For research use only.
Catalog No.S2131 Synonyms: APTA 2217, B9302-107, BY 217, BYK 20869
Molecular Weight(MW): 403.21
Roflumilast is a selective inhibitor of PDE4 with IC50 of 0.2-4.3 nM in a cell-free assay.
Selleck's Roflumilast has been cited by 11 publications
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective PDE Inhibitors
|Description||Roflumilast is a selective inhibitor of PDE4 with IC50 of 0.2-4.3 nM in a cell-free assay.|
Roflumilast displays anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory in vitro. Roflumilast inhibits LTB4 synthesis in human neutrophil with IC50 of 2 nM. Roflumilast inhibits fMLP-stimulated ROS formation as luminol-enhanced CL in human neutrophils or eosinophils with IC35 of 4 nM, and 7 nM, repectively. Roflumilast inhibits LPS-stimulated TNF-α synthesis in monocytes with IC40 of 21 nM. Roflumilast inhibits TNF-α synthesis in monocyte-derived dendritic cells with IC20 of 5 nM. Rolfumilast inhibits anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibody-stimulated proliferation of CD4+ T cells with IC30 of 7 nM. Rolfumilast inhibits anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibody-stimulated synthesis of IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, and IFN-v in CD4+ T cells with IC20 of 1 nM, IC30 of 7 nM, IC25 of 13 nM, and IC35 of 8 nM, respectively. 
|In vivo||Roflumilast is activity against pulmonary inflammatory response related to COPD in animal model. Roflumilast (5 mg/kg/day) induces reduction of neutrophils, macrophages, DC, B-cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells in the lung of mice exposed to tobacco smoke for 7 month by 78%, 82%, 48%, 100%, 98%, and 88%, respectively.  Roflumilast is an efficient inhibitor of lung fibrotic remodeling. Roflumilast dose-dependently diminishes total lung hydroxyproline after bleomycin, attaining about 47% inhibition at 5 mg/kg/day, paralleled by a reduction in lung αI(I) collagen transcripts and fibrotic lesions. Roflumilast reduces oxidative stress in vivo. Roflumilast (5 mg/kg/day) moderately reduces an increase in BAL fluid lipid hydroperoxides measured at day 14 after intratracheal bleomycin administration in mice. |
|In vitro||DMSO||81 mg/mL (200.88 mM)|
|Ethanol||15 mg/mL (37.2 mM)|
|In vivo||Add solvents to the product individually and in order(Data is from Selleck tests instead of citations):
30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% propylene glycol
For best results, use promptly after mixing.
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
|Synonyms||APTA 2217, B9302-107, BY 217, BYK 20869|
In vivo Formulation Calculator (Clear solution)
|Step 1: Enter information below (Recommended: An additional animal making an allowance for loss during the experiment)|
|Dosage||mg/kg||Average weight of animals||g||Dosing volume per animal||ul||Number of animals|
|Step 2: Enter the in vivo formulation (Different batches have different solubility ratios, please contact Selleck to provide you with the correct ratio)|
|% DMSO % % Tween 80 % ddH2O|
Working concentration： mg/ml；
Method for preparing DMSO master liquid: ： mg drug pre-dissolved in μL DMSO (Master liquid concentration mg/mL，)
Method for preparing in vivo formulation：Take DMSO master liquid, next addμL PEG300， mix and clarify, next addμL Tween 80，mix and clarify, next add μL ddH2O，mix and clarify.
1.Please make sure the liquid is clear before adding the next solvent.
2.Be sure to add the solvent(s) in order. You must ensure that the solution obtained, in the previous addition, is a clear solution before proceeding to add the next solvent. Physical methods such as vortex, ultrasound or hot water bath can be used to aid dissolving.
Calculate the mass, volume or concentration required for a solution. The Selleck molarity calculator is based on the following equation:
Mass (mg) = Concentration (mM) × Volume (mL) × Molecular Weight (g/mol)
*When preparing stock solutions, please always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the via label and MSDS / COA (available on product pages).
Calculate the dilution required to prepare a stock solution. The Selleck dilution calculator is based on the following equation:
Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
Enter the chemical formula of a compound to calculate its molar mass and elemental composition:
Tip: Chemical formula is case sensitive. C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2
Instructions to calculate molar mass (molecular weight) of a chemical compound:
To calculate molar mass of a chemical compound, please enter its chemical formula and click 'Calculate'.
Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT04279119||Recruiting||Drug: ARQ-151- cream 0.3%||Plaque Psoriasis||Arcutis Biotherapeutics Inc.||March 10 2020||Phase 1|
|NCT04156191||Recruiting||Drug: ARQ-151 cream 0.15%||Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)||Arcutis Biotherapeutics Inc.||December 23 2019||Phase 1|
|NCT03762330||Not yet recruiting||Behavioral: COPD structured self-management plan.||Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease||Jordi Gol i Gurina Foundation|Institut Catala de Salut||February 2019||Not Applicable|
|NCT01862029||Completed||Drug: Roflumilast||Obesity||National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI)|National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)||May 22 2013||Phase 1|Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Could you tell me which diluent you advise to use with S2131 for in vivo applications in mice?
For s2131, the in vivo formulation is 30% PEG400+0.5% Tween80+5% Propylene glycol up to 30mg/mL.