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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Src family kinases promote silencing of ATR-Chk1 signaling in termination of DNA damage checkpoint.

419 views | Jul 07 2018

Fukumoto Y, et al. suggested a model according to which Src family kinases send a termination signal between the completion of DNA repair and the initiation of checkpoint termination. [Read the Full Post]

Combination treatment for myeloproliferative neoplasms using JAK and pan-class I PI3K inhibitors

358 views | Jul 07 2018

Choong ML et al. supported the use of a combination of JAK2 and pan-class I PI3K inhibitors in the treatment of MPNs. [Read the Full Post]

Drug-protein hydrogen bonds govern the inhibition of the ATP hydrolysis of the multidrug transporter P-glycoprotein

459 views | Jul 06 2018

Chufan EE et al. reveal that screening chemical compounds for their ability to inhibit the basal ATP hydrolysis can be a reliable tool to identify modulators with high affinity for P-gp. [Read the Full Post]

Ubiquitin-specific protease 14 regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis in oral squamous cell carcinoma

303 views | Jul 06 2018

Chen X et al. found that ubiquitin-specific protease 14 could be a potential therapeutic target for oral squamous cell carcinoma patients. [Read the Full Post]

A simple and cost-saving phenotypic drug susceptibility testing of HIV-1

630 views | Jul 05 2018

Weng Y et al. provided a useful tool for interpreting meaningful genotypic mutations and guiding tailored antiviral treatment of HIV/AIDS in clinical practice. [Read the Full Post]

RAD51 inhibition in triple negative breast cancer cells is challenged by compensatory survival signaling and requires rational combination therapy

429 views | Jul 05 2018

Wiegmans AP et al. highlight a potential compensatory mechanism via p38 that limits DNA targeted therapy. [Read the Full Post]

Resveratrol Attenuates Aβ25-35 Caused Neurotoxicity by Inducing Autophagy Through the TyrRS-PARP1-SIRT1 Signaling Pathway

1256 views | Jul 04 2018

Deng H, et al. indicated RSV attenuated neurotoxicity caused by Aβ25-35 through inducing autophagy in PC12 cells, and the autophagy was partially mediated via activation of the TyrRS-PARP1-SIRT1 signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Dissecting the molecular mechanisms that impair stress granule formation in aging cells

460 views | Jul 04 2018

Moujaber O et al. demonstrated that the loss of CReP correlated with the aging-related hyperphosphorylation of eIF2α. Together, we have identified significant changes in the stress response of aging cells and provide mechanistic insights. Based on our work, we propose that the decline in SG formation can provide a new biomarker to evaluate cellular aging. [Read the Full Post]

Loss of α-Tubulin Acetylation Is Associated with TGF-β-induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition

1751 views | Jul 03 2018

Gu S et al. demonstrated that acetylated α-tubulin can serve as a marker of EMT and that HDAC6 represents an important regulator during EMT process. [Read the Full Post]

PTEN activation through K163 acetylation by inhibiting HDAC6 contributes to tumour inhibition

0 views | Jul 03 2018

Meng Z, et al. indicated that PTEN activation by inhibiting HDAC6 significantly contributed to tumour inhibition. Therefore, non-selective HDAC or HDAC6-specific inhibitors may be more clinically suitable to treat tumours without PTEN mutations or deletions. [Read the Full Post]

Nesfatin-1 protects dopaminergic neurons against MPP+/MPTP-induced neurotoxicity through the C-Raf-ERK1/2-dependent anti-apoptotic pathway

0 views | Jul 02 2018

Shen XL et al. suggested that C-Raf-ERK1/2, which is involved in an anti-apoptotic pathway, is responsible for the neuroprotective effects of nesfatin-1 in the context of MPTP-induced toxicity. These results imply that nesfatin-1 might have therapeutic potential for PD. [Read the Full Post]

Transcription of HOTAIR is regulated by RhoC-MRTF-A-SRF signaling pathway in human breast cancer cells

373 views | Jul 02 2018

He H et al. suggested that HOTAIR is regulated by the RhoC-MRTF-A-SRF signaling pathway in breast cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]

Genome-Wide Gene Expression Analysis Identifies the Proto-oncogene Tyrosine-Protein Kinase Src as a Crucial Virulence Determinant of Infectious Laryngotracheitis Virus in Chicken Cells

398 views | Jul 01 2018

Li H et al. indicated that the results from our study advance our understanding of host-ILTV interactions on a molecular level and provide experimental evidence that it is possible to control ILT via the manipulation of host-virus interactions. [Read the Full Post]

miR-7 reverses the resistance to BRAFi in melanoma by targeting EGFR/IGF-1R/CRAF and inhibiting the MAPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways

292 views | Jul 01 2018

Sun X et al. demonstrated that miR-7 could reverse the resistance to BRAF inhibitors in certain vemurafenib resistant melanoma cell lines. It could advance the field and provide the basis for further studies in BRAF inhibitor resistance in melanoma. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting Suppressive Myeloid Cells Potentiates Checkpoint Inhibitors to Control Spontaneous Neuroblastoma

0 views | Jun 30 2018

Mao Y et al. demonstrated the essential role of CSF-1R signaling during the induction of suppressive myeloid cells and emphasize its clinical potential as an immunotherapy for human cancers. [Read the Full Post]

Small molecule epigenetic screen identifies novel EZH2 and HDAC inhibitors that target glioblastoma brain tumor-initiating cells

288 views | Jun 30 2018

Grinshtein N et al. identified key epigenetic modulators in GBM that regulate BTIC growth and survival and highlight promising combination therapies. [Read the Full Post]

Pharmacological inhibition of NOX4 ameliorates alcohol-induced liver injury in mice through improving oxidative stress and mitochondrial function

323 views | Jun 29 2018

Sun Q et al. found that pharmacological inhibition of NOX4 activity protects against alcohol-induced fat accumulation and activation of intrinsic apoptosis via improving mitochondrial function. [Read the Full Post]

FcγRIIB mediates antigen-independent inhibition on human B lymphocytes through Btk and p38 MAPK

439 views | Jun 29 2018

Tzeng SJ et al. found the importance of antigen-independent inhibition by FcγRIIB in the prevention from antibody-mediated autoimmune diseases and in the regulation of B cell homeostasis. [Read the Full Post]

Therapeutic effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors in a murine asthma model

472 views | Jun 28 2018

Ren Y, et al. suggested that treatment with HDAC inhibitors can reduce airway inflammation, airway remodeling, and airway hyperresponsiveness in chronic allergic airway disease in mice. [Read the Full Post]

LTR12 promoter activation in a broad range of human tumor cells by HDAC inhibition

542 views | Jun 28 2018

Krönung SK et al. showed that inhibition of HDAC1-3 is sufficient for LTR12 activation. Importantly, HDAC inhibitors induce LTR12 activity not only in testicular cancer cells, but also in cells derived from many additional tumor species. Finally, we characterize the transcription factor NF-Y as a mediator of LTR12 promoter activity and HDAC inhibitor-induced apoptosis, in the context of widespread genomic binding of NF-Y to specific LTR12 sequences. Thus, HDAC inhibitor-driven LTR12 activation represents a generally applicable means to induce proapoptotic genes in human cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]