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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Opposing roles of TGF-β and EGF in the regulation of TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human breast epithelial cells

1791 views | Nov 07 2016

Li W et al. revealed a fine regulation by EGF and TGF-β of sensitivity of human breast epithelial cells to TRAIL which may be relevant during morphogenesis. [Read the Full Post]

MEK Inhibition Sensitizes Precursor B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B-ALL) Cells to Dexamethasone through Modulation of mTOR Activity and Stimulation of Autophagy.

1257 views | Nov 07 2016

Polak A, et al found that the data demonstrate that modulation of MEK/ERK pathway is an attractive therapeutic strategy overcoming GC resistance in B-ALL patients. [Read the Full Post]

Lipopolysaccharide supports maintaining the stemness of CD133(+) hepatoma cells through activation of the NF-κB/HIF-1α pathway

1310 views | Nov 04 2016

Lai FB et al. highlighted LPS as a potential target for developing new therapeutic approaches to eliminate CSCs during the treatment of HCC. [Read the Full Post]

Ajuba Phosphorylation by CDK1 Promotes Cell Proliferation and Tumorigenesis

1915 views | Nov 04 2016

Chen X et al. revealed a previously unrecognized mechanism for Ajuba regulation in mitosis and its role in tumorigenesis. [Read the Full Post]

Cyclopiazonic acid, an inhibitor of calcium-dependent ATPases with antiviral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus

3081 views | Nov 03 2016

Cui R et al. provided a new strategy for anti-RSV therapy via increasing intracellular calcium concentration. [Read the Full Post]

Combinatorial Study of a Novel Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitor and an HDAC Inhibitor, SAHA, in Leukemic Cell Lines

1875 views | Nov 02 2016

Hegde M et al. revealed that coadministration of PARP inhibitor with SAHA could be used as a combination therapy against leukemic cells that possess high levels of intrinsic PARP activity. [Read the Full Post]

Integrin αvβ1 Modulation Affects Subtype B Avian Metapneumovirus Fusion Protein-mediated Cell-Cell Fusion and Virus Infection

1177 views | Nov 02 2016

Yun B et al. suggested that integrin αvβ1 is a functional receptor for aMPV/B F protein-mediated membrane fusion and virus infection, which will provide new insights on the fusogenic mechanism and pathogenesis of aMPV. [Read the Full Post]

The antitumor toxin CD437 is a direct inhibitor of DNA polymerase α

1672 views | Nov 01 2016

The discovery of POLA1 as the direct anticancer target for CD437 has the potential to catalyze the development of CD437 into an anticancer therapeutic. [Read the Full Post]

Overcoming resistance to TRAIL-induced apoptosis in solid tumor cells by simultaneously targeting death receptors, c-FLIP and IAPs

2191 views | Nov 01 2016

Huang Y et al. provided a rationale for the development of TRAIL-induced apoptosis-based cancer therapies. [Read the Full Post]

Depletion of FOXM1 via MET Targeting Underlies Establishment of a DNA Damage-Induced Senescence Program in Gastric Cancer

1226 views | Oct 31 2016

FOXM1, a negative regulator of senescence, has been identified as a key downstream effector and potential clinical biomarker that mediates MET signaling following infliction of DNA damage in gastric tumors. [Read the Full Post]

Definition of transcriptome-based indices for quantitative characterization of chemically disturbed stem cell development: introduction of the STOP-Toxukn and STOP-Toxukk tests

2309 views | Oct 31 2016

Shinde V, et al. found that the concept based on the indices D p and D i offers the possibility to quantitatively express the propensity of test compounds to interfere with normal development. [Read the Full Post]

SB-224289 Antagonizes the Antifungal Mechanism of the Marine Depsipeptide Papuamide A

2476 views | Oct 28 2016

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Levetiracetam mitigates doxorubicin-induced DNA and synaptic damage in neurons

1888 views | Oct 27 2016

Manchon JF et al. found that levetiracetam might be part of a valuable new approach for mitigating synaptic damage and, perhaps, for treating cognitive disturbances in cancer patients and survivors. [Read the Full Post]

Mechanical stimulation orchestrates the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stromal cells by regulating HDAC1

4565 views | Oct 27 2016

Wang J et al. found that mechanical stimulation orchestrates genes expression involved in the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs via the direct regulation of HDAC1, and the therapeutic inhibition of HDAC1 may be an efficient strategy for enhancing bone formation under mechanical stimulation. [Read the Full Post]

AR-12 Inhibits Multiple Chaperones Concomitant With Stimulating Autophagosome Formation Collectively Preventing Virus Replication

1515 views | Oct 27 2016

Booth L et al. argued future patient studies with AR-12 are warranted. [Read the Full Post]

EGFR-Mediated Reactivation of MAPK Signaling Induces Acquired Resistance to GSK2118436 in BRAF V600E-Mutant NSCLC Cell Lines

1017 views | Oct 26 2016

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Nitric oxide generation by the organic nitrate NDBP attenuates oxidative stress and angiotensin II-mediated hypertension

1780 views | Oct 26 2016

Porpino SK et al. suggested that NDBP treatment is associated with sustained NO release and attenuated activity of NADPH oxidase, which to some extent requires functional xanthine oxidase. [Read the Full Post]

Synergistic effect of pacritinib with erlotinib on JAK2-mediated resistance in epidermal gowth factor receptor mutation-positive non-small cell lung Cancer

2274 views | Oct 25 2016

Ochi N et al. found that pacritinib combined with EGFR-TKI might be a potent strategy against JAK2-mediated EGFR-TKI resistance. [Read the Full Post]

Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor cancer drug gefitinib modulates cell growth and differentiation of acute myeloid leukemia cells via histamine receptors

1577 views | Oct 25 2016

Yadav M et al. found that HRs play critical roles in anti-cancer effects of gefitinib in both EGFR-deficient and EGFR-rich environments. [Read the Full Post]

Phosphorylated heat shock protein 27 promotes lipid clearance in hepatic cells through interacting with STAT3 and activating autophagy

1985 views | Oct 24 2016

Shen L et al. provided a novel mechanism by which the phosphorylated Hsp27 promotes hepatic lipid clearance and suggested a new insight for therapy of steatotic diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). [Read the Full Post]