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Autophagy

Doxorubicin as a fluorescent reporter identifies novel MRP1 (ABCC1) inhibitors missed by calcein-based high content screening of anticancer agents

4 views | Aug 13 2019

Sampson A et al. indicated mifepristone and doramapimod as pan inhibitors of these three drug transporters while celecoxib exhibited selective MRP1 inhibition. Together, our findings signify the importance of MRP1 in drug discovery and demonstrate the effectiveness and value of doxorubicin-based high content screening approach. Anti-cancer agents that exhibit MRP1 inhibition may be used to reverse multidrug resistance or to improve the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of various cancer chemotherapies. On the other hand, anti-cancer drugs that did not interact with MRP1 carry a low risk for developing MRP1-mediated resistance. [Read the Full Post]

Rapamycin: An InhibiTOR of Aging Emerges From the Soil of Easter Island

12 views | Jul 21 2019

Arriola Apelo SI et al. discuss recent advances in understanding the molecular and physiological effects of rapamycin treatment, and we discuss how the use of alternative rapamycin treatment regimens or rapamycin analogs has the potential to mitigate the deleterious side effects of rapamycin treatment by more specifically targeting mTORC1. Although the side effects of rapamycin are still of significant concern, rapid progress is being made in realizing the revolutionary potential of rapamycin-based therapies for the treatment of diseases of aging. [Read the Full Post]

Airway Progenitor Clone Formation Is Enhanced by Y-27632-Dependent Changes in the Transcriptome

18 views | Jul 10 2019

Reynolds SD et al. concluded that Y-27632 fundamentally alters cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions, which preserves basal progenitor cells and allows greater cell amplification. [Read the Full Post]

Tamoxifen a pioneering drug: An update on the therapeutic potential of tamoxifen derivatives

61 views | May 21 2019

Shagufta et al. anticipated that it will assist medicinal chemists in the synthesis of novel and pharmacologically potent agents for various therapeutic targets. [Read the Full Post]

Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound promotes the proliferation of human bone mesenchymal stem cells by activating PI3K/AKt signaling pathways

72 views | May 18 2019

Xie S et al. suggested that LIPUS exposure may be involved in the proliferation of hBMSCs via activation of the PI3K/AKt signaling pathway and high expression of cyclin D1, and the intensity of 50 or 60 mW/cm2 and exposure time of 5 minutes were determined to be the optimal parameters for LIPUS exposure. [Read the Full Post]

MicroRNA-496 and Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Expression are Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Obesity in Elderly People

54 views | Apr 06 2019

Rubie C et al. concluded that mTOR signaling through TORC1 may be affected in the regulation of T2DM. [Read the Full Post]

Mechanisms of U46619-induced contraction in mice intrarenal arteries

149 views | Mar 27 2019

Yan H et al. suggested that the U46619-induced contraction of mouse intrarenal arteries is mediated by Cav1.2 and SOC channel, through the activation of thromboxane-prostanoid receptors and its downstream signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Down-regulation of JMJD5 suppresses metastasis and induces apoptosis in oral squamous cell carcinoma by regulating p53/NF-κB pathway

238 views | Mar 19 2019

Yao Y et al. supplied mechanistic insights into the effects of JMJD5 on the modulation of OSCC development, illustrating that JMJD5 might be an essential prognostic indicator and therapeutic target against OSCC progression. [Read the Full Post]

Neuroprotection with the P53-Inhibitor Pifithrin-μ after Cardiac Arrest in a Rodent Model

246 views | Mar 18 2019

Glas M et al. indicated that temporarily inhibition of apoptosis with pifithrin-μ after cardiac arrest decreases the number of injured neurons in the CA1 segment of hippocampus in a cardiac arrest rat model, without clinical correlate. Further studies should elucidate the role of this neuroprotective agent in different settings and with longer cardiac arrest. [Read the Full Post]

Metformin use in pregnancy: promises and uncertainties

61 views | Mar 10 2019

Lindsay RS et al. indicated that in this short review, we will discuss the history of metformin in pregnancy and highlight some of the key clinical trials. We will then consider some of the remaining controversies associated with metformin use in pregnancy, most important of these being the potential for long-term 'programming' effects on the fetus as a result of metformin being able to cross the placenta. We will also consider clinical situations where metformin might be avoided. Finally, we will discuss some future directions for this drug as it reaches its sixtieth anniversary. [Read the Full Post]