Blog of Signaling Pathways

The PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor BEZ235 suppresses proliferation and migration and reverses multidrug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia

26 views | Dec 24 2019

Deng L et al. indicated that the PI3K/mTOR dual inhibitor BEZ235 effectively chemosensitizes AML cells via increasing miR-1-3p and subsequently down-regulating BAG4, EDN1 and ABCB1. [Read the Full Post]

On the Mechanism of Cytoprotection by Ferrostatin-1 and Liproxstatin-1 and the Role of Lipid Peroxidation in Ferroptotic Cell Death

0 views | Dec 23 2019

Zilka O et al. demonstrated that potent RTAs subvert ferroptosis and suggest that lipid peroxidation (autoxidation) may play a central role in the process. [Read the Full Post]

Dactolisib (NVP-BEZ235) toxicity in murine brain tumour models

26 views | Dec 23 2019

Netland IA et al. suggested that despite the anti-neoplastic efficacy of dactolisib in glioma treatment in vitro, its utility in vivo is questionable due to toxicity. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting the cell cycle in head and neck cancer by Chk1 inhibition: a novel concept of bimodal cell death

8 views | Dec 22 2019

van Harten AM et al. concluded that Chk1 has become a key molecule in HNSCC cell cycle regulation and a very promising therapeutic target. Chk1 inhibition leads to S-phase apoptosis or death in mitosis. We provide a potential efficacy biomarker and combination therapy to follow-up in clinical setting. [Read the Full Post]

The development of HKI-272 and related compounds for the treatment of cancer

24 views | Dec 22 2019

Wissner A et al. highlight the findings that these irreversible inhibitors retain activity against tumors that have acquired a resistance to the reversible binding inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib. The promising interim clinical trial results for HKI-272 and EKB-569 in treating colon, lung, and breast cancers are summarized. [Read the Full Post]

Hsp90 inhibitors induce the unfolded protein response in bovine and mice lung cells

21 views | Dec 19 2019

Kubra KT et al. demonstrated that Hsp90 inhibition triggers the activities of the unfolded protein response, and suggests that this molecular machinery contributes in the protective action of Hsp90 inhibitors in the lung microvasculature. [Read the Full Post]

NVP-AUY922, a novel HSP90 inhibitor, inhibits the progression of malignant pheochromocytoma in vitro and in vivo

0 views | Dec 19 2019

Lian J et al. indicated that NVP-AUY922 exhibits potent anti-PCC activities in vitro and in vivo and represents a promising therapeutic small molecule for treating malignant PCC. [Read the Full Post]

Histone deacetylase inhibitor ITF2357 leads to apoptosis and enhances doxorubicin cytotoxicity in preclinical models of human sarcoma

22 views | Dec 18 2019

Di Martile M et al. indicated their study highlights the therapeutic potential of ITF2357, alone or in rational combination therapies, for bone and soft tissue sarcomas management. [Read the Full Post]

Activity of the Hsp90 inhibitor luminespib among non-small-cell lung cancers harboring EGFR exon 20 insertions

22 views | Dec 18 2019

Piotrowska Z et al.showed that this study met its primary end point, suggesting that luminespib may be an active therapy for advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR ins20. Luminespib is generally well-tolerated, though reversible low-grade ocular toxicity is common. Further study of luminespib and other hsp90 inhibitors in this population is warranted. [Read the Full Post]

miR-193b-Regulated Signaling Networks Serve as Tumor Suppressors in Liposarcoma and Promote Adipogenesis in Adipose-Derived Stem Cells

20 views | Dec 16 2019

Mazzu YZ et al. indicated that miR-193b not only functions as a tumor suppressor in liposarcoma but also promotes adipogenesis in ASC. Furthermore, this study reveals key tyrosine kinase and DNA methylation pathways in liposarcoma, some with immediate implications for therapeutic exploration. [Read the Full Post]

Histological effects of givinostat in boys with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

26 views | Dec 16 2019

Bettica P et al. showed that treatment with Givinostat for more than 1 year significantly counteracted histological disease progression in ambulant DMD boys aged 7 to 10 years. [Read the Full Post]

First-in-Human Phase I Study of GSK2126458, an Oral Pan-Class I Phosphatidylinositol-3-Kinase Inhibitor, in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumor Malignancies

18 views | Dec 15 2019

Munster P et al. indicated although the MTD of GSK458 was 2.5 mg once daily, twice-daily dosing may increase duration of target inhibition. Fasting insulin and glucose levels served as pharmacodynamic markers of drug exposure. Select patients achieved durable responses; however,PIK3CAmutations were neither necessary nor predictive of response. Combination treatment strategies and novel biomarkers may be needed to optimally target PI3K. [Read the Full Post]

One Hundred Faces of Cyclopamine

23 views | Dec 15 2019

Iovine V et al. indicated that the aim of the present work is to review the main synthetic strategies to cyclopamine and its derivatives, with particular emphasis on the challenging chemical modifications aimed at improving the biological activity of the molecule. [Read the Full Post]

Quizartinib (AC220) reverses ABCG2-mediated multidrug resistance: In vitro and in vivo studies

0 views | Dec 14 2019

Li J et al. demonstrated that quizartinib potentiates the antineoplastic activity of wild-type and R482T mutant ABCG2 substrates. These findings may be useful in clinical practice for cancer combination therapy with quizartinib. [Read the Full Post]

A randomized, open-label study of the efficacy and safety of AZD4547 monotherapy versus paclitaxel for the treatment of advanced gastric adenocarcinoma with FGFR2 polysomy or gene amplification

0 views | Dec 14 2019

Van Cutsem E et al. showed that AZD4547 did not significantly improve PFS versus paclitaxel in gastric cancer FGFR2 amplification/polysomy patients. Considerable intratumor heterogeneity for FGFR2 gene amplification and poor concordance between FGFR2 amplification/polysomy and FGFR2 expression indicates the need for alternative predictive biomarker testing. AZD4547 was generally well tolerated. [Read the Full Post]

CDK5 Inhibitor Downregulates Mcl-1 and Sensitizes Pancreatic Cancer Cell Lines to Navitoclax

25 views | Dec 13 2019

Kour S et al. reported the discovery of an aminopyrazole, 2-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)-N-(5-cyclobutyl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)acetamide (analog 24), which selectively inhibited cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 5 over CDK2 in cancer cell lines. [Read the Full Post]

Reactive oxygen species generation and increase in mitochondrial copy number: new insight into the potential mechanism of cytotoxicity induced by aurora kinase inhibitor, AZD1152-HQPA

35 views | Dec 13 2019

Zekri A et al. showed a functional relationship between the aurora kinase inhibition, an increase in mitochondrial copy number, and ROS generation in therapeutic modalities of cancer. This study suggests that the excessive ROS generation may be a novel mechanism of cytotoxicity induced by the aurora kinase inhibitor, AZD1152-HQPA. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K inhibition reduces murine and human liver fibrogenesis in precision-cut liver slices

20 views | Dec 12 2019

Gore E et al. showed that omipalisib has antifibrotic properties in ex vivo mouse and human liver PCTS, but higher concentrations showed toxicity in jejunum PCTS. While the PI3K/mTOR pathway appears to be a promising target for the treatment of liver fibrosis, PCTS revealed likely side effects in the intestine at higher doses. [Read the Full Post]

Exploration of a potent PI3 kinase/mTOR inhibitor as a novel anti-fibrotic agent in IPF

27 views | Dec 12 2019

Mercer PF et al. indicated the data define PI3K as a promising therapeutic target in IPF and provide a scientific and dosing framework for progressing GSK2126458 to clinical testing in this disease setting. A proof-of-mechanism trial of this agent is currently underway. [Read the Full Post]

LKB1 deficiency renders non-small-cell lung cancer cells sensitive to ERK inhibitors.: ERK inhibitors in LKB1 mutated NSCLC

13 views | Dec 11 2019

Caiola E et al. showed that ERK inhibitors are effective in LKB1 and LKB1/KRAS mutated tumors, thus offering a therapeutic strategy for this prognostically unfavorable subgroup of patients. Since ERK inhibitors are already in clinical development, our findings could be easily translatable to the clinic. Importantly, the lack of effect in cells expressing wild-type LKB1, predicts that treatment of LKB1 mutated tumors with ERK inhibitors should have a favorable toxicity profile. [Read the Full Post]