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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Resveratrol Attenuates Aβ25-35 Caused Neurotoxicity by Inducing Autophagy Through the TyrRS-PARP1-SIRT1 Signaling Pathway

1836 views | Jul 04 2018

Deng H, et al. indicated RSV attenuated neurotoxicity caused by Aβ25-35 through inducing autophagy in PC12 cells, and the autophagy was partially mediated via activation of the TyrRS-PARP1-SIRT1 signaling pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Dissecting the molecular mechanisms that impair stress granule formation in aging cells

680 views | Jul 04 2018

Moujaber O et al. demonstrated that the loss of CReP correlated with the aging-related hyperphosphorylation of eIF2α. Together, we have identified significant changes in the stress response of aging cells and provide mechanistic insights. Based on our work, we propose that the decline in SG formation can provide a new biomarker to evaluate cellular aging. [Read the Full Post]

Loss of α-Tubulin Acetylation Is Associated with TGF-β-induced Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition

2605 views | Jul 03 2018

Gu S et al. demonstrated that acetylated α-tubulin can serve as a marker of EMT and that HDAC6 represents an important regulator during EMT process. [Read the Full Post]

PTEN activation through K163 acetylation by inhibiting HDAC6 contributes to tumour inhibition

0 views | Jul 03 2018

Meng Z, et al. indicated that PTEN activation by inhibiting HDAC6 significantly contributed to tumour inhibition. Therefore, non-selective HDAC or HDAC6-specific inhibitors may be more clinically suitable to treat tumours without PTEN mutations or deletions. [Read the Full Post]

Nesfatin-1 protects dopaminergic neurons against MPP+/MPTP-induced neurotoxicity through the C-Raf-ERK1/2-dependent anti-apoptotic pathway

0 views | Jul 02 2018

Shen XL et al. suggested that C-Raf-ERK1/2, which is involved in an anti-apoptotic pathway, is responsible for the neuroprotective effects of nesfatin-1 in the context of MPTP-induced toxicity. These results imply that nesfatin-1 might have therapeutic potential for PD. [Read the Full Post]

Transcription of HOTAIR is regulated by RhoC-MRTF-A-SRF signaling pathway in human breast cancer cells

495 views | Jul 02 2018

He H et al. suggested that HOTAIR is regulated by the RhoC-MRTF-A-SRF signaling pathway in breast cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]

Genome-Wide Gene Expression Analysis Identifies the Proto-oncogene Tyrosine-Protein Kinase Src as a Crucial Virulence Determinant of Infectious Laryngotracheitis Virus in Chicken Cells

600 views | Jul 01 2018

Li H et al. indicated that the results from our study advance our understanding of host-ILTV interactions on a molecular level and provide experimental evidence that it is possible to control ILT via the manipulation of host-virus interactions. [Read the Full Post]

miR-7 reverses the resistance to BRAFi in melanoma by targeting EGFR/IGF-1R/CRAF and inhibiting the MAPK and PI3K/AKT signaling pathways

405 views | Jul 01 2018

Sun X et al. demonstrated that miR-7 could reverse the resistance to BRAF inhibitors in certain vemurafenib resistant melanoma cell lines. It could advance the field and provide the basis for further studies in BRAF inhibitor resistance in melanoma. [Read the Full Post]

Targeting Suppressive Myeloid Cells Potentiates Checkpoint Inhibitors to Control Spontaneous Neuroblastoma

0 views | Jun 30 2018

Mao Y et al. demonstrated the essential role of CSF-1R signaling during the induction of suppressive myeloid cells and emphasize its clinical potential as an immunotherapy for human cancers. [Read the Full Post]

Small molecule epigenetic screen identifies novel EZH2 and HDAC inhibitors that target glioblastoma brain tumor-initiating cells

411 views | Jun 30 2018

Grinshtein N et al. identified key epigenetic modulators in GBM that regulate BTIC growth and survival and highlight promising combination therapies. [Read the Full Post]

Pharmacological inhibition of NOX4 ameliorates alcohol-induced liver injury in mice through improving oxidative stress and mitochondrial function

476 views | Jun 29 2018

Sun Q et al. found that pharmacological inhibition of NOX4 activity protects against alcohol-induced fat accumulation and activation of intrinsic apoptosis via improving mitochondrial function. [Read the Full Post]

FcγRIIB mediates antigen-independent inhibition on human B lymphocytes through Btk and p38 MAPK

641 views | Jun 29 2018

Tzeng SJ et al. found the importance of antigen-independent inhibition by FcγRIIB in the prevention from antibody-mediated autoimmune diseases and in the regulation of B cell homeostasis. [Read the Full Post]

Therapeutic effects of histone deacetylase inhibitors in a murine asthma model

706 views | Jun 28 2018

Ren Y, et al. suggested that treatment with HDAC inhibitors can reduce airway inflammation, airway remodeling, and airway hyperresponsiveness in chronic allergic airway disease in mice. [Read the Full Post]

LTR12 promoter activation in a broad range of human tumor cells by HDAC inhibition

738 views | Jun 28 2018

Krönung SK et al. showed that inhibition of HDAC1-3 is sufficient for LTR12 activation. Importantly, HDAC inhibitors induce LTR12 activity not only in testicular cancer cells, but also in cells derived from many additional tumor species. Finally, we characterize the transcription factor NF-Y as a mediator of LTR12 promoter activity and HDAC inhibitor-induced apoptosis, in the context of widespread genomic binding of NF-Y to specific LTR12 sequences. Thus, HDAC inhibitor-driven LTR12 activation represents a generally applicable means to induce proapoptotic genes in human cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]

Identification of approved and investigational drugs that inhibit hypoxia-inducible factor-1 signaling

774 views | Jun 27 2018

Hsu CW et al. underline the importance of developing a battery of robust assay platforms and confirmation studies that focus on endogenous protein targets so that only relevant and reliable data will be taken into pre-clinical and clinical studies. [Read the Full Post]

HDAC5, a potential therapeutic target and prognostic biomarker, promotes proliferation, invasion and migration in human breast cancer

808 views | Jun 27 2018

Li A et al. indicated that HDAC5 is a promising prognostic marker and drug target for BC and that the combination of LMK-235 and bortezomib presents a novel therapeutic strategy for BC. [Read the Full Post]

HPOB, an HDAC6 inhibitor, attenuates corticosterone-induced injury in rat adrenal pheochromocytoma PC12 cells by inhibiting mitochondrial GR translocation and the intrinsic apoptosis pathway

697 views | Jun 26 2018

Li ZY et al. suggested that the anti-apoptotic activity of HDAC6 inhibition against the mitochondria-mediated impairment pathway might be mechanistically linked to the hyperacetylation of Hsps and consequent suppression of GR translocation to the mitochondria. [Read the Full Post]

Investigation of MTH1 activity via mismatch-based DNA chain elongation

456 views | Jun 26 2018

As the method is designed directly towards the cellular function of MTH1, activity of MTH1 in different breast cancer cell lines has been detected, implying the potential application of this assay method for biomedical research and clinical diagnose in the future. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of local estrogen synthesis in the hippocampus impairs hippocampal memory consolidation in ovariectomized female mice

0 views | Jun 25 2018

Tuscher JJ et al. examined the role of hippocampal E2 synthesis in hippocampal memory consolidation. Using bilateral dorsal hippocampal infusions of the aromatase inhibitor letrozole, we first found that blockade of dorsal hippocampal E2 synthesis impaired hippocampal memory consolidation. We next found that elevated levels of E2 in the dorsal hippocampus observed 30min after object training were blocked by dorsal hippocampal infusion of letrozole, suggesting that behavioral experience increases acute and local E2 synthesis. Finally, aromatase inhibition did not prevent exogenous E2 from enhancing hippocampal memory consolidation, indicating that hippocampal E2 synthesis is not necessary for exogenous E2 to enhance hippocampal memory. Combined, these data are consistent with the hypothesis that hippocampally-synthesized E2 is necessary for hippocampus-dependent memory consolidation in rodents. [Read the Full Post]

Adenovirus-mediated TIPE2 overexpression inhibits gastric cancer metastasis via reversal of epithelial-mesenchymal transition

833 views | Jun 25 2018

Yin H et al. provided the first evidence that TIPE2 inhibits gastric cancer cell migration, invasion and metastasis very probably via reversal of EMT, revealing that TIPE2 may be a novel therapeutic target for human gastric cancer EMT and metastasis. [Read the Full Post]