Blog of Signaling Pathways

Niacin receptor GPR109A inhibits insulin secretion and is down-regulated in type 2 diabetic islet beta-cells

1506 views | Aug 07 2017

Wang N et al. demonstrated that GPR109A is functionally expressed in both human and murine islet beta-cells. However, the role of GPR109A in the prevention of diabetes or insulinoma needs further study. [Read the Full Post]

TGF-β1 promotes Staphylococcus aureus adhesion to and invasion into bovine mammary fibroblasts via the ERK pathway

1656 views | Aug 07 2017

Zhao S et al. indicated that TGF-β1 could promote S. aureus adhesion to and invasion into BMFBs by increasing Collagen I and α-SMA expression and may provide a novel target for controlling bovine mastitis. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting of PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway to inhibit T cell activation and prevent graft-versus-host disease development

740 views | Aug 06 2017

Herrero-Sánchez MC et al. support the use of PI3K inhibitors to control T cell responses and show the potential utility of the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor BEZ235 in GvHD prophylaxis. [Read the Full Post]

Exogenous HGF Prevents Cardiomyocytes from Apoptosis after Hypoxia via Up-Regulating Cell Autophagy

0 views | Aug 05 2017

Wang Y et al. revealed a potential mechanism in which exogenous HGF prevented NRVMs from apoptosis after hypoxia. [Read the Full Post]

Antiviral activity of micafungin against enterovirus 71

0 views | Aug 05 2017

Kim C et al. identified micafungin, an echinocandin antifungal drug, as a novel inhibitor of EV71. [Read the Full Post]

Substitution scanning identifies a novel, catalytically active ibrutinib-resistant BTK cysteine 481 to threonine (C481T) variant

0 views | Aug 04 2017

Hamasy A et al. identified three potential ibrutinib resistance scenarios for cysteine 481 replacement. [Read the Full Post]

HOXC10 Expression Supports the Development of Chemotherapy Resistance by Fine Tuning DNA Repair in Breast Cancer Cells

0 views | Aug 04 2017

Sadik H et al. showed that HOXC10 facilitates, but is not directly involved in DNA damage repair mediated by HR. [Read the Full Post]

Bcl-2 phosphorylation confers resistance on chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cells to the BH3 mimetics ABT-737, ABT-263 and ABT-199 by impeding direct binding

1381 views | Aug 03 2017

Song T et al. suggested that a structural alteration in the BH3-binding groove was induced by phosphorylation of Bcl-2. Our data also provided a framework to overcome resistance of CLL cells to the ABT compounds by combining pBcl-2 kinase inhibitors with the ABT compounds. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K Inhibitors Synergize with FGFR Inhibitors to Enhance Antitumor Responses in FGFR2mutant Endometrial Cancers

776 views | Aug 03 2017

Packer L et al. provided evidence that subtherapeutic doses of PI3K inhibitors enhance the efficacy of anti-FGFR therapies, and a combination therapy may represent a superior therapeutic treatment in patients with FGFR2mutant endometrial cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Acquired CDK6 amplification promotes breast cancer resistance to CDK4/6 inhibitors and loss of ER signaling and dependence

1241 views | Aug 02 2017

Yang C et al. suggested that the clinical paradigm of sequential endocrine-based therapy may be ineffective in some settings of acquired CDK4/6 resistance [Read the Full Post]

Sorafenib potentiates ABT-737-induced apoptosis in human oral cancer cells

1164 views | Aug 02 2017

Kim LH et al. suggest that sorafenib may effectively overcome ABT-737 resistance to apoptotic cell death, which can be a new potential chemotherapeutic strategy against human oral cancer. [Read the Full Post]

Image-Guided Radiotherapy Targets Macromolecules through Altering the Tumor Microenvironment

2398 views | Aug 01 2017

Appelbe OK et al. suggest repurposing image-guided radiotherapy as a tool to guide cancer nanomedicine delivery, enhancing local control for primary tumors and metastatic disease while limiting systemic toxicity. [Read the Full Post]

Y-632 inhibits heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) function by disrupting the interaction between Hsp90 and Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein, and exerts antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo

2368 views | Aug 01 2017

Wang W et al. believe that Y-632, acting as a novel small-molecule inhibitor of the Hsp90-Hsp70/Hsp90 organizing protein complex, has great potential to be a promising Hsp90 inhibitor for cancer therapy, such as for imatinib-resistant leukemia. [Read the Full Post]

Functional Effects of AKT3 on Aurora Kinase Inhibitor-induced Aneuploidy

1338 views | Jul 31 2017

Noguchi K et al. suggests that AKT3 could repress the antiproliferative effects of AURKi, with a novel activity particularly suppressing the aneuploidy induction. [Read the Full Post]

Sunitinib Treatment Enhances Metastasis of Innately Drug-Resistant Breast Tumors

2018 views | Jul 31 2017

Wragg JW et al. unraveled specific features of antiangiogenic resistance, with potential therapeutic implications. [Read the Full Post]

Activation of EIF4E by Aurora Kinase A Depicts a Novel Druggable Axis in Everolimus-Resistant Cancer Cells

1189 views | Jul 30 2017

Katsha A et al. indicated that AURKA plays an important role in the activation of EIF4E and cap-dependent translation. Targeting the AURKA-EIF4E-c-MYC axis using alisertib is a novel therapeutic strategy that can be applicable for everolimus-resistant tumors and/or subgroups of cancers that show overexpression of AURKA and activation of EIF4E and c-MYC. [Read the Full Post]

Cestrum nocturnum Flower Extracts Attenuate Proliferation and Induce Apoptosis in Malignant Cells through Inducing DNA Damage and Inhibiting Topoisomerase II Activity

859 views | Jul 30 2017

Wu DP et al. suggested that fractions C4 and C5 may represent important sources of potential antitumor agents due to their pronounced antitumor effects and low immune toxicity. [Read the Full Post]

The serum and glucocorticoid-regulated protein kinases (SGK) stimulate bovine herpesvirus 1 and herpes simplex virus 1 productive infection

0 views | Jul 29 2017

Kook I et al. suggest SGK may stimulate viral replication following stressful stimuli. [Read the Full Post]

Reconstructing the temporal progression of HIV-1 immune response pathways.

0 views | Jul 29 2017

Jain S et al. experimentally validated several of TimePaths' predictions highlighting the usefulness of temporal models. [Read the Full Post]

Long-term treatment with EGFR inhibitor erlotinib attenuates renal inflammatory cytokines but not nephropathy in Alport syndrome mouse model

1877 views | Jul 28 2017

Omachi K et al. suggested that EGFR signaling is upregulated in kidney, but although inhibiting this signaling pathway suppressed renal inflammatory cytokines, it did not ameliorate renal dysfunction in AS mouse model. [Read the Full Post]