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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Structural States of Hdm2 and HdmX: X-ray Elucidation of Adaptations and Binding Interactions for Different Chemical Compound Classes

22 views | Jun 26 2019

Kallen J et al. used the same numbering for Hdm2 (as in Q00987) and HdmX (as in O15151, but minus 1). Taken together, these structural insights should prove useful for the design and optimization of further selective and/or dual Hdm2/HdmX inhibitors. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of G9a by a small molecule inhibitor, UNC0642, induces apoptosis of human bladder cancer cells

31 views | Jun 26 2019

Cao YP et al. demonstrated that G9a may be a promising therapeutic target for UBC, and an epigenetics-based therapy by UNC0642 is suggested. [Read the Full Post]

Direct Activation of BAX by BTSA1 Overcomes Apoptosis Resistance in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

36 views | Jun 24 2019

Reyna DE et al. provides proof-of-concept for direct BAX activation as a treatment strategy in AML. [Read the Full Post]

Curaxin CBL0137 has the potential to reverse HIV-1 latency

26 views | Jun 24 2019

Jean MJ et al. indicated that CBL0137 possesses capabilities as a LRA and could be considered for the "shock and kill" approach. [Read the Full Post]

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) mitochondria modulate epigenetic mechanisms in retinal pigment epithelial cells

38 views | Jun 23 2019

Nashine S et al. revealed that AMD mitochondria regulate epigenetic mechanisms i.e., methylation and acetylation status. Demethylation using 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (DAC) caused differential expression of VEGF-A gene in AMD cells. Trichostatin A (TSA), an HDAC inhibitor, also influenced protein levels of VEGF-A, HIF1α, NFκB, and CFH in AMD cells. This study might advance the field of AMD research since in addition to highlighting the critical role of nuclear-mitochondrial interactions that influence epigenetic mechanisms in AMD patients, this work suggests epigenetic profiles as potential therapeutic targets for AMD. [Read the Full Post]

Non-Photoinduced Biological Properties of Verteporfin

22 views | Jun 23 2019

Gibault F et al. showed that VP is a multi-target drug interacting with several proteins implicated in major cellular processes. Although this does not impact its clinical use, VP does not seem to be the ideal drug for pharmacological inhibitions of YAP/TEAD. [Read the Full Post]

BAY 87-2243 sensitizes hepatocellular carcinoma Hep3B cells to histone deacetylase inhibitors treatment via GSK-3β activation

36 views | Jun 22 2019

Li YL et al. found that BAY 87-2243 combined with HDAC inhibitors might be an attractive chemotherapy strategy for HCC therapy. [Read the Full Post]

Reciprocal Relationship Between HDAC2 and P-Glycoprotein/MRP-1 and Their Role in Steroid Resistance in Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome

33 views | Jun 22 2019

Singh H et al. found that reduced HDAC2 and increased P-gp/MRP-1 activity may play a role in response to steroids in childhood NS. HDAC2 and P-gp/MRP-1 are in reciprocal relationship with each other. [Read the Full Post]

TKI-Related Platelet Dysfunction Does Not Correlate With Bleeding in Patients With Chronic Phase-Chronic Myeloid Leukemia With Complete Hematological Response

60 views | Jun 21 2019

Sener Y et al. concluded that TKIs may impair in vitro platelet aggregation but this impairment is not associated with bleeding diathesis. [Read the Full Post]

Raltegravir (MK-0518): an integrase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV-1

27 views | Jun 20 2019

Evering TH et al. indicated it has demonstrated a favorable side-effect profile in treatment-naive and -experienced patients and a subset of heavy treatment-experienced patients have been able a achieve virologic suppression with raltegravir as part of combination therapy despite limited treatment options. [Read the Full Post]

Efficacy of Ramelteon for delirium after lung cancer surgery

41 views | Jun 20 2019

Miyata R et al. showed that Ramelteon is likely to reduce the incidence and intensity of delirium after surgery for lung cancer in elderly patients. [Read the Full Post]

Safety, Tolerability, and Preliminary Efficacy of the Anti-Fibrotic Small Molecule PRI-724, a CBP/β-Catenin Inhibitor, in Patients with Hepatitis C Virus-related Cirrhosis: A Single-Center, Open-Label, Dose Escalation Phase 1 Trial

20 views | Jun 19 2019

Kimura K et al. showed that administration of 10 or 40mg/m2/day intravenous PRI-724 over 12weeks was well-tolerated by patients with HCV cirrhosis; however, liver injury as a possible related serious adverse event was observed in the 160mg/m2/day cohort. [Read the Full Post]

Histone deacetylase 6 inhibitor ACY-1215 protects against experimental acute liver failure by regulating the TLR4-MAPK/NF-κB pathway

94 views | Jun 19 2019

Zhang WB et al. showed that ACY-1215 has potential therapeutic value in mice with ALF by directly inhibiting inflammatory response via regulation of the TLR4-MAPK/NF-kB pathway. [Read the Full Post]

A DSTYK mutation activates ERK1/2 signaling to promote intraspinal dissemination in a case of solitary fibrous tumor/hemangiopericytoma

30 views | Jun 18 2019

Tang G et al. revealed the potential role of DSTYK mutation in the regulation of intraspinal metastasis of SFT/HPC, which might provide new biological insights into this rare disease. [Read the Full Post]

Simultaneous Inhibition of EGFR and HER2 via Afatinib Augments the Radiosensitivity of Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Cells

63 views | Jun 18 2019

Huang F et al. indicated the potential of repositioning afatinib or other ERBB-family-targeted agents for improving radiation response in NPC cells. [Read the Full Post]

Irisin Is Controlled by Farnesoid X Receptor and Regulates Cholesterol Homeostasis

36 views | Jun 17 2019

Li H et al. showed taht activation of FXR induces FNDC5 mRNA expression in human and increased the circulating level of Irisin in Rhesus macaques. FNDC5/Irisin is a direct transcriptional target of FXR. Irisin may be a novel therapeutic strategy for dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis. [Read the Full Post]

RIP3 inhibition protects locomotion function through ameliorating mitochondrial antioxidative capacity after spinal cord injury

46 views | Jun 17 2019

Wang Y et al. suggested improving antioxidative capacity as a potential multifunctional treatment after SCI and the broader possibility of targeting RIP3 activity as a therapeutic window for spinal neuroprotective intervention. [Read the Full Post]

Puromycin reaction for the A site-bound peptidyl-tRNA

22 views | Jun 16 2019

Semenkov Yu et al. indicated that the transpeptidation reaction per se triggers conformational changes in the ribosomal complex bringing the 3'-end of a newly synthesized peptidyl-tRNA nearer to the peptidyl-site of the peptidyltransferase center. This is detected functionally as the ability of such an A site bound peptidyl-tRNA to react with puromycin. This reaction is highly pronounced at elevated (25 degrees C) temperature but can be hardly detected at 0 degrees C. [Read the Full Post]

MMP14-Containing Exosomes Cleave VEGFR1 and Promote VEGFA-Induced Migration and Proliferation of Vascular Endothelial Cells

27 views | Jun 16 2019

Han KY et al. showed that MMP14-containing exosomes may be involved in the regulation of corneal neovascularization through degradation of VEGFR1 and VEGFA-induced endothelial cell proliferation and migration. [Read the Full Post]

Increased MCL-1 expression predicts poor prognosis and disease recurrence in acute myeloid leukemia

41 views | Jun 13 2019

Li XX et al. suggested that higher expression of MCL-1 predicts poor prognosis and can be used for disease monitoring. [Read the Full Post]