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Blog of Signaling Pathways

The Expression and Regulation of Interleukin-33 in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes: A New Mediator of Atopic Dermatitis and Its Possible Signaling Pathway

2505 views | May 26 2017

Du HY et al. found that IL-33 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of immune inflammatory responses in AD, which might be a possible therapeutic target in the treatment of AD. [Read the Full Post]

Phosphorylated heat shock protein 27 promotes lipid clearance in hepatic cells through interacting with STAT3 and activating autophagy

0 views | May 25 2017

Shen L et al. provided a novel mechanism by which the phosphorylated Hsp27 promotes hepatic lipid clearance and suggests a new insight for therapy of steatotic diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). [Read the Full Post]

Erastin Disrupts Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore (mPTP) and Induces Apoptotic Death of Colorectal Cancer Cells

0 views | May 25 2017

Huo H et al. found that erastin is cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic to colorectal cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]

Increased aerobic glycolysis is important for the motility of activated VSMC and inhibited by indirubin-3

0 views | May 24 2017

Heiss EH et al. demonstrated that increased aerobic glycolysis is an important factor for the motility of activated VSMC and that the anti-migratory property of I3MO may partly depend on impairment of glycolysis via a compromised STAT3/HK2 signaling axis. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K p110β isoform synergizes with JNK in the regulation of glioblastoma cell proliferation and migration through Akt and FAK inhibition

1774 views | May 24 2017

Zhao HF et al. suggested that combined inhibition of PI3K p110β isoform and JNK may serve as a potent and promising therapeutic approach for glioblastoma multiforme. [Read the Full Post]

Fibronectin-1 expression is increased in aggressive thyroid cancer and favors the migration and invasion of cancer cells

0 views | May 23 2017

Sponziello M et al. found that FN1 overexpression is an important determinant of thyroid cancer aggressiveness. [Read the Full Post]

Myofibril growth during cardiac hypertrophy is regulated through dual phosphorylation and acetylation of the actin capping protein CapZ

0 views | May 23 2017

Lin YH et al. showed that PE treatment of NRVMs results in decreased binding of HDAC3 to myofibrils, suggesting a signal-dependent mechanism for the regulation of sarcomere-associated CapZβ1 acetylation. [Read the Full Post]

Multiple Sclerosis Patient-Specific Primary Neurons Differentiated from Urinary Renal Epithelial Cells via Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

0 views | May 22 2017

Massa MG et al. provided an avenue for studies with a greater cell- and human-specific focus, specifically in the context of genetic contributions to neurodegeneration and drug discovery. [Read the Full Post]

Bafetinib (INNO-406) reverses multidrug resistance by inhibiting the efflux function of ABCB1 and ABCG2 transporters

1879 views | May 22 2017

Zhang YK et al. found that bafetinib reversed ABCB1- and ABCG2-mediated MDR by blocking the drug efflux function of these transporters [Read the Full Post]

FGFR3-TACC3 fusion proteins act as naturally occurring drivers of tumor resistance by functionally substituting for EGFR/ERK signaling

1493 views | May 21 2017

Daly C, et al. found that FGFR3-TACC3 fusion proteins may represent a novel mechanism of acquired resistance in EGFR-dependent cancers of multiple cell lineages. [Read the Full Post]

Additive effects of low concentrations of estradiol-17β and progesterone on nitric oxide production by human vascular endothelial cells through shared signaling pathways

1034 views | May 21 2017

Pang Y et al. suggested that low doses of E2 and P4 may also have some beneficial cardiovascular effects in vivo when administered as hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for post-menopausal women. [Read the Full Post]

The effect of hyperlipidemia on the pharmacokinetics, hepatic and pulmonary uptake of posaconazole in rat

0 views | May 20 2017

Khalil HA et al. induced lipoprotein level elevation caused alterations in the PSZ pharmacokinetics and decreased its hepatic and pulmonary uptake. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of local estrogen synthesis in the hippocampus impairs hippocampal memory consolidation in ovariectomized female mice

1057 views | May 20 2017

Tuscher JJ et al. found that hippocampally-synthesized E2 is necessary for hippocampus-dependent memory consolidation in rodents. [Read the Full Post]

Arsenic trioxide mediates HAPI microglia inflammatory response and subsequent neuron apoptosis through p38/JNK MAPK/STAT3 pathway

0 views | May 19 2017

Mao J et al. highlighted that the secretion of IL-1β and STAT3 activation induced by Arsenic trioxide can be mediated by elevation of P38/JNK MAPK in HAPI microglia cells and then induced the toxicity of neurons. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting survivin as a potential new treatment for chondrosarcoma of bone

0 views | May 19 2017

de Jong Y et al. found that survivin is important for chondrosarcoma survival and chondrosarcoma patients might benefit from survivin inhibition using YM155, for which TP53 mutational status can serve as a predictive biomarker. [Read the Full Post]

Rictor/mTORC2 Drives Progression and Therapeutic Resistance of HER2-Amplified Breast Cancers

1580 views | May 18 2017

Morrison-Joly M et al. found that Rictor/mTORC2 signaling drives Akt-dependent tumor progression in HER2-amplified breast cancers, rationalizing clinical investigation of dual mTORC1/2 kinase inhibitors and developing mTORC2-specific inhibitors for use in this setting. [Read the Full Post]

ErbB2-dependent downregulation of a pro-apoptotic protein Perp is required for oncogenic transformation of breast epithelial cells.

0 views | May 18 2017

Khan IA et al. have identified a novel mechanism of ErbB2-mediated mechanism of anoikis resistance of ErbB2-overproducing breast epithelial cells. [Read the Full Post]

Identification of Novel Inhibitors of the Type I Interferon Induction Pathway Using Cell-Based High-Throughput Screening

2268 views | May 17 2017

Gage ZO et al. demonstrate that one of these compounds acts at or upstream of IRF3 phosphorylation. [Read the Full Post]

Synthetic Lethal Targeting of ARID1A-Mutant Ovarian Clear Cell Tumors with Dasatinib

3204 views | May 17 2017

Miller RE et al. suggested that dasatinib merits investigation for the treatment of patients with ARID1A-mutant OCCC. [Read the Full Post]

Constructing and Validating High-Performance MIEC-SVM Models in Virtual Screening for Kinases: A Better Way for Actives Discovery

0 views | May 16 2017

Sun H et al. showed that the optimized MIEC-SVM model, which identified 7 actives with IC50 < 10 μM from 50 purchased compounds (namely hit rate of 14%, and 4 in nM level) and performed much better than Autodock (3 actives with IC50 < 10 μM from 50 purchased compounds, namely hit rate of 6%, and 2 in nM level), suggesting that the proposed strategy is a powerful tool in structure-based virtual screening [Read the Full Post]