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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Xiaochaihu Decorction Relieves Liver Fibrosis Caused by Schistosoma Japonicum Infection via the HSP47/TGF-β Pathway

75 views | Jun 16 2020

Yuzheng Huang et al. demonstrated that the hepatic protective effects of Xiaochaihu decoction were mediated by HSP47/TGF-β axis. [Read the Full Post]

Cooperativity Between Orthosteric Inhibitors and Allosteric Inhibitor 8-Anilino-1-Naphthalene Sulfonic Acid (ANS) in Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2

95 views | Jun 16 2020

Erik B Faber et al. detailed the positive cooperativity between ANS and orthosteric Cdk2 inhibitors dinaciclib and roscovitine, which increased the affinity of ANS toward Cdk2 5-fold to 10-fold, and the relatively noncooperative effects of ATP. [Read the Full Post]

STMN1 Upregulation Mediates Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Hepatic Stellate Cell Crosstalk to Aggravate Cancer by Triggering the MET Pathway

111 views | Jun 15 2020

Rui Zhang et al. suggested that STMN1 may be used as a potential marker to identify patients who may benefit from MET inhibitor treatment. [Read the Full Post]

Mechanism and Current Progress of Poly ADP-ribose Polymerase (PARP) Inhibitors in the Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

0 views | Jun 15 2020

Feiyue Zheng et al. highlighted the current research progress on PARP inhibitor resistance, which has become a challenge in clinics. [Read the Full Post]

LGR5 Controls Extracellular Matrix Production by Stem Cells in the Developing Intestine

104 views | Jun 14 2020

Valeria Fernandez Vallone et al. provided that Lgr5 antagonizes the Rspondin 2-Wnt-mediated response in ISCs in organoids, revealing a sophisticated regulatory process for Wnt signaling in ISCs. [Read the Full Post]

Promotion of Liver Regeneration and Anti‑fibrotic Effects of the TGF‑β Receptor Kinase Inhibitor Galunisertib in CCl4‑treated Mice

72 views | Jun 14 2020

Atsutaka Masuda et al. suggested that galunisertib might be an effective treatment for liver cirrhosis. [Read the Full Post]

HO-1 Downregulation Favors BRAF V600 Melanoma Cell Death Induced by Vemurafenib/PLX4032 and Increases NK Recognition

98 views | Jun 13 2020

Anna L Furfaro et al. indicated that HO-1 downregulation can both improve the efficacy of Vemurafenib on melanoma cells and favor melanoma susceptibility to NK cell-mediated recognition and killing. [Read the Full Post]

Calcium Signaling Mediated by Aminergic GPCRs Is Impaired by the PI3K Inhibitor LY294002 and Its Analog LY303511 in a PI3K-independent Manner

71 views | Jun 13 2020

Polina D Kotova et al. found that LY303511 and LY294002 should be used cautiously in studies of PI3K as a factor of GPCR signaling. [Read the Full Post]

Network Indirect Comparison of 3 BRAF + MEK Inhibitors for the Treatment of Advanced BRAF Mutated Melanoma

86 views | Jun 12 2020

F Consoli et al. suggested a similar efficacy and a slightly different safety profile, related to specific molecular properties of the three different BRAF and MEK inhibitors currently approved in the management of advanced MM. [Read the Full Post]

AXL Controls Directed Migration of Mesenchymal Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells

65 views | Jun 11 2020

Olivier Zajac et al. demonstrated that AXL controls directed cell migration most likely by regulating cell polarity. [Read the Full Post]

Combined Therapy of AXL and HDAC Inhibition Reverses Mesenchymal Transition in Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma

77 views | Jun 11 2020

Michaël H Meel et al. found that combined inhibition of AXL and HDACs in DIPG cells results in a synergistic antitumor effect by reversing their mesenchymal, stem cell-like, therapy-resistant phenotype. [Read the Full Post]

The Effects of NLRP3 Inflammasome Inhibition by MCC950 on LPS-induced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Inflammation

59 views | Jun 10 2020

Alan Cheuk Keong Yaw et al. showed there was a dynamic interaction between inflammasome that regulated inflammasome-mediated inflammation in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells. [Read the Full Post]

Evaluation of Musculoskeletal Phenotype of the G608G Progeria Mouse Model With Lonafarnib, Pravastatin, and Zoledronic Acid as Treatment Groups

61 views | Jun 10 2020

Maria B Cubria et al. characterized the musculoskeletal phenotype of the homozygous G608G BAC-transgenic progeria mouse model, and determined the phenotype changes of HGPS mice after a five-arm preclinical trial of different treatment combinations with lonafarnib, pravastatin, and zoledronic acid. [Read the Full Post]

The Application of Ferroptosis in Diseases

66 views | Jun 09 2020

Yangmin Qiu et al. summarized the mechanism of ferroptosis regulation and relevance to pathological physiology. [Read the Full Post]

TGF-β1-mediated Repression of SLC7A11 Drives Vulnerability to GPX4 Inhibition in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

74 views | Jun 09 2020

Do Hyung Kim et al. showed that TGF-β1 repressed xCT expression via Smad3 activation and enhanced lipid peroxidation in hepatocellular carcinoma cells with an early TGF-β1 signature, which would benefit from the targeting of GPX4. [Read the Full Post]

Real-World Treatment Patterns and Progression-Free Survival Associated With Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase (ALK) Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapies for ALK+ Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

102 views | Jun 08 2020

Mohammad Jahanzeb et al. found that median rwPFS in patients with advanced ALK+ NSCLC was < 8 months for first- and second-line ALK TKI therapy and was even shorter in patients with brain metastasis, highlighting the need for more effective treatments in this patient population. [Read the Full Post]

Sulfobutylether-β-cyclodextrin /5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphine Nanoassemblies With Sustained Antimicrobial Phototherapeutic Action

94 views | Jun 08 2020

Roberto Zagami et al. proposed the design and characterization of a novel nanophototherapeutic based on the trade cyclodextrin CAPTISOL® (sulfobutylether-beta-cyclodextrin, SBE-βCD) and 5,10,15,20-tetrakis(1-methylpyridinium-4-yl)porphine tetrakis(p-toluenesulfonate) (TMPyP) to fabricate efficient biocompatible systems for aPDT. [Read the Full Post]

Ocular Side Effects of Target Therapy and Immunotherapy in Patients With Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma

72 views | Jun 07 2020

Jennifer Eikenberry et al. highlighted the frequency of ocular side effects in patients treated with target therapy and immunotherapy for CMM and showed that symptom resolution could be effectively achieved with proper ophthalmic care. [Read the Full Post]

Loss of HAT1 Expression Confers BRAFV600E Inhibitor Resistance to Melanoma Cells by Activating MAPK Signaling via IGF1R

62 views | Jun 07 2020

Suresh Bugide et al. showed that the loss of HAT1 expression confered acquired BRAFi resistance by activating the MAPK signaling pathway via IGF1R. [Read the Full Post]

Generation of Liver Bipotential Organoids With a Small-Molecule Cocktail

142 views | Jun 05 2020

Xin Wang et al. demonstrated that Wnt/β-catenin, NMII-Rac, and PKA-ERK are core signaling pathways essential and sufficient for mouse liver progenitor expansion. [Read the Full Post]