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Blog of Signaling Pathways

MET Inhibition in Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

2146 views | Dec 23 2016

Xie Z et al. provide further preclinical rationale for dual MET/VEGFR2 inhibition in ccRCC. [Read the Full Post]

Phosphorylation of Astrin Regulates Its Kinetochore Function

1210 views | Dec 23 2016

Chung HJ et al. revealed a regulatory circuit for protein targeting to KTs that controls the KT composition change of stable spindle attachment and chromosome integrity. [Read the Full Post]

IFN-α potentiates the direct and immune-mediated antitumor effects of epigenetic drugs on both metastatic and stem cells of colorectal cancer

2495 views | Dec 22 2016

The findings of Buoncervello M et al. open a new frontier on the suitability of IFN-α in association with epigenetics as a novel and promising therapeutic approach for CRC management. [Read the Full Post]

Role of reactive oxygen species-mediated MAPK and NF-κB activation in polygonatum cyrtonema lectin-induced apoptosis and autophagy in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells

1406 views | Dec 22 2016

Liu T, et al. found PCL may bind to the cell surface in a mannose-specific manner, and was then internalized and accumulated primarily onto the mitochondria. These findings may provide a new perspective of PCL as a potential anti-tumour drug targeting apoptosis and autophagy pathways for future cancer therapeutics. [Read the Full Post]

WNT/β-catenin signaling promotes VSMCs to osteogenic transdifferentiation and calcification through directly modulating Runx2 gene expression.

1906 views | Dec 21 2016

Cai T et al.'s study suggested that high-phosphate may activate WNT/β-catenin signaling through different pathways, and the activated WNT/β-catenin signaling, through direct downstream target Runx2, could play an important role in promoting VOT and AMC. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of mTOR Signaling Pathway Delays Follicle Formation in Mice

1742 views | Dec 20 2016

These results of Zhang J et al. suggested that KITL functions downstream of mTOR in somatic cells to regulate their communication with oocytes during follicle formation. J. Cell. Physiol. 232: 585-595, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. [Read the Full Post]

Manganese-Stimulated Kisspeptin Is Mediated by the IGF-1/Akt/Mammalian Target of Rapamycin Pathway in the Prepubertal Female Rat

1239 views | Dec 19 2016

Srivastava VK et al. suggested that Mn acts, at least in part, through the IGF-1/Akt/mTOR pathway to influence prepubertal kisspeptin and LHRH. [Read the Full Post]

Canonical FGFs Prevent Osteogenic Lineage Commitment and Differentiation of Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Via ERK1/2 Signaling

1056 views | Dec 19 2016

Simann M et al. presented new findings indicating that canonical FGFR-ERK1/2 signaling entrapped hBMSCs in a pre-committed state and arrested further maturation of committed precursors. [Read the Full Post]

WISP1 overexpression promotes proliferation and migration of human vascular smooth muscle cells via AKT signaling pathway

2469 views | Dec 18 2016

Lu S et al. demonstrated that Akt signaling pathway mediates WISP1-induced migration and proliferation of human VSMCs, suggesting that WISP1 may act as a novel potential therapeutic target for vascular restenosis. [Read the Full Post]

BRAF(V600E) Kinase Domain Duplication Identified in Therapy-Refractory Melanoma Patient-Derived Xenografts

1141 views | Dec 18 2016

Kemper K et al.'s results illustrated the utility of this PDX platform and warrant clinical validation of BRAF dimerization inhibitors for this group of melanoma patients. [Read the Full Post]

The positional identity of iPSC-derived neural progenitor cells along the anterior-posterior axis is controlled in a dosage-dependent manner by bFGF and EGF

2296 views | Dec 17 2016

The results of Zhou S et al. indicated that different concentrations of bFGF and EGF supplemented during propagation of neural rosettes are involved in altering the identity of the resultant neural cells. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of spleen tyrosine kinase activation ameliorates inflammation, cell death, and steatosis in alcoholic liver disease

1820 views | Dec 17 2016

Bukong TN et al. demonstrated a novel, functional, and multicellular role for SYK phosphorylation in modulating immune cell-driven liver inflammation, hepatocyte cell death, and steatosis at different stages of ALD. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of the NF-κB pathway by nafamostat mesilate suppresses colorectal cancer growth and metastasis

1508 views | Dec 17 2016

Lu YX et al. suggested that nafamostat mesilate, a relatively non-toxic drug that targets NF-κB and Erk, may, in combination with oxaliplatin, represent a novel therapeutic strategy for CRC treatment. [Read the Full Post]

Synergistic effects of CD44 and TGF-β1 through AKT/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling during epithelial-mesenchymal transition in liver cancer cells

1823 views | Dec 16 2016

Park NR, et al. demonstrated the synergistic interactions between CD44 and TGF-β1 in EMT induction and CSC properties through the AKT/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway in HCC cells. [Read the Full Post]

Src Is a Potential Therapeutic Target in Endocrine-Resistant Breast Cancer Exhibiting Low Estrogen Receptor-Mediated Transactivation

2169 views | Dec 16 2016

Guest SK, et al. suggested that src has differential effects in endocrine-resistant cell lines, particularly in tamoxifen resistant models, with low ER genomic activity, providing further evidence of the importance of patient selection for clinical trials testing dasatinib utility in ER+ breast cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Xanthatin anti-tumor cytotoxicity is mediated via glycogen synthase kinase-3β and β-catenin

2378 views | Dec 15 2016

Tao L, et al. provided insight into how xanthatin and related molecules could be effectively targeted toward certain tumors. [Read the Full Post]

Synergistic effects of CD44 and TGF-β1 through AKT/GSK-3β/β-catenin signaling during epithelial-mesenchymal transition in liver cancer cells

1911 views | Dec 15 2016

Park NR et al.'s study demonstrated the synergistic interactions between CD44 and TGF-β1 in EMT induction and CSC properties through the AKT/GSK-3β/β-catenin pathway in HCC cells [Read the Full Post]

Profiling B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia by reverse phase protein array: Focus on apoptotic proteins

1352 views | Dec 14 2016

Frezzato F, et al. identified some molecules, particularly those involved in apoptosis control, which could be considered for further studies to design new therapeutic strategies in CLL. [Read the Full Post]

Common and unique genetic interactions of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases PARP1 and PARP2 with DNA double-strand break repair pathways

1926 views | Dec 14 2016

Ghosh R et al.'s findings highlight specific nonoverlapping functions of PARP1 and PARP2 at H2AX-deficient chromatin during replicative phases of the cell cycle and uncover a unique requirement for PARP1 in NHEJ-deficient cells. [Read the Full Post]

Reconstructing the temporal progression of HIV-1 immune response pathways

2297 views | Dec 13 2016

Jain S et al. experimentally validated several of TimePaths' predictions highlighting the usefulness of temporal models. [Read the Full Post]