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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Erianin induces G2/M-phase arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy via the ROS/JNK signaling pathway in human osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo

1694 views | Nov 27 2016

Wang H et al. found that erianin may be a promising agent for anticancer therapy against OS. [Read the Full Post]

Basic FGF and PDGF-BB synergistically stimulate hyaluronan and IL-6 production by orbital fibroblasts

4470 views | Nov 26 2016

Multi-target therapy directed at the bFGF and PDGF pathways may potentially be of interest for the treatment of GO. [Read the Full Post]

In Silico Analysis Guides Selection of BET Inhibitors for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Treatment

1435 views | Nov 26 2016

Perez-Peña J et al. demonstrated the antitumor effect of this new family of compounds in TNBC, paving the way for its future clinical development. [Read the Full Post]

Multiplexed Fluorescence Imaging of ERK and Akt Activities and Cell-cycle Progression

1138 views | Nov 26 2016

Maryu G et al.'s study provides a useful tool for quantifying the dynamics among ERK and Akt activities and the cell cycle in a live cell, and for addressing the mechanisms underlying intrinsic resistance to molecularly targeted drugs. [Read the Full Post]

Transcript, methylation and molecular docking analyses of the effects of HDAC inhibitors, SAHA and Dacinostat, on SMN2 expression in fibroblasts of SMA patients

3123 views | Nov 25 2016

With the exception on the effect of Dacinostat in Type II cells, Mohseni J et al showed that SAHA and Dacinostat increased SMN2 transcript and protein levels and promoted demethylation of the SMN2 gene. [Read the Full Post]

Ultrasound Enhances the Expression of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Astrocyte Through Activation of TrkB-Akt and Calcium-CaMK Signaling Pathways

2354 views | Nov 24 2016

Liu SH et al. found that LIPUS stimulation might play a crucial and beneficial role in neurodegenerative diseases. [Read the Full Post]

Preparation and Biochemical Analysis of Classical Histone Deacetylases

2296 views | Nov 24 2016

Villagra A et al. reviewed some of the older established methods for assaying HDAC activities, as well as introduces more recently developed nontraditional assays. [Read the Full Post]

Prolonged mitotic arrest induces a caspase-dependent DNA damage response at telomeres that determines cell survival

1699 views | Nov 23 2016

Hain KO et al. demonstrated that mitotic stress is characterised by the sub-apoptotic activation of a classical caspase pathway, which promotes telomere deprotection, activates DNA damage signalling, and determines cell fate in response to a prolonged delay in mitosis. [Read the Full Post]

Cannabinoid receptor-2 stimulation suppresses neuroinflammation by regulating microglial M1/M2 polarization through the cAMP/PKA pathway in an experimental GMH rat model

1491 views | Nov 23 2016

The results of Tao Y et al. will help to further understand the mechanisms that underlie neuroprotection by CB2R in GMH and promote clinical translational research for CB2R agonists. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of Extracellular Calcium Influx Results in Enhanced IL-12 Production in LPS-Treated Murine Macrophages by Downregulation of the CaMKKb-AMPK-SIRT1 Signaling Pathway

389 views | Nov 23 2016

Liu X et al.’s study demonstrates a new role of transmembrane calcium mobilization in immunity modulation such that inhibition of calcium influx leads to impaired activation of CaMKKβ-AMPK-SIRT1 signaling pathway which lifts restriction on NF-κB activation and results in enhanced IL-12 production. [Read the Full Post]

Tetrandrine has anti-adipogenic effect on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes through the reduced expression and/or phosphorylation levels of C/EBP-α, PPAR-γ, FAS, perilipin A, and STAT-3

1184 views | Nov 22 2016

Jang BC et al. showed that tetrandrine has strong anti-adipogenic effect on 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and the effect is largely attributable to the reduced expression and/or phosphorylation levels of C/EBP-α, PPAR-γ, FAS, perilipin A, and STAT-3. [Read the Full Post]

tRNA modification profiles of the fast-proliferating cancer cells

1691 views | Nov 22 2016

Dong C et al.'s results indicated that tRNA is a actively regulated RNA species in the fast-proliferating cancer cells, and suggest that they may play a more active role in biological process than expected. [Read the Full Post]

Diverse, Biologically Relevant, and Targetable Gene Rearrangements in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Other Malignancies

2108 views | Nov 21 2016

Shaver TM et al. identified highlight the importance of considering noncoding gene rearrangement partners, and the targetable gene fusions identified in TNBC demonstrate the need to advance gene fusion detection for molecularly heterogeneous cancers. [Read the Full Post]

MEK inhibitor CI-1040 induces apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia cells in vitro

1002 views | Nov 21 2016

Wei CR et al. demonstrated that CI-1040 induce apoptosis of U-937 cells and might be a new therapeutic option for the treatment of AML. [Read the Full Post]

Nucleoside Inhibitors of Zika Virus

1042 views | Nov 20 2016

Antiviral activity was identified when 2'-C-methylated nucleosides were tested, suggesting that these compounds might represent promising lead candidates for further development of specific antivirals against ZIKV. [Read the Full Post]

Shh mediates PDGF-induced contractile-to-synthetic phenotypic modulation in vascular smooth muscle cells through regulation of KLF4

1101 views | Nov 20 2016

Zeng Q et al. provided critical insights into the newly discovered role of Shh in phenotypic modulation of VSMCs which depends on KLF4. [Read the Full Post]

Effects of bavachin and its regulation of melanin synthesis in A375 cells

1204 views | Nov 18 2016

Bavachin inhibited the synthesis of melanin on A375 cells by inhibiting the protein and mRNA expression of TYR, TRP-1, TRP-2, ERK1, ERK2 andJNK2. [Read the Full Post]

The Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Pathway Facilitates Resistance to the Src Inhibitor Dasatinib in Thyroid Cancer

1131 views | Nov 18 2016

Beadnell TC et al. demonstrated that up-front combined inhibition with dasatinib and MEK1/2 or ERK1/2 inhibitors drives synergistic inhibition of growth and induction of apoptosis, indicating that combined inhibition may overcome mechanisms of survival in response to single-agent inhibition. [Read the Full Post]

miR-137 suppresses tumor growth of malignant melanoma by targeting aurora kinase A

1673 views | Nov 17 2016

Chang X et al. revealed that miR-137 functions as a tumor suppressor by targeting AURKA, providing new insights into investigation of therapeutic strategies against malignant melanoma. [Read the Full Post]

Regulation of the Nampt-mediated NAD salvage pathway and its therapeutic implications in pancreatic cancer

1596 views | Nov 17 2016

Ju HQ et al. revealed a novel regulatory mechanism for Nampt in PDAC and suggested that Nampt inhibition may override gemcitabine resistance by decreasing the NAD level and suppressing glycolytic activity, warranting further clinical investigation for pancreatic cancer treatment. [Read the Full Post]