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Blog of Signaling Pathways

PARP inhibitor Olaparib increases the sensitization to radiotherapy in FaDu cells

153 views | Jan 21 2020

Liu C et al. indicated that Olaparib may help individualize treatment and improve their outcomes of hypopharyngeal cancer patients treated with radiation. [Read the Full Post]

Mechanism and current progress of Poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in the treatment of ovarian cancer

240 views | Jan 21 2020

Zheng F et al. highlighted the current research progress on PARP inhibitor resistance, which has become a challenge in clinics. [Read the Full Post]

Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibition in Patients with Breast Cancer and BRCA 1 and 2 Mutations

162 views | Jan 20 2020

Jerez Y et al. discussed the future development of PARPi in BC, their potential combination with other strategies, including chemotherapy and immune-checkpoint inhibitors, and the impact of these treatments in current genetic counselling. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of PARP Sensitizes Chondrosarcoma Cell Lines to Chemo- and Radiotherapy Irrespective of the IDH1 or IDH2 Mutation Status

136 views | Jan 20 2020

Venneker S et al. suggested that talazoparib combined with temozolomide or radiation are promising therapeutic strategies for chondrosarcoma, irrespective of IDH mutation status. A subset of chondrosarcomas may be deficient in nonclassical DNA repair pathways, suggesting that PARP inhibitor sensitivity is multifactorial in chondrosarcoma. [Read the Full Post]

Melatonin alleviates hypoxia-induced cardiac apoptosis through PI3K/Akt pathway

163 views | Jan 19 2020

Luo GP et al. demonstrated that melatonin confers cardioprotection by inhibiting apoptosis through the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in hypoxic cardiomyocytes. [Read the Full Post]

Automobile exhaust-derived PM2.5 induces blood-testis barrier damage through ROS-MAPK-Nrf2 pathway in sertoli cells of rats

0 views | Jan 19 2020

Liu B et al. indicated that PM2.5 derived from automobile exhaust causes oxidative stress, which in turn causes cellular apoptosis of SCs and damage of the blood-testis barrier, resulting male spermatogenesis dysfunction, in which ROS-MAPK-Nrf-2 pathways may play a key role. [Read the Full Post]

Isoflavones Isolated from the Seeds of Millettia ferruginea Induced Apoptotic Cell Death in Human Ovarian Cancer Cells

147 views | Jan 18 2020

Wang YY et al. suggested that DMI induced apoptotic cell death through the intrinsic pathway via ROS production, while ferrugone stimulated the extrinsic pathway in human ovarian cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]

Cirrhotic Human Liver Extracellular Matrix 3D Scaffolds Promote Smad-Dependent TGF-β1 Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition

153 views | Jan 18 2020

Mazza G found that the inherent features of cirrhotic human liver ECM micro-environment were dissected and characterized for the first time as key pro-carcinogenic components in HCC development. [Read the Full Post]

MYC promotes tryptophan uptake and metabolism by the kynurenine pathway in colon cancer

176 views | Jan 17 2020

Venkateswaran N et al. proposed that limiting cellular kynurenine or its downstream targets could present a new strategy to reduce the proliferation of MYC-dependent cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]

Clonorchis sinensis ESPs enhance the activation of hepatic stellate cells by a cross-talk of TLR4 and TGF-β/Smads Signaling pathway

106 views | Jan 17 2020

Li B et al. demonstrated that activation of HSCs caused by CsESPs is mediated by a cross-talk between TLR4 and TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway, and may be provide a potential treatment strategy to interrupt the process of liver fibrosis caused by C. sinensis. [Read the Full Post]

CDK4/6 Inhibitor Palbociclib Amplifies the Radiosensitivity to Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cells via Mediating Apoptosis and Suppressing DNA Damage Repair

134 views | Jan 16 2020

Xie X et al. demonstrated that palbociclib could provoke a strong antitumor activity as a potential adjuvant to radiation therapy for NPC harboring RB expression. [Read the Full Post]

Preclinical evaluation of drug combinations identifies co-inhibition of Bcl-2/XL/W and MDM2 as a potential therapy in uveal melanoma

0 views | Jan 16 2020

Clapes V et al. showed that inhibition of Bcl-2/XL/W sensitised the UM cell lines to other treatments encouraging investigation of the underlying mechanisms. [Read the Full Post]

Farnesoid X receptor agonist GW4064 ameliorates lipopolysaccharide-induced ileocolitis through TLR4/MyD88 pathway related mitochondrial dysfunction in mice

103 views | Jan 15 2020

Liu HM et al. demonstrated that central roles of FXR in coordinating regulation of both inflammation and mitochondrial dysfunction. We propose that GW4064 is promising therapeutic agent for treatment of ileocolitis. [Read the Full Post]

MK-8776, a novel chk1 kinase inhibitor, radiosensitizes p53-defective human tumor cells

114 views | Jan 15 2020

Bridges KA et al. indicated that MK-8776 radiosensitizes tumor cells by mechanisms that include abrogation of the G2 block and inhibition of DSB repair. Our findings support the clinical evaluation of MK-8776 in combination with radiation. [Read the Full Post]

Selective Cytotoxicity of the NAMPT Inhibitor FK866 Toward Gastric Cancer Cells With Markers of the Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition, Due to Loss of NAPRT

99 views | Jan 14 2020

Lee J et al. showed that FK866 selectively kills gastric cancer cells with an EMT gene expression signature by inhibiting nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase in cells with NAPRT deficiency. Loss of NAPRT expression, frequently through promoter hypermethylation, is observed in many gastric tumors of the EMT subtype. FK866 might be used to treat patients with tumors of this subtype. [Read the Full Post]

Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase Inhibitor APO866 Prevents IL-1β-Induced Human Nucleus Pulposus Cell Degeneration via Autophagy

209 views | Jan 14 2020

Shi C et al. indicated that APO866 protects NP cells and induces autophagy by inhibiting IL-1β-induced NP cell degeneration and apoptosis, which may have therapeutic potential in IDD. [Read the Full Post]

Efficacy of pritelivir and acyclovir in the treatment of herpes simplex virus infections in a mouse model of herpes simplex encephalitis

122 views | Jan 13 2020

Quenelle DC et al. concluded pritelivir has potent and resistance-breaking antiviral efficacy with potential for the treatment of potentially life-threatening HSV type 1 and 2 infections, including herpes simplex encephalitis. [Read the Full Post]

Pre-B cell colony enhancing factor induces Nampt-dependent translocation of the insulin receptor out of lipid microdomains in A549 lung epithelial cells

0 views | Jan 13 2020

Peng Q et al. concluded that PBEF can inhibit insulin signaling through the IR by Nampt-dependent promotion of IR translocation into the nonraft domains of A549 epithelial cells. PBEF-induced alterations in the spatial geometry of the IR provide a mechanistic explanation for insulin resistance in inflammatory states associated with upregulation of PBEF. [Read the Full Post]

Suppression of human T cell proliferation by the caspase inhibitors, z-VAD-FMK and z-IETD-FMK is independent of their caspase inhibition properties

0 views | Jan 12 2020

Lawrence CP and Chow SC demonstrated that both z-VAD-FMK and z-IETD-FMK are immunosuppressive in vitro and inhibit T cell proliferation without blocking the processing of caspase-8 and caspase-3. [Read the Full Post]

Sulfoximines as ATR inhibitors: Analogs of VE-821

0 views | Jan 12 2020

Hendriks CMM et al. suggested that the sulfilimidoyl- and sulfoximidoyl-substituted analogs are efficient ATR inhibitors. [Read the Full Post]