Molecular Weight(MW): 532.03
Rupatadine is an inhibitor of PAFR and histamine (H1) receptor with Ki of 550 nM and 102 nM, respectively.
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|Description||Rupatadine is an inhibitor of PAFR and histamine (H1) receptor with Ki of 550 nM and 102 nM, respectively.|
Rupatadine inhibits both platelet-activating factor (PAF) and histamine (H1) effects through its interaction with specific receptors. Rupatadine competitively inhibits histamine-induced guinea pig ileum contraction (pA2 = 9.29 ± 0.06) without affecting contraction induced by ACh, serotonin or leukotriene D4(LTD4). It also competitively inhibits PAF-induced platelet aggregation in washed rabbit platelets (WRP) (pA2= 6.68 ± 0.08) and in human platelet-rich plasma (HPRP) (IC50 = 0.68 μM), while not affecting ADP- or arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation.  In another study, it is reported rupatadine and loratadine shows similar inhibitory effect on histamine and TNF-α release, whereas SR-27417A only exhibits inhibitory effect against TNF-α. 
|In vivo||Rupatadine blocks histamine- and PAF-induced effects in vivo, such as hypotension in rats (ID50 = 1.4 and 0.44 mg/kg i.v., respectively) and bronchoconstriction in guinea pigs (ID50 = 113 and 9.6 μg/kg i.v.). Moreover, it potently inhibits PAF-induced mortality in mice (ID50 = 0.31 and 3.0 mg/kg i.v. and p.o., respectively) and endotoxin-induced mortality in mice and rats (ID50 = 1.6 and 0.66 mg/kg i.v.). Rupatadine's duration of action is long, as assessed by the histamine- and PAF-induced increase in vascular permeability test in dogs (42 and 34% inhibition at 26 h after 1 mg/kg p.o.). Rupatadine at a dose of 100 mg/kg p.o. neither modifies spontaneous motor activity nor prolongs barbiturate-sleeping time in mice, which indicates a lack of sedative effects. |
[3H]-Pyrilamine binding to histamine (H1) receptors in guinea pig cerebellum membranes.:Antagonists are incubated with guinea pig cerebellum membranes (0.6 mg/ml) and [3H]-pyrilamine (1.2 nM) in 0.5 ml 50 mM PBS, pH 7.5, for 30 min at 25 ℃. The incubation is ended by the addition of 5 ml of ice-cold PBS containing 2 μM pyrilamine and the collection of membranes on Whatman GF/B filters. Then the filters are washed with 3 × 5 ml of ice-cold PBS plus 2 μM pyrilamine and transferred to counting vials. The radioactivity retained by each filter is measured by liquid scintillation counting in 3 ml of HiSafe 3. Specific binding is determined from the difference between the [3H]-pyrilamine bound in the absence and in the presence of a large molar excess (10 μM) of unlabeled promethazine.
|In vitro||Ethanol||13 mg/mL (24.43 mM)|
|DMSO||9 mg/mL (16.91 mM)|
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