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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Derivation of Pluripotent Stem Cells with In Vivo Embryonic and Extraembryonic Potency

821 views | Feb 24 2018

Yang Y et al. found a first step toward capturing pluripotent stem cells with extraembryonic developmental potentials in culture and open new avenues for basic and translational research. VIDEO ABSTRACT. [Read the Full Post]

Chromatin Architecture Emerges during Zygotic Genome Activation Independent of Transcription

565 views | Feb 24 2018

Hug CB et al. offered insight into when spatial organization of the genome emerges and identify a key factor that helps trigger this architecture. [Read the Full Post]

Rare cell variability and drug-induced reprogramming as a mode of cancer drug resistance

466 views | Feb 23 2018

Shaffer SM et al. found that other cell types also exhibit sporadic expression of many of these same marker genes, suggesting the existence of a general program in which expression is displayed in rare subpopulations of cells. [Read the Full Post]

Anticancer sulfonamides target splicing by inducing RBM39 degradation via recruitment to DCAF15

0 views | Feb 23 2018

Han T et al. proposed that DCAF15 expression may be a useful biomarker to guide clinical trials of this class of drugs, which we refer to as SPLAMs [Read the Full Post]

TRAF2 and OTUD7B govern a ubiquitin-dependent switch that regulates mTORC2 signalling

413 views | Feb 22 2018

Wang B et al. revealed a GβL-ubiquitination-dependent switch that fine-tunes the dynamic organization and activation of the mTORC2 kinase under both physiological and pathological conditions. [Read the Full Post]

Principles of early human development and germ cell program from conserved model systems

800 views | Feb 22 2018

Kobayashi T et al. used human, porcine and monkey in vivo and in vitro models provides synthetic insights into early human development. [Read the Full Post]

Pharmacological inhibition of Bcl-xL sensitizes osteosarcoma to doxorubicin

503 views | Feb 21 2018

Baranski Z et al. identified Bcl-xL as a candidate drug target for sensitization to chemotherapy in patients with osteosarcoma. [Read the Full Post]

Effective combinatorial immunotherapy for castration-resistant prostate cancer

1123 views | Feb 21 2018

Xin Lu et al. illuminated a clinical path hypothesis for combining immune checkpoint blockade with MDSC-targeted therapies in the treatment of mCRPC. [Read the Full Post]

Triggering of Suicidal Erythrocyte Death by Exemestane

508 views | Feb 20 2018

Exemestane triggers phospholipid scrambling of the erythrocyte cell membrane, an effect paralleled by enhanced [Ca2+]i, oxidative stress, and increased ceramide abundance. [Read the Full Post]

The effect of increased lipoproteins levels on the disposition of vincristine in rat

938 views | Feb 20 2018

Khalil HA et al. found that HL can potentiate another drug-drug or drug-disease interaction involving VCR warrants further studying and monitoring to ensure therapeutic safety and efficiency. [Read the Full Post]

Loss-of-function screens of druggable targetome against cancer stem-like cells

795 views | Feb 19 2018

Song M, et al. provided a useful resource that can be exploited for the selective elimination of CSLCs. [Read the Full Post]

E-cadherin expression is correlated with focal adhesion kinase inhibitor resistance in Merlin-negative malignant mesothelioma cells

837 views | Feb 19 2018

Kato T et al. suggested that E-cadherin serves as a predictive biomarker for molecular target therapy with FAK inhibitors for patients with mesothelioma and that its expression endows MM cells with resistance to FAK inhibitors. [Read the Full Post]

Membrane Interactions of Natural Cyclic Lipodepsipeptides of the Viscosin Group.

612 views | Feb 18 2018

Geudens N, et al. found that the CLPs interact both with the polar heads and aliphatic tails of model membrane systems, altering bilayer fluidity, while cholesterol reduces CLP insertion depth. [Read the Full Post]

Dabigatran reduces thrombin-induced platelet aggregation and activation in a dose-dependent manner

620 views | Feb 18 2018

Vinholt PJ et al. found dabigatran exclusively inhibits thrombin-induced platelet activation and aggregation with a dose-dependent response. [Read the Full Post]

Ginsenoside Rg3 inhibits epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and invasion of lung cancer by down-regulating FUT4

1043 views | Feb 17 2018

Tian L et al. indicated Rg3 inhibits EMT and invasion of lung cancer by down-regulating FUT4 mediated EGFR inactivation and blocking MAPK and NF-κB signal pathways. Rg3 may be a potentially effective agent for the treatment of lung cancer. [Read the Full Post]

A novel, rapid method to compare the therapeutic windows of oral anticoagulants using the Hill coefficient

1479 views | Feb 17 2018

Zhang Q et al. showed a significant variation among the Hill coefficients, suggesting a similar variation in therapeutic windows among anticoagulants in our assay. [Read the Full Post]

FOXM1 confers resistance to gefitinib in lung adenocarcinoma via a MET/AKT-dependent positive feedback loop

525 views | Feb 16 2018

Wang Y et al. indicate that FOXM1 promotes acquired resistance to gefitinib of lung adenocarcinoma cells, and FOXM1 crosstalks with MET/AKT signaling to form a positive feedback loop to promote lung adenocarcinoma development. [Read the Full Post]

Dihydroartemisin inhibits glioma invasiveness via a ROS to P53 to β-catenin signaling

2840 views | Feb 16 2018

Que Z et al. indicated that DHA inhibited the migration and invasion of human glioma cells with different types of p53 via different pathways. [Read the Full Post]

Dihydroartemisinin protects against alcoholic liver injury through alleviating hepatocyte steatosis in a farnesoid X receptor-dependent manner

589 views | Feb 15 2018

Xu W et al. indicated DHA significantly improved alcoholic liver injury by inhibiting hepatic steatosis, which was dependent on its activation of FXR in hepatocytes. [Read the Full Post]

Proliferation Markers Are Associated with MET Expression in Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Predict Tivantinib Sensitivity In Vitro

529 views | Feb 15 2018

Rebouissou S et al. showed that Tivantinib acts as an antimitotic compound, and cell proliferation markers are the best predictors of its antitumor efficacy in cell lines. Ki67 expression should be tested in clinical trials to predict tivantinib response. [Read the Full Post]