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Blog of Signaling Pathways

WNT5A: a motility-promoting factor in Hodgkin lymphoma

187 views | Dec 22 2018

Linke F et al. proposed a model where WNT signaling has an important role in regulating tumor-promoting processes. [Read the Full Post]

Regulation of XIAP Turnover Reveals a Role for USP11 in Promotion of Tumorigenesis

0 views | Dec 22 2018

Zhou Z et al. proposed that aberrant USP11, via stabilization of XIAP, promotes tumor initiation and progression. [Read the Full Post]

Cell-based assay system for high-throughput screening of anti-photo-aging agents in fibroblast transfectants

0 views | Dec 21 2018

Lee S et al. revealed that CCN1-GFs treated with sclareol showed decreased levels of UVB-induced CCN1 expression. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of Chk1 with the small molecule inhibitor V158411 induces DNA damage and cell death in an unperturbed S-phase

148 views | Dec 21 2018

Wayne J et al. identified two distinct classes of Chk1 inhibitors: those that induced a strong increase in γH2AX, pChk1 (S317) and pRPA32 (S4/S8) (including V158411, LY2603618 and ARRY-1A) and those that did not (including MK-8776 and GNE-900). [Read the Full Post]

Differential effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors on cellular drug transporters and their implications for using epigenetic modifiers in combination chemotherapy

226 views | Dec 20 2018

Valdez BC et al. further implied the possibility of antagonistic effects when HDAC inhibitors are combined with anthracyclines and other MDR1 drug ligands in chemotherapy. [Read the Full Post]

Dual inhibition of PI3K and mTOR by VS-5584 suppresses thrombus formation

114 views | Dec 19 2018

Später T et al. demonstrated that VS-5584 is a potent inhibitor of primary hemostasis targeting multiple platelet functions. [Read the Full Post]

FBW7 mutations mediate resistance of colorectal cancer to targeted therapies by blocking Mcl-1 degradation

0 views | Dec 19 2018

Tong J et al. demonstrated FBW7 mutational status as a key genetic determinant of CRC response to targeted therapies, and Mcl-1 as an attractive therapeutic target. [Read the Full Post]

Protease-activated receptor-2 promotes kidney tubular epithelial inflammation by inhibiting autophagy via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signalling pathway

191 views | Dec 18 2018

Du C et al. suggested that PAR2 inhibition may play a role in the treatment of diseases with increased inflammatory responses in renal systems. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K Catalytic Isoform Alteration Promotes the LIMK1-related Metastasis Through the PAK1 or ROCK1/2 Activation in Cigarette Smoke-exposed Ovarian Cancer Cells

0 views | Dec 18 2018

Park GB et al. showed that characterization of the p110 isotypes of PI3K is critical for regulating cancer metastasis; LIMK1 could be a common therapeutic target of ovarian cancer metastasis. [Read the Full Post]

MicroRNA-24-1 suppresses mouse hepatoma cell invasion and metastasis via directly targeting O-GlcNAc transferase

91 views | Dec 17 2018

Liu Y et al. suggested that as a tumor suppressor, miR-24-1 may regulate mouse hepatocarcinoma cells migration and invasion, at least partially through targeting OGT, which could regulate the O-GlcNAcylation and the stability of this oncoprotein c-Myc. This may give insight into a novel mechanism and therapy of tumor lymphatic metastasis. [Read the Full Post]

SIRT1 prevents hyperuricemia via the PGC-1α/PPARγ-ABCG2 pathway

298 views | Dec 17 2018

Wang J et al. demonstrated that SIRT1 and its activator, RSV, have clear anti-hyperuricemia functions in this mouse model. One possible mechanism is the activation of ABCG2 in the ileum through the PGC-1α/PPARγ pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Microengineered cultures containing human hepatic stellate cells and hepatocytes for drug development

123 views | Dec 16 2018

Davidson MD et al. found that NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibition and farnesoid X receptor (FXR) activation using clinically relevant drugs alleviated hepatic dysfunctions in MPTCs. In conclusion, MPTCs recapitulate symptoms of NASH- and early fibrosis-like dysfunctions in PHHs and have utility for drug discovery in this space. [Read the Full Post]

Spinal Glutamate Transporters Are Involved in the Development of Electroacupuncture Tolerance

173 views | Dec 16 2018

Cui L et al. indicated the participation of the spinal GTs in EAT. [Read the Full Post]

Leishmania donovani Aurora kinase: A promising therapeutic target against visceral leishmaniasis

164 views | Dec 15 2018

Chhajer R et al. identified an Aurora kinase homolog in L. donovani implicated in cell-cycle progression, whose inhibition led to aberrant changes in cell-cycle progression and reduced viability. [Read the Full Post]

FAM83A is amplified and promotes cancer stem cell-like traits and chemoresistance in pancreatic cancer

255 views | Dec 15 2018

Chen S et al. indicated that FAM83A has a vital oncogenic role to promote pancreatic cancer progression and may represent a potential clinical target. [Read the Full Post]

PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ isoforms have distinct functions in regulating pro-tumoural signalling in the multiple myeloma microenvironment

135 views | Dec 14 2018

Piddock RE et al. reported that PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ isoforms have distinct functions in MM and that combined PI3kδ/γ isoform inhibition has anti-MM activity. Here we provide a scientific rationale for trials of dual PI3kδ/γ inhibition in patients with MM. [Read the Full Post]

Identification of DNA-PKcs as a primary resistance factor of TIC10 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells

195 views | Dec 14 2018

Cheng L et al. found that TIC10 showed promising anti-HCC activity, alone or together with DNA-PKcs inhibitors. [Read the Full Post]

Heme oxygenase-1 mitigates ferroptosis in renal proximal tubule cells

123 views | Dec 13 2018

Adedoyin O et al. demonstrated an important antiferroptotic role of HO-1 in renal epithelial cells. [Read the Full Post]

Therapeutic targeting of Polo-like kinase-1 and Aurora kinases in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

212 views | Dec 13 2018

Spartà AM et al. indicated that PLK1 and AK inhibitors display the potential for being employed in innovative therapeutic strategies for improving T-ALL patient outcome. [Read the Full Post]

Testosterone improves the differentiation efficiency of insulin-producing cells from human induced pluripotent stem cells

160 views | Dec 12 2018

Liu H et al. found that T improves the differentiation efficiency of insulin-producing cells from hiPSCs. The addition of T into routine differentiation formula for pancreatic β cells increases the differentiation efficiency from 12% to 35%. The administration of T promotes the expression of key genes associated with β cells differentiation including NGN3, NEUROD1 and INS. This finding benefits the ongoing process to optimize the differentiation protocol of pancreatic β cells from hiPSCs, and provides some degree of understanding the clinical management of T for type 2 diabetes. [Read the Full Post]