Category

Archives

Blog of Signaling Pathways

Characteristics of Patients With ROS1+ Cancers: Results From the First Patient-Designed, Global, Pan-Cancer ROS1 Data Repository

157 views | Dec 30 2019

This study is the first global, patient-designed approach, to our knowledge, to comprehensively assess demographic, clinical, and environmental characteristics associated with ROS1+ cancers. [Read the Full Post]

Pevonedistat (MLN4924), a First-in-Class NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor, in patients with acute myeloid leukaemia and myelodysplastic syndromes: a phase 1 study

0 views | Dec 28 2019

Swords RT et al. indicated that administration of the first-in-class agent, pevonedistat, was feasible in patients with MDS and AML and modest clinical activity was observed. [Read the Full Post]

The SIRT1 inhibitor EX-527 suppresses mTOR activation and alleviates acute lung injury in mice with endotoxiemia

0 views | Dec 28 2019

Huang J et al. suggested that selective inhibition of SIRT1 by EX-527 might alleviate endotoxemia-associated acute lung injury partially via suppression of mTOR, which implies that SIRT1 selective inhibitors might have potential value for the pharmacological intervention of inflammatory lung injury. [Read the Full Post]

Cabozantinib (XL184) and R428 (BGB324) Inhibit the Growth of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC)

101 views | Dec 27 2019

Yang PW et al. revealed the great potential of using cabozantinib for targeted therapy of ESCC. [Read the Full Post]

Highly accurate DNA-based detection and treatment results of MET exon 14 skipping mutations in lung cancer

171 views | Dec 27 2019

Pruis MA et al. showed that METex14del can be reliably detected by routine DNA NGS analysis. [Read the Full Post]

Proteomic Analysis of HDAC3 Selective Inhibitor in the Regulation of Inflammatory Response of Primary Microglia

140 views | Dec 26 2019

Xia M et al. provided a hint that RGFP966 may be a potential therapeutic medication combating microglia activation and inflammatory response in central nervous system, which was probably related to its repressive impacts on TLR signaling pathways and STAT3/STAT5 pathways. [Read the Full Post]

AZD8055 Exerts Antitumor Effects on Colon Cancer Cells by Inhibiting mTOR and Cell-cycle Progression

73 views | Dec 26 2019

Chen Y et al. indicated that AZD8055 induces cytotoxicity, apoptosis, and cell-cycle arrest of colon cancer cells, and exerts an antitumor effect in mice. It also inhibits the mTOR signaling pathway and mTOR-dependent cell-cycle progression. [Read the Full Post]

Pharmacological inhibition of Hippo pathway, with the novel kinase inhibitor XMU-MP-1, protects the heart against adverse effects during pressure overload

73 views | Dec 25 2019

Triastuti E et al. indicated the Hippo pathway inhibitor, XMU-MP-1, reduced cellular hypertrophy and improved survival in cultured cardiomyocytes and, in vivo, preserved cardiac function following pressure overload. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of colony-stimulating-factor-1 signaling in vivo with the orally bioavailable cFMS kinase inhibitor GW2580

0 views | Dec 25 2019

Conway JG et al. indicated that GW2580's selective inhibition of monocyte growth and bone degradation is consistent with cFMS kinase inhibition. The ability of GW2580 to chronically inhibit CSF-1 signaling through cFMS kinase in normal and tumor cells in vivo makes GW2580 a useful tool in assessing the role of cFMS kinase in normal and disease processes. [Read the Full Post]

NVP-BEZ235 synergizes cisplatin sensitivity in osteosarcoma

171 views | Dec 24 2019

Huang JC et al. suggested NVP-BEZ235 could synergize cisplatin sensitivity in OS, combination of NVP-BEZ235 with cisplatin could represent a novel therapeutic strategy for treatment of OS. [Read the Full Post]

The PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor BEZ235 suppresses proliferation and migration and reverses multidrug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia

146 views | Dec 24 2019

Deng L et al. indicated that the PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor BEZ235 effectively chemosensitizes AML cells via increasing miR-1-3p and subsequently down-regulating BAG4, EDN1 and ABCB1. [Read the Full Post]

On the Mechanism of Cytoprotection by Ferrostatin-1 and Liproxstatin-1 and the Role of Lipid Peroxidation in Ferroptotic Cell Death

0 views | Dec 23 2019

Zilka O et al. demonstrated that potent RTAs subvert ferroptosis and suggest that lipid peroxidation (autoxidation) may play a central role in the process. [Read the Full Post]

Dactolisib (NVP-BEZ235) toxicity in murine brain tumour models

175 views | Dec 23 2019

Netland IA et al. suggested that despite the anti-neoplastic efficacy of dactolisib in glioma treatment in vitro, its utility in vivo is questionable due to toxicity. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting the cell cycle in head and neck cancer by Chk1 inhibition: a novel concept of bimodal cell death

63 views | Dec 22 2019

van Harten AM et al. concluded that Chk1 has become a key molecule in HNSCC cell cycle regulation and a very promising therapeutic target. Chk1 inhibition leads to S-phase apoptosis or death in mitosis. We provide a potential efficacy biomarker and combination therapy to follow-up in clinical setting. [Read the Full Post]

The development of HKI-272 and related compounds for the treatment of cancer

163 views | Dec 22 2019

Wissner A et al. highlight the findings that these irreversible inhibitors retain activity against tumors that have acquired a resistance to the reversible binding inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib. The promising interim clinical trial results for HKI-272 and EKB-569 in treating colon, lung, and breast cancers are summarized. [Read the Full Post]

Hsp90 inhibitors induce the unfolded protein response in bovine and mice lung cells

153 views | Dec 19 2019

Kubra KT et al. demonstrated that Hsp90 inhibition triggers the activities of the unfolded protein response, and suggests that this molecular machinery contributes in the protective action of Hsp90 inhibitors in the lung microvasculature. [Read the Full Post]

NVP-AUY922, a novel HSP90 inhibitor, inhibits the progression of malignant pheochromocytoma in vitro and in vivo

0 views | Dec 19 2019

Lian J et al. indicated that NVP-AUY922 exhibits potent anti-PCC activities in vitro and in vivo and represents a promising therapeutic small molecule for treating malignant PCC. [Read the Full Post]

Histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 leads to apoptosis and enhances doxorubicin cytotoxicity in preclinical models of human sarcoma

132 views | Dec 18 2019

Di Martile M et al. indicated their study highlights the therapeutic potential of ITF2357, alone or in rational combination therapies, for bone and soft tissue sarcomas management. [Read the Full Post]

Activity of the Hsp90 inhibitor luminespib among non-small-cell lung cancers harboring EGFR exon 20 insertions

144 views | Dec 18 2019

Piotrowska Z et al.showed that this study met its primary end point, suggesting that luminespib may be an active therapy for advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR ins20. Luminespib is generally well-tolerated, though reversible low-grade ocular toxicity is common. Further study of luminespib and other hsp90 inhibitors in this population is warranted. [Read the Full Post]

miR-193b-Regulated Signaling Networks Serve as Tumor Suppressors in Liposarcoma and Promote Adipogenesis in Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

101 views | Dec 16 2019

Mazzu YZ et al. indicated that miR-193b not only functions as a tumor suppressor in liposarcoma but also promotes adipogenesis in ASC. Furthermore, this study reveals key tyrosine kinase and DNA methylation pathways in liposarcoma, some with immediate implications for therapeutic exploration. [Read the Full Post]