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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Neuronal Soluble Fas Ligand Drives M1-Microglia Polarization after Cerebral Ischemia

1111 views | Dec 03 2016

Meng HL et al. 's study explored sFasL expression in neurons and the potential role of neuronal sFasL in modulating the microglial phenotypes. [Read the Full Post]

Involvement of PARK2-Mediated Mitophagy in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Pathogenesis

2547 views | Dec 02 2016

Kobayashi K et al. suggested that insufficient mitophagy-mediated PDGFR/PI3K/AKT activation, which is mainly attributed to reduced PARK2 expression, is a potent underlying mechanism for myofibroblast differentiation and proliferation in fibroblastic foci formation during IPF pathogenesis. [Read the Full Post]

Autophagy induction contributes to GDC-0349 resistance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells

1113 views | Dec 02 2016

The study of Zhou Y et al. provided evidences to support GDC-0349 as a promising anti-HNSCC agent. GDC-0349 sensitization may be achieved via autophagy inhibition. [Read the Full Post]

The Enhancement of Radiation Sensitivity in Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cells via Activation of the Rac1/NADPH Signaling Pathway

0 views | Dec 01 2016

Wang C, et al. found that the activated Rac1/NADPH pathway combined with radiation can increase the radiosensitivity of nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells, and the Rac1/NADPH pathway may be the signaling pathway involved in the radiosensitization process. [Read the Full Post]

HMGB1 exacerbates bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome via RAGE/NF-kB/HPSE signaling to enhance latent TGF-b release from ECM

1136 views | Dec 01 2016

He L et al.’s data suggest that HMGB1 and HPSE could be viable targets for prevention and intervention of fibrotic diseases such BOS after lung transplantation. [Read the Full Post]

Serpine2, a potential novel target for combating melanoma metastasis

1783 views | Nov 30 2016

Wu QW et al. suggested a novel mechanism underlying the metastasis of melanoma cells which might serve as a new intervention target for the treatment of melanoma. [Read the Full Post]

Transcript, methylation and molecular docking analyses of the effects of HDAC inhibitors, SAHA and Dacinostat, on SMN2 expression in fibroblasts of SMA patients.

0 views | Nov 29 2016

With the exception on the effect of Dacinostat in Type II cells, Mohseni J, et al have shown that SAHA and Dacinostat increased SMN2 transcript and protein levels and promoted demethylation of the SMN2 gene. [Read the Full Post]

Paeoniflorin protects diabetic mice against myocardial ischemic injury via the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1/calcitonin gene-related peptide pathway

1063 views | Nov 29 2016

Han F et al.’s findings demonstrate that PF protects diabetic mice against MI at least partially via the TRPV1/CaMK/CREB/CGRP signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Evaluation of the Therapeutic Potential of the Novel Isotype Specific HDAC Inhibitor 4SC-202 in Urothelial Carcinoma Cell Lines

2158 views | Nov 28 2016

Specific pharmacological inhibition of class I HDACs by 4SC-202 impairs UC cell viability, inducing cell cycle disturbances and cell death. Combined inhibition of HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3 seems to be a promising treatment strategy for UC. [Read the Full Post]

K45A mutation of RIPK1 results in poor necroptosis and cytokine signaling in macrophages, which impacts inflammatory responses in vivo

1293 views | Nov 27 2016

Shutinoski B et al.'s results indicated that K45 mediated kinase activity of RIPK1 is not only important for necroptosis but it also has a key role in promoting cytokine signaling and host response to inflammatory stimuli. [Read the Full Post]

Erianin induces G2/M-phase arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy via the ROS/JNK signaling pathway in human osteosarcoma cells in vitro and in vivo

1683 views | Nov 27 2016

Wang H et al. found that erianin may be a promising agent for anticancer therapy against OS. [Read the Full Post]

Basic FGF and PDGF-BB synergistically stimulate hyaluronan and IL-6 production by orbital fibroblasts

4416 views | Nov 26 2016

Multi-target therapy directed at the bFGF and PDGF pathways may potentially be of interest for the treatment of GO. [Read the Full Post]

In Silico Analysis Guides Selection of BET Inhibitors for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Treatment

1422 views | Nov 26 2016

Perez-Peña J et al. demonstrated the antitumor effect of this new family of compounds in TNBC, paving the way for its future clinical development. [Read the Full Post]

Multiplexed Fluorescence Imaging of ERK and Akt Activities and Cell-cycle Progression

1125 views | Nov 26 2016

Maryu G et al.'s study provides a useful tool for quantifying the dynamics among ERK and Akt activities and the cell cycle in a live cell, and for addressing the mechanisms underlying intrinsic resistance to molecularly targeted drugs. [Read the Full Post]

Transcript, methylation and molecular docking analyses of the effects of HDAC inhibitors, SAHA and Dacinostat, on SMN2 expression in fibroblasts of SMA patients

3082 views | Nov 25 2016

With the exception on the effect of Dacinostat in Type II cells, Mohseni J et al showed that SAHA and Dacinostat increased SMN2 transcript and protein levels and promoted demethylation of the SMN2 gene. [Read the Full Post]

Ultrasound Enhances the Expression of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor in Astrocyte Through Activation of TrkB-Akt and Calcium-CaMK Signaling Pathways

2328 views | Nov 24 2016

Liu SH et al. found that LIPUS stimulation might play a crucial and beneficial role in neurodegenerative diseases. [Read the Full Post]

Preparation and Biochemical Analysis of Classical Histone Deacetylases

2275 views | Nov 24 2016

Villagra A et al. reviewed some of the older established methods for assaying HDAC activities, as well as introduces more recently developed nontraditional assays. [Read the Full Post]

Prolonged mitotic arrest induces a caspase-dependent DNA damage response at telomeres that determines cell survival

1681 views | Nov 23 2016

Hain KO et al. demonstrated that mitotic stress is characterised by the sub-apoptotic activation of a classical caspase pathway, which promotes telomere deprotection, activates DNA damage signalling, and determines cell fate in response to a prolonged delay in mitosis. [Read the Full Post]

Cannabinoid receptor-2 stimulation suppresses neuroinflammation by regulating microglial M1/M2 polarization through the cAMP/PKA pathway in an experimental GMH rat model

1470 views | Nov 23 2016

The results of Tao Y et al. will help to further understand the mechanisms that underlie neuroprotection by CB2R in GMH and promote clinical translational research for CB2R agonists. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of Extracellular Calcium Influx Results in Enhanced IL-12 Production in LPS-Treated Murine Macrophages by Downregulation of the CaMKKb-AMPK-SIRT1 Signaling Pathway

389 views | Nov 23 2016

Liu X et al.’s study demonstrates a new role of transmembrane calcium mobilization in immunity modulation such that inhibition of calcium influx leads to impaired activation of CaMKKβ-AMPK-SIRT1 signaling pathway which lifts restriction on NF-κB activation and results in enhanced IL-12 production. [Read the Full Post]