Blog of Signaling Pathways

The small molecule AZD6244 inhibits dengue virus replication in vitro and protects against lethal challenge in a mouse model

12 views | Jan 30 2020

de Oliveira LC et al. demonstrated the potential of AZD6244 as a new therapeutic agent to treat DENV infection and possibly other flavivirus diseases. [Read the Full Post]

MTA1 promotes tumorigenesis and development of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma via activating the MEK/ERK/p90RSK signaling pathway

10 views | Jan 30 2020

Nan P et al. found that MTA1 plays a pivotal oncogenic role in ESCC tumorigenesis and development through activating the MEK/ERK/p90RSK pathway. [Read the Full Post]

Multi-Platform Omics Analysis for Identification of Molecular Characteristics and Therapeutic Targets of Uveal Melanoma

6 views | Jan 29 2020

Kim YJ et al. identified high MYC activity in UVM, and suggested G2/M checkpoint inhibitors as effective therapeutic targets for UVM. [Read the Full Post]

Combined tazemetostat and MAPKi enhances differentiation of papillary thyroid cancer cells harbouring BRAFV600E by synergistically decreasing global trimethylation of H3K27

10 views | Jan 29 2020

Fu H et al. found that tazemetostat combined with MAPKi enhances differentiation of PTC cells harbouring BRAFV600E through synergistically decreasing global trimethylation of H3K27, representing a novel differentiation strategy. [Read the Full Post]

Crizotinib in ROS1-rearranged advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): updated results, including overall survival, from PROFILE 1001

11 views | Jan 28 2020

Shaw AT et al. showed the clinically meaningful benefit and safety of crizotinib in this molecular subgroup. [Read the Full Post]

Daratumumab prevents programmed death ligand-1 expression on antigen-presenting cells in de novo multiple myeloma

9 views | Jan 28 2020

Stocker N et al. suggested new mechanisms of action of Dara through depletion of pDC and prevention of PD-L1 upregulation expression on APC. Our finding provides new evidences for development of therapeutic strategies targeting both CD38 and PD-L1/PD-1 pathway in patients with MM. [Read the Full Post]

Discovery and development of Seliciclib. How systems biology approaches can lead to better drug performance

8 views | Jan 27 2020

Khalil HS et al. argue that optimisation of the therapeutic effects of kinase inhibitors such as Seliciclib could be enhanced using a systems biology approach involving mathematical modelling of the molecular pathways regulating cell growth and division. [Read the Full Post]

Tumor-Directed Therapeutic Targets in Cushing Disease

12 views | Jan 27 2020

Theodoropoulou M et al. indicated that for many patients with CD, effective tumor-targeted pharmacological therapy is still lacking. Coordinated efforts are pivotal in establishing efficacy and safety of novel therapeutics in this rare but devastating disease. [Read the Full Post]

Protective effect of roscovitine against rotenone-induced parkinsonism

10 views | Jan 26 2020

Chen Y et al. indicated that mouse models of Parkinson's disease were established by oral rotenone administration and reproduced some of the features of dopaminergic neuronal degeneration. Roscovitine protects against rotenone-induced parkinsonism. [Read the Full Post]

Cabozantinib (XL184) and R428 (BGB324) Inhibit the Growth of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (ESCC)

26 views | Jan 25 2020

Yang PW et al. demonstrated that both cabozantinib and R428 inhibit ESCC growth in cell and xenograft models. The results reveal the great potential of using cabozantinib for targeted therapy of ESCC. [Read the Full Post]

Cost-effectiveness of midostaurin in the treatment of newly diagnosed FLT3-mutated acute myeloid leukemia in France

17 views | Jan 25 2020

Tremblay G et al. indicated that MIDO represents a clinically significant advancement in the management of newly diagnosed FLT3-mutated AML. In this analysis, MIDO add-on therapy showed gains in LYs and QALYs versus SOC alone and was found to be a cost-effective option at a €100,000 per QALY threshold for end-of-life treatment. [Read the Full Post]

Non-Photoinduced Biological Properties of Verteporfin

0 views | Jan 23 2020

Gibault F et al. indicated that VP is a multi-target drug interacting with several proteins implicated in major cellular processes. Although this does not impact its clinical use, VP does not seem to be the ideal drug for pharmacological inhibitions of YAP/TEAD. [Read the Full Post]

Molecular therapies and precision medicine for hepatocellular carcinoma

26 views | Jan 23 2020

Llovet JM et al. summarized the molecular targets and therapies for the management of HCC and discuss the advancements expected in the near future, including biomarker-driven treatments and immunotherapies. [Read the Full Post]

Chk1 inhibitor SCH 900776 enhances the antitumor activity of MLN4924 on pancreatic cancer

0 views | Jan 22 2020

Li JA et al. provided the preclinical evidence and the rationale of the combination therapy of MLN4924 with SCH 900776 or other Chk1 inhibitors to treat PC. [Read the Full Post]

CAR T-cells targeting FLT3 have potent activity against FLT3-ITD+ AML and act synergistically with the FLT3-inhibitor crenolanib

0 views | Jan 22 2020

Jetani H et al. provided the first proof-of-concept that CAR T-cell immunotherapy and small molecule inhibition can be used synergistically, as exemplified by our data showing superior antileukemia efficacy of FLT3-CAR T-cells in combination with crenolanib. [Read the Full Post]

PARP inhibitor Olaparib increases the sensitization to radiotherapy in FaDu cells

17 views | Jan 21 2020

Liu C et al. indicated that Olaparib may help individualize treatment and improve their outcomes of hypopharyngeal cancer patients treated with radiation. [Read the Full Post]

Mechanism and current progress of Poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in the treatment of ovarian cancer

16 views | Jan 21 2020

Zheng F et al. highlighted the current research progress on PARP inhibitor resistance, which has become a challenge in clinics. [Read the Full Post]

Poly (ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibition in Patients with Breast Cancer and BRCA 1 and 2 Mutations

20 views | Jan 20 2020

Jerez Y et al. discussed the future development of PARPi in BC, their potential combination with other strategies, including chemotherapy and immune-checkpoint inhibitors, and the impact of these treatments in current genetic counselling. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibition of PARP Sensitizes Chondrosarcoma Cell Lines to Chemo- and Radiotherapy Irrespective of the IDH1 or IDH2 Mutation Status

16 views | Jan 20 2020

Venneker S et al. suggested that talazoparib combined with temozolomide or radiation are promising therapeutic strategies for chondrosarcoma, irrespective of IDH mutation status. A subset of chondrosarcomas may be deficient in nonclassical DNA repair pathways, suggesting that PARP inhibitor sensitivity is multifactorial in chondrosarcoma. [Read the Full Post]

Melatonin alleviates hypoxia-induced cardiac apoptosis through PI3K/Akt pathway

23 views | Jan 19 2020

Luo GP et al. demonstrated that melatonin confers cardioprotection by inhibiting apoptosis through the activation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway in hypoxic cardiomyocytes. [Read the Full Post]