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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Cancer stem cell marker phenotypes are reversible and functionally homogeneous in a preclinical model of pancreatic cancer

0 views | Nov 27 2018

Dosch JS et al. showed that the hierarchical organization of CSCs in human disease is not recapitulated in a commonly used mouse model of pancreatic cancer and therefore provide a new view of the phenotypic and functional heterogeneity of tumor cells. [Read the Full Post]

A sensitive virus yield assay for evaluation of Antivirals against Zika Virus

0 views | Nov 26 2018

Goebel S et al. indicated that due to reproducible assay performance, qPCR associated higher sensitivity and short duration of the assay time, this novel cell based assay will be very useful for confirming the activity of antivirals against ZIKV. [Read the Full Post]

The c.1085A>G Genetic Variant of CSF1R Gene Regulates Tumor Immunity by Altering the Proliferation, Polarization, and Function of Macrophages

237 views | Nov 26 2018

Yeh YM et al. indicated that CSF1R c.1085A>G genetic variant regulates tumor immunity by altering the polarization and function of macrophages. This genetic variant confers the sensitivity to CSF-1R inhibitors, implying as a biomarker in targeting CSF-1R signaling for cancer treatment. [Read the Full Post]

Berberine-sonodynamic therapy induces autophagy and lipid unloading in macrophage

322 views | Nov 25 2018

Kou JY et al. demonstrate that BBR-SDT effectively promotes cholesterol efflux by increasing reactive oxygen species generation, and this subsequently induces autophagy via the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in both 'normal' macrophages and lipid-loaded macrophages (foam cells). Thus, BBR-SDT may be a promising atheroprotective therapy to inhibit the progression of atherosclerosis and should be further studied. [Read the Full Post]

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase δ blockade increases genomic instability in B cells

574 views | Nov 25 2018

Compagno M et al. showed that PI3Kδ or Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors increase genomic instability in normal and neoplastic B cells by an AID-dependent mechanism. This effect should be carefully considered, as such inhibitors can be administered to patients for years. [Read the Full Post]

Loss-of-function screens of druggable targetome against cancer stem-like cells

0 views | Nov 24 2018

SiRNAs that selectively reduced CSLC only were found to target genes for cholesterol and unsaturated fatty acid synthesis. [Read the Full Post]

RCN1 suppresses ER stress-induced apoptosis via calcium homeostasis and PERK-CHOP signaling

412 views | Nov 24 2018

Xu S et al. indicated that RCN1, a target of NF-κB, suppresses ER calcium release by binding to IP3R1 and decreases the UPR, thereby inhibiting ER stress-induced apoptosis. [Read the Full Post]

Autophagy Plays an Important Role in Anti-inflammatory Mechanisms Stimulated by Alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor

306 views | Nov 23 2018

Shao BZ et al. demonstrated for the first time that activating α7nAChR enhances monocyte/microglia autophagy, which suppresses neuroinflammation and thus plays an alleviative role in EAE. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K Catalytic Isoform Alteration Promotes the LIMK1-related Metastasis Through the PAK1 or ROCK1/2 Activation in Cigarette Smoke-exposed Ovarian Cancer Cells.

705 views | Nov 23 2018

Park GB et al. found that LIMK1 could be a common therapeutic target of ovarian cancer metastasis. [Read the Full Post]

DCLK1 is correlated with MET and ERK5 expression, and associated with prognosis in malignant pleural mesothelioma

233 views | Nov 22 2018

Wang H et al. suggested that DCLK1 is regulated by MET/ERK5 signaling in human mesothelioma, and the MET/ERK5/DCLK1 signaling cascade could be further developed into a promising therapeutic target against mesothelioma. [Read the Full Post]

ABCB1 as predominant resistance mechanism in cells with acquired SNS-032 resistance

0 views | Nov 22 2018

Löschmann N et al. showed that ABCB1 expression represents the primary (sometimes exclusive) resistance mechanism in neuroblastoma cells with acquired resistance to SNS-032. [Read the Full Post]

Host Serine/Threonine Kinases mTOR and Protein Kinase C-α Promote InlB-Mediated Entry of Listeria monocytogenes

3196 views | Nov 21 2018

Bhalla M et al. identified mTOR and PKC-α to be host factors exploited by Listeria to promote infection. PKC-α controls Listeria entry, at least in part, by regulating the actin cytoskeleton downstream of the Met receptor. [Read the Full Post]

ROS-Dependent Activation of Autophagy through the PI3K/Akt/mTOR Pathway Is Induced by Hydroxysafflor Yellow A-Sonodynamic Therapy in THP-1 Macrophages

271 views | Nov 21 2018

Jiang Y et al. demonstrated that HSYA-SDT induces an autophagic response via the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and inhibits inflammation by reactive oxygen species in THP-1 macrophages. [Read the Full Post]

Canonical hedgehog signalling regulates hepatic stellate cell-mediated angiogenesis in liver fibrosis

0 views | Nov 20 2018

Zhang F et al. provided evidence that the canonical hedgehog pathway controlled HSC-mediated liver angiogenesis. Selective inhibition of HSC hedgehog signalling could be a promising therapeutic approach for hepatic fibrosis. [Read the Full Post]

Drug-protein hydrogen bonds govern the inhibition of the ATP hydrolysis of the multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein

0 views | Nov 20 2018

Chufan EE et al. revealed that screening chemical compounds for their ability to inhibit the basal ATP hydrolysis can be a reliable tool to identify modulators with high affinity for P-gp. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of HIF-1α by PX-478 suppresses tumor growth of esophageal squamous cell cancer in vitro and in vivo

1010 views | Nov 19 2018

Zhu Y et al. indicated that PX-478 had significant antitumor activity against HIF-1α over-expressing ESCC tumors in vitro and in vivo. These results opened up the possibility of inhibiting HIF-1α for targeted therapy of ESCC. [Read the Full Post]

Regulation of angiogenic behaviors by oxytocin receptor through Gli1-indcued transcription of HIF-1α in human umbilical vein endothelial cells

1012 views | Nov 19 2018

Zhu J et al. suggested that oxytocin receptor signaling promoted the angiogenic behaviors of HUVECs via Gli1-indcued transcription of HIF-1α. We provided novel molecular insights into endothelial cell-mediated angiogenesis. [Read the Full Post]

Epigenetic drug combination induces remission in mouse xenograft models of pediatric acute myeloid leukemia

458 views | Nov 18 2018

Gopalakrishnapillai A et al. indicated the expression of mutant p53 in MV4;11 cells reduced sensitivity to azacitidine-panobinostat combination, suggesting that p53 may be a predictor of response to epigenetic therapy in pediatric AML. [Read the Full Post]

Circadian rhythm disruption impairs tissue homeostasis and exacerbates chronic inflammation in the intestine

292 views | Nov 18 2018

Pagel R et al. suggested that circadian rhythm stability is pivotal for the maintenance of mucosal barrier function. CRD increases intestinal necroptosis, thus rendering the gut epithelium more susceptible to inflammatory processes.-Pagel, R., Bär, F., Schröder, T., Sünderhauf, A., Künstner, A., Ibrahim, S. M., Autenrieth, S. E., Kalies, K., König, P., Tsang, A. H., Bettenworth, D., Divanovic, S., Lehnert, H., Fellermann, K., Oster, H., Derer, S., Sina, C. Circadian rhythm disruption impairs tissue homeostasis and exacerbates chronic inflammation in the intestine. [Read the Full Post]

Oncogenic KRas-induced Increase in Fluid-phase Endocytosis is Dependent on N-WASP and is Required for the Formation of Pancreatic Preneoplastic Lesions

245 views | Nov 17 2018

Lubeseder-Martellato C et al. defined a new role of FPE as a tumor initiating mechanism. [Read the Full Post]