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Blog of Signaling Pathways

Interferon-Gamma and Fas Are Involved in Porphyromonas gingivalis-Induced Apoptosis of Human Extravillous Trophoblast-Derived HTR8/SVneo Cells via Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase 1/2 Pathway

1005 views | May 30 2017

Ren H et al. demonstrated Pg induces IFN-γ secretion, Fas expression, and apoptosis in human extravillous trophoblast-derived HTR8/SVneo cells in an ERK1/2-dependent manner, and IFN-γ (explored by recombinant IFN-γ) and Fas are involved in Pg-induced apoptosis. [Read the Full Post]

Nitric oxide generation by the organic nitrate NDBP attenuates oxidative stress and angiotensin II-mediated hypertension

0 views | May 29 2017

Porpino SK et al. suggested that NDBP treatment is associated with sustained NO release and attenuated activity of NADPH oxidase, which to some extent requires functional xanthine oxidase. [Read the Full Post]

Levetiracetam mitigates doxorubicin-induced DNA and synaptic damage in neurons

0 views | May 29 2017

Manchon JF et al. found that levetiracetam might be part of a valuable new approach for mitigating synaptic damage and, perhaps, for treating cognitive disturbances in cancer patients and survivors. [Read the Full Post]

Synergistic effect of pacritinib with erlotinib on JAK2-mediated resistance in epidermal gowth factor receptor mutation-positive non-small cell lung Cancer

0 views | May 28 2017

Ochi N et al. found that pacritinib combined with EGFR-TKI might be a potent strategy against JAK2-mediated EGFR-TKI resistance. [Read the Full Post]

Epidermal growth factor receptor inhibitor cancer drug gefitinib modulates cell growth and differentiation of acute myeloid leukemia cells via histamine receptors

1313 views | May 28 2017

Yadav M et al. found that HRs play critical roles in anti-cancer effects of gefitinib in both EGFR-deficient and EGFR-rich environments. [Read the Full Post]

The Promoting Effect of Radiation on Glucose Metabolism in Breast Cancer Cells under the Treatment of Cobalt Chloride

1564 views | May 27 2017

Zhao CB et al. found that the combination of radiation and hypoxia could promote the glucose metabolism. [Read the Full Post]

Porphyromonas gingivalis induces IL-8 and IFN-gamma secretion and apoptosis in human extravillous trophoblast derived HTR8/SVneo cells via activation of ERK1/2 and p38 signaling pathways

814 views | May 27 2017

Ren H et al. demonstrated for the first time that activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK pathways participates in P. gingivalis-induced inflammation and apoptosis. [Read the Full Post]

Regulated expression of the prostacyclin receptor (IP) gene by androgens within the vasculature: Combined role for androgens and serum cholesterol.

899 views | May 26 2017

Eivers SB et al. found that the human IP gene is under the transcriptional regulation of DHT, where this regulation is further influenced by serum-cholesterol levels. [Read the Full Post]

The Expression and Regulation of Interleukin-33 in Human Epidermal Keratinocytes: A New Mediator of Atopic Dermatitis and Its Possible Signaling Pathway

2254 views | May 26 2017

Du HY et al. found that IL-33 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of immune inflammatory responses in AD, which might be a possible therapeutic target in the treatment of AD. [Read the Full Post]

Phosphorylated heat shock protein 27 promotes lipid clearance in hepatic cells through interacting with STAT3 and activating autophagy

0 views | May 25 2017

Shen L et al. provided a novel mechanism by which the phosphorylated Hsp27 promotes hepatic lipid clearance and suggests a new insight for therapy of steatotic diseases such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). [Read the Full Post]

Erastin Disrupts Mitochondrial Permeability Transition Pore (mPTP) and Induces Apoptotic Death of Colorectal Cancer Cells

0 views | May 25 2017

Huo H et al. found that erastin is cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic to colorectal cancer cells. [Read the Full Post]

Increased aerobic glycolysis is important for the motility of activated VSMC and inhibited by indirubin-3

0 views | May 24 2017

Heiss EH et al. demonstrated that increased aerobic glycolysis is an important factor for the motility of activated VSMC and that the anti-migratory property of I3MO may partly depend on impairment of glycolysis via a compromised STAT3/HK2 signaling axis. [Read the Full Post]

PI3K p110β isoform synergizes with JNK in the regulation of glioblastoma cell proliferation and migration through Akt and FAK inhibition

1479 views | May 24 2017

Zhao HF et al. suggested that combined inhibition of PI3K p110β isoform and JNK may serve as a potent and promising therapeutic approach for glioblastoma multiforme. [Read the Full Post]

Fibronectin-1 expression is increased in aggressive thyroid cancer and favors the migration and invasion of cancer cells

0 views | May 23 2017

Sponziello M et al. found that FN1 overexpression is an important determinant of thyroid cancer aggressiveness. [Read the Full Post]

Myofibril growth during cardiac hypertrophy is regulated through dual phosphorylation and acetylation of the actin capping protein CapZ

0 views | May 23 2017

Lin YH et al. showed that PE treatment of NRVMs results in decreased binding of HDAC3 to myofibrils, suggesting a signal-dependent mechanism for the regulation of sarcomere-associated CapZβ1 acetylation. [Read the Full Post]

Multiple Sclerosis Patient-Specific Primary Neurons Differentiated from Urinary Renal Epithelial Cells via Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells

0 views | May 22 2017

Massa MG et al. provided an avenue for studies with a greater cell- and human-specific focus, specifically in the context of genetic contributions to neurodegeneration and drug discovery. [Read the Full Post]

Bafetinib (INNO-406) reverses multidrug resistance by inhibiting the efflux function of ABCB1 and ABCG2 transporters

1651 views | May 22 2017

Zhang YK et al. found that bafetinib reversed ABCB1- and ABCG2-mediated MDR by blocking the drug efflux function of these transporters [Read the Full Post]

FGFR3-TACC3 fusion proteins act as naturally occurring drivers of tumor resistance by functionally substituting for EGFR/ERK signaling

1344 views | May 21 2017

Daly C, et al. found that FGFR3-TACC3 fusion proteins may represent a novel mechanism of acquired resistance in EGFR-dependent cancers of multiple cell lineages. [Read the Full Post]

Additive effects of low concentrations of estradiol-17β and progesterone on nitric oxide production by human vascular endothelial cells through shared signaling pathways

897 views | May 21 2017

Pang Y et al. suggested that low doses of E2 and P4 may also have some beneficial cardiovascular effects in vivo when administered as hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for post-menopausal women. [Read the Full Post]

The effect of hyperlipidemia on the pharmacokinetics, hepatic and pulmonary uptake of posaconazole in rat

0 views | May 20 2017

Khalil HA et al. induced lipoprotein level elevation caused alterations in the PSZ pharmacokinetics and decreased its hepatic and pulmonary uptake. [Read the Full Post]