Molecular Weight(MW): 785.88
Rifaximin is a RNA synthesis inhibitor by binding the β subunit of the bacterial DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, used to treat traveler's diarrhea caused by certain bacteria.
Purity & Quality Control
Choose Selective DNA/RNA Synthesis Inhibitors
|Description||Rifaximin is a RNA synthesis inhibitor by binding the β subunit of the bacterial DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, used to treat traveler's diarrhea caused by certain bacteria.|
Rifaximin (50 μM) reduces changes in the production of proinflammatory factors caused by LPS stimulation in IEC, such as TNF-α, IL-8, Rantes and PGE2 in normal intestinal epithelial cells. Rifaximin inhibits the LPS-induced cytokine and chemokine expression by suppressing NF-κB DNA-binding activity. Rifaximin (100 μM) effectively decreases the expression of TNFα, IL-8, MIP-3α and Rantes induced by LPS stimulation (100 μg/mL).  Rifaximin binds the β subunit of the bacterial DNA-dependent RNA polymerase, inhibiting the initiation of chain formation in RNA synthesis. Rifaximin has a lower MIC against gram-positive bacteria, with an MIC90 at dosages ranging from 0.01 µg/mL to 0.5 µg/mL. Rifaximin has broad-spectrum activity against aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. 
Rifaximin is highly concentrated in the intestinal tract compared with rifampicin. Rifaximin treatment results in significant induction of PXR target genes in the intestine of hPXR mice, but not in wild-type and Pxr-null mice. Rifaximin-mediated activation of human PXR, but not the other xenobiotic nuclear receptors constitutive androstane receptor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)alpha, PPARgamma, and farnesoid X receptor.  Rifaximin could lead to PXR-dependent hepatocellular fatty degeneration as a result of activation of genes involved in lipid uptake, thus indicating a potential adverse effect of rifaximin on liver function after long-term exposure. 
|In vitro||DMSO||47 mg/mL (59.8 mM)|
|Ethanol||3 mg/mL (3.81 mM)|
* Please note that Selleck tests the solubility of all compounds in-house, and the actual solubility may differ slightly from published values. This is normal and is due to slight batch-to-batch variations.
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Concentration (start) x Volume (start) = Concentration (final) x Volume (final)
This equation is commonly abbreviated as: C1V1 = C2V2 ( Input Output )
* When preparing stock solutions always use the batch-specific molecular weight of the product found on the vial label and MSDS / COA (available online).
Molecular Weight Calculator
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Definitions of molecular mass, molecular weight, molar mass and molar weight:
Molecular mass (molecular weight) is the mass of one molecule of a substance and is expressed in the unified atomic mass units (u). (1 u is equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12)
Molar mass (molar weight) is the mass of one mole of a substance and is expressed in g/mol.
Clinical Trial Information
|NCT Number||Recruitment||interventions||Conditions||Sponsor/Collaborators||Start Date||Phases|
|NCT03529825||Recruiting||Drug: Rifaximin||Microbial Colonization||Emory University||July 18 2018||Early Phase 1|
|NCT04077125||Completed||Drug: Rifaximin||Minimal Hepatic Encephalopathy||Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS||January 18 2018||--|
|NCT02555293||Recruiting||Drug: XIFAXAN® (Rifaximin)||Malignant Liver Disease|Major Liver Resection||RWTH Aachen University||February 2016||Phase 2|
Answers to questions you may have can be found in the inhibitor handling instructions. Topics include how to prepare stock solutions, how to store inhibitors, and issues that need special attention for cell-based assays and animal experiments.
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