tautomerism and proton transfer effects in nucleobases.
||Isoeugenol (4-Propenylguaiacol), an essential oil constituent of nutmeg, clove, and cinnamon, shows antimicrobial activity.
Isofagomine (Afegostat) is a pharmacological chaperone, which specifically and reversibly binds acid-β-glucosidase (GCase) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) with high affinity.
||Isoferulic acid (Hesperetic acid, Hesperetate, Isoferulate), a major active ingredient of Cimicifuga heracleifolia, shows anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antioxidant, and antidiabetic properties. Isoferulic acid (3-Hydroxy-4-methoxycinnamic acid) is a cinnamic acid derivative that has antidiabetic activity. Isoferulic acid binds to and activates α1-adrenergic receptors (IC50=1.4 µM) to enhance secretion of β-endorphin (EC50=52.2 nM) and increase glucose use.
||Isofraxidin (6,8-Dimethoxyumbelliferone), a bioactive coumarin compound isolated from the functional foods Siberian ginseng and Apium graveolens, is an anti-bacterial, anti-oxidant, and anti-inflammatory agent.
||Isoginkgetin is a naturally derived biflavonoid with anti-tumor activity. Isoginkgetin directly inhibits the chymotrypsin-like, trypsin-like, and caspase-like activities of the 20S proteasome. Isoginkgetin also is a general inhibitor of Pre-mRNA splicing.
||Isoguanosine (Crotonoside) inhibits FLT3 and HDAC3/6 for the treatment of AML.Isoguanosine is a naturally occurring active isomer of guanosine that is found in the seeds of Croton tiglium.
||Isohomovanillic acid is a deaminated metabolite of catecholamines formed by the enzyme catechol-O-methyltransferase which catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from S-adenosylmethionine to catecholamines, including the neurotransmitters dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine.
||Isoimperatorin, a natural furanocoumarin that can be isolated from a variety of plant parts, has analgesic, antimicrobial, vascular relaxing and anticancer activities. Isoimperatorin is a methanolic extract of the roots of Angelica dahurica shows significant inhibitory effects on acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with the IC50 of 74.6 μM.
||Isoleucine (Ile) is a non-polar, uncharged (at physiological pH), aliphatic amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
||Isoliquiritigenin, an anti-tumor flavonoid from the root of Glycyrrhiza glabra, inhibits aldose reductase with an IC50 of 320 nM.
||Isoliquiritin (Neoisoliquritin) is a flavonoid glycoside compound from licorice possessing a broad spectrum of pharmacological activities including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-depression activities.
||Isoliquiritin apioside (ISLA, ILA), a component isolated from Glycyrrhizae radix rhizome (GR), significantly decreases PMA-induced increases in matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activities and suppresses PMA-induced activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and NF-κB. Isoliquiritin apioside possesses anti-metastatic and anti-angiogenic abilities in malignant cancer cells and ECs, with no cytotoxicity.
||Isomalt (Palatinitol) is a sugar alcohol used as an excipient in commercially available solid oral dosage forms. Isomalt stabilizes lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) moderately during freeze-drying.
Isomaltulose (Palatinose) hydrate is a disaccharide carbohydrate widely used during exercise to maintain glycaemia and hydration.
||Isomangiferin is a natural compound that inhibits virus replication within cells showing antiviral effects.
||Isoniazid is a prodrug that blocks the action of fatty acid synthase by interacting with KatG , used for the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis.
||Isonicotinic acid (Isoniazid, 4-pyridinecarboxylic acid, p-pyridinecarboxylic acid, 4-Picolinic acid) is a metabolite of isoniazid. It is an isomer of nicotinic acid.
||Isonipecotic acid (4-Piperidinecarboxylic acid, 4-Carboxypiperidine, Hexahydroisonicotinic acid) is a heterocyclic compound that mainly acts as a GABAA receptor partial agonist.
Isophorone (IPHO), an α,β-unsaturated cyclic ketone, is a clear liquid with a camphor-like odor. Isophorone is used as a precursor to polymers.
||Isopimpinellin (5,8-Dimethoxypsoralen) is a natural product synthesized by numerous plant species. It may acts as an anticarcinogen.
||Isoprenaline (NCI-C55630) HCl
||Isoprenaline HCl (NCI-C55630) is a non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor agonist, used for the treatment of bradycardia and heart block.
||Isoprene, also called 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene, is usually used as a chemical raw materia.
||Isoprinosine (Inosine pranobex, Immunovir, Groprinosin, Delimmun) is an immunopharmacologic agent with antiviral activities.
||Isopropamide iodide is a long-acting quaternary anticholinergic drug used in the treatment of peptic ulcer and other gastrointestinal disorders.
||Isopropyl myristate (IPM) is used as a substitute for natural oils in cosmetics and a co-solvent with skin penetration enhancement properties of active ingredients in many topical and transdermal preparations. Isopropyl myristate is a novel pediculicide rinse (50%) and a safe and effective therapy for the treatment of head lice in children and adults.
||Isoproterenol sulfate dihydrate
||Isoproterenol Sulfate is the sulfate salt form of isoproterenol, a beta-adrenergic receptor agonist with bronchodilator activity.
||Isopsoralen (Angelicin), also known as angelicin, is a constituent of roots and leaves of angelica with anti-inflammatory activity and regulates LPS-induced inflammation via inhibiting MAPK/NF-κB pathways. It also shows antiviral activity against gammaherpesviruses.
||Isoquercitrin (Hirsutrin, 3-Glucosylquercetin, Quercetin 3-o-glucopyranoside), a flavonoid compound with anticancer activity isolated from Bidens bipinnata L, is an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin that acts downstream of the β-catenin nuclear translocation.
||Isorhamnetin (3-methylquercetin, 3'-Methoxyquercetin, Isorhamnetol), a natural flavonol aglycon, is a tyrosinase inhibitor and has antioxidant activity.
Isorhapontigenin (ISOR), isolated from Belamcanda chinensis, is a derivative of stilbene. Isorhapontigenin possessed potent antioxidative activity. Isorhapontigenin suppresses interleukin-1β-induced inflammation and cartilage matrix damage in rat chondrocytes.
||Isorhynchophylline (IsoRhy, 7-Isorhyncophylline) is a major tetracyclic oxindole alkaloid isolated from the Chinese herbal medicine Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.)Jacks (Gouteng in Chinese). It acts as a neuronal autophagy inducer with therapeutic potential for cardiovascular and central nervous system diseases.
||Isosakuranetin (4'-Methylnaringenin), an O-methylated flavonoid, is the 4'-methoxy derivative of naringenin, a flavanone found in Citrus species.
||Isoscopoletin (7-Methoxyesculetin) is a member of the class of compounds known as hydroxycoumarins. Isoscopoletin can be found in coriander and eggplant, which makes isoscopoletin a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products.
||Isosilybin (Silymarin, Silybin B, Isosilybinin, Q-100795) is a flavanolignan found in the extract of S. marianum fruits with antioxidant and anticancer activities. Isosilybin inhibits CYP3A4 induction with an IC50 of 74 μM.
||Isosinensetin inhibits P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in MDR1-MDCKII cells. Isosinensetin is a polymethoxylated flavone extracted from pericarpium citri reticulatae viride.
||Isosorbide is a heterocyclic compound that is derived from glucose, used as a diuretic.
||Isosorbide Dinitrate (ISDN, Sorbide nitrate, Sorbidnitrate, Isordil, Nitrosorbide) is the dinitrate salt form of isosorbide, an organic nitrate with vasodilator activity. Isosorbide Dinitrate is a medication used for heart failure, esophageal spasms, and to treat and prevent chest pain from not enough blood flow to the heart. Isosorbide Dinitrate can converte to nitric oxide (NO), an active intermediate compound which activates the enzyme guanylate cyclase (atrial natriuretic peptide receptor A).
||Isosorbide mononitrate (Elantan, Monoket, Mononit, Imdur, Corangin) is a Nitrate Vasodilator, dilating the blood vessels so as to reduce the blood pressure.
||Isosulfan Blue (Lymphazurin dye) is a blue dye used as a visual imaging agent in lymph node mapping procedures.
||Isotretinoin (13-cis retinoic acid) was developed to be used as a chemotherapy medication for the treatment of brain cancer, pancreatic cancer and more.
||Isovaleramide is an anticonvulsant molecule isolated from Valeriana pavonii, it inhibits the liver alcohol dehydrogenases.
||Isovanillic acid (Acide isovanillique, 3-Hydroxyanisic acid, 3-Hydroxy-p-anisic acid), a metabolite of isovanillin, is a selective inhibitor of aldehyde oxidase.
||Isovanillin (5-Formylguaiacol, 3-Hydroxy-p-anisaldehyde, 3-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde) is a reversible inhibitor of aldehyde oxidase. It is largely used as pharmaceutical intermediates and also applied in food and beverage industry, synthetic fragrances, chemical.
||Isovitexin (saponaretin, Apigenin-6-C-glucoside), an active component of many traditional Chinese medicines, has various activities, such as anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-alzheimer disease (AD) effects and so on.
||Isoxanthohumol is one of the most important prenylflavonoids found in hops. It exhibits an antiproliferative activity against human breast cancer cell lines, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, and colon cancer cells. Isoxanthohumol shows an antiviral activity towards herpes viruses (HSV1 and HSV2) and bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV).
||Isoxazole 9 (ISX-9)
||Isoxazole 9 (Isx-9) is a synthetic promotor of adult neurogenesis by triggering neuronal differentiation of adult neural stem/precursor cells (NSPCs). Isoxazole 9 (Isx-9) activates multiple pathways including TGF-β induced epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) signaling, canonical and non-canonical Wnt signaling at different stages of cardiac differentiation.
||Isoxsuprine hydrochloride is a beta-adrenergic agonist with vasodilator activity.
||Ispinesib (SB-715992, CK0238273) is a potent, specific and reversible inhibitor of kinesin spindle protein (KSP) with Ki app of 1.7 nM in a cell-free assay, no inhibition to CENP-E, RabK6, MCAK, MKLP1, KHC or Kif1A. Ispinesib induces mitotic arrest and apoptotic cell death. Phase 2.
||Isradipine (PN 200-110) is a potent and selective L-type voltage-gated calcium channel blocker, used to treat high blood pressure.
||ISRIB is an integrated stress response (ISR) inhibitor that potently reverses the effects of eukaryotic initiation factor 2α (eIF2α) phosphorylation with IC50 of 5 nM.
||ISRIB (trans-isomer), the trans-isomer of ISRIB, is a potent and selective PERK inhibitor with IC50 of 5 nM and does not have global effects on translation, transcription, or mRNA stability in non-stressed cells.
||Istradefylline (KW-6002) is a selective adenosine A2A receptor (A2AR) antagonist with Ki of 2.2 nM. Phase 3.
||Isuzinaxib (APX-115 free base)
||Isuzinaxib (APX-115 free base, Ewha-18278 free base) is a potent, orally active inhibitor of pan NADPH oxidase (pan-Nox) with Ki of 1.08 μM, 0.57 μM, and 0.63 μM for Nox1, Nox2 and Nox4, respectively. APX-115 free base (Ewha-18278 free base) significantly suppresses the expression of inflammatory molecules including MCP-1/CCL2, IL-6, and TNFα in the diabetic kidney.
||Itacitinib(INCB39110) is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of Janus-associated kinase 1 (JAK1) with potential antineoplastic activity.
Itaconic acid, a macrophage-specific (Mϕ-specific) metabolite, mediates crosstalk between macrophage metabolism and peritoneal tumors. Itaconic acid is also a precursor of polymers, chemicals, and fuels that can be synthesized by many fungi.
||Itanapraced (CHF 5074)
||Itanapraced (CHF 5074, CSP-1103) is a gamma-secretase modulator that reduces Aβ42 and Aβ40 secretion. The IC50s of CHF5074 for inhibition of COX-1 and COX-2 is above 100 μmol/L.
||ITCH Rabbit Recombinant mAb
||ITCH Rabbit Recombinant mAb detects endogenous level of total ITCH.
||ITD-1 is a potent TGF-β inhibitor. It does not block the kinase activity of either type I (TGFBR1) or type II (TGFBR2) TGFβ receptors but potently blocks phosphorylation of the effector SMAD2/3 proteins induced by TGFβ2, and only minimally in response to Activin A.
ITE (2-(1′H-indole-3′-carbonyl)-thiazole-4-carboxylic acid methyl ester) is a potent endogenous agonist of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) that directly binds to AHR with a Ki of 3 nM.
||Itopride hydrochloride (Ganaton, HSR803) is an AChE inhibitor. The IC50 of itopride with AChE is 2.04 +/- 0.27 μM.
||Itraconazole (R 51211)
||Itraconazole (R 51211) is a relatively potent inhibitor of CYP3A4 with IC50 of 6.1 nM, used as a triazole antifungal agent. Itraconazole is a potent antagonist of the Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway. Itraconazole suppresses the growth of glioblastoma through induction of autophagy.
||IU1 is a cell-permeable, reversible and selective proteasome inhibitor of human USP14 with IC50 of 4.7 μ M, 25-fold selective to IsoT. IU1 induces autophagy.
||IU1-47 is a potent and specific inhibitor of USP14 with an IC50 of 0.6 μM. IU1-47 shows ∼33-fold selectivity for USP14 over USP5 (IsoT).
IUN76750 (PAR-2-IN-1) is a protease-activated receptor-2 (PAR2) signaling pathway inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and anticancer effects.
||Ivabradine HCl (S 16257-2), a new If inhibitor with IC 50 of 2.9 μM which acts specifically on the pacemaker activity of the sinoatrial node, is a pure heart rate lowering agent.
||Ivacaftor (VX-770) is a selective potentiator of CFTR targeting G551D-CFTR and F508del-CFTR with EC50 of 100 nM and 25 nM in fisher rat thyroid cells, respectively.
||Ivermectin (MK-933, IVM) is a glutamate-gated chloride channel (GluCls) activator, used as a broad-spectrum antiparasitic drug. Ivermectin (MK-933, IVM) is a specific positive allosteric effector of P2X4 and α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). Ivermectin has potent antiviral activity towards both HIV-1 and dengue virus. Ivermectin induces autophagy through the AKT/mTOR signaling pathway and mitophagy.
||Ivosidenib (AG-120) is an orally available inhibitor of isocitrate dehydrogenase type 1 (IDH1), with potential antineoplastic activity.
||IWP-2 is an inhibitor of Wnt processing and secretion with IC50 of 27 nM in a cell-free assay, selective blockage of Porcn-mediated Wnt palmitoylation, does not affect Wnt/β-catenin in general and displays no effect against Wnt-stimulated cellular responses. IWP-2 specifically inhibits CK1δ.
IWP-4 is a potent Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway inhibitor with an IC50 of 25 nM.
||IWP-L6 (Porcn Inhibitor III) is a highly potent Porcn inhibitor with EC50 of 0.5 nM.
||IWP-O1 is a porcn inhibitor with an EC50 value of 80 pM in a cultured cell reporter assay of Wnt signaling and effectively suppresses the phosphorylation of Dvl2/3 in HeLa cells.
||IWR-1-endo (endo-IWR 1) is a Wnt pathway inhibitor with IC50 of 180 nM in L-cells expressing Wnt3A, induces Axin2 protein levels and promotes β-catenin phosphorylation by stabilizing Axin-scaffolded destruction complexes.
||IWR-1-exo (exo-IWR 1), the enantiomer of IWR-1 and the diastereomer of IWR-1-endo, is the negative control for IWR-1-endo which is a Wnt/β-catenin signaling inhibitor and an axin stabilizer.
||Ixabepilone (BMS-247550, Azaepothilone B, BMS 247550-1, Ixempra, Aza-epothilone B) is an orally bioavailable microtubule inhibitor. It binds to tubulin and promotes tubulin polymerization and microtubule stabilization, thereby arresting cells in the G2-M phase of the cell cycle and inducing tumor cell apoptosis.
||Ixazomib (MLN2238) inhibits the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic (β5) site of the 20S proteasome with IC50 and Ki of 3.4 nM and 0.93 nM in cell-free assays, respectively, also inhibits the caspase-like (β1) and trypsin-like (β2) proteolytic sites, with IC50 of 31 and 3500 nM. Ixazomib (MLN2238) induces autophagy. Phase 3.
||Ixazomib Citrate (MLN9708)
||Ixazomib citrate (MLN9708, Ninlaro) is a prodrug of Ixazomib (MLN2238), which is a selective, orally bioavailable inhibitor of 20S proteasome that inhibits the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic (β5) site with IC50 of 3.4 nM and Ki of 0.93 nM, respectively. Ixazomib (MLN2238) also inhibits caspase-like (β1) and trypsin-like (β2) proteolytic sites with IC50 of 31 nM and 3500 nM, respectively.
||Ixazomib Citrate (MLN9708) Analogue
||Ixazomib Citrate (MLN9708) Analogue is the analogue of Ixazomib Citrate (MLN9708) from WO2016165677A1. Ixazomib Citrate (MLN9708) immediately hydrolyzed to Ixazomib (MLN2238), the biologically active form, on exposure to aqueous solutions or plasma. Ixazomib (MLN2238) inhibits the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic (β5) site of the 20S proteasome with IC50/Ki of 3.4 nM/0.93 nM in cell-free assays, less potent to β1 and little activity to β2. Ixazomib (MLN2238) induces autophagy. Phase 3.