Category

Archives

Blog of Signaling Pathways

Thyroid Hormone-Induced Activation of Notch Signaling is Required for Adult Intestinal Stem Cell Development During Xenopus Laevis Metamorphosis

764 views | Jul 27 2018

Hasebe T et al. provided evidence for evolutionarily conserved role of Notch signaling in intestinal cell fate determination but more importantly reveal, for the first time, an important role of Notch pathway in the formation of adult intestinal stem cells during vertebrate development. Stem Cells 2017;35:1028-1039. [Read the Full Post]

The combination of irreversible EGFR TKIs and SAHA induces apoptosis and autophagy-mediated cell death to overcome acquired resistance in EGFR T790M-mutated lung cancer

412 views | Jul 26 2018

Lee TG et al. found that the combination of new generation EGFR TKIs and SAHA may be a new strategy to overcome the acquired resistance to EGFR TKIs in T790M mutant lung cancer. [Read the Full Post]

GSK621 Targets Glioma Cells via Activating AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Signalings

351 views | Jul 26 2018

Jiang H et al. summarized that GSK621 inhibits human glioma cells possibly via activating AMPK signaling. This novel AMPK activator could be a novel and promising anti-glioma cell agent. [Read the Full Post]

Cucurbitacin B exerts anti-cancer activities in human multiple myeloma cells in vitro and in vivo by modulating multiple cellular pathways

512 views | Jul 25 2018

Yang T et al. indicated that CuB interferes with multiple cellular pathways in MM cells. CuB thus represents a promising therapeutic tool for the treatment of MM. [Read the Full Post]

Aberrant Notch Signaling in the Bone Marrow Microenvironment of Acute Lymphoid Leukemia Suppresses Osteoblast-Mediated Support of Hematopoietic Niche Function

872 views | Jul 25 2018

Wang W et al. suggested that therapeutically targeting the leukemia-infiltrated hematopoietic niche may restore HSPC homeostasis and improve the outcome of ALL patients. [Read the Full Post]

Oxidative stress induces mitotic arrest by inhibiting Aurora A-involved mitotic spindle formation

464 views | Jul 24 2018

Wang GF et al. identified a mechanism by which ROS regulate mitotic progression and indicated a potential molecular target for the treatment of oxidative stress-related diseases. [Read the Full Post]

Downregulation of the PHLDA1 gene in IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells increases levels of Aurora A, TRKB and affects proteins involved in apoptosis and autophagy pathways

458 views | Jul 24 2018

Durbas M et al. showed possible links of the protein to regulation of features of mitochondria and formation of autophagosomes. [Read the Full Post]

PI3Kα isoform-dependent activation of RhoA regulates Wnt5a-induced osteosarcoma cell migration

0 views | Jul 23 2018

Zhang A et al. demonstrated that RhoA acts as the downstream of PI3K/Akt signaling (specific PI3Kα, Akt1 and Akt2 isoforms) and mediated Wnt5a-induced the migration of osteosarcoma cells. [Read the Full Post]

Inhibitor of apoptosis protein expression in glioblastomas and their in vitro and in vivo targeting by SMAC mimetic GDC-0152

324 views | Jul 23 2018

Tchoghandjian A et al. revealed for the first time that ML-IAP protein expression correlates with GBM patient survival and that its antagonist GDC-0152 improves outcome in xenografted mouse. [Read the Full Post]

The HDAC inhibitor SB939 overcomes resistance to BCR-ABL kinase Inhibitors conferred by the BIM deletion polymorphism in chronic myeloid leukemia

626 views | Jul 22 2018

Rauzan M et al. demonstrated that SB939 overcomes BIM deletion polymorphism-induced TKI resistance, and suggest that SB939 may be useful in treating CML patients with BIM deletion-associated TKI resistance. [Read the Full Post]

Therapeutic fetal-globin inducers reduce transcriptional repression in hemoglobinopathy erythroid progenitors through distinct mechanisms

575 views | Jul 22 2018

Dai Y et al. identified clinical-stage oral therapeutics which inhibit or displace major co-repressors of γ-globin gene transcription and may suggest a rationale for combination therapy to produce enhanced efficacy. [Read the Full Post]

A novel oncogenic BTK isoform is overexpressed in colon cancers and required for RAS-mediated transformation

585 views | Jul 20 2018

Grassilli E et al. revealed that BTK, via p65BTK expression, is a novel and powerful oncogene acting downstream of the RAS/MAPK pathway and suggest that its targeting may be a promising therapeutic approach. [Read the Full Post]

Identification of cytotoxic agents disrupting synovial sarcoma oncoprotein interactions by proximity ligation assay

0 views | Jul 20 2018

Laporte AN, et al. indicated this assay can be applied in a high-throughput format for drug discovery in fusion-oncoprotein associated cancers where key effector partners are known. [Read the Full Post]

Millepachine, a potential topoisomerase II inhibitor induces apoptosis via activation of NF-κB pathway in ovarian cancer

963 views | Jul 19 2018

Wu W et al. identified that MIL exhibited anti-tumor activity through inhibiting topoisomerase II activity to induce tumor cells DNA damage, and MIL-activated NF-κB pathway showed a pro-apoptotic function in response to DNA damage. [Read the Full Post]

BTK inhibition is a potent approach to block IgE-mediated histamine release in human basophils

431 views | Jul 19 2018

Smiljkovic D et al. indicated that BTK-targeting drugs are potent inhibitors of IgE-dependent histamine release in human basophils. The clinical value of BTK inhibition in the context of allergic diseases remains to be determined. [Read the Full Post]

Effect of AKT3 expression on MYC- and caspase-8-dependent apoptosis caused by polo-like kinase inhibitors in HCT 116 cells

370 views | Jul 18 2018

Nonomiya Y et al. indicated that MYC, caspase-8, P-GP, and AKT3 play critical roles in PLKi-induced apoptosis. Therefore, they are candidate biomarkers of the pharmacological efficacy of PLKis. [Read the Full Post]

EGCG inhibited bladder cancer SW780 cell proliferation and migration both in vitro and in vivo via down-regulation of NF-κB and MMP-9

909 views | Jul 18 2018

Luo KW et al. demonstrated that EGCG was effective in inhibition SW780 cell proliferation and migration, and presented first evidence that EGCG inhibited SW780 tumor growth by down-regulation of NF-κB and MMP-9. [Read the Full Post]

Small Molecular TRAIL Inducer ONC201 Induces Death in Lung Cancer Cells: A Preclinical Study

637 views | Jul 17 2018

Feng Y et al. demonstrated the potent anti-lung cancer activity by ONC201. [Read the Full Post]

Anti-apoptotic Bcl-XL but not Mcl-1 contributes to protection against virus-induced apoptosis

347 views | Jul 17 2018

Ohmer M et al. showed that Mcl-1 is dispensable for the regulation of apoptosis during infection with different large DNA viruses, either because the viruses replace its function (in fibroblasts and epithelial cells) or because the pro-apoptotic activity generated by the infection appears not to be blocked by it (in macrophages). [Read the Full Post]

Selective Sparing of Human Tregs by Pharmacologic Inhibitors of the Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase and MEK Pathways

287 views | Jul 16 2018

Zwang NA et al. suggested less functional reliance on PI3K and MEK signaling in Tregs compared with conventional CD4(+) and CD8(+) lymphocytes. Therefore, the PI3K and MEK pathways are attractive pharmacologic targets for transplantation and treatment of autoimmunity. [Read the Full Post]