Blog of Signaling Pathways

SGLT inhibitors attenuate NO-dependent vascular relaxation in the pulmonary artery but not in the coronary artery

407 views | Sep 23 2018

Han Y et al. suggested that SGLT inhibitors differentially regulate vascular relaxation depending on the type of arteries, duration of the treatment, and health condition, such as diabetes. [Read the Full Post]

Androgen Deprivation Followed by Acute Androgen Stimulation Selectively Sensitizes AR-Positive Prostate Cancer Cells to Ionizing Radiation

461 views | Sep 22 2018

Hedayati M et al. suggested a potential cooperative effect and improved tumor growth delay with androgen-induced DSBs and radiation with implications for improving the therapeutic index of prostate cancer radiation therapy. [Read the Full Post]

DW09849, a selective phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, prevents PI3K signaling and preferentially inhibits proliferation of cells containing the oncogenic mutation p110α (H1047R).

415 views | Sep 22 2018

Liu JL et al. suggested that DW series compounds, especially DW09849, selectively targeting PI3Kα with less off-target effects than PIK-75, provide new clues for the design and discovery of new specific PI3Kα inhibitors for cancer therapy. [Read the Full Post]

Short-term high-fat feeding induces islet macrophage infiltration and β-cell replication independently of insulin resistance in mice

381 views | Sep 21 2018

Woodland DC et al. suggested the existence of MΦ-mediated mechanisms in β-cell replication that are independent of insulin resistance. [Read the Full Post]

Neuregulin 1-activated ERBB4 interacts with YAP to induce Hippo pathway target genes and promote cell migration

408 views | Sep 21 2018

Haskins JW et al. suggested that NRG1-ERBB4-YAP signaling contributes to the aggressive behavior of tumor cells. [Read the Full Post]

Integrated analysis of transcriptomes of cancer cell lines and patient samples reveals STK11/LKB1-driven regulation of cAMP phosphodiesterase-4D

377 views | Sep 20 2018

He N et al. showed that multidimensional analysis of a well-characterized large-scale panel of cancer cell lines provides unprecedented opportunities for the identification of unexpected oncogenic mechanisms and mutation-specific drug targets. [Read the Full Post]

SIRT1 prevents hyperuricemia via the PGC-1α/PPARγ-ABCG2 pathway

0 views | Sep 20 2018

Wang J et al. demonstrated that SIRT1 and its activator, RSV, have clear anti-hyperuricemia functions in this mouse model. [Read the Full Post]

Downregulation of mitochondrial cyclooxygenase-2 inhibits the stemness of nasopharyngeal carcinoma by decreasing the activity of dynamin-related protein 1

579 views | Sep 19 2018

Zhou TJ et al. suggested that mitochondrial COX-2 is a potential theranostic target for the CSCs in NPC. Inhibition of mitochondrial COX-2 could be an attractive therapeutic option for the effective clinical treatment of therapy-resistant NPC. [Read the Full Post]

A regulatory circuit of miR-125b/miR-20b and Wnt signalling controls glioblastoma phenotypes through FZD6-modulated pathways

775 views | Sep 19 2018

Huang T et al. confirmed by targeting differentially enriched pathways in PN versus MES GBM that results in inhibition of distinct GBM subtypes. Correlative expressions of the components of this circuit are prognostic relevant for clinical GBM. Our findings provide insights for understanding GBM pathogenesis and for improving treatment of GBM. [Read the Full Post]

CDK1-PDK1-PI3K/Akt signaling pathway regulates embryonic and induced pluripotency

710 views | Sep 18 2018

Wang XQ et al. demonstrated an essential role for the CDK1-PDK1-PI3K/Akt kinase signaling pathway in the regulation of self-renewal, differentiation, and somatic reprogramming, which provides a novel kinase cascade mechanism for pluripotency control and acquisition. [Read the Full Post]

P-TEFb Kinase Activity Is Essential for Global Transcription, Resumption of Meiosis and Embryonic Genome Activation in Pig

644 views | Sep 18 2018

Oqani RK et al. suggested that P-TEFb kinase activity is crucial for oocyte maturation, embryo development and regulation of RNA transcription in pig. [Read the Full Post]

PI3Kα isoform-dependent activation of RhoA regulates Wnt5a-induced osteosarcoma cell migration

0 views | Sep 17 2018

Zhang A et al. demonstrated that RhoA acts as the downstream of PI3K/Akt signaling (specific PI3Kα, Akt1 and Akt2 isoforms) and mediated Wnt5a-induced the migration of osteosarcoma cells. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibiting PLK1 induces autophagy of acute myeloid leukemia cells via mammalian target of rapamycin pathway dephosphorylation

0 views | Sep 17 2018

Tao YF et al. may provided new insights into the molecular mechanism of PLK1 in regulating autophagy. [Read the Full Post]

Kaempferol suppresses lipid accumulation by inhibiting early adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells and zebrafish

632 views | Sep 16 2018

Lee YJ et al. indicated that kaempferol might have an anti-obesity effect by regulating lipid metabolism. [Read the Full Post]

PI3Kδ and PI3Kγ isoforms have distinct functions in regulating pro-tumoural signalling in the multiple myeloma microenvironment

984 views | Sep 16 2018

Piddock RE et al. provided a scientific rationale for trials of dual PI3kδ/γ inhibition in patients with MM. [Read the Full Post]

Luteinizing Hormone Causes Phosphorylation and Activation of the cGMP Phosphodiesterase PDE5 in Rat Ovarian Follicles, Contributing, Together with PDE1 Activity, to the Resumption of Meiosis.

376 views | Sep 15 2018

Egbert JR et al. showed that activities of both PDE5 and PDE1 contribute to the LH-induced resumption of meiosis in rat oocytes, and that phosphorylation and activation of PDE5 is a regulatory mechanism. [Read the Full Post]

The Effects of Ultraviolet Eye Irradiation on Dextran Sodium Sulfate-Induced Ulcerative Colitis in Mice

865 views | Sep 15 2018

Hiramoto K et al. suggested that UV eye irradiation plays an important role in DSS-induced ulcerative colitis. [Read the Full Post]

Upregulation of hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase 2B1b promotes hepatic oval cell proliferation by modulating oxysterol-induced LXR activation in a mouse model of liver injury

523 views | Sep 14 2018

Wang Z et al. indicated that upregulation of SULT2B1b might promote HOC proliferation and aggravate liver injury via the suppression of oxysterol-induced LXR activation in chemically induced mouse liver injury. [Read the Full Post]

Boosting Endogenous Resistance of Brain to Ischemia

451 views | Sep 14 2018

Sun F et al. found that the therapeutic activation of α7 nAChRs after cerebral ischemia may serve as an important physiological responsibility of these ubiquitous receptors and holds a significant translational potential. [Read the Full Post]

Dihydromyricetin promotes autophagy and apoptosis through ROS-STAT3 signaling in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma

874 views | Sep 13 2018

Fan TF et al. found that inhibiting autophagy could enhance DHM-induced apoptosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. [Read the Full Post]