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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Inhibiting PLK1 induces autophagy of acute myeloid leukemia cells via mammalian target of rapamycin pathway dephosphorylation

0 views | Sep 03 2018

Tao YF et al. may provided new insights into the molecular mechanism of PLK1 in regulating autophagy. [Read the Full Post]

Adiponectin promotes human jaw bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell chemotaxis via CXCL1 and CXCL8

0 views | Sep 03 2018

Pu Y et al. suggested that APN can promote h-JBMMSC chemotaxis by up-regulating CXCL1 and CXCL8. [Read the Full Post]

MicroRNA-17 regulates autophagy to promote hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury via suppression of signal transductions and activation of transcription-3 expression

453 views | Sep 02 2018

Li S et al. showed that high levels of miR-17 expression can function to up-regulate autophagy to aggravate hepatic IRI by suppressing Stat3 expression. Liver Transplantation 22 1697-1709 2016 AASLD. [Read the Full Post]

Novel Allosteric Pathway of Eg5 Regulation Identified through Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Hydrogen-Exchange Mass Spectrometry (HX-MS) Ligand Screening Data

0 views | Sep 02 2018

Sheff JG et al. suggested that a different approach to inhibitor development may be fruitful. [Read the Full Post]

Calreticulin-mutant proteins induce megakaryocytic signaling to transform hematopoietic cells and undergo accelerated degradation and Golgi-mediated secretion

265 views | Aug 31 2018

Han L et al. demonstrated the potency of CALR mutants to drive expression of megakaryocytic differentiation markers such as NF-E2 and CD41 as well as Mpl. Furthermore, CALR mutants undergo accelerated protein degradation that involves the secretory pathway and/or protein glycosylation. [Read the Full Post]

The antibiotic polymyxin B exhibits novel antifungal activity against Fusarium species

332 views | Aug 31 2018

Hsu LH et al. indicated evolutionary divergence of mechanisms between yeast pathogens and the filamentous fungus Fusarium. [Read the Full Post]

Triptolide decreases expression of latency-associated nuclear antigen 1 and reduces viral titers in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated and herpesvirus-related primary effusion lymphoma cells

230 views | Aug 30 2018

Long C et al. indicated that triptolide impairs the expression of LANA1 and shows antitumor activity against PEL in vitro and in vivo. Triptolide may be a potential agent for treatment of PEL. [Read the Full Post]

Robust and stimuli-responsive POSS hybrid PDMAEMA hydrogels for controlled drug release

296 views | Aug 30 2018

Chen Y, et al. showed that the increased Oa-POSS could improve the drug loading ability, and OP-PD gels showed well controlled-release effect in simulated human stomachic condition. [Read the Full Post]

A simple, fast, label-free colorimetric method for detection of telomerase activity in urine by using hemin-graphene conjugates

490 views | Aug 29 2018

Xu X, et al. found a colorimetric approach affords simplicity, sensitivity and reliability in telomerase activity detection. [Read the Full Post]

Impacts of ABCB1 (G1199A) polymorphism on resistance, uptake, and efflux to steroid drugs.

559 views | Aug 29 2018

Peng R, et al. found that the ABCB1 (G1199A) polymorphism may affect effective steroids concentration in target cells by regulating the drug transport and distribution. [Read the Full Post]

PIM kinases as therapeutic targets against advanced melanoma

268 views | Aug 28 2018

Shannan B et al. suggested that PIM inhibitors provide promising additions to the targeted therapies available to melanoma patients. [Read the Full Post]

INPP4B and PTEN Loss Leads to PI-3,4-P2 Accumulation and Inhibition of PI3K in TNBC

291 views | Aug 28 2018

Reed DE et al. supported a model where PI-3,4-P2 is inhibitory toward PI3K, revealing a novel feedback mechanism under conditions of excessive signaling, and potentially an indication for PI3K-β isoform-specific inhibitors in PTEN-null TNBC that have lost INPP4B expression. [Read the Full Post]

A novel, rapid method to compare the therapeutic windows of oral anticoagulants using the Hill coefficient

0 views | Aug 27 2018

Chang JB et al. showed a significant variation among the Hill coefficients, suggesting a similar variation in therapeutic windows among anticoagulants in our assay. [Read the Full Post]

Activation of IGF1R/p110β/AKT/mTOR confers resistance to α-specific PI3K inhibition

0 views | Aug 27 2018

Leroy C et al. demonstrates that the IGF1R/p110β/AKT/mTOR axis confers resistance to BYL719 in PIK3CA mutant breast cancers. This provides a rationale for the combined targeting of p110α with IGF1R or p110β in patients with breast tumors harboring PIK3CA mutations. [Read the Full Post]

Upregulation of programmed cell death ligand 1 promotes resistance response in non-small-cell lung cancer patients treated with neo-adjuvant chemotherapy

1376 views | Aug 26 2018

Zhang P et al. suggested that the upregulation of PD-L1 promotes a resistance response in lung cancer cells that might be through activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B pathway and suppression of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. The high expression of PD-L1 after NAC could be an indication of therapeutic resistance and poor prognosis in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. [Read the Full Post]

The diabetes medication Canagliflozin reduces cancer cell proliferation by inhibiting mitochondrial complex-I supported respiration

335 views | Aug 26 2018

Villani LA et al. indicated that like the biguanide metformin, Canagliflozin not only lowers blood glucose but also inhibits complex-I supported respiration and cellular proliferation in prostate and lung cancer cells. These observations support the initiation of studies evaluating the clinical efficacy of Canagliflozin on limiting tumorigenesis in pre-clinical animal models as well epidemiological studies on cancer incidence relative to other glucose lowering therapies in clinical populations. [Read the Full Post]

Antibiotic drug tigecycline reduces neuroblastoma cells proliferation by inhibiting Akt activation in vitro and in vivo

388 views | Aug 24 2018

Zhong X et al. supported by previous studies concerning the application of tigecycline in human tumors treatment, suggesting that tigecycline might act as a potential candidate agent for neuroblastoma treatment. [Read the Full Post]

Novel Allosteric Pathway of Eg5 Regulation Identified through Multivariate Statistical Analysis of Hydrogen-Exchange Mass Spectrometry (HX-MS) Ligand Screening Data

0 views | Aug 24 2018

Sheff JG et al. suggested that a different approach to inhibitor development may be fruitful. [Read the Full Post]

Central Agonism of GPR120 Acutely Inhibits Food Intake and Food Reward and Chronically Suppresses Anxiety-Like Behavior in Mice

308 views | Aug 23 2018

Auguste S et al. suggested that GPR120 could mediate the effects of central ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids to inhibit appetite. The anxiolytic effect elicited by GPR120 agonist infusions favors the testing of compounds that can enter the brain to activate GPR120 for the mitigation of anxiety. [Read the Full Post]

Activation of the IGF1R pathway potentially mediates acquired resistance to mutant-selective 3rd-generation EGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors in advanced non-small cell lung cancer

327 views | Aug 23 2018

Park JH et al. suggested that activation of the IGF1R pathway associated with IGFBP3 loss can induce an acquired resistance to the mutant-selective EGFR-TKI, WZ4002. Therefore, a combined therapy of IGF1R inhibitors and mutant-selective EGFR-TKIs might be a viable treatment strategy for overcoming acquired resistance. [Read the Full Post]