Blog of Signaling Pathways

Aberrant activation of hedgehog signaling promotes cell proliferation via the transcriptional activation of forkhead Box M1 in colorectal cancer cells

1184 views | Mar 13 2018

Wang D et al. indicated the dysregulation of the Hh-Gli1-FoxM1 axis is essential for the proliferation and growth of human CRC cells and offers a potent target for therapeutic intervention in CRC. [Read the Full Post]

A Novel Antifibrotic Mechanism of Nintedanib and Pirfenidone. Inhibition of Collagen Fibril Assembly

1309 views | Mar 12 2018

Knüppel L et al. indicated both drugs act on important regulatory levels in collagen synthesis and processing. Nintedanib was more effective in down-regulating profibrotic gene expression and collagen secretion. Importantly, both drugs inhibited collagen I fibril formation and caused a reduction in and an altered appearance of collagen fibril bundles, representing a completely novel mechanism of action for both drugs. [Read the Full Post]

Nek2A/SuFu feedback loop regulates Gli-mediated Hedgehog signaling pathway

1100 views | Mar 12 2018

Zhou F et al. uncovered one of the mechanisms by which Nek2A acts as a modulator of the Hh signaling pathway in the context of a novel negative-feedback loop, which may offer new insights into Gli-mediated Hh signaling regulation in development and human diseases. [Read the Full Post]

Osteoclast-Primed Foxp3+ CD8 T Cells Induce T-bet, Eomesodermin, and IFN-γ To Regulate Bone Resorption.

0 views | Mar 11 2018

Shashkova EV et al. demonstrated a novel link between NF-κB signaling and induction of IFN-γ in TcREG and establish an important role for IFN-γ in TcREG-mediated protection from bone loss. [Read the Full Post]

Panobinostat induces apoptosis via production of reactive oxygen species and synergizes with topoisomerase inhibitors in cervical cancer cells

0 views | Mar 10 2018

Wasim L et al. suggest a combination therapy using inhibitors of histone deacetylase and topoisomerase together could hold the promise for an effective targeted therapeutic strategy. [Read the Full Post]

Valproic acid potentiates the anticancer activity of capecitabine in vitro and in vivo in breast cancer models via induction of thymidine phosphorylase expression

1623 views | Mar 10 2018

Terranova-Barberio M et al. suggested that the combination of HDACi (e.g., VPA) and capecitabine is an innovative antitumor strategy that warrants further clinical evaluation for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. [Read the Full Post]

IgG subclasses determine pathways of anaphylaxis in mice

0 views | Mar 09 2018

Beutier H et al. proposed that the differential expression of inhibitory FcγRIIB on myeloid cells and its differential binding of IgG subclasses controls the contributions of mast cells, basophils, neutrophils, and macrophages to IgG subclass-dependent anaphylaxis. [Read the Full Post]

Activation of the PI3K/mTOR Pathway following PARP Inhibition in Small Cell Lung Cancer

1103 views | Mar 09 2018

Cardnell RJ et al. suggested that combining PARP and PI3K inhibitors enhances the effect of either agent alone in preclinical models of SCLC, warranting further investigation of such combinations in SCLC patients. [Read the Full Post]

In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Rhodanine Derivatives against Pathogenic Clinical Isolates

1298 views | Mar 08 2018

AbdelKhalek A et al. suggested that certain rhodanine compounds may have potential use for the treatment of several multidrug-resistant Gram-positive bacterial infections. [Read the Full Post]

Acquired resistance to combination treatment through loss of synergy with MEK and PI3K inhibitors in colorectal cancer

1103 views | Mar 08 2018

Bhattacharya B et al. showed that AQR to combination treatment may develop through alternative mechanisms to those of single agent treatment, including a change in drug interaction. [Read the Full Post]

Late-stage inhibition of autophagy enhances calreticulin surface exposure

1282 views | Mar 07 2018

Li DD et al. highlight the potential of the combined use of ER stress inducers and autophagy late-stage inhibitors to reestablish and strengthen both the CRT exposure and immunogenicity of chemotherapeutic agents induced death cells. [Read the Full Post]

HSPA5 Regulates Ferroptotic Cell Death in Cancer Cells

0 views | Mar 07 2018

Zhu S et al. identified a novel role of HSPA5 in ferroptosis and suggest a potential therapeutic strategy for overcoming gemcitabine resistance. [Read the Full Post]

The CDK9 Inhibitor Dinaciclib Exerts Potent Apoptotic and Antitumor Effects in Preclinical Models of MLL-Rearranged Acute Myeloid Leukemia

744 views | Mar 06 2018

Baker A et al. highlight a new therapeutic approach to potentially overcome the resistance of MLL-rearranged AML to conventional chemotherapies and prompt further clinical evaluation of CDK inhibitors in AML patients harboring MLL fusion proteins. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of Skp2 sensitizes lung cancer cells to paclitaxel

827 views | Mar 06 2018

Huang T et al. demonstrated that SKP2 positively regulates the gene expression of MAD2 through p27-CDKs-E2F1 signaling pathway and that inhibition of Skp2 sensitizes A549 and NCI-H1299 cells to paclitaxel, suggesting that small molecule inhibitors of Skp2 are potential agents for the treatment of lung cancer with upregulation of Skp2. [Read the Full Post]

Insulin-induced cytokine production in macrophages causes insulin resistance in hepatocytes

845 views | Mar 05 2018

Manowsky J et al. indicated that hyperinsulinemia per se might contribute to the low-grade inflammation prevailing in overweight and obese patients and thereby promote the development of insulin resistance particularly in the liver, because the insulin concentration in the portal circulation is much higher than in all other tissues. [Read the Full Post]

Advanced glycation end products regulate anabolic and catabolic activities via NLRP3-inflammasome activation in human nucleus pulposus cells

1215 views | Mar 05 2018

Song Y et al. revealed that accumulation of AGEs in NP tissue may initiate inflammation-related degeneration of the intervertebral disc via activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. [Read the Full Post]

Overexpression of GAB2 in ovarian cancer cells promotes tumor growth and angiogenesis by upregulating chemokine expression

0 views | Mar 04 2018

Duckworth C et al. suggested that overexpression of GAB2 in ovarian cancer cells promotes tumor growth and angiogenesis by upregulating expression of CXCL1, CXCL2 and CXCL8 that is IKKβ-dependent. Co-targeting IKKβ and PI3K pathways downstream of GAB2 might be a promising therapeutic strategy for ovarian cancer that overexpresses GAB2. [Read the Full Post]

AURKA promotes cell migration and invasion of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma through regulation of the AURKA/Akt/FAK signaling pathway

0 views | Mar 04 2018

Wu J, et al. indicated AURKA activates FAK through the AURKA/Akt/FAK signaling pathway, promoting the migration and invasion of HNSCC cells, which may subsequently provide a novel approach for the treatment of HNSCC. [Read the Full Post]

Characterization of osimertinib (AZD9291)-resistant non-small cell lung cancer NCI-H1975/OSIR cell line

1490 views | Mar 03 2018

Tang ZH et al. showed that EGFR could pose as one of the OSI-resistant mechanisms and navitoclax might be the candidate drug for OSI-resistant NSCLC patients. [Read the Full Post]

Nordihydroguaiaretic acid impairs prostate cancer cell migration and tumor metastasis by suppressing neuropilin 1

725 views | Mar 03 2018

Li X et al. revealed a novel mechanism underlying the anti-metastasis function of NDGA and indicate the potential value of NDGA in NRP1 targeting therapy for selected subtypes of cancer. [Read the Full Post]